1、Many people appreciate the conveniences of the city. The city offers 。。and so on. Besides, 。 transportation is usually well developed in the city, 。。 。 In the country, on the other hand, one can enjoy the advantages of fresh air and food, and a more relaxed life style.。。Conversely, there are disadvanteges to living in either the city or the 。 country. 。。 In the country, by contrast, the lack of activities can make a person feel bored . 。 All in all, I would say that living in the city is best, for the convenience。。after all, one can 。 always spend vacations in the country??and get the best of both.
  2. Nowadays there is often a lack of understanding between parent and child. There are many causes for this. First of all, 。。 the same time, children regrad their 。At 。 parents as old-fashioned and ignorant of the modern world. To dispel such misunderstanding, I suggest that 。。 Meanwhile, 。。 。 。
  3. As a human being, one can hardly do without a friend. In fact, friends are sometimes more vital and useful to us than our own family members. Our joys are more pleasant when we have a friend to share them; and our sorrows are easier to bear if we have a friend at our side. Indeed, we sometimes find it easier to confide in friends when we have secrets we are reluctant to reveal to even our closest relatives.
Unfortunately, not all the people we are accustomed to calling friends are friends in the true sense of the word; most of the people we share social occasions with are merely acquaintances. Real friendship involves sincerity, mutual trust and self-sacrifice, both in moments of happiness and on occasions of crisis. A true friend will not just tell us what we want to hear, but advise us to do what he or she assumes is really best for us in the long run.
My principle in making friends is to ignore things like what work they do and what their social backgrounds are, but, instead, to observe carefully the little things that reveal their characters. Only in this way can I be sure that these friends will never let me down, and that we will always be ready to help each other no matter what problems crop up. (2
  26)
  4. Education plays a very important role in the modernization of our country. Without a well-educated population, China will not be able to achieve its planned economic growth, catch up with the developed nations technologically or improve the living standards of its people. Yet, according to recent statistics, there are over two million children in China who have dropped out of school because their parents are too poor to pay the fees.
At the moment, the authority has too many things to do as it build up the economy, and cannot afford the money needed to get those children back to school. And so a nationwide drive is necessary to raise funds to rescue them from illiteracy and ignorance. That drive is called the “Project Hope”. The project is a timely response to the problem, and many children living in the poverty-stricken parts of China now have a more billiant future because of the generosity of the
1
people who have donated money to it.
Nevertheless, the “Project Hope” is only a temporary measure, and not a permanent solution. What is needed is a properly funded education system so that all children can be guaranteed an education which will equip them to play their roles to the full in the modernization of China. (2
  11)
  5. The desire for good health is universal. With the quickening pace of urban life and ever-increasing pressure, people in mounting numbers are suffering either physical or mental problems. It is universally acknowledged that good health is the key to a happy life and a successful career.
There are numerous ways of keeping fit. First and foremost, it is most effective to do physical exercises. People respectively choose playing basketball, swimming, skating, climbing or riding as their regular exercises.. Moreover, we should put geat emphasis on forming good habits. A balanced diet and sufficient sleep are both indispensable to physical fitness. More importantly, mental health should also be taken seriously. Especially in adversity, we need to maintain an optimistic mentality to pull through life’s pain and sorrow, twists and turns.
As far as I am concerned, an hour’s exercise every day usually makes me feel healthier and more vigorous. Besides, I keep a balanced diet and go to bed before 11 o’clock at night for I suppose buring the midnight oil is harmful to health. What is more, an optimistic attitude toward life makes me confident and persistent. To sum up, all these practices guarantee a fit health and a happy life. (2
  36)
  6. The two charts show that 。。 Far too many species have been lost already. This poses a 。 danger to the ecological balance. But studies show that one of the primary causes of the disappearance of wildlife is pollution, which is one of the consequences of population growth and economic development. This makes us wonder if men are able to share this planet in harmony with other life forms.
In my opinion, it is imperative for us to take steps to reverse the disturbing trend illustrated in the charts. One measure would be to 。。But, more importantly, men must learn to stop 。 polluting the environment, or he himself will be extinct.
  7. When we use the word “love”, we do not simply mean an attraction to a person of the opposite sex, which is a very narrow definition of the word. The real meaning of love is emotional strength, which can support us no matter how dark the world around us becomes. In my opinion, the best way to show love is to help people who are more unfortunate than we are.
2
We should always be ready to give a helping hand to those who are in trouble, no matter whether they are family members or complete strangers. In this way, we can help to make the world a better place, for, as the picture shows, the darker the shadows of sorrow become, the more brightly the lamp of love shines.
  8. Only have a look: (The set of drawings above vividly depicts the destiny of a flower in different circumstances. As is shown in the first cartoon, the flower is placed in a comfortable greenhouse that 。。On the 。 contrary, when removed from the greenhouse and exposed to the driving rain, the flower soon fades and withers, with the petals cast about on the grounds. To begin with, the purpose of the drawings is to show us that the flower growing in the green house cannot withstand the test of the storm, yet the symbolic meanings subtly conveyed should be taken more seriously. The delicate flower is naturally associated with young people, to be specific, the only children in our current society; the greenhouse represents parents’ doting care and abundant material supplies that can shield the children from the storms, or the harsh reality. Once the young people begin to seek independence and accept challenges from the real world, they are found too spoiled to be strong enough in the face of difficulties. Accordingly, it is vital for us to derive positive implications from these thought-provoking drawings. On the one hand, we can frequently use them to enlighten the youth to be more independent in life. On the other hand, parents should be sensible enough to give their children more freedom to deal with troubles and problems. Only by undergoing more challenges and toils in adversity can young people cultivate strong personality and ability, and only in this way can they become winners in this competitive world. (2
  72)
  9. As is vividly depicted in the cartoon, four children are playing a “football match” of taking care of their aged father. Each of them stands in a different corner of a football field. The eldest son kicked out the father with the other three children guarding their goals. The purpose of the drawing is to show us that due attention has to be paid to the mistreatment of senior citizens. First and foremost, some people shirk their duty of financially supporting their old and helpless parents due to their own interests. Furthermore, some elderly people are often ill-treated by their own children and cannot lead a normal life. Last but not least, while some young people enjoy a comfortable life, their parents are neglected and reduced to utter poverty. It is imperative for us to take drastic measures. To begin with, relevant laws and regulations should be made to severely punish those who shun the responsibilities of caring their parents. In addition, we should cultivate the awareness of the young that respecting the old has always been the traditional virtue of Chinese culture. Only in this way can we curb the current evil phenomenon revealed in the picture. (1
  98)
  10. Directions:
  1) Describe the changes indicated in the table.
3

  2) The reasons for the change.
  3) Make predictions about the future tendency.
Statistics in People’s Daily Expenses in Xi’an
1995 Food Clothing Recreation Others Total 66 9 4 21 100 1996 61 10 5 24 100 1997 48 12 8 32 100 1998 41 15 9 35 100 1999 (%) 36 18 11 35 `100
What is shown in the table above indicates that dramatic changes have taken place in the daily expenses in Xi’an from 1995 to 19
  99. The expenses on food have declined by 30% while those on clothing and recreation have increased respectively by 9% and 7%. The statistics of rise and fall seem to exist in isolation but closely related to each other. There are two factors accounting for these changes. Development in economy is an essential one in the five years. The increased income resulting from economic growth plays a vital role in the less expense on food. Hence, a small percentage of total income is enough to cover food expenses. Another one is the changes in life style. When food presents no worry to the average, people begin to focus more of their interest on handsome appearance and happy leisure time. As a result of such a shift, spending on clothing and recreation increases year by year. From the analyses made above, we may come to the conclusion that people’s living standards in Xi’an have been constantly improved between 1995 and 19
  99. With the further growth in economy and more changes in life style, the tendency indicated in the table will continue in the better direction. (206 words)
  11. 网友见面 The cartoon vividly shows that when two teenagers meet their net friend named “Beauty”, to their astonishment, they really find an old lady in front of a computer. The purpose of this drawing is to show us that due attention has to be paid to the issue of Internet friendship. According to the recent survey by the Chinese Academy of Social Science, 65% of people who 。。As a consequence, 。。 Numerous examples can be given, but this will suffice. One of 。 。 my closest friend, Helen, started a Net relationship with a man she knew as “Prince Charming”. The physical contact, however, reveals that her beloved idol was a husband with wife. In my view, first and foremost, it is true that people may gain community on the Net, but this exists only in cyberspace. Furthermore, although Internet friendship can give users companionship and even romance, it often ends with failure and even disaster. It is high time that we placed great emphasis on this phenomenon. (2
  06)
4
应用文举例: Directions: As part of a student social survey project, you are leading a group to visit an exhibition in a small town. Write a letter asking for information regarding such things as the contents of the exhibition, and the dates of its opening and closing, and if there are any discounts available. Dear Sir or Madam,
  1、 I am organizing a group of students to pay a visit to the historical exhibition in your town. I am writing the letter in purpose of inquiring/seeking/obtaining/requesting information concerning/regarding the following aspects. First of all, what is the size of the exhibition, what is its theme and what objects are on display? Secondly, what are the dates between which the exhibition will be held, and what are the daily opening hours? I must point out that I hope to bring over students to the exhibition. So I would like to inquire if there is any discount available on entrance tickets for students. I look forward to your reply. Yours sincerely, Li Ming

  2、 Directions: You want to apply for the following post/position: Waiter/waitress required for evening work. Write a letter to Mr. Byron describing your previous experience, and explaining why you would be suitable for the job. Dear Mr. Byron, I am writing to express my interest in your recently advertised position for a waitress. Enclosed with this letter is my resume, which further details my previous work experience and qualifications. Not only do my qualifications and work experience make me a perfect candidate for the job, my personality is well suited to working as a waitress. I am a very friendly person who can quickly establish rapport with people of all ages. I would like to meet with you at your earliest convenience, to discuss the possibility of working at your restaurant. Thank you for your consideration of my application. I look forward to meeting you in the near future. Yours sincerely,
5
Li Ming

  3、 Directions: Two months ago, you got a job as an editor for the magazine Fashion & Design. But now you find that the work is not what you expected. You decide to quit. Write a letter to your boss Mr. Wang, tell
 

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