33. Which of the following can best raise students ? creativity according to Robert Eisenberger?
  A. Assigning them tasks they have not dealt with before。
  B. Assigning them tasks which require inventiveness。
  C. Giving them rewards they really deserve。
  D. Giving them rewards they anticipate. 【】
  
  34. It can be inferred from the passage that major universities are trying to tighten their grading standards because they believe 。
  A. rewarding poor performance may kill the creativity of students
  B. punishment is more effective than rewarding
  C. failing uninspired students helps improve their overall academic standards
  D. discouraging the students ? anticipation for easy rewards is a matter of urgency 【】
  
  35. The phrase “ token economies ” (Line 1, Para.
  5) probably refers to 。
  A. ways to develop economy
  B. systems of rewarding students
  C. approaches to solving problems
  D. methods of improving performance 【】
  PART TWO
  Ⅳ.Word Spelling (10 points,1 point for two items)
  将下列汉语单词译成英语。作为提示,每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。
  
  36.投票;选举 v. v  
  37.年轻的 a. y
  
  38.结合;合成 n. s  
  39.护照 n. p
  
  40.鼓励;促进 v. f  
  41.杰出人物 n. e
  
  42.侍者; 服务员 n. a 
  43.分界线;边界 n. b
  
  44.面对;遭遇 v. c  
  45.效率 n. e
  
  46.使用;雇佣 n. e  
  47.保证;担保 v. e
  
  48.惯例的;常规的 a. c 
  49.鼓励;使人产生灵感 v. i
  
  50.经济;节约 n. e  
  51.过高估计 v. o
  
  52. 种族的 a. r  
  53.分开;分隔 n. s
  
  54.幼儿园 n. k   
  55.立法 v. l
  Ⅴ. Word Form(10 points, 1 point for each item)
  将括号中的各词变为适当的形式填入空白。
  
  56.They said he was (capable) of holding public office, so they decided to deprive him of his post。
  
  57. Edison failed thousands of times before he succeeded in producing the first (electricity) lamp。
  
  58.They (mistake) in their appreciation of the country ? s economic conditions。
  
  59. A written schedule is necessary for a (begin) freshman as he has had little experience and has not found a good time-control habit。
  
  60. Once wasting time becomes your habit, you will continue (waste) more time。
  
  61. It goes without (say) that healthy men are happier than sick men。
  
  62. The candidates for presidency campaigned by sending out letters to voters and (speak) at public meetings。
  
  63. The Ivy League is a group of eight old and (compete) universities of the northeastern United States。
  
  64.The burden of running the factory is too heavy for his (fail) health。
  
  65. If you look up tonight, you will see that the stars shine brightly in the (cloud) sky。
  Ⅵ. Translation from Chinese into English(15 points, 3 points for each item)
  将下列各句译成英语。
  
  66.我们在乡下度过了愉快的周末。至于交通工具,我们没遇到困难。
  
  67.我们要相信群众,依靠群众,尊重群众的首创精神。
  
  68.科学家们将不得不提出增加世界粮食供应的新方法。
  
  69.如果我们早点动身,现在就不会在雨中行走了。
  
  70.只是最近我才意识到语言与文化密切相关。
  Ⅶ. Translation from English into Chinese(15 points)
  将下列短文译成汉语。
  Quantity is equally important at a Chinese table. Chinese tend to order (and in their own homes, prepare ) much, much more food than the number of people attending can reasonably be expected to eat. When there is a lot of food left over at the end of the meal, the host can be assured that she had ordered a sufficient quantity. Of course, over the years, this practice has resulted in an incalculable amount of wasted food (though, thankfully, the trend in recent years seems to be toward taking food home). But the persistence of this emphasis on quantity tells the continued importance of considerations of face。
  专家预测试卷(一)参考答案
  Ⅰ.Vocabulary and Structure (10 points,1 point for each item)
  1D 2D 3A 4C 5B 6B 7A 8D 9B 10C
  Ⅱ. Cloze Test(10 points, 1 point for each item)
  11B 12A 13D 14C 15C 16A 17B 18B 19B 20B
  Ⅲ. Reading Comprehension(30 points, 2 points for each item)
  21 A 22B 23D 24B 25C 26C 27C 28A 29D 30A
  31D  32B 33C 34A 35B
  Ⅳ.Word Spelling (10 points,1 point for two items)
  
  36.vote   
  37.youthful  
  38.synthesis  
  39.passport
  
  40.foster  
  41.elitist   
  42.attendant  
  43.boundary
  
  44.confront  
  45.efficiency 
  46.employment   
  47.ensure
  
  48.conventional 
  49.inspire  
  50.economy   
  51.overestimate
  
  52.racial  
  53.separation 
  54.kindergarten 
  55.legislate
  Ⅴ.Word Form(10 points, 1 point for each item)
  
  56.incapable  
  57.electric  
  58.are mistaken  
  59.beginning
  
  60.wasting  
  61. saying  
  62.speaking   
  63.competitive
  
  64.failing  
  65.cloudless
  Ⅵ.Translation from Chinese into English(15 points, 3 points for each item)
  
  66. We had a delightful weekend in the country. As for the transport, we had no difficulty。
  
  67. We should trust the masses, rely on the masses and respect their initiative。
  
  68. Scientists will have to come up with new methods of increasing the world ? s food supply。
  
  69. If we had set out earlier, we wouldn ? t be walking in the rain now。
  
  70. Not until quite recently did I realize that language was closed related to culture。
  Ⅶ.Translation from English into Chinese(15 points)
  中国人的餐桌上数量是同样重要的。中国人要点(在家时则是准备)比来人预计能吃的量多得多的饭菜。在吃到最后有很多饭菜剩下来,主人才能肯定点够了。当然,在过去的很多年中,这种做法导致了难以计算的食品浪费(然而,所幸的是,最近几年的趋势朝着吃不了兜着走发展),但是,这种强调数量表明了考虑面子的持久的重要性。
 

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