Grammar
Inversion
语法精解

  1. 倒装 Inversions 英语句子的自然顺序是主语在前,谓语 英语句子的自然顺序是主语在前 谓语 在后。把谓语动词放在主语之前,就叫 在后。把谓语动词放在主语之前 就叫 倒装结构。 倒装结构。如果全部谓语放在主语之 全部倒装; 如果只把助动词或be 前, 叫全部倒装 如果只把助动词或 部分倒装。 动词放在主语之前就叫部分倒装 动词放在主语之前就叫部分倒装。
基本语序 natural order
subject 主+ predicate 谓+object 宾 I love English.
完全倒装 full inversion
predicate + subject
Here came the headmaster.
部分倒装 partial inversion
助动词auxiliary/情态动词 情态动词modal verb 助动词 情态动词 + subject + v +… Nerve will I forgive you.
全部倒装

  1. 用于 there be 句型。 句型。 There are many students in the classroom. 主语位于谓语 are there之后 之后 原句自然顺序是: 原句自然顺序是: Many students are there in the classroom.

  2. 用于“here (there, now, then) + 不及 用于“ 主语的句型中, 或以out, in, 物动词 + 主语的句型中 或以 up, down, away 等副词开头的句子里 面,表示强调。 表示强调。 表示强调 Here comes the bus. There goes the bell. Now comes our turn. Out went the children.
注意: 代词作主语时, 主谓语序不变。 注意: 代词作主语时 主谓语序不变。 Here it is. In he comes.

  3. 当句首状语是表示地点的介词词组时 当句首状语是表示地点的介词词组时, 也常引起全部倒装。 也常引起全部倒装。 South of the city lies a big steel factory. From the valley came a frightening sound. Under the tree stands a little boy.
划线的均是表示地点 状语的介词词组,并 状语的介词词组 并 且是位于句首。 且是位于句首。

  4. 表语置于句首时 倒装结构采用 表语置于句首时, “表语+连系动词+主语”的结构 表语+连系动词+主语”
  1) 形容词+连系动词+主语 形容词+连系动词+ Present at the meeting were Professor White, Professor Smith and many other guests.

  2) 过去分词+连系动词+主语 过去分词+连系动词+ Gone are the days when they could do what they liked.
  3) 介词+连系动词+主语 介词+连系动词+ Among the goods are Christmas trees, flowers, candles and toys.

  5. 为了保持句子结构平衡,或为了强调表 为了保持句子结构平衡 或为了强调表 语或状语,或为了使上下文结构紧凑 或为了使上下文结构紧凑。 语或状语 或为了使上下文结构紧凑。 They arrived at a farmhouse, in front of which sat a small boy.
强调状语
Inside the pyramids are the burial rooms for the kings and queens and long passages to these rooms.
保持句子结构平衡
部分倒装

  1. 用于疑问句 Do you speak English?
  2. 用于省略 的虚拟条件句 用于省略if Had you reviewed your lessons, you might have passed the examination. 由 If you had reviewed your lessons 这样一个虚拟条件分句变过来的。 这样一个虚拟条件分句变过来的。

  3. 用于“形容词 或名词、动词 + as 用于“形容词(或名词 动词)+ 或名词、 (though)” 引导的让步状语从句。 引导的让步状语从句。 Pretty as she is, she is not clever. Try as he would, he might fail again. Money as they had, they don’t know how to spend it.

  4. 用于 sooner than, hardly when 用于no 的句型中。 和 not until的句型中。 的句型中 No sooner had she gone out than the class began. Not until the teacher came did he finish his homework.

  5. 用于 never, hardly, seldom, scarcely, little, at no time, not only, barely, rarely, little, not a bit 等否定词开头的 句子里。 句子里。 Never shall I do this again. At no time can you say “no” to the order. Little do I dream I would see you here.

  6. 用于only开头的句子 用于 开头的句子(only位于句首 位于句首, 开头的句子 位于句首 修饰副词、介词短语或状语从句 修饰副词、介词短语或状语从句) Only in this way can you learn English well. Only when he told me did I realize what trouble he was in.

  7. 用于 so, nor, neither 开头的句子 表示 开头的句子,表示 重复的内容。 重复的内容。此句谓语应与前句谓语 的时态形式一致。 的时态形式一致。 He has been to Beijing. So have I. Jack can not answer the question. Neither can I. He has been to Beijing. So have I. 我也去过。 我也去过。 So he has 是的,他确实去过。 是的,他确实去过。

  8. 在 so / such that 的结构中,若so 置 的结构中 若 于句首,则句子部分倒装 于句首 则句子部分倒装 So difficult a problem is it that I can’t work it out. Such a noble person is he that people all respect him.

  9. 如果直接引语后注明引语是什么人所 说的, 主语是名词时, 用倒装结构。 说的 主语是名词时 用倒装结构。主 语是代词时, 一般不用倒装结构。 语是代词时, 一般不用倒装结构。 “ Let’ go,” said the man / he said.
  10. 用于 某些祝愿的句子。 某些祝愿的句子。 May you succeed.
配套练习 Ⅰ. Multiple choices.
  1. Do you know Jim quarreled with his brother? I don’t know, . A. nor don’t I care B. nor do I care C. I don’t care neither D. I don’t care also

  2. Not until all the fish died in the river how serious the pollution was. A. did the villagers realize B. the villagers realized C. the villagers did realized D. didn’t the villagers realized

  3. Only in this way do it well. A. must we C. can we B. we could D. we can B. arrived he D. did he arrive

  4. Hardly when it began to rain. A. had he arrived C. he had arrived

  5. Only when class began that he had left his book at home. A. will realize C. did he realize dictation yesterday. A. did he make C. he made B. made by him D. he had made B. he did realize D. should he realize

  6. Not a single mistake in the

  7. No sooner his talk than he by the workers. A. he finished; surrounded all B. did he finish; did surround C. had he finished; was surrounded D. after he finished; was surrounded near

  8. Little know about verbs, Franz __ his head. A. did he; dare not lift B. he; dare not lift C. did he; dare not to lift D. doesn’t; doesn’t dare lift

  9. Not only __ a promise, but also kept it. A. had he made C. did he make life so happy. A. did I feel C. I had felt B. I felt D. had I felt B. he had made D. he makes

  10. I finally got the job. Never in all

  11. In no country Britain, it has been said, experience four seasons in the course of a single day. A. other than; one can B. other than; can one C. rather than; one can D. rather than; can one

  12. a mobile phone can you ring you want to talk with anywhere. A. Using; whoever B. Only on; whoever C. With; whoever D. Using; whomever
用倒装句翻译下列句子。 用倒装句翻译下列句子。

  1. 教堂附近有一间破旧的小屋。 教堂附近有一间破旧的小屋。 Near the church was a ruined cottage.
  2. 他一点也不知道 警察就要逮捕他了。 他一点也不知道, 警察就要逮捕他了。 Little does he know that the police are about to arrest him.

  3. 如果我了解你的意图我就不会浪费时 间向你解释了。 间向你解释了。 Had I realized what you intended I should not have wasted my time trying to explain matters to you.
  4. 那记号很小 我几乎看不到。 那记号很小, 我几乎看不到。 So small was the mark that I could hardly see it.

  5. 参加会议有来自全国各地政府官员、 参加会议有来自全国各地政府官员、 商人、企业家。 商人、企业家。 Attending the meeting were government officials, businessmen and bankers from different parts of the country.

  6. 无论什么情况下我们都不要放弃 计划。 计划。 Under no circumstance can we give up the plan.
把下列句子改为倒装。 把下列句子改为倒装。
  1. I have never seen him before. I seen him. Never before have
  2. she had hardly gone out when a student came to see her. Hardly had she gone out when a student came to see her.

  3. I didn’t go there. he didn’t go there either. I didn’t go there, he neither/ nor did .
  4. A terrible Genie(妖怪 stood before 妖怪) 妖怪 the fisherman. Before the fisherman stood a . terrible Genie

  5. In those days people seldom did experiment to test their ideas. Seldom did people do experiment to test their ideas.
  6. You can learn English well only in this way. you learn Only in this way can English well.

  7. Lu Xun was not only a great writer, but also a great thinker. Not only was Lu Xun a great writer, but also a great thinker.
  8. It didn’t stop raining until midnight. Not until midnight did it stop raining.
根据括号内的汉语提示完成下列句子。 根据括号内的汉语提示完成下列句子。
  1. When the dog attacked me, I defended myself against it with a stick (我用棍子自卫 我用棍子自卫). 我用棍子自卫
  2. (我很少听到 such 我很少听到) Seldom have I heard 我很少听到 beautiful singing.

  3. He had a fever yesterday but now (他的体 his temperature seems normal 他的体 温似乎正常). 温似乎正常
  4. I think this is the first time that we have met; never have we seen each other (我们以前在哪儿都没见过 我们以前在哪儿都没见过). before 我们以前在哪儿都没见过
  5. No sooner had he fallen asleep (他刚睡 他刚睡 着) than he heard a knock at the door.
 

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