Unit
4
Grammar & usage
Emphasis
Look at the following sentences. Pay attention to the differences:
This is the book that you asked me to buy. This is the just book that you asked me to buy. I know his phone number. I do know his phone number.
function ?
Emphasis
一、用词或短语帮助强调 短语帮助强调
You are the very person I am looking for. Men don’t enjoy shopping at all. so, such,very,
Why in the world are you always late?
at all, on earth just,really,are you doing? world What on earth in the ever,right
You are the only person who is honest in this world.

  1. ever, very, right, really, just
show emphasis
really I want to see it again. Actually, the festival in Venice doesn’t feature Hollywood films. just ever
  3) Why did you do so? ? very
  4) That’s the textbook we used last term. .
  5. The manager was in the office when I right
? ?
arrived at the company by metro

  2.so + adj./adv.such + adj. + n.
? He saw (如此多) new things he so many couldn’t remember them all. ? I ate (如此多)food yesterday. so much ? I have never seen so lovely a child (如此可爱的孩子). ? It was (如此好的天气) such a lovely day we decided to go for a picnic. such funny jokes ? She told (如此有趣的 笑话)that she was well received by us. such rapid progress ? He made (如此快 的进步)(that we all felt proud of him.

  3. adverbs show emphasis absolutely completely entirely just perfectly positively purely quite really simply totally truly
All these adverbs can be used to emphasize the verb or the adjective.
positively
absolutely
quite
quite
  1) I agree with you. Absolutely
  2) Do you think so? . positively
  3) He said quite that he would come.

  4. in the world,on earth,at all, by no , , means(位于句首需用倒装)等介词短语可 位于句首需用倒装) 位于句首需用倒装 以表达更强的语气: 以表达更强的语气: ? Where in the world could he be? ? 他到底会在哪儿? 他到底会在哪儿? ? What on earth is it? ? ? 它究竟是什么? 它究竟是什么? Though we are good friends, I don’t agree with you at all this time.(根本不) (根本不) ? I have to point out that this job can by no means be accomplished overnight.(决不) (决不)
What kind of sentences are they? It is I who am wrong. It is in a small factory that my brother is going to work.
强调句型
二、用强调句型帮助强调

  1. 构成 (structure) 强调人 强调人
It is /was +强调部分 强调部分+that (who/whom) +其他成分 强调部分 其他成分
只能 是 单数
强调除谓语以外 强调除谓语以外 的句子成分

  2. 强调句型的注意点
问句形式: 问句形式: 一般问句: 一般问句:Is/Was it + 被强调部分 + that + Is it the dictionary that you are looking for? Was it yesterday that he was fired?
特殊问句:疑问词 特殊问句:疑问词+is/was +it +that +What is it that you want me to do ? Who was it that told you the news? When was it that you called me? How was it that you succeed?
当强调not …until结构时,必须将 结构时, 当强调 结构时 not until连用,后面接肯定式。 连用, 连用 后面接肯定式。
I didn’t realize what trouble he was in until at that time. It was not until at that time that I realized what trouble he was in.
The teacher didn’t stop his lesson until the bell rang. (改成强调句) 改成强调句) 改成强调句 It was not until the bell rang that the teacher stopped his lesson. 直到他父亲来了男孩才开始做作业。 直到他父亲来了男孩才开始做作业。 It was not until his father came that the boy began to do his homework.

  3. 强调句型的判断
去掉, 把“It is/was that”去掉,如果剩余部分 去掉 句子结构仍然完整, 句子结构仍然完整,那么这个句子就是强调 如果句子不完整,则不是强调句。 句;如果句子不完整,则不是强调句。如: It is true that he once went to America. 主语 从句 It was at 8 o’clock that he came back. 强调句型

  3. 强调句型和某些时间状语的辨析
a. It was at midnight that I got back home yesterday. b. It was midnight when I got back home yesterday. a. It was two years ago that I began to learn English. b. It is/has been two years since I began to learn English.
? a It was two years before he came back form abroad. ? b. It was two years later that he came back from abroad.
三: 用助动词帮助强调 Do be careful! He did tell me the news. She does love talking. 强调谓语 Do强调谓语(predicate) teach him a lesson! 有人称和数的变化 人称和

  1) 我们真的想拥有一个精彩的节日。 我们真的想拥有一个精彩的节日。 We did want to have a wonderful festival.
  2) 我的确认为兔子是一种美丽温和的动物。 我的确认为兔子是一种美丽温和的动物。 I do think the rabbit is a beautiful, gentle animal.
Consolidation exercises

  1. Where was it the road accident happened yesterday? In front of the market. A. when B. that C. which D. how
  2. Was that I saw last night at the concert? A. it you B. not you C. you D. that yourself

  3. I believe that when the power of love overcomes the love of power, will there be peace in this world. A. until then B. only which C. so D. only then
  4. Why was she put off going abroad for further education? Because of her baby. A. that B. it C. what D. it that

  5. It was because he missed the train to London yesterday you couldn’t have met him there. A. which B. where C. that D. when
  6. Was it she said or something that she did you were angry at so much? A. what; that B. that; which C. that; what D. what; which

  7. makes her different from the other students? Honesty, I think. A. What is that B. What is it that C. How is it that D. How is that
  8. Was it he said or something he did you were angry at so much? A. that; which B. what; that C. that; what D. what; /

  9. He has nearly drowned once. When was ? was in 1998 when he was in middle school. A. that; It B. this; This C. this; It D. that, This
  10. What was his question? It was how much work . A. remained to be done B. was remaining to be done C. that remained to be done D. that was remained to be done
Multiple choices

  1. It is these poisonous products can cause the symptoms of the flu, such as headaches and aching muscles.(03上海) A. who B. that C. how D. what
  2. Why! I have nothing to confess. you want me to say? (04上海) A. What is it that B. What it is that C. How is it that D. How it is that

  3. I have always been honest and straightforward, and it doesn’t matter I’m talking to. (04广东) A. who is it B. who it is C. it is who D. It is whom
  4. It was with great joy he received the news that his lost daughter had been found. (04福建) A. because B. which C. since D. that

  5. It was back home after the experiment. (04湖北) A. not until midnight did he go B. until midnight that he didn’t go C. not until midnight that he went D. until midnight when he didn’t go

  6. It wasn’t until nearly a month later I received the manager’s reply. (05全国) A. since B. when C. as D. that
  7. It is what you do rather than what you say matters. (05天津) A. that B. what C. which D. this

  8. about wild plants that they decided to make a trip to Madagascar for further research.(05江苏) A. So curious the couple was B. So curious were the couple C. How curious the couple were D. The couple was such curious

  9. that he managed to get the information?(05山东) Oh, a friend of his helped him. A. Where was it B. What was it C. How was it D. Why was it

  10. It was not until she got home Jennifer realized she had lost her keys.(06全国) A. when B. that C. where D. before
  11. So difficult it to work out the problem that I decided to ask Tom for advice.(06 广东) A. I did find B. did I find C. I have found D. have I found

  12. I just wonder that makes him so excited.(06山东) A. why it does B. what he does C. how it is D. what it is
  13. It was after he got what he had desired he realized it was not so important.(06辽宁) A. that B. when C. since D. as
 

相关内容

高二英语《M8-U4-Grammar-and-usage》(课件)

   Unit 4 Grammar & usage Emphasis Look at the following sentences. Pay attention to the differences: This is the book that you asked me to buy. This is the just book that you asked me to buy. I know his phone number. I do know his phone number. f ...

高一英语Grammar and usage课件

   Unit 2 Grammar and usage(1) 南大附中 朱运慧 I.名词从句的种类 名词从句的种类 That the earth is round is a fact. 主语从句 Mrs Black won’t believe that her son has become a thief. 宾语从句 My idea is that we should do it right now. 表语从句 I had no idea that you were her friend. 同位语 ...

高一牛津英语模块三unit2 Grammar and usage

   牛津高中英语 高一下学期) (模块三 ?高一下学期) 高一下学期 Unit 2 Grammar and usage Unit 2 课件描述: 课件描述: 本课件为Grammar and usage的 本课件为 的 辅助教学软件,教学设计通过讲解、 辅助教学软件,教学设计通过讲解、 练习帮助学生掌握疑问词引导的名 词性从句和preparatory subject it 的 词性从句和 用法。 用法。 Noun clauses introduced by question words Subje ...

牛津英语模块6 Unit1 Grammar2 06 Grammar and usage

   Grammar and usage Overview of tenses 1 present tenses 2nd period 更多资源xiti123.taobao.com 更多资源 南京九中 张茹芳 Describe what you’ve watched, using present tenses. Check the answers(p9 A): am I tired, but happy today. I have been writing my play since am loo ...

英语周报牛津模块九 Unit 3Grammar and usage

   Grammar and usage Explanation and practice: Definition: a construction in which a noun or noun phrase is placed with another as an explanatory equivalent, both having the same syntactic relation to the other elements in the sentence. Find out the a ...

高中英语必修4 Unit4 Body language-Grammar1课件(人教新课标)

   Unit 4 Body language Grammar Discovering useful words and expressions Answer key for Exercise 1. defence, likely, Italy, canteen, represent, dash, approach, association, cheek, flight Answer key for Exercise 2. approached, Jordan, cheek, curiously, ...

英语: Unit 2 《Robots》课件-grammar and vocabulary(新人教选修7)

   Learning about language Look at the sentences. My mother felt alarmed when I had my hair coloured purple. My mother was alarmed when I had my hair coloured purple. Is this a passive sentence? Key! Though the structure seems like a passive sentence, ...

高一英语第二单元Grammar(译林版)

   牛津版 高一 Module 3 Unit 2 Grammar and usage (1) I. 名词从句的种类 That the earth is round is a fact. 主语从句 Mrs Black won’t believe that her son has become a thief. 表语从句 I had no idea that you were her friend. 同位语从句 宾语从句 My idea is that we should do it right n ...

Grammar05_Tense大学英语

   Welcome To College English Grammar Unit 5 - Tense Unit 5 Tense 一般现在时 表示重复的动作 表示一贯的事实或概括 1. 代替将来时态:在时间状语从句和条件状语从句中,用现在时 代替将来时态: 时间状语从句和条件状语从句中 代替将来时。 代替将来时。 - I will tell her when she comes tomorrow. - The next time you come, he will be a grown-up. ...

高二英语Unit1 Grammar课件

   设计思路: 本单元的Grammar主要讲的是不定式 和动名词的用法。目的在于让学生了 解动词不定式在句中的六个主要作用 以及否定式、完成式、进行式、一般 式被动、完成式被动、不定式复合结 构。第二个语法内容是动名词在句中 的四个功能和否定式、完成式、一般 式被动、完成式被动、动名词复合结 构。 在课件的开始用一个flash(过山车)作 为导入激发学生的兴趣,由此展开对动 词不定式的学习。在整个过程中,始 终坚持曹老师22字教学法中先练后讲 的原则,在实践中由学生自己总结, 老师再作适当的补充 ...

热门内容

英语一共有16种时态

   英语一共有哪些时态 时态是英语中一个重要的语法范畴, 它表示不同时间发生的动作或存在的状态以及动作 发生或存在的方式。动作发生的时间可分为现在、过去、将来和过去将来四种形式,动作发 生的方式可分为一般、 完成、 进行和完成进行四种形式。 将这时间形式和动作方式结合起来, 就构成了以下 16 种时态形式(以 do 为例): 一 现 在 般 完 成 进 行 完 成 进 行 现在完成进行时 现在一般时 现在完成时 现在进行时 do 过 去 过去一般时 have done 过去完成时 is doin ...

小学常用英语单词

   always 总是,一直 usually 通常 sometimes 有时候 never 从不 I. :always, 5,6 always, 5,6 usually 3 and 4. Sometimes, 1,2 sometimes 1,2 never, never, 0, 0. II. 1. Students: The students always go to school on weekdays. They usually stay(呆、停留) at home on weekends. ...

新视野大学英语1-4册课文翻译

   新视野大学英语课文翻译 第一册 Unit 1 .. . . 学外语 学习外语是我一生中最艰苦也是最有意义的经历。 虽然时常遭遇挫折,但却非常有价值。 我学外语的经历始于初中的第一堂英语课。 老师很慈祥耐心,时常表扬学生。 由于这种积极的教学方法,我踊跃回答 各种问题,从不怕答错。 两年中,我的成绩一直名列前茅。 到了高中后,我渴望继续学习英语,然而高中时的经历与以前大不相同。 以前老师对所有的学生都很耐心,而新老师 则总是惩罚答错的学生。 每当有谁回答错了,她会用长教鞭指着我们,上下挥舞着, ...

商务英语专业自评报告

   商务英语专业剖析报告 报告人: 报告人:彭晓娟 一、 专业概况 二、 专业定位与人才培养模式 三、 教学基本条件 四、 教学改革与教学管理 五、 人才培养质量 六、 专业特色 七、 存在的问题及整改措施 BEA Confidential. | 2 一、专业概况 江西工业工程职业技术学院商务英语专业开设于2003 江西工业工程职业技术学院商务英语专业开设于2003 是学院三年制高职专业之一, 年,是学院三年制高职专业之一,至今已经连续招收 届学生共353 353人 目前在校生(06、07、08 ...

让网络服务英语教学

   让网络服务英语教学 网络服务英语教学 服务 英语学科的特点导致在教学中对现代多媒体手段的依赖性更强,更迫切。 一般来说,语言能力的学 习需要以下几个环节:听、说、读、写和译。而每个环节的语言学习都需要借助一定的语境,创设一定 的情景,营造适宜的气氛是语言课的一大特点。而中国人学习外语所欠缺的就是在特定的语言环境下 用特定的词语进行交际。英语教学所走过的道路是从录音带,录像机,VCD, 计算机制作课件和使用电 子读物,它们无一不是想把声像材料应用到课堂,创设适当的语景, 激发学生的学习热情,帮 ...