Unit
4
Grammar & usage
Emphasis
Look at the following sentences. Pay attention to the differences:
This is the book that you asked me to buy. This is the just book that you asked me to buy. I know his phone number. I do know his phone number.
function ?
Emphasis
一、用词或短语帮助强调 短语帮助强调
You are the very person I am looking for. Men don’t enjoy shopping at all. so, such,very,
Why in the world are you always late?
at all, on earth just,really,are you doing? world What on earth in the ever,right
You are the only person who is honest in this world.

  1. ever, very, right, really, just
show emphasis
really I want to see it again. Actually, the festival in Venice doesn’t feature Hollywood films. just ever
  3) Why did you do so? ? very
  4) That’s the textbook we used last term. .
  5. The manager was in the office when I right
? ?
arrived at the company by metro

  2.so + adj./adv.such + adj. + n.
? He saw (如此多) new things he so many couldn’t remember them all. ? I ate (如此多)food yesterday. so much ? I have never seen so lovely a child (如此可爱的孩子). ? It was (如此好的天气) such a lovely day we decided to go for a picnic. such funny jokes ? She told (如此有趣的 笑话)that she was well received by us. such rapid progress ? He made (如此快 的进步)(that we all felt proud of him.

  3. adverbs show emphasis absolutely completely entirely just perfectly positively purely quite really simply totally truly
All these adverbs can be used to emphasize the verb or the adjective.
positively
absolutely
quite
quite
  1) I agree with you. Absolutely
  2) Do you think so? . positively
  3) He said quite that he would come.

  4. in the world,on earth,at all, by no , , means(位于句首需用倒装)等介词短语可 位于句首需用倒装) 位于句首需用倒装 以表达更强的语气: 以表达更强的语气: ? Where in the world could he be? ? 他到底会在哪儿? 他到底会在哪儿? ? What on earth is it? ? ? 它究竟是什么? 它究竟是什么? Though we are good friends, I don’t agree with you at all this time.(根本不) (根本不) ? I have to point out that this job can by no means be accomplished overnight.(决不) (决不)
What kind of sentences are they? It is I who am wrong. It is in a small factory that my brother is going to work.
强调句型
二、用强调句型帮助强调

  1. 构成 (structure) 强调人 强调人
It is /was +强调部分 强调部分+that (who/whom) +其他成分 强调部分 其他成分
只能 是 单数
强调除谓语以外 强调除谓语以外 的句子成分

  2. 强调句型的注意点
问句形式: 问句形式: 一般问句: 一般问句:Is/Was it + 被强调部分 + that + Is it the dictionary that you are looking for? Was it yesterday that he was fired?
特殊问句:疑问词 特殊问句:疑问词+is/was +it +that +What is it that you want me to do ? Who was it that told you the news? When was it that you called me? How was it that you succeed?
当强调not …until结构时,必须将 结构时, 当强调 结构时 not until连用,后面接肯定式。 连用, 连用 后面接肯定式。
I didn’t realize what trouble he was in until at that time. It was not until at that time that I realized what trouble he was in.
The teacher didn’t stop his lesson until the bell rang. (改成强调句) 改成强调句) 改成强调句 It was not until the bell rang that the teacher stopped his lesson. 直到他父亲来了男孩才开始做作业。 直到他父亲来了男孩才开始做作业。 It was not until his father came that the boy began to do his homework.

  3. 强调句型的判断
去掉, 把“It is/was that”去掉,如果剩余部分 去掉 句子结构仍然完整, 句子结构仍然完整,那么这个句子就是强调 如果句子不完整,则不是强调句。 句;如果句子不完整,则不是强调句。如: It is true that he once went to America. 主语 从句 It was at 8 o’clock that he came back. 强调句型

  3. 强调句型和某些时间状语的辨析
a. It was at midnight that I got back home yesterday. b. It was midnight when I got back home yesterday. a. It was two years ago that I began to learn English. b. It is/has been two years since I began to learn English.
? a It was two years before he came back form abroad. ? b. It was two years later that he came back from abroad.
三: 用助动词帮助强调 Do be careful! He did tell me the news. She does love talking. 强调谓语 Do强调谓语(predicate) teach him a lesson! 有人称和数的变化 人称和

  1) 我们真的想拥有一个精彩的节日。 我们真的想拥有一个精彩的节日。 We did want to have a wonderful festival.
  2) 我的确认为兔子是一种美丽温和的动物。 我的确认为兔子是一种美丽温和的动物。 I do think the rabbit is a beautiful, gentle animal.
Consolidation exercises

  1. Where was it the road accident happened yesterday? In front of the market. A. when B. that C. which D. how
  2. Was that I saw last night at the concert? A. it you B. not you C. you D. that yourself

  3. I believe that when the power of love overcomes the love of power, will there be peace in this world. A. until then B. only which C. so D. only then
  4. Why was she put off going abroad for further education? Because of her baby. A. that B. it C. what D. it that

  5. It was because he missed the train to London yesterday you couldn’t have met him there. A. which B. where C. that D. when
  6. Was it she said or something that she did you were angry at so much? A. what; that B. that; which C. that; what D. what; which

  7. makes her different from the other students? Honesty, I think. A. What is that B. What is it that C. How is it that D. How is that
  8. Was it he said or something he did you were angry at so much? A. that; which B. what; that C. that; what D. what; /

  9. He has nearly drowned once. When was ? was in 1998 when he was in middle school. A. that; It B. this; This C. this; It D. that, This
  10. What was his question? It was how much work . A. remained to be done B. was remaining to be done C. that remained to be done D. that was remained to be done
Multiple choices

  1. It is these poisonous products can cause the symptoms of the flu, such as headaches and aching muscles.(03上海) A. who B. that C. how D. what
  2. Why! I have nothing to confess. you want me to say? (04上海) A. What is it that B. What it is that C. How is it that D. How it is that

  3. I have always been honest and straightforward, and it doesn’t matter I’m talking to. (04广东) A. who is it B. who it is C. it is who D. It is whom
  4. It was with great joy he received the news that his lost daughter had been found. (04福建) A. because B. which C. since D. that

  5. It was back home after the experiment. (04湖北) A. not until midnight did he go B. until midnight that he didn’t go C. not until midnight that he went D. until midnight when he didn’t go

  6. It wasn’t until nearly a month later I received the manager’s reply. (05全国) A. since B. when C. as D. that
  7. It is what you do rather than what you say matters. (05天津) A. that B. what C. which D. this

  8. about wild plants that they decided to make a trip to Madagascar for further research.(05江苏) A. So curious the couple was B. So curious were the couple C. How curious the couple were D. The couple was such curious

  9. that he managed to get the information?(05山东) Oh, a friend of his helped him. A. Where was it B. What was it C. How was it D. Why was it

  10. It was not until she got home Jennifer realized she had lost her keys.(06全国) A. when B. that C. where D. before
  11. So difficult it to work out the problem that I decided to ask Tom for advice.(06 广东) A. I did find B. did I find C. I have found D. have I found

  12. I just wonder that makes him so excited.(06山东) A. why it does B. what he does C. how it is D. what it is
  13. It was after he got what he had desired he realized it was not so important.(06辽宁) A. that B. when C. since D. as
 

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