北师大版 选修7 高二 选修 Unit 19
Lesson 3 Body Language
Warming up
? What does the girl look like? ? Does she look happy? ? How do you know that?
Look at the photos. What kind of language are the people in the photos using to communicate?
body language
body language
Do you know what they mean?
thinking
happy
friendly
angry
naughty
worried
sad
Good
victory
ok
welcome
I don’t know.
When people meet:
In china, people shake hands.
In Japan, women bow.
In Russia, France and Arab countries men kiss each other.
In France, it is the custom to shake hands with each other in the office every morning.
When people are eating:
In Arab countries, people eat using the fingers of the right hands; the left hands are not used at all.
When people touch:
People from English-speaking countries do not touch each other very much. If you touch an English person, you should say “sorry”.
In pairs, talk about the various gestures, facial expressions and body movements that you often use to communicate your attitudes and feelings.
The OK Sign Everything is great. ─ The United States, Germany Things are good, not excellent. ─ Mexico Worthless, zero ─ France, most of the European countries
Symbols for money, especially for coins ─ Japan Vulgar (粗俗的 gesture 粗俗的) 粗俗的 ─ Spain, Russia, Brazil Threat of bodily harm ─ Tunisia
The V Sign Victory ─ Great Britain, the United States, most of the world Peace ─ The United States (since 1960s)
Thumbs Up Approval ─ Great Britain, The United States, Russia, China Highly offensive ─ Iran Rude ─ Australia
Thumbs Down Disapproval
─ The United States
Rude
─ Greece
Read the text and use the Strategies to choose a heading for each paragaph. There is one extra heading.
Para.1 Para.2 para.3 Para.4 Para.5 Para.6 Para.7
a) An aid to travellers b) Conscious and unconscious body language c) The disadvantages of smiling d) Why body language can be confusing? ? e) What is body language? f) Concluding statement g) Introduction h) Being aware
Para. 1 Introduction A father patting his son on the back while smiling… the message conveyed by the father’s body language…
What is body language Para. 2 Body language is used every single day … It is a language without words that consists of … Body language is used to communicate both attitudes and feelings from affection to anger just like any other language.
Para. 3 Conscious and unconscious body language People often use body language on purpose However, body language can be unconscious as well. Being aware Para. 4 Learning to be aware of your body language can be a very useful tool. For example, in a job …
Para. 5 An aid to traveller Body language can be very useful when people do not share a common spoken language. For example, in foreign countries …
Para. 6 Why body language can be confusing However, body language can sometimes be ambiguous. Concluding statement Para. 7 Regardless of these differences, experts agree that across the globe there is one form of body language that receives universal approvalthe smile.
True or False
A person with crossed arms is probably very calm. F Americans take offence at the “OK” sign. F Nodding your head means “yes” in most cultures. T We congratulate people by jumping for joy. T

  1. consist of 某物是“ 组成” 某物是“由……组成”的意思时 强 组成 的意思时, 调结果是一个统一的整体, 调结果是一个统一的整体 但所有组成 的成分之间往往保持着自己的特性, 的成分之间往往保持着自己的特性 用 于主语动态。 于主语动态。
e.g. 这个大学由 个系构成。 这个大学由13个系构成。 个系构成 The university consists of 13 departments. 这个医疗队由5名医生和 名护士组成。 这个医疗队由 名医生和3名护士组成 名医生和 名护士组成。 The medical term consists of (is made up of) 5 doctors and 3 nurses.
be made up of 常可用来表示某物是用 什么材料制造的意思, 用于被动语态。 什么材料制造的意思 用于被动语态。 化合物是由元素组成的。 化合物是由元素组成的。 Compounds are made up of elements. 纸是由透明纤维构成的。 纸是由透明纤维构成的。 Paper is made up of transparent fibers.

  2. purchase 购买 make a purchase 买件东西 on special purchase 特价出售 purchasing power 购买能力 purchasing price 购买价

  3. Learning to be aware of your body language can be very useful. be aware of: realize, 意识到 意识到?????? e.g. John has been aware of having done something wrong. We should be aware of the importance of environmental protection.

  4. Regardless of these differences, experts agree that across the globe there is one form of body language that receives universal approval ? the smile . regardless of : 不顾 不惜 不顾,不惜
我们所有的建议都遭到拒绝, 我们所有的建议都遭到拒绝 不管这 些建议的价值如何。 些建议的价值如何。 All our proposals were rejected, regardless of their merits. 她不顾一切后果, 决心这样做。 她不顾一切后果 决心这样做。 She is determined to do it regardless of all consequences.

  1. It is wise of you to make a careful plan before you begin to do something. A. in advance C. beforehand B. ahead of time D. in progress

  2. None of us likes Helen because she always says what she thinks other people’s feelings. A. regardless of in case of B. in spite of D. on account of C.

  3. When you want to accept a new job, you must pay more attention to the for it. A. conditions C. demands B. requirements D. requests

  4. is reported Xinjiang has controlled the spread of the bird flu successfully. A. It, that B. That, which C. Whether, what D. What, that
Vocabulary negotiate, resemble, explicit, ambiguous, unconscious, transparent, affection, rigid, dignity, merely
  1. You don’t your father at all. resemble You look more like your mother.

  2. After I fell down the stairs I had no left. consciousness
  3. You need to be with little explicit children otherwise they don’t understand.
  4. I feel a lot of for my affection grandmother.

  5. It was an decision to undignified buy a pink hat. I actually thought it was red!
  6. Your shirt is so I can transparent see straight through it!
  7. I with the lady and got negotiate it $5 cheaper.

  8. I shouted at him but he raised merely his eyebrows.
  9. This sign is . It can mean ambiguous two things.
  10. The chair was no longer . It rigid was completely bent.
Which of the following words and expressions are used for comparison, and which are used for contrast?
unlike, similar, also, although, however, as well, while, differ from, both, on the other hand, but, same, just like, too
Comparison similar also, too as well like both, same just like
Contrast unlike although however while, but differ from on the other hand
Now choose the conrrect words from the brackets.
  1. Many people in England use gestures that are(however/similar) to gestures in the USA.
  2. Peter is a very friendly person. James is (too/ both).

  3. (While/As well) I like chocolate ice-cream, my mum likes coffee ice-cream. She likes strawberry (unlike/as well), (also/but) I don't.
 

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