高二英语 Unit 4 词汇学习

  1. poetry n.[U]
  1.) (总称)诗,诗歌,韵文 He was very fond of writing and reciting poetry. 他很喜欢写诗、背诗。
  2.) 作诗技巧;诗歌艺术 Shakespeare and Milton were masters of English poetry. 莎士比亚和弥尔顿是英国诗歌的艺术大师。
  3.) 诗意,诗情,诗趣 You don't understand the poetry of life. 你不懂得生活的诗意。
  2. intention n. 意图,意向,目的[C][U][(+of)][+to-v] His good intentions were repaid by good results. 他的善意得到了善报。 It wasn't my intention to fool you. 我不想骗你。 have no intention of staying 不打算留下
  3. recite vt.
  1.) 背诵;朗诵,当众吟诵 My little daughter likes reciting poetry in public. 我的小女儿喜欢当众背诵诗歌。
  2.) 叙述;详述 He recited the day's adventures. 他详细叙述了那一天的冒险经历。
  4. mad a.
  1.) 发疯的,发狂的 She went mad after the death of her son. 儿子死后她就疯了。
  2.) 疯狂的,狂热的[(+with)] go/ run mad with joy 欣喜若狂
  3.) 愚蠢的;鲁莽的 It was a mad idea to climb the mountain in this bad weather. 在这种坏天气去爬山真是愚蠢。
  4.) 【口】狂热的,着迷的 [(+about/on/for)] Both brothers are mad about tennis. 兄弟俩对网球都很入迷。
  5.) 【口】恼火的 [(+at/with)] Don't be mad at me.
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不要对我大发脾气。
  5. pattern n.[C]
  1.) 花样,图案 I don't like the pattern on the fabric. 我不喜欢那块布料上的图案。
  2.) 型;形态,样式;格局 a sentence pattern 句型 They like new patterns of family life. 他们喜欢新的家庭生活方式。
  3.) 模范,榜样,典型[S1] This hospital is a pattern of what a good hospital should be. 这家医院就是好医院的榜样。
  6. dialogue n.[C][U]
  1.) 对话;交谈 make up a dialogue 编一则对话
  2.) (戏剧、小说等中的)对话,对白 Plays are written in dialogue. 剧本用对白写成。
  3.) (国家等之间的)对话,意见交换 The stubborn mayor finally consented to a dialogue with the strike leaders. 固执的市长终于同意与罢工领袖进行对话。
  7. put…together 把...放在一起;组合;装配 They were putting the machine together. 他们正在装配机器。
  8. sort n.[C]
  1.) 种类,品种,类型 All sorts of lamps are available in that shop. 在那家商店可买到各式各样的灯具。 That's just the sort of thing I want. 那正是我所需要的那种东西。
  2.) (常与修饰语连用)某种人,某类人[S1] She's a happy-go-lucky sort. 她是个乐天派。 vt.
  1.) 把...分类 They sort apples by grade. 他们把苹果按等级分类。
  2.) 挑选,区分 Can't you sort the good from the bad? 你难道不会区分好坏吗?
  3.) 整理
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  9. fantasy n.[U][C]
  1.) 空想;幻想;梦想 George lives in a world of fantasy. 乔治整天生活在幻想的世界中。
  2.) 空想的产物;幻想作品 The whole story is a fantasy. 这整个故事只是一个虚构。
  3.) 【音】幻想曲
  10. loneliness n. 孤独,寂寞;人迹罕至[U] He felt his loneliness most keenly on Sunday. 星期天他倍感孤寂。
  11. play with 玩;与...逗玩 The boy is playing with a toy plane. 小男孩正在玩一架玩具飞机。
  12. grammar n.
  1.) 语法[U] He had great difficulty in learning English grammar. 他学习英语语法困难重重。
  2.) 语法书[C]
  3.) (符合语法规则的)文理,措辞[U] Her grammar is bad. 她的文句不通。
  13.stand out
  1.) 坚持 They stood out till victory. 他们坚持到胜利。
  2.) 引人注目,脱颖而出 Our daughter is a great dancer, she stands out above the rest. 我们的女儿是一个不错的舞者,她从许多舞者中脱颖而出。 She stands out in the crowd, for she is two meters in height. 她在人群中显得很突出,因为她身高两米。
  14. glory n.
  1.) 光荣,荣誉[U] The captain of the winning team got all the glory for the victory. 胜队队长因获胜而赢得全部荣誉。 He took part in the competition for the glory of the school. 他为学校的荣誉参加了竞赛。
  2.) 可夸耀的事;可赞颂的事物[C]
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The museum is the glory of our city. 这个博物馆是我们城市的骄傲。
  3.) 壮丽;壮观;灿烂[U] I was fascinated by the glory of the sunset. 落日的壮观把我吸引住了。
  15. absence n.
  1.) 不在,缺席[U][C][(+from)] absence from classes 缺课 She never speaks ill of anyone in his or her absence. 她从不乘人不在时说别人的坏话。
  2.) 缺少,缺乏[U][(+of)] The absence of color in that drawing makes it dull. 那幅画因没有着色而显得晦暗。
  16. atmosphere n.
  1.) 大气[the S]
  2.) (某特定场所的)空气[S] The atmosphere of the city is very much polluted. 那个城市的空气受到严重污染。
  3.) 气氛[S1] The talk was conducted in a cordial atmosphere. 会谈是在热情友好的气氛中进行的。
  4.) 情趣;魅力[U] The ancient palace has a lot of atmosphere. 这座古老的宫殿很有魅力。
  17. introduction n.
  1.) 介绍;正式引见[U][C][P1] He was shaking her hand before I could finish the introduction. 未等我介绍完,他就在握她的手了。
  2.) 引进,传入[U][(+of/to/into)] The government saw the introduction of new technology as vital. 政府认为引进新技术至关重要。
  3.) 采用;被采用的东西;引种[U][C] Television is a later introduction than radio. 电视的使用迟于无线电。
  4.) 引言,序言;序论[C][(+to)] ;入门(书)[C][(+to)] an Introduction to Biochemistry 《生物化学入门》
  18. translate vt.
  1.) 翻译,转译[(+from/into)] The novel has been translated into many languages.
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这部小说已译成多种语言。
  2.) (用另外的词语)解释,说明,表达[(+into)] I translate his silence as a refusal. 我把他的沉默解释为拒绝。
  19. light up
  1.) 点燃 He lit up a cigarette. 他点燃了一支香烟。
  2.) 照亮 The sun lights up the sky and the earth. 太阳照亮了天空和大地。
  20. come into being 形成 We do not know when this world came into being. 我们不知道世界是何时形成的。
  21. shade n.
  1.) 荫;阴凉处;阴暗[the S] I saw him sitting in the shade of a tree. 我看见他坐在树荫下。
  2.) 遮光物[C],遮太阳的东西
  3.) (图画、照片等的)阴影部分[U]
  4.) (色彩的)浓淡,色度[C]
  22. extraordinary a.
  1.) 异常的;特别的,破例的;非凡的 Her strength of will was extraordinary. 她的意志力非凡。
  2.) 离奇的,使人惊奇的 He is full of extraordinary ideas. 他满脑子都是离奇的想法。
  3.) 特命的,特派的 an ambassador extraordinary 特派大使
  23. apart ad.
  1.) 分开地,有距离地[(+from)] He lives apart from his family. 他与家人不住在一起。 At that time we were never apart. 那时我们从不分开。
  2.) 相间隔地 Their houses are two miles apart. 他们的房子相距两英里。
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  3.) (用在名词,动名词后)...除外 All joking apart, we should set to work immediately. 说正经的,我们得立即开始工作。
  4.) 单独地,个别地[(+from)] Viewed apart, what she said sounds right. 单独看,她的话似乎不错。
  24. essay n.[C] 论说文;散文,随笔,小品文[(+on/about)] The professor wrote an essay on Homer. 这位教授写了一篇关于荷马的文章。
  25. recommend vt.
  1.) 推荐,介绍[(+as/for/to)] recommend sb a book/ recommend a book to sb.推荐某人一本书 recommend sb. as an excellent graduate 推荐某人是一名优秀毕业生 recommend sb. for a job 给某人介绍一份工作 Can you recommend some new books on this subject to me? 你能推荐一些有关这个学科的新书给我吗?
  2. 建议,劝告 [+v-ing][+that] He recommends wearing safety equipment. 他建议穿上安全装备。 They recommend that the machine (should)be overhauled. 他们建议把机器检修一下。 I recommend you to comply with safety regulations. 我劝你遵守安全规则。
  26. contribute vt.
  1.) 捐(款);捐献,捐助[(+to/towards)] He contributed half of his savings to the relief fund. 他将积蓄的一半捐献给救济基金会。
  2.) 贡献,提供[(+to/towards)] He didn't contribute one idea to the document. 他对这个文件没有提供一个主意。
  3.) 投(稿)[(+to)] vi.
  1.) 捐献[(+to/towards)] He contributed generously to the Red Cross. 他对红十字会慷慨捐助。
  2.) 贡献,出力[(+to/towards)] He never contributes to the discussion. 他在讨论时从不发表意见。
  3.) 投稿[(+to)] The scientist often contributes to an academic journal.这位科学家常常给那家学术期刊撰稿。
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