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高二英语 Unit11 Scientific achievements 知识点总复习教案
课前准备,听力, Section I 课前准备,听力,口语 太阳能. 最后●
  1. Solar energy 太阳能.(p.1 Warming Up 最后●) energy
  1) n. [U] 精力;活力 Young people usually have more energy than the old. 年轻 人通常比老年人有活力.
  2) n. [U]能,能量 atomic energy 原子能 辨析:force,power,energy,strength 与 might * force 力;指活动的力,是 strength 所展示出来的力;常被作"势力"用.* power 力;用途最广,用于各种身的,心的,隐藏的,外显的力,和 strength 同义,但暗示能动 的意思.* energy 在物理学上指"能";精力,活力.* strength 体力;是内部的力,是 在身体组织内存在的体力. * might 力;势力;强有力的力.You must use force to open that bottle. 你必须用力打开那个瓶子./ Some animals have the power to see in the dark. 有些动物具有在黑暗中能看见东西的本领./ To everyone's surprise, the old painter seemed to have more energy after his recovery from his serious illness than even the young. 使大家感到惊讶的是这位老画家在重病复原后似乎比青年人精力还要充沛 些./ I haven't the strength to lift the table. 我没有力气抬这张桌子./ It's beyond your might. 此事非你力所能及. 联想:energetic adj. 精力充沛的,积极的; energize vt. 使活跃,给予精力,加强; energizer n. 抗抑制剂;情绪兴奋剂 That' man,
  2. That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind. 这对一个人来说 是一小步,但对人类而言却是一大步. (p.2 第一行) 是一小步,但对人类而言却是一大步. p.2 Words 第一行)/ You are working on sending ( 你正在从事发射载人飞船上火星的工作. (p.2 a manned spaceship to Mars. 你正在从事发射载人飞船上火星的工作. p.2 Speaking Dr ( Winfey) Winfey)
  1)男人[C] In many countries in the world, men kiss each other when they meet. 在世界上许多国家里,男人们会晤时彼此亲吻.
  2)人类[U](前面不用冠词) Man must make the earth support more people. 人类必须 使地球养活更多的人.
  3) vt. 操纵;给……配备人员 Ten workers were assigned to man the production line. 十名工人被派到生产线上进行操作.
  4) manned adj. 载人的,由人操纵的. 联想:mankind 人类; manner n. 方法,举止; manual adj. 手工的,体力的; manly 有 男子气概的;刚强的; man-made 人造的 AIDS.你和你的队员们正在进行艾滋
  3. You and your team are working on a cure for AIDS.你和你的队员们正在进行艾滋 病治疗.(p.2 病治疗.(p.2 Speaking / Dr Wilson) 辨析:work on 与 work at work * work on 从事某项工作(创造,创作,作画,制订,设计,草拟,研究……). * work at 学习;研究;致力于;在……下功夫. I'm working at my study. 我正在努力学习./ He is working on a new dictionary. 他 正在撰写一部新词典. make possible
  4. You want to develop new technology that will make it possible to grow food in 你想发展新的技术, areas where there is very little water. 你想发展新的技术,使得在没有水的地方生 长食物成为可能. Smith' 长食物成为可能.(p.2 Speaking 'Dr Smith')
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* make 的复合结构
  1) make+宾语+名词使……In 1849, Marx went to England and made London the base for his revolutionary work. 1849 年,马克思到了英国,把伦敦作为从事革命工作的基地.
  2) make+宾语+形容词使… They have made their home-town rich. 他们已使家乡富有 了./ The policemen have made it clear that he is a thief. 警察已弄清楚他是个贼. * 注意:上句 it 作为形式宾语代替后面 that 引导的从句.
  3) make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事 The boss made him work 10 hours a day. 老板让 他每天工作十小时.
  4) be made to do sth. 被迫做某事 The workers were made to work 10 hours a day. 工人们每天被迫工作十小时.
  5) make + 宾语 + 过去分词使某人/某事被…… She couldn't make herself heard. 别人听不到她的话. would...要是我得到钱.我会…… ..要是我得到钱
  5. If I got the money, I would...要是我得到钱.我会…… (p. 3 Useful expressions 左
  1)
  1) 本句为虚拟结构,表示与现在事实相反的假设,从句用一般过去式,主句为 would (或 should, could, might) + 动词原形 If I know the answer to the question, I should (would) tell you.如果我知道问题的答案,我会告诉你的.
  2) 虚拟条件句中 be 的过去式一般为 were.If I were you, I couldn't accept her suggestion. 如果我是你,我不会接受她的建议. I'd like... to...;反义词组: 我想要……
  6. I'd like... (=I'd love to...;反义词组:I'd hate to...) 我想要…… (p.3 Useful expressions 右
  2) 本句型是 should like 或 would like 的缩略式,常用来表示"愿意",尤其是礼貌地提 出邀请或愿意提供帮助时.like 后可接名词或带 to 的动词不定式,但不接动词-ing 形式.
  1) would like to do sth 愿意做某事 -- Would you like to go to the cinema with me tomorrow ? 明天你愿意和我一起去看电影吗? -- Yes, I'd love to. (to 不能省略掉) 是 的,我愿意去.注意:其否定式为 would like not to do sth.
  2) would like (sb.) to do sth. I would like Tom to do it at once. 我想要汤姆立 刻去做这件事.
  3) would like sth. 要什么东西 Would you like some bread or coffee? 你想要些面 包还是喝咖啡? Section II 阅读 future
  7. Whatever great achievements the future may have in store for China, it is 1ikely that many of them will be born in northwestern Beijing. 无论中国将来会有什么样 的伟大成就,其中许多很有可能会诞生在北京的西北部. 的伟大成就,其中许多很有可能会诞生在北京的西北部.(p.3 第一段 1-2 行)
  1) be likely to do sth. 很可能(发生某种情况) Our team is likely to win the game. 这场比赛我们队很可能赢.
  2) It is likely that + 从句 It is likely that we'll go on a picnic in the forest tomorrow. 很可能明天我们去森林里野餐. 辨析:likely,probable 与 possible: likely, possible: likely * likely 系常用词,指"从表面现象看很有可能". * possible 指"由于有适当的条件和方法,某事可能发生或做到",强调"客观上有可 能",但"实际希望很小". * probable 语气比 possible 强,指"有根据,合情理,值得相信的事物,带有'大概', '很可能'"的意思.
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* likely 之后常跟不定式 (be likely to do sth.),而 possible,probable 之后通常 不跟不定式;likely 的主语可以是人,而 possible,probable 的主语不能是人. The hurricane is likely to come. 飓风可能要来./ It is possible to go to the moon now. 现在有可能登上月球./ I don't think the story is probable. 我不认为这个故事 合情合理. 联 想 : likely; friendly; fatherly; motherly; sisterly brotherly; manly; lovely; lively; lonely; orderly and…
  8. Zhongguancun was set up as a special economic zone in the late 1990s and… 中 年代末建成的经济特区… 关村是 20 世纪 90 年代末建成的经济特区… (p.3 第二段 第 1-2 行)
  1) set up: (
  1) 竖立起来 Let's set up the tent first. 我们先把帐篷搭起来.(
  2) 建 立,成立 Edison set up a chemical lab of his own at the age of ten. 爱迪生 10 岁 就建立了他自己的化学实验室.(
  3) 使(自己或他人)从事某职业 (as) He has set himself up as a bookseller. 他开始经营书籍. 辨析: 辨析:set off 与 set out 都可以解释为 start set off 与 set out 这两个动词短语都有"出发"和"动身"的意思, to move 或 begin a journey. set off 的原意是"使爆炸" (cause to explode);set out 的原意是"着手做" (begin work with the intention of achieving a particular aim). 注意:set out 在用来表示"着手做"时,后面总是跟动词不定式.The slightest spark set can set off the explosives stored here. 一点点火星就能够使储存在这里的火药爆炸. / The journalist immediately set out to obtain these important facts, but he took a long time to send them. 那位新闻记者立即着手去获得这些重要的资料,但是他把这些 资料寄来却用了很长时间. 拓展: set about 着手(开始)做; set an example 树立榜样; set apart 留出,拔出; set fire to 点燃,生火; set foot in (或 on) 登上;涉足;访问
  2) as 用法小结 (
  1) as 用作连词 ① 作"当……的时候"解,引导时间状语从句,表示从句动作与主句动作同时发生,同 时进行.As he looked at her she made a face. 他看她时,她作了个鬼脸./ He sang as he walked. 他一边走,一边唱. ② 作"由于","因为"解,引导原因状语从句,表示比较明显的原因.由 as 引导的原 因从句通常放在主句之前.As he didn't know much English,he got out his dictionary and looked up the word. 由于他不懂得多少英语,他拿出来词典查了这个词. ③ 作"如 (不如)……一样"解,引导方式状语从句或比较状语从句.He does not speak as the other people do. 他不像其他人那样肯说话.He is not so diligent as you. 他 不如你勤奋.(so…as…只用于否定句.若为肯定句必须用 as…as…) ④引导让步状语从句时,作"虽然","尽管" 解,这时,要将表语或状语提到主语之 前,使句子部分倒装.如果表语是名词,放在句首时不能加冠词.Young as he is, he knows a lot. 尽管年轻,他懂得很多.Old man as he is, he still works hard. 尽管他是个老 人,他仍然工作很努力. (
  2) as 用作代词 ① 作关系代词,引导限制性定语从句,先行词前常有 such,the same 与之呼应,构成 such...as,the same (…) as….We'll make such computers as are needed in different branches of science. 我们将制造出科学的各部门所需要的那种计算机./ I'm reading the
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same books as you. 我读的书与你读的书相同. ②引导非限制性定语从句,as 常常作主语,定语,表语等,在这种情况下 as 指的是前面 as 或后面的整个句子.The two cities are far away from each other, as you can see in the map. 正如你在地图上看见的那样,这两座城市相距甚远./ As everybody knows, all that glitters is not gold. 大家都知道,闪光的东西不都是金子.
  3) as if (as though) 用作连词,作"就像…似的""仿佛"解 (
  1) as if (as though) 引起的方式状语从句或表语从句中动词一般用虚拟语气, be 通常为 were 或 was.如从句动 作与主句动作同时发生,从句用一般过去时;若从句动作在主句动作之前发生,从句用过去 完成时.Jane shouted in surprise as if she saw the land. 珍妮惊喊着,好像看见了 陆地./ Tom is talking about China as if he had been there. 汤姆正在谈着中国,好 像他去过一样. (
  2)若主句谓语动词为 look,seem,taste,smell 等词时,as if 引导的表语从句常常使 用陈述语气. It looks as if it is going to rain. 看起来天好像耍下雨./ This meat tastes as if it has already gone bad. 这肉尝起来好像已变坏了. (
  3)当从句中主语和句子主语一致, 从句谓语又包含动词 be 时, 这个主语和 be 可以省略. He glanced about as if (he was) in search of something. 他四处打量着好像在搜寻什 么. (
  4) as if (as though)可以接一个不定式短语.He waved his hand to me as if to have something to tell me. 他向我挥了挥手好像有事要告诉我. 辨析:as,when 与 while as, as as,when,while 作为连词,都有"当……的时候"的意思.* as 常可与 when 或 while 通用,但它较强调主句和从句中的动作或事情同时发生.因此,常作"一面……一面……" 解. * while 常表示一段较长的时间或一个过程,强调主句的动词和从句的动词所表示的 动作或状态是同时发生的.用 while 引导的从句中用延续性动词. As (When/While) I was walking down the street, l noticed a police car in front of Number
  37. 我沿着大街往前走的时候,注意到 37 号门前停着一辆警车./ When the clock struck twelve, all the lights went out. 钟敲 12 下时,灯全熄了./ When I went into the lab, the professor was doing an experiment. 当我走进实验室时,那位教授正在做 实验./ Please keep quiet while others are studying. 别人在学习的时候,请保持安 静./ While I was writing letters last night, he was watching TV. 昨晚我在写信的 时候,他在看电视. 误:As he is old, my teacher works hard. 正:Old as he is, my teacher works hard. 尽管我的老师年龄很大了,但是工作很努力. 误:So as to catch the early bus, he got up very early. 正:He got up very early so as to (in order to) catch the early bus. 他起早是 为了赶早班车. 拓展:as a matter of fact 实际上; as a result (of)结果; as far as 就……而言; 远至 as follows 如下 as for 至于,关于 as long as 只要; as well as 还,也; as to 至 于,关于; as many as (表可数)和……一样多,达……之多
  9. The science park is also home to a growing number of overseas Chi
 

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