高二英语 Unit13 The water planet 复习重点句及词组

  1. Practise making suggestions and expressing opinions. 练习提出建议并发表观点. 17 Goals (p.
  2)▲ practise vt. 练习 practise 后面的动词一般要用-ing 形式. 类似 practise 这种接动词-ing 形式作宾语的动词还有: finish, enjoy, mind, give up, can't help, suggest, keep 等. ① I practise playing the piano every 如: day. 我每天练习弹钢琴.② She had finished writing the letter when I went in. 我进去时她已 写完信了.③He enjoys skating very much. 他非常喜欢溜冰.④ Do you mind closing the window? 请你把窗 户关上好吗? ⑤ Mary couldn't help laughing at Tom's joke. 对于 Tom 的玩笑, Mary 忍不住笑 了.拓展:Practice makes perfect.熟能生巧 practice n. in practice 实际上 put sth. into practice 将…付诸实施
  2. Fill one glass with fresh water and another glass with salt water. 在一个玻璃杯里装满淡水另 一个玻璃杯里装满盐水.( p.17 Warming up No.
  4) ▲ fill 的用法 (
  1) 使满;填满 He filled the bath with water. 他把浴缸装满水.(
  2) 占有(地 位), 任(职位) The position of the principal is not yet filled. 校长的职位还空着. 供应(需求) (
  3) ① His answer did not fill our need. 他的回答无法满足我们的要求.② Fill in your telephone number. 请填写你的电话号码.③ The room was filled with laughter. 房间里充满了笑声.④ I have filled up the bottle. 我把瓶子装满了. ▲拓展:fill in 填写(事项,表格等) fill...with...把……装满 be filled with = be full of 充满 fill up 装满;填写(= fill in)
  3. What can we do to protect the water on our planet? 我们能做些什么来保护我们这个星球上 的水呢?(p.17 倒数第 1 行) ▲protect 保护,防御 常与介词 against (from)连用,译为"保护……免遭" .① He is wearing sunglasses to protect his eyes from the strong sunlight. 他戴着太阳镜以挡强烈的阳光.② The heavy rain kept us from going out. 大雨使我们无法出去. ▲注意:stop (prevent)…from doing 中 from 可省去;keep…from doing 中 from 不可省. 可省去; 不可省. : … … 拓展: 阻止(妨碍 ▲拓展:keep…from...阻止 妨碍 …做…= stop… (from)… = prevent … from ... … 阻止 妨碍)… … …
  4. Who tells the story in the poem?谁讲了这首诗里的故事? ( p.18 Part 1 No.
  1) ▲tell 的重要句型归纳 (
  1) tell + n.(人) + n. = tell + n. + to + n. (人) Did you tell your parents the news? =Did you tell the news to your parents? 你把这消息告诉你父母了吗? (
  2) tell + n. (人) + (that)/wh... ① He told me(that)he would be back in an hour. 他告诉我, 一个小时内他就回来.② He told her what had happened. 他告诉她发生了什么事. (
  3) tell + n. (人) + of (about) He told me of (about) his worries.他告诉我他的烦恼. ▲ 拓展: tell + n. + from + n. 辨别……和…… all told 总共 Don't tell me! 不至于吧! I (can) tell you. 的确,真的 There is no telling. 不得而知;很难说.to tell the truth 老实说 ① It's sometimes hard to tell one twin from the other. 双胞胎有时很难分辨. All told, there ② were 350 people killed in the plane crash. 那次坠机事件中总共有 350 人丧生. ③Don't tell me you are going back to your hometown.你不至于要回到你的故乡吧. ④It's a wonderful invention, I (can) tell you. 那的确是个了不起的发明
  5. Who benefits from using water in this way.以这种方法用水谁受益了? (p. 18 Speaking 第 5 ▲ benefit 的用法
(
  1) n. 利益;益处 I get a lot of benefit from learning a foreign language. 从学习外语中我得到 许多益处. ▲ 注意: 以下两个短语: of benefit to 对……有裨益; the benefit of 为了……(的利益). be ……有裨益 for 有裨益; : ① That experience was of great benefit to me. 那个经验对我很有益处.②We must make efforts to take exercise for the benefit of our health. 为了健康我们必须努力锻炼身体. (
  2) vi. 有益于① Such foolish behaviour will not benefit your ease. 这样愚蠢的行为将无益于 你的案子.② I benefited enormously from my father's advice. 我从父亲的忠告中获益良多. 【注】 benefit 可作为及物动词用, "有益于" 如: 意为 . ①The trade agreement will greatly benefit the developing countries.贸易会谈将大大的有益于发展中国家.②The new railway will benefit the district. 这条新铁路将会给这个地区带来好处. The long rest benefited her. 长期休息对 ③ 她有好处. ▲ benefit from 意为"从……中得益" 得益于……" 意为" ……中得益 "得益于……" 中得益" "得益于 .如:① We can all benefit from his knowledge. 我们均可得益于他的知识. You benefit from what he told you in the letter. 你会 ② 从他的信中受益.
  7. 99% percent of the living space on earth is in the oceans. 地球上百分之九十九的生存空间 是在海洋里.(p.19 第一段 第 2-3 行) ▲百分数作主语时,即 percent 后有数词时,应注意两点:一是 percent 不能用复数形式; 二是谓语动词的单复数.如果 percent of 后的名词为单数,谓语动词用单数;其后的名词为 复数,谓语动词则用复数.如:① About 70 percent of the surface of the earth is water.地球表 面大约百分之七十是水. Eight percent of the students are absent today.今天有百分之八的学 ② 生缺席. 【注】percentage 意为"百分比" ,多与 of 连用.如果连用的名词是复数,后面的动词就 用复数形式, 否则用单数形式. ① What percentage of babies die of this disease every year? 如: 每年婴儿死于这种疾病的百分率是多少?
  8. Marine life is incredibly rich and varied. 海洋生物极其丰富多样.(p.19 第一段 第 3 行) ▲varied 是由动词 vary 变化而来的过去分词, 在句中作定语或表语. ① The menu is varied 如: and cheap.菜单上的菜花样很多也很便宜. They made varied efforts to bring about a peaceful ② solution of the problems. 他们做了种种努力来和平解决这些问题.Various adj.各种各样的 各种各样的 variety n. 注意常考短语:a variety of=all kinds of 注意常考短语: ▲动词 vary 意为"有差异" 有变化"时,是不及物动词 意为"有差异" 有变化" "有变化 是不及物动词.如:① Courses vary according 动词 " to the needs of the students. 课程根据学生的需要而不同.②People vary very much in their ideas. 人与人的想法差别是很大的. The answers given by different people vary greatly.不同 ③ 人作出的回答,差别非常大. ▲vary 可作及物动词,意思是"使……有变化" "变换" .如:①You should vary your diet. 你的饮食应经常变换花样.
  9. There are about five million species in the oceans and we have yet to learn much about them. 海洋里大约有 500 万种生物有关这些种群的情况,我们还有许多东西要了解.(p.19 第一段 第 4 行) ▲ species 意为"种" "类" .单复数同形,主要指生物学上有相同特征的动植物品种,种 类.如:① The agri- cultural extort has developed a productive species of rice.这个农业专家培 育出一种高产水稻品种.② Pandas are an endangered species.熊猫是一种濒临灭绝的动物. ③ Some species of animals have become extinct because they could not adapt to a changing environment.有一些动物已经灭绝了,因为它们不能适应环境的变化. 【注】species 可用来表示 "人类" 如:① The use of nuclear weapons is a horrible threat to the .
species. 核武器的使用对人类是一个严重的威胁.② The protection of our environment will benefit the human species.保护环境有益于全人类. 【注】 species 在口语中表示"种类" ,相当于 a kind,a type,a sort.如:① Various species of business advertise- ments on the television sometimes make TV programs rather dull. 电视上 五花八门的商业广告有时使电视节目十分乏味.②A strange species of car attracted the attention of people.一种形状奇特的轿车引起了人们的注意. 【注】英语中还有 specie 这个词,不要把它误认为是 species 的单数, 这是两个完全不同的 词.specie 意为"硬币" .
  10. Life in the ocean ranges from the tiniest plankton all the way up to giants like sharks and whales.海洋里的生物中从微小的浮游生物到巨大的动物如鲨鱼和鲸鱼都有.(p.19 第一段 第 5-6 行) ▲range 在本单元中作不及物动词用,意为"在一定范围,幅度内变动" .range 的此种用 法无进行时态, 常与介词 from…to…或 between 连用. 如: Sentences today range from 5 or ① 6 words to 70, with the majority not far from
  20. 现在的句子长度从五,六个词到七十个词不 等.不过大多数句子的长度在二十个字左右.② His interests ranged from chess to surfing. 他 的爱好从下棋到冲浪,无所不有.③ Their ages ranged from 25 to
  50. 他们的年龄在二十五 岁到五十岁之间.④ The temperature ranges between 0℃and 30℃.气温在摄氏零度到 30 度之 间. 【注】range 作"漫游"解释时,可作为及物动词用.如:He spent the summer ranging the countryside. 他在乡间漫游,度过了夏天. ▲ all the way 意为"一直" "始终" ,也可以用 the whole way.如:① There being no bus, he had to walk all the way home. 没有公共汽车,他不得不一直步行到家.② I'll support him all the way whatever happens. 不管发生什么事,我将始终支持他.③ The dog has been with me all the way. 这条狗一直跟着我. ▲ up to 有很多意思, 常见的还有 "忙于…" "由……决定, 负责" 如: What have you been . ① up to all day while I've been busy? 我整天忙着的时候你在干什么? ② Go and see what these girls are up to.去看看这些女孩子在干什么. It's up to you whether you decide t0 take the job. ③ 要不要这份工作由你自己决定.④ It's up to you to break the news to him. 该由你把这消息告 诉他. 【
  11. What makes the ocean such a great place to live? 究竟是什么东西使海洋成为如此优越 的生活场所呢?(p.19 第一段倒数第 2-1 行) ▲ make 的用法归纳 (
  1) make + n. + n. 使…① In 1849, Marx went to England and made London the base for his revolutionary work. 1849 年马克思到了英国,把伦敦作为从事革命工作的基地.② We made him monitor. 我们选他当班长. ▲ 注意:当表示独一无二的职位名词作宾补时,例如:president,chairman,manager 等, 名词前不加冠词. (
  2) make + n. + adj. 使…They've made their hometown rich. 他们已使家乡富有了. (
  3) make + n. + do sth. 使某人做某事 The boss made him work 10 hours a day. 老板让他每天 工作 10 小时. ▲ 注意:此句型若变成被动语态,后面的动词前要加"to" ,构成"be made to do sth." .He was made to work 10 hours a day.他被迫一天工作 10 小时. (
  4) make + n. + 过去分词 She couldn't make herself heard. 别人听不到她的话.
  12. Water is actually quite simple, but the way the water molecule is formed gives water its unique properties. 水实际上很简单,但是水分子组成的方式赋予它独特的特性.(p.19 Chemical
Structure 第 2-3 行) ▲way 在此处表示"方式" ,其后的定语从句的关系代词 that 或 in which 均可省去.如:① That's the way I look at it. 这就是我对此的看法.② I don't like the way you laugh at her. 我不 喜欢你那样嘲笑她. People like the way he wrote. 人们喜欢他写作的方式. The way you ③ ④ are doing it is completely crazy. 你这么个干法,简直是疯了. 【注】way 后面除了跟省去关系代词的定语从句外,还可以跟不定式或动名词,两者之间没 有重要的区别. ①He had no way to communicate with them. 他没有办法和他们取得联系. 如: ② There is only one way of doing this properly. 只有一种办法能把这事办好.③ What's the way to address her? 应以怎样的方式称呼她? ④ I have no way of finding out whether they are competent. 我没办法弄清楚他们是否胜任. 【注】在 in…way 作状语时,in 也可以省掉.如:① They both answered the same way. 他们 都以同样的方式回答.② I'm going to do it my way. 我要按我自己的办法去做.③ You can't do it this way. 你不能这样做.
  13. The water molecule is made up of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom. 水分子由二 个氢原子和一个氧原子构成.(p.19 Chemical Structure 第 3-4 行) ▲ Be made up of 意为"由……所组成 .如:① The train was made up of 15 coaches. 这列 意为" ……所组成 所组成" 火车有 15 节车厢.② All living matter is made up of cells. 一切有生命的东西都由细胞组成. ③ Paper, for instance, is made up of transparent fibers.例如纸就是由透明纤维构成的. New ④ England is made up of six states. 新英格兰包括 6 个州. ▲make up 可作 "弥补…" 赔偿" 补足" 如: We'll do all we can to make up the economic " " 解. ① losses. 我们要尽一切力量弥补这些经济损失. This will make up for what he lacked in book ② knowledge. 这就可以补足他所缺少的书本知识.▲make up 亦可作"编选" "虚构"解.如: ①These dances were made up by the students themselves. 这些舞蹈都是学生们自己编排的. ② She made up an excuse to explain h
 

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