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高二英语 Unit17 Disabilities 知识点总复习教案
课前准备、听力、 Section I 课前准备、听力、口语 disability?
  1. Talk about disability? 谈一谈残疾 (p. 49 Goal
  1) * disability 和 inability ▲ dis-和 in-都是表示否定意义的前缀,但用在 ability 前,表示不同的意思,disability 意为“残疾”,而 inability 意为“无能力”“没办法”。请比较下列例句,注意这两个词的 不同意思。① I was surprised at her inability to do things promptly. 她不能迅速处事, 我感到惊异。② She is deaf,but refuses to let her disability prevent her from doing what she wants to do. 她失聪, 但她不让自己的残疾妨碍自己去做想做的事。 His inability ③ to pay his debts made his parents worried. 他无力偿还债务使他父母亲很着急。④ Her lack of experience is a severe disability. 她缺少经验是一个严重的障碍。 【注】 ability 的形容词是 able, 其前也有两个否定前缀, dis-和 an-表示不同的意思, disable 是动词, 意为“使……伤残”, unable 则是形容词, 而 表示“不能的”“不会的”。 ① That 如: illness disabled him and left him unable to work. 那病使他残疾, 不能工作。 An accident ② disabled him from teaching. 一次交通事故使他再也不能教书了。③ He seems unable to understand the simplest instructions. 他看来似乎连最简单的说明也不懂。④ He was unable to sleep at night because of his anxiety. 他因焦虑而晚上睡不着。
  2. Imagine what difficulties and dangers you might face. 想像一下你可能面对的困难 和危险。 ▲ imagine 和危险。(p.49 Warming up Ex.
  1) (
  1) vt. imagine + 名词/代词/动名词/从句 ① Can you imagine a fat man like that climbing? 你能想像得出那样胖的人爬山吗? ② I can't imagine asking him for money. 我 难以想像向他开口要钱。 注意: imagine 不接不定式。 只接动名词 ① It's hard to imagine a greater threat to world peace. 难以想像还有对世界和平更大的威胁。② You can't imagine how I missed the bird. 你想像不到我是多么想念那只鸟。 注意:imagine sb. to be 结构,但不能说 imagine sb. to do. 如: You imagine yourself (to be) in the place. 设想你处在这个位子上。 (×) I can’t imagine you to do anything worse. (√ ) I can’t imagine you doing anything worse. 我难以想像你还能做更差的事。 (
  2) imagine 可用于双重问句形式,其结构为特殊疑问句,imagine 部分为插入部分,类似动 词还有 think, believe, suggest, suppose, guess 等。① What do you think his explanation is? 你认为他的解释是什么? ② Which mouse do you imagine we should pick out? 你认为 我们该挑哪种鼠标? 注意: 该句型为特殊疑问句形式, 所以回答时应用特殊疑问句的回答形式。 How much do you -think this car cost? 这车你认为值多少钱? -- I think it costs 4, 000 dollars. 我认为 值 4 000 美元。 注意:此类动词反问句的构成有两种情况:当主句主语是第一人称时,反问根据从句;当主 句主语为二、三人称时根据主句。① I think she is the best student in our class, isn't she? 我认为她是我们班最好的学生,不是吗? ② She thinks that he should have finished his work, doesn't she? 她认为他已完成了工作,是吗? (
  3) imagine,believe,suppose,think 等词在构成否定句时一般要否定前移,同时注意这 些词的肯定、 否定答复。 I don't think he will be the likeliest candidate for the manager ① of human resource department. 我认为他将不是人力资源部经理最可能的人选。② I don't think that he did the best. 我认为他并非最好。③ --Do you think Tom is the best student
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in our class? 你认为汤姆在我们班上是最好的学生吗? -- Yes, I think so. (肯定答复)是, 我认为是。-- No, I think not / I don't think so. (否定回答)不,我认为不是。 联想:(派)imagination n. 想像,想像力;空想; imaginary adj. 想像中的、虚构的; imaginative adj. 富于想像力的;有创见的 image n. 形象、印象。 ▲ might 情态动词 might 表推测“可能”,另外表推测的情态动词还有 must,may,can,could 等词, 用来表示对现在情况推测时后加动词原形;对过去情况推测时后加 have done 形式;might 可 能性比 must, 弱, must 只用于肯定句, 只用于否定或疑问句。 We'd better hurry. may 且 can ① Our teacher must be waiting for us. 快点,我们老师肯定正在等我们。② You mustn't play with the knife. It might hurt your hand. 不要玩刀子,它会割伤你的手。③ Peter may come with us, but he isn't sure. 彼得可能会跟我们来,但他拿不定主意。④ He must have finished his homework. 他 肯定已经完成作业了。⑤ He cannot have attended your lecture yesterday. I saw him in the cinema. 他昨天不可能去听你的演讲了,我在电影院看见他了。
  3. Share your ideas with the class and try to think of ways to make public places safer and better for the disabled. 跟全班同学分享你的想法并尽力想出办法使公共场所对于残 疾人更安全、更好。 疾人更安全、更好。( p.49 Warming up Ex.
  2) ▲ share (
  1) vt. 合用、分担、分享 ① Everyone in the house share the bathroom. 在此房间的 人共用此浴室。② She never shares any of her husband's worries. 她从不担她丈夫的忧 愁。③ May I share your umbrella? 我可以用你的伞吗? 短语:share...wire... 与……共用…… ① Let me share the newspaper with you. 让我们一起看这张报纸。 ② I'll share the cost with you. 我将与你共同分担这费用。 (
  2) vi. 共用、分享 share in ① I haven't enough books for everyone, some of you will have to share. 我没有足 够多的书提供给每一个人;你们中的一部分要与人合用一本。 ② Let's share in your joy. 让我们共享你的快乐。 (
  3) n. 份 a share 一份 拓展:share and share alike 平分、均摊; go shares 平分 take one's share 尽自己的一份责任; shareware 共享软件 share holding 股权; share holder 股票持有人 ▲ make 复合结构的几种情况 make + n. (宾语) + 补语 名词 make sb. a singer 形容词 make the door open 省 to 不定式 make sb. do sth. (被动时不省 to) 过去分词 make sb. understood ① They made him captain. 他们选他当队长。② The news made her sad. 这消息使她悲伤。 ③ They made me repeat it. = I was made to repeat it. 他们让我重说。④ Speak louder in order to make yourself heard. 声音大一点,以便让别人听到你说什么。 拓展:make 常用短语: be made of (看出材料)由……制成; be made from (看不出材料)由…… 制成; be made into 制成……; be made in 产自……; be made up of 由……组成; make up 编造,弥补,组成; make the beds 铺床; make laws 制定法律; make a noise 喧闹; make progress 取得进步; make war 发动战争; make peace 讲和; make a mistake 出错; make tea 泡茶; make plans 制定计划; make a fire 生火; make enemies 树敌; make a fortune 发财; make a price 定价; make a promise 许诺; make it 约定、实现目标; make oneself at home
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别客气 Section II 阅读
  4. I know people are trying to help, but I wish they wouldn’t treat me as if I were 我知道人们试图帮助我,但是我希望他们不要把我看成孩子。 a child. 我知道人们试图帮助我,但是我希望他们不要把我看成孩子。(p.51 Reading 第一 ▲ try 段 第 1 行) (
  1) vt. 尝试、打算、努力做 * try to so sth. 尽力做……① I'll work hard and try to improve. 我努力工作并努力提高。② He tried to break away from me. 他想摆脱我。 (
  2) vt. 试用、试试。try + 名词 / 代词 / -ing ① Try my pen. 试试我的钢笔。② We're going to try a new treatment. 我将试用一种新疗法。③ He tried writing out his view. 他试着写出自己的想法。④ Try knocking at the back door if nobody hears you at the front door. 如果敲前门没人听到,那就试着敲敲后门。 注意:try to do 和 try doing 的不同意义;还有许多后接不定式和动名词时意义不同的动 词,常用的有: mean to do 打算做……; mean doing 意味着……; regret to do sth. 遗憾要做; regret doing 遗憾做过某事; forget to do 忘记去做…; forget doing 忘记做过…… remember to do 记得要做某事 remember doing 记得做过某事 stop to do 停下来做(另一件事) stop doing 停止做 (正在做的事) go on to do 继续做(另一件事) go on doing 继续(同一件事) (
  3) n. 试一试 have a try 试一试 辨析:try to do 与 manage to do try to do sth. 为尽力做某事,不强调结果,而 manage to do 相当于 succeed in doing 强 调实现某一目标。 去年曾获小科学家奖。
  5. … and she won an award for young scientists last. 去年曾获小科学家奖。(p.51 Reading 第一段第 4 行) * award 和 reward ▲ award 作名词时意思是“奖金”“奖品”。如:① The Olympic winner received a gold medal as an award. 奥林匹克优胜者获得一枚金质奖章作为奖品。② He received an award of 1000 dollars for having saved a little boy. 他因救了一个小男孩而得到一千美元的奖金。 ▲ award 可作为动词用,意为“授予”“奖给”“给予”。如:① The university awarded her a scholarship. 学校授予她奖学金。② They awarded her a medal for bravery.她表现 勇敢,他们授予她奖金。③ The judge awarded a large sum of money to those hurt by the fire. 法官判给在火灾中受伤的人一大笔钱。 ▲ reward 作名词时是“酬金”“报酬”之意。 ① He received no reward for his service. 如: 他们的服务没获得酬谢。 She offered a reward of $2000 for information about her missing ② son. 她悬赏二千美元,寻找失踪儿子的下落。 ▲ reward 也可作动词用, 意为“报酬”“报偿”, 通常与介词 for 或 with 连用。 ① Miners 如: feel they ale not well rewarded for the dangerous work they do. 煤矿工人觉得和他们 所做的危险工作相比,他们的报酬太低了。② His effort was rewarded with remarkable success. 辉煌的成就是他辛勤努力的丰硕果实。③ How can I reward you for helping? 我 如何报答你的帮助呢?
  6. She uses a wheelchair to get around and it often takes her a little longer to do getting everyday things, such as getting out of bed, getting dressed and going to classes. 她用轮椅到处走动,一些日常事情像起床、穿衣、上课她都得比别人用去稍多一点儿的时间。 她用轮椅到处走动,一些日常事情像起床、穿衣、上课她都得比别人用去稍多一点儿的时间。
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(p.51 Reading 第一段倒数第 2 ? 1 行) ▲ get around 在本课中意为“行走”“到处走动”,也可用 get about 或 get round。如: ① He was ill last week, but he's getting around now. 上星期他病了,但他现在已起床 行走了。 ② Nowadays people get about much mote than they used to. 现在人们外出旅行 比过去多得多了。③ She gets around quite a lot, working for an inter- national company. 她常外出,为一家国际公司做事。④ All this snow and ice make it difficult for people to get about. 这些冰雪使人们行走困难。 ▲ get around 还有“(消息)传开”“散布”之意。 ① How did the story of her marriage 如: get about? 她结婚的事是怎么传开的? ② It got around that the school was in great need of teachers. 据传那个学校非常需要老师。 It's getting around that the peace talks have ③ broken down. 据传和谈已经失败。④ It must not get about that he is ill.他生病的消息 可千万不要传出去。 ▲such as 此处用来列举事物, 表示“例如…” “像…那样的”。 ① Nouns such as book, 如: pen, apple and toy are countable nouns. 书籍、钢笔、苹果和玩具之类的名词是可数名词。 ② There are few poets such as Keats and Shelley. 像济慈和雪莱那样的诗人现在很少了。 ③ The farm grows various kinds of crops, such as wheat, corn, cotton and soybeans. 这个农场种植各种各样的庄稼,例如麦子、玉米、棉花和大豆。 【注】 such as 表示列举事物时, 不可将前面所述数量全部列出。 例如我们不能说 He knows six languages, such as English, Chinese, Russian, French, Japanese, and Spanish, 但可以 说 He knows six languages, namely English, Chinese, Russian, French, Japanese and Spanish. 他懂六种语言, 即英语、 汉语、 俄语、 法语、 日语和西班牙语。 也可以说: knows six languages, He such as English and Chinese.他懂六种语言,如英语、汉语。 【注】such as 后不可接副词性短语。例如我们不能说 You can do it in more than one way, such as by the use of soda. 你可以用不止一种方法做此事,比如说使用苏打水。去掉 by 后 句子就正确了。 【注】 such as 可引
 

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