高二英语 Unit 8 单元测试题
单项填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分)
  1.Plants grow well there is plenty of water ad sunlight. A. which B. on which C. that D. where
  2..It’s bad manners to make a lot of noise eating. A. during B. while C. if D. in
  3. The car lay in the mud no matter how hard they pushed it. A. down B. silent C. quiet D. still
  4. In the traffic accident five were killed and four were A. wound B. hurted C. damaged D. injured
  5.The steel workers’ strike may the production of cars for several months. A. hold back B. hold to C. hold up D. hold
  6. He is too sleepy to work. He up last night A. must stay B. ought to stay C. need to have stayed D. must have stayed
  7. If you want yourself in good health, you must always so much A. not; be drinking B. not; have drunk C. not; to drink D. be not ; drinking
  8. ?Do you mind if I use your dictionary for a while? . A. No certainly B. Sorry , but I do C. Yes, please use it D. Yes, I didn’t
  9. May I stop here? No, you . A. mustn’t B. might not C. needn’t D. won’t
  10. You go with them if you are busy. A. mustn’t B. needn’t C. wouldn’t D. oughtn’t
  11.I didn’t see her in the meeting room this morning She at the meeting A. mustn’t have spoken B. shouldn’t have spoken C. needn’t have spoken D. couldn’t have spoken
  12. The man ran very fast, so he escape from the police. A. succeeded to B. might C. was able to D could 13”did you go swimming yesterday?” “No , because no one with me, and I didn’t want to go alone.” A. did go B. has gone C. had gone D. would go
  14.You in your composition yesterday morning. A. should hand B. would hand C. should have hand D. should have handed
  15.Her foot , She was forced in bed for a moth or two. A. breaking, remaining B. broken, to remain C. being broken, remaining D. to be broken, to remain
  16.The boy didn’t dare to go home, for he was afraid of by his parents. A. scolding B. scolded C. being scolded D. being scolding
  17. the film is and it is to see it! A. How funny what fun B. what funwhat fun C. How fun how fun D. What fun… how funny
  18.I saw him behind the tree, thinking.
A. seated B. seating c. seat D. sat
  19.Punishment doesn’t have much on children. A. affect B. use C. effect D. effort
  20. People who find hibernating animals to think that they are dead. A. sleep want B. asleep tend C. sleepy often D. sleeping usually II.完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题
  1.分,满分 30 分) It was a cold, rainy night. Mr Black , a taxi driver was very __1 for he hadn’t had a single fare(旅客)all day. When he was going by the railway station , he saw a middle-aged countryman 2with two suitcases ( 手提箱) .”Ah,” thought the driver,” here is a chance for me to make money,” He quickly stopped the taxi and _3 the door. “Where do you want to go, sir?” he asked the countryman. “to the Grand Hotel”. said the man. On hearing this, he felt __
  4. The Grand Hotel was only a mile away and the taxi fare (费) was 5 one pound. But the driver then had a good idea. He 6 the countryman by a 7 route 路线)a route going all round the city and then back to the Grand Hotel . So after ( , a long trip the taxi __8the hotel “Fifteen pound , please,” said the taxi driver. “What ?” cried the man ”Fifteen pound? Do you __9 me for a fool?” “How could you 10 like that?” said the driver.” You can see for 11 on the meter” the countryman laughed. You must be thinking I don’t know my way around. .To __12 you the truth, only last week I 13 a taxi from the mile away station to this hotel. I know how much I should have to 14 . Now I’m going to call the police!” The driver got __
  15. “Oh, no please don’t do that . I have a sick wife and four children to __16”. “All right,” said the countryman,” this time I’ll __17 you . It’s true that I have come from the country, but I’m as clever as __18 city folks. I know very well how much the trip ought to __
  19. I just won’t be cheated(欺骗).” “No, sir,” said the driver. “Thank you . I will never forget this
  20.” “Anyway I won’t pay you a cent more than I paid last week. Here, thirteen pounds!”
  1. A. glad B. surprised C. sorry D. angry
  2. A. coming out B. entering C. going out D. coming in
  3. A. opened B. shut C. closed D. locked
  4. A. glad B. puzzled C. disappointed D. anxious
  5. A. no more than B. a lot more than C. much more than D. a little more than
  6. A. took B. brought C. got D fetched
  7. A. shorter B. easier C. longer D. nearer
  8.A. left from B. arrived at C. went around D. drove along
  9. A. take B. regard C. treat D. consider
  10. A. do B. quarrel C. talk D. shout
  11. A. himself B. itself C. myself D. yourself
  12. A. tell B. speak C. make D. given
  13.A. took B. sat C. drive D. rode
  14. A. get B. spend C. take D. pay
  15. A. A. puzzled B. excited C. frightened D. dissatisfied
  16. A. provide B. supply C. support D. offer

  17. A. punish B. excuse C. save D. sentence
  18. A. you B. your C. us D. our
  19. A. cost B. take C. spend D. paid 20 .A .time B. chance C. pay D. lesson . . 阅读理解共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给出的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A. As a result of pollution ,Lake Erie, on the borders of the USA and Canada , is now without any living things. Pollution in water is not simply a matter of “poisons” killing large numbers of fish overnight. Very often the effects of pollution are not noticed for many months or years because the first organism(生物体 ) to be affected are either plants or plankton(浮游生物 ) . But these organisms are the food of fish and birds and other creatures. When this food disappears, the fish and birds die too. In this way a whole food chain can be wiped out, and it is not until dead fish and water birds are seen at the river’s edge or on the sea shore that people realize what is happening. Where do the substances (物质 ) which pollute the water come form? There are two main sources --sewage (污水 ) and industrial waste. As more detergent (洗涤剂 ) is used in the home, so more of it is finally put into our rivers. lakes and seas. Detergents harm water birds dissolving the natural substances which keep their feathers waterproof. Sewage itself, if it is not properly treated, makes the water dirty and prevents all forms of life in rivers and the sea from receiving the oxygen they need. Industrial waste is even more harmful since there are many highly poisonous things in it, such as copper and lead(铅 ). So , if we want or stop this pollution , the answer is simple: sewage and industrial waste must be made clean before flowing into the water. It may already be too late to save some rivers and lakes, but others can still be saved if the correct action is taken at once.
  1. Pollution in water is noticed . A. when the first organisms are affected B. when a good many fish and birds die C. when poisonous are poured into water D. as soon as the balance of nature is destroyed
  2. The living things die because thee is no in the lake or river. A. water B. fish C. poison D. oxygen
  3. What is the meaning of waterproof, the underlined word in the third paragraph ? A. full of water B. not allowing water to go through C. covered with water D. cleaned by water
  4. Which of the following is harmful according to the passage? A. industrial waste and chemicals B. water in the river C. coal and wood D. waste plastic 5 The way to stop water pollution is . A. to realize the serious situation clearly B. to put oxygen into the river C. to make the waste material harmless D. to make special room in the sea for our rubbish B. People who live in heavily industrialized areas do not get as much sunshine as they should . dust floating over a city at the height of more than 4000 feet cut out between 20 and 50 percent of the sunlight and up to 90 percent of the ultraviolet light (紫外线) . But dust is not the only thing to
worry about. When materials for burning are burned , whether in a factory or in a home, or in the engine of a car, carbon dioxide (二氧化碳) and carbon monoxide (一氧化碳 ) are given off. Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere prevents loss of heat and keeps warmth ,and so raising the temperature of the earth slowly. This could actually change the climate all over the world. Carbon monoxide is very poisonous and quite small amounts can kill. Everybody wants to have a motor car, and sometimes when we are struck in (睹塞 ) a traffic jam ( 交通睹塞) it seems as though everybody has already got one. Unfortunately, while giving us so much pleasure, cars are also poisoning us. the amount of dangerous substances sent out by a car is quite astonishing . Did you know, for example, that a hundred cars can produce a third of a ton of carbon monoxide and many other poisonous substances every day? When you realize that in Great Britain there are over 1800000 motor vehicles (车辆 ) , you can see the greatness of the problem. What is the answer then? Scientists are trying to produce a car engine that gives no pollution at all. But what about the millions of cars already in use now? Must they all be thrown away? it would probably be very expensive to make changes in them so that they will have nothing to do with pollution.
  6. According to the passage , people in big cities should . A. throw away their cars B. get more sunshine C. move to the countryside D. wear masks over nose and mouth
  7. What is not harmful to health in the atmosphere? A. Carbon dioxide. B. Carbon monoxide C. Dust D. Enough ultraviolet rays
  8. According to the passage, how much carbon monoxide do the cars in Great Britain give off? A. About 60000 tons B. more than 60000 tons C. About 50000 tons D. Less than 50000 tons
  9. Which of the following statement is NOT right? A. No answer has been found to do away with the pollution caused by cars B. Millions of cars have already been equipped with new engines that give off no dirty gases C. It costs much to make the present cars free from pollution D. Scientists never stop looking for new ways to make the atmosphere clear
  10. What do you think people should not do to prevent pollution ? A. Take buses or walk when possible B. Drive cars which are good in quality C. Use high-quality oil in their cars D. keep the engine of their cars going on when they are waiting for a train to pass across C. News has come form America that we shall soon have no more children. The idea that children are different sorts of people from adults (成人 ) , says Mr. Neil Postman, has not always been around us. In Medieval ( 中世纪) Times moist children did not go to school, but joined in adult life entertainment (娱乐 ). Then printed books were invented, and became common. ( Before that, the only books were copied by hand, and there were very few of them. ) With printing, all families could have books; this meant that adults could get knowledge whereas children could not, since the children had to learn to read first. so some knowledge became unsuitable for children. They were no longer just small grow-ups, but had to learn to become grown ups.
All this, says Mr Postman , is now changing. Printing created children, but television is destroying it once again. No one needs to learn to watch TV . All knowledge is there for everyone to have. We are going to return to a Medieval life-style, and children are once more going to be a part of the adult world.
  11. According to the passage, most children in A. Medieval Times. A. could go to school but they didn't B. were quite different from their parents C. had actually been grown-ups D. took part in all the activities like their parents
  12. In the writer's opinion, the idea of children . A. was existing in medieval times B. has been around us for a very long time C. hasn't been exiting all the time D. isn't understandable for all the people in the world
  13. We can infer from the passage that . A. printing makes it easy to tell children from adults B. printing makes people's life hard C. children can't have become adults since printing was invented D. people will go back to the Medieval Times
  14. After television is widely used, the motion (概念 ) of children . A. will not be popular B. will disappear in our life C. will be remembered in people's mind D. will not be fit for modern society
  15. This passage suggests that . A. modern children can know what the adults know by modern machines B. modern children don't know what happened in the past C. modern world is warmly welcomed by children D. adults won't be born with children any longer D Part-time jobs are nothing new to us college students. It is common on campus (校园) for students to practice their salesmanship when they have free time. However , I was extremely shocked when I learned one of our teachers had also jumped on the profit making band -wagon. She is our physical education teacher. The other day she publicly commented (评论 ) on the pimples (丘疹 ) on a student's face and then presented the girl with a sample (样品 ) bottle of
 

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