高二英语第 8 单元验收题及答案
笔试部分( 笔试部分(120 分) I.语音、词汇。( 分) .语音、词汇。(10 。( A)判断下列各组单词的划线部分有几种读音,A、B、C、D 分别代表一、二、三、四种读音。 (5 分)
  1.A.wound
  2.A.intend
  3.A.dialogue
  4.A.accident
  5.A.quantity B.ought B.tent C.moustache C.accent C.Asia C.impossible C.material D.touch
D.immediately D.especially D.machine D.manager
B.Australia B.bite B.average
B)根据句意、单词首字母或所给单词的汉语注释写出各单词的正确与完全形式。(5 分)
  1.She is so fatthatshe can only get through the door s .
  2.If you are b by an animal,you should wash the wound under cold running water first.
  3.We had difficulty in b at the peak as the air was very thin here.
  4.Ihear there is a good Japanese restaurant n .Would you like to go there for lunch?
  5.The medicines are p .You'd better put them out of children's reach.
  6.Edison rushed to the railway and carried the boy to (安全).
  7.You must get there (在……之内)half an hour.There should be no delay (延迟)in sending these materials to his office.
  8.Their tent,though light as a feather,remained (牢固的)in the storm last night.
  9.They seldom use (手帕)to wipe the face,the mouth and the nose now.
  10. Oh, not feeling well in the (胃) I shouldn't have eaten so much fried chicken just I'm . now. II.同步语法。(情态动词)( 分) .同步语法。(情态动词)(30 。( )( A)单项填空。(10 分)
  1.You come this morning if you really wanted to see it yourself. A.ought to B.may have C.ought to have
D.could
  2.They have let you out of hospital so soon. A.oughtn'tB.must C.may D.could
  3.I wondered what you could be doing and what be happening to you. A.might B.have C.need D.had to
  4.I you the money .Why didn't you ask me? A.could have lent B.could lend C.have lent D.lent
  5.Bob have been to Norfolk yet.He knows nothing about the place at all. A.can't B.mustn't C.shouldn't D.needn't
  6.I wait until the rain stops.You know I have neither a raincoat nor an umbrella. A.should B.must C.have to D.ought to
  7.When he was there,he go to that coffee shop at the corner after work every day. A.would B.should C.had better D.might
  8.?Could I borrow your dictionary? ?Yes,of course.You . A.might B.will C.can D.should
  9.?Must I finish all the exercises today? ?No,you ,but you finish them before Friday. A.mustn't;need B.don't have to;must C.needn't;may D.shouldn't;oughtn't
  10.?She is two hours late. ?That's unusual.What to her? A.have happened B.can have happened C.must happen D.would have happened B)用附加疑问句完成下列各句。(10 分)
  1.He'll finish the work and go to see her, ?

  2.You need them to show you the quickest way to London, ?
  3.You needn't worry about the slowness of the horses, ?
  4.There used to be a church in the south of the town, ?
  5.He had to get the story back to London, ?
  6.There ought to be more buses during the rush hours, ?
  7.Your mother musthave hurt herself when she fell off the bike yesterday, ?
  8.They should have finished it already, ?
  9.?You must do as you are told. ?Oh,Imust, ?
  10.?Let's go dancing, ? ?All right. C)根据括号内的汉语注释完成下列各句。(10 分)
  1.Tom,youare so lazy.This work (本该完成)five hours ago.
  2.Among the 15-year-old children,some others (可能会)be playing.
  3.?Jack was in the library on Friday,but no one has seen him since. ?He (可能发生了意外事故).
  4. The boss (肯定没有告诉) worker how to do it, the accident couldn't have the or happened.
  5.I can't find my pocket book.It (肯定在)my other jacket.I (准 是把它忘在那儿了)when Ichanged my suit. (可能在学习)while
III.课本要点。( 分) .课本要点。(30 。( A)单项填空。(10 分)
  1.Though he was in the leg,the soldier went on firing at the enemy. A.lost B.hidden C.wounded D.killed
  2.When she came several days later,she found that all things still where she had them. A.lay;laid B.laid;laid C.lay;lain D.lying;lain
  3.The man knocked her her bike and her lying on the ground. A.off;left B.against;made C.out of;kept D.off;let

  4.?Ought we to someone to help us? ?No,you oughtn't. A.get B.make C.let D.have
  5.The car lay in the mud no matter how hard they pushed it. A.silent B.still C.quiet D.down
  6.If I you,I more attention to English idioms and phrases. A.was;shall pay B.am;will pay C.would be;would pay D.were;would pay
  7.Don't come in! me by myself. A.Let B.Keep C.Leave D.Have
  8.At first she didn't care what he was saying,but _ she realized that he was telling a lie. A.gradually B.specially C.especially D.generally
  9.Igo to work,I'lldo my work well. A.What B.Whatever C.Wherever D.However
  10.Doyouknow withthe food bags after taking the food? A.what to deal B.how to deal C.what to get along D.how to do B)用正确的介词或副词填空。(5 分)
  1.I'm sorry to have taken your umbrella mistake,because I mistook it mine.
  2.?Why are you such a hurry? ?Because the school meeting will begin a short while.
  3.He was walking along the riverbank and suddenly fell .
  4.The boy is sleeping his stomach.
  5.High mountains are covered white snow all the year round. C)选词填空,其中有两个是多余的。(10 分) ought to,take it easy,get close to, while,out of reach,make sure of,hold up,check, , , , , , , , , hurt,throw up,remain,pay attention to , , ,

  1. Learning the canned fish he ate had passed the expiration date 过期) he couldn't help . ( ,
  2.?I'll be afraid if you leave me alone at home. ? !I'll be back soon.
  3.?We need to buy some more pipes for the kitchen. ?Go ahead and buy them. that all the pipes are of the right size.
  4.The enemy soldiers his hiding place,but they didn't discover him.
  5.?Where is the new dictionary? ?It is on the top shelf, .
  6.?The heavy snow in the area the traffic for a whole week. ?That's why we didn't attend the meeting there two months ago.
  7.It's bad manners to make a lot of noise eating.
  8.So the local government should take measures to the safety of us students in cyber cafes.
  9.His back so much that he could not exercise all week,and he had to be helped in and out of the car that drove him to the meet.
  10.?She hardly goes out on Sundays. ?No,she doesn't.She likes to at home reading. D)翻译填空。(5 分)
  1.别动我的写字台,让它照原样放着。 Don't touch my writing table ; .
  2.我的一位同学在足球赛中受伤,我们几个人对他进行了急救。 One of my classmates was during a football match,and some of us .
  3.准备一张纸。在纸上切一个切口,宽度根据需要而定。 Getapiece of paper.Cutan opening on it .
  4.我碰巧在上班的路上遇到她。 I on my way to work.
  5.如果你想说好英语,你就应该十分注意发音。 You should your pronunciation.
IV.综合能力训练。( 分) .综合能力训练。(50 。( A)完形填空。选择所给词或短语并用其适当形式填空,注意有多余的选项。(20 分)
produce,can,be prepared for,keep, lose,save,still,have to,measure,decide,in, , , , , , , , , , , , grow,fight against,water,on, suck,also,how much,when,look after, give,that , , , , , , , , , , Farmer Ed Rawlings smiles as he looks at his orange trees.The young oranges are Florida's weather. Warm sunshine and gentle rains, along with Ed Rawlings'expertcare, will crop of oranges this year. But Ed has to temperatures Rawlings by 6 4 3 Florida's changeable winter weather.In January and February, destroy Ed's entire orange crop.Having farmed in Florida for the past 35years,Ed 1 well in 2 a good
5 the frosts(霜).When temperatures drop below freezing,Ed tries to save his crop his orange trees. The water freezes and forms a thin layer (层) ice of 8 the fruit warm. 9 heat and becomes ice.The 7 the trees. Strange
as it may sound, this thin layer of ice actually
What happens is simple.When the trees are watered,the water warmth of the heat it loses is 10
in by the fruit and keeps its temperature at a safe level.Ed 11 many orange crops.
Rawlings has effectively(有效地)used this method But Ed
12 faces some difficulties.The trees should be watered at the exact moment the 13 ,just the right quantity of water must be used.Too 14 will break the trees'branches 枝) Another difficulty ( .
temperature drops to the freezing point. much water can form a thick layer of ice is that wind blows away the heat.So Ed should be watered,and 16
15 worry about not only when butalso how often his trees
water should be used.
Computer technology 技术) ( may help Ed Rawlings with some of these worries. With equipment, air and soil temperatures and wind speed can be intoacomputerwhichcan tell correctly 17 .The information is fed
18 temperatures drop to freezing. The computer can
19 the quantity of water to be used and how regularly(有规律地)the trees should be 20 his orange trees a lot easier with the help of a computer, we'll and
watered. Rawlings will find Ed
all have the benefits(益处)of computerage oranges.
B)阅读理解。(10 分) The common cold is the world's most widespread(普遍的)illness,and the most widespread fallacy(谬误)of allis thatcolds are caused by cold.They are not.They are caused by viruses(病毒) passing on from person to person.You catch a cold by coming into contact(接触),directly or indirectly, with someone who already has one. cold causes colds, would be reasonable to expect the If it Eskimos to suffer from them forever.But they do not.And in isolated arctic regions explorers(探险
家)have reported being free from colds until coming into contact again with infected(感染的)people from the outside world by way of packages and mail dropped from airplanes. During the First World War soldiers who spent long periods in the trenches 战壕) cold and wet, ( , showed no increased tendency(倾向)to catch colds. In the Second World War prisoners at the notorious (声名狼藉的) Auschwitz concentration camp, naked and starving, were surprised to find that they seldom had colds. Atthe Common Cold Research Unitin England,volunteers(自愿者)took part in the experiments in which they gave themselves to the discomforts of being cold and wetfor long stretches(延长)of time . After taking hotbaths, they puton bathing suits, allowed themselves to be with cold water, and then stood about dripping wet in drafty (通风良好的) room. Some wore wet socks all day while others exercised in the rain until close to exhaustion(精疲力竭).Not one of the volunteers came down with a cold unless a cold virus was actually dropped in his nose. If,then,cold and wet have nothing to do with catching colds,why are they more frequent(经 常)in the winter?Despite the most painstaking research,no one has yet found the answer.One explanation offered by scientists is that people tend to stay together indoors more in cold weather than at other times,and this makes it easier for cold viruses to be passed on. No one has yet found a cure for the cold. There are drugs and pain suppressors such as aspirin (阿 斯匹林),but all they do is relieve(减缓)the symptoms(症状).
  1.The writer offered examples to support his argument. A.4 B.5 C.6 D.3
  2.Which of the following does not agree with the passage? A.The Eskimos do not suffer from colds all the time. B.Colds are not caused by cold. C.People suffer from colds just because they like to stay indoors. D.A person may catch a cold by contacting someone who already has one.
  3.Arctic explorers may catch colds when .
A.they are working in the isolated arctic regions B.they are writing reports in terribly cold weather C.they are free from work in the isolated arctic regions D.they are coming into touch again with infected
 

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