一, 动词不定式(以动词 动词不定式 以动词study为例 为例) 以动词 为例
语态 时态 一般式 完成式 进行式 主动态 to study 被动态
to be studied to have been studied
to have studied
to be studying
分词( 为例) 二 ,动词的 ?ing 分词(以make为例) 为例
时态 语态 主动态 making having made 被动态 being made having been made
一般式 完成式
三 ,动词的 ?ed 分词
只有一般式, 例如, 表被动。 只有一般式, 例如,made 表被动。
非谓语动词在句中所作的成分 成分 主语 宾语 表语 宾语补足语 定语 状语 形式 不定式 √ √ √ √ √ √ --ing 分词 √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ --ed 分词
非谓语动词是指在句子中不做谓语的动词形式, 非谓语动词是指在句子中不做谓语的动词形式,包 是指在句子中不做谓语的动词形式 括“to do(to do, to have done, to be done)”, “doing (doing, having done)”, “done (done, being done, having been done)” 三种形式。 三种形式。 例: To say is one thing, to do is another. His wish is to become an engineer in the future. The wall needs to be repaired. / repairing. He regretted to have told her the bad news. 后悔已经告诉 I regret to say the job has been filled. 抱歉要说
Finding work is difficult these days. Being lost can be a trerrifying experience. Don’t be angry with me for not having written. Who is the woman waiting outside? What disappointing news! Seeing the cat, the mouse ran off. Although living miles away, he attended the course. Having failed twice, he didn’t want to try again. Not having received a letter from his parents, he decieded to write again.
Born in a poor family, he could not go to school. He is a man loved by all. The woman talked about is very rich. Asked why he came, he kept silent. He came in, followed by his secretary. Written in haste, the book has many mistakes. Having been buried underground for many years, the leaves turned into coal and oil.
分词的逻辑主语问题 I often hear him singing this song. I often hear this song sung. Hearing the news, he couldn’t help crying. D
  1. Finding her car stolen, . A. a policeman was asked to help B. the area was searched thoroughly C. it was looked for everywhere D. she hurried to a policeman for help
A
  2. many times, he still didn’t understand it. A. Having been told B. Though to be told C. Having told D. he was told
  3. many times, but he still didn’t D understand it. A. Having been told B. Though he was told C. To have been told D. He was told
  4. To improve her English, . C A. Her father bought her many tapes B. Many tapes have been bought C. She has bought many tapes D. To buy many tapes
分词的独立主格结构 当分词的逻辑主语不是主句的主语时, 当分词的逻辑主语不是主句的主语时,要给出 它自己的主语,构成独立主格结构。 它自己的主语,构成独立主格结构。 The job finished, we went home. The weather being fine, we went swimming. He being absent, nothing could be done. 相当于: 相当于: After the job was finished, we went home. Because the weather was fine, we went swimming. Because he was absent, nothing could be done.
Answers for exercises on Page
  38. Ex. 2:
  1. Being very brave, he went into the cave alone to look for his friend.
  2. Being quite ill, she could not visit her friend in England.
  3. Being an experienced traveller, he knows how to plan a trip.
  4. The girls attending the sick all come from the countryside.

  5. Hearing the music, he began to miss his hometown.
  6. Seeing the flame on top of the mountain, they knew that another war would begin soon.
  7. While driving to the airport, he hit a boy on a bike.
  8. After getting married, he lived separately from his parents.
Answers to Ex. 1 on P46:
  1. I expect to be told more about the south of the US. I expect more about the south of the US to be told.
  2. I don’t want to be bothered.
  3. I don’t mind bad things being said about me.
  4. I want to be left alone.
  5. He insists on being shown respect.
Answers to Ex. 1 on P119:
  1. I would like to be taken on a trip to the US.
  2. She asked to be given more work to do.
  3. It would be exciting to be introduced to a Native American chief.
  4. I don’t want to be shown around the city.
  5. I don’t like to be made fun of.
 

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