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主讲: 主讲:姚振华
Unit 1 Parables & Stories

You are wonderful Water Porter Reading Comprehension You Are Wonderful
The following true story captured our hearts. It happened several years ago in the Paris opera house. A famous singer had been contracted to sing, and ticket sales were booming. In fact, the night of the concert found the house packed and every ticket sold. The feeling of anticipation and excitement was in the air as the house manager took the stage and said, "Ladies and gentlemen, thank you for your enthusiastic support. I'm afraid that due to illness, the man whom you've all come to hear will not be performing tonight. However, we have found a suitable substitute we hope will provide you with comparable entertainment.” The crowd groaned in disappointment and failed to hear the announcer mention the stand-in's name .The environment turned from excitement to frustration. The stand-in performer gave the performance everything he had. When he had finished, there was nothing but an uncomfortable silence. No one applauded. Suddenly, from the balcony, a little boy stood up and shouted, "Daddy, I think you are wonderful!”
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The crowd broke into thunderous applause. We all need people in our lives who are willing to stand up once in a while and say, "I think you are wonderful." New Words
  1. Wonder n. Seven Wonders of the World -ful 后缀: careful, helpful, useful… Wonderful/ excellent/ great/ outstanding/ marvelous
  2. Excellent Student 三好学生
  3. Marvelous adj. Wow, you guys are marvelous! -ous 后缀: famous, fabulous, gorgeous, dangerous, spacious… Marvel, n. 奇异的事物[景物, 人物], 奇才 the marvel of medicine 医学的奇迹
  4. capture v.t. a. 逮捕,捕获;arrest/ catch, to catch sb. In order to make them a prisoner b. This title has captured our attention capture one’s heart 赢得某人的好感 win one’s heart c. (用语言或文字)记录;to succeed in showing or describing a situation, using words or pictures capture the beautiful moments of the life
  5. opera 歌剧 Drama 话剧, play 戏剧, comedy 喜剧, tragedy 悲剧,comedian 喜剧演员, tragedian 悲剧 演员, soap opera 肥皂剧, Peking Opera 京剧… The Rhino in Love- 恋爱的犀牛
  6. Contract n. &. V.t. Record, present, conduct, content, contest
  7. booming adj. 繁荣的,兴旺的,景气的 Housing prices are booming nowadays. There is a great boom in the real estate industry.
  8. find something done Find the fire put out/ find the thief caught/ find my wallet lost
  9. pack n. 包;a pack of cigarettes/ chewing gum/ sweets/ milk v.t. 打包; need to pack every book I have in the box. Pack the food/ clothes We Be packed with= be full of/ be filled with
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The day of the mine accident found more than 10 people killed. The past 10 years saw the rapid economic development in China.
  10. anticipation Anticipate that…
  11. enthusiastic Enthusiasm n. Enthusiast n.
  12. substitute
  13. comparable Compare + able
  14. 在某种状态中 In anger/ sadness/ excitement/ disappointment/ despair/ doubt/ love/ danger/ trouble…
  15. fail to do sth. 没能够做某事 Fail v.i./ v.t. 失败,不及格 Succeed, success, fail, failure
  16. Stand-in actor, stand-in player
  17. applaud Clap one’s hands
  18. break into = burst into… Break into tears/ laughter/ cheers/ applause Burst out laughing/ crying…
  19. once in a while 有时,偶尔,间或
  20. be willing to do 愿意、乐意做某事 Water Pot A water bearer in India had two large pots, each hung on each end of a pole which he carried across his neck. One of the pots had a crack in it, and while the other pot was perfect and always delivered a full portion of water at the end of the long walk from the stream to the master's house, the cracked pot arrived only half full. For two years this went on daily, with the water bearer delivering one and one-half pots full of water to his masters house. Of course, the perfect pot was proud of its accomplishments, perfect to the end for which it was made. But the poor cracked pot was ashamed of its own imperfection, and miserable that it was able to accomplish only half of what it had been made to do. After two years of what it had perceived to be bitter failure, it spoke one day to the water bearer by the stream.
n. expectation 期待、盼望 adj. be enthusiastic about
n. 替补,替代者 adj.
Comfortable/ affordable/ enjoyable/ valuable/ favorable/ changeable/ reliable/ suitable…
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"I am ashamed of myself, and I want to apologize to you." "Why?" asked the bearer. "What are you ashamed of?" "I have been able for these last two years to deliver only half my load, because this crack in my side causes water to leak out all the way back to your master's house. Because of my flaws, you have to do all this work, and you do not get full value for your efforts," the pot explained. The water bearer felt sorry for the cracked pot, and in his compassion, he said, "As we return to the masters’ house, I want you to notice the beautiful flowers along the path." Indeed, as they went up the hill, the cracked pot took notice of the sun warming the beautiful wild flowers on the side of the path, and this cheered it some. But, at the end of the trail, it still felt bad because it had still leaked half of its load, and so again the pot apologized to the bearer for its failure. The bearer said to the pot: "Did you notice that there were flowers only on your side of the path, but not on the other pot's side? That is because I have always known about your flaw, and I took advantage of it. I planted flower seeds on your side of the path, and every day while we walk back from the stream, you have watered them. For two years I have been able to pick those beautiful flowers to decorate my master's table. Without you being just the way you are, he would not have this beauty to grace his house." Each of us has our own unique flaws. We are all cracked pots. But if we will allow it, the Lord will use our flaws to grace His Father's table. In God's great economy, nothing goes to waste. Don't be ashamed of your flaws. Acknowledge them, and you too can be the cause of beauty. Know that in our weakness we find our strength.
  1. pot n. 罐,锅,壶,盆 Hotpot (hot-hot-hot, 麻辣烫), teapot, flower pot,
  2. bear n.熊 v.t. 忍受 stand/ endure/ put up with 持有,拿着 Attention, please! Those who bear the passport should show it to the customs officer, thank you! The passport bearer/ the sword bearer/ water bearer 生孩子 I was born in the year 19
  3. pole n. 极 the North Pole 电线杆 扁担
  4. crack n. 裂缝,裂口,缝隙
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Cracked adj. 有裂缝的 Cracker n. 饼干;爆竹
  5. deliver a milkman does. Deliver a speech/ lecture 发表演说,讲座
  6. with sb. doing The door opened, with hundreds of students running out of the classroom.
  7. accomplishments = achievements 成就
  8. perfect to the end for which it was made To the end 为了这个目的
  9. be proud of/ be ashamed of 对…赶到内疚、惭愧的,难为情地 Some children are ashamed of their performance in the exams.
  10. miserable Miserable world Le Monde Miserable (法语,如果在线的同事们的电脑里有法语字符,烦请把 Miserable 中的第四个字母 e 上方加个闭音符,如果没有就算了,谢谢)
  11. … that it was able to accomplish only half of what it had been made to do. 它只能完成应完成任务的一半
  12. apologize Make one’s apology Say sorry to sb
  13. load n. 装载量,载重量 a busload of passengers 满满一车的乘客 A truckload of furniture 满满一卡车的家具 vt. Loading, download, upload
  14. flaw n. 缺点,瑕疵 Flawless 完美无瑕的
  15. get full value for one’s efforts Be good value for money 很划算 I think 5 yuan for a DVD is really good value for money. This is never gonna happen in the States.
  16. in one’s compassion
  17. take notice of 注意到
  18. grace vt. to decorate or make beautiful 美化,使增加光彩 同情,怜悯 Have/ show compassion for sb. = be compassionate towards 对…感到同情 to sb for sth. adj. 痛苦的,悲惨的,可怜的 vt. 传送,递送 The postman delivers letters, newspapers, and magazines to our houses every day. But he never delivers milk to us, because that’s what
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Reading Comprehension A Industrial pollution is not only a problem for the countries of Europe and North America. It is an extremely serious problem in some developing For these countries, economic growth is a very important aim. introduce industries, and so they put few controls on pollution. Cubatao, an industrial town of 85,000 people in Brazil, is an example of connection between industrial development and pollution. In 1954, no industry. Today it has more than twenty large factories, the Cubatao had which produce many countries. They want to
industries which cause
pollutants (污染物). The people of the town are suffering from the poisonous matters in their surroundings, and the bad effects can be clearly seen. Birth shortcomings are extremely common. Among children and grown-ups, lung problems are sometime twelve times more common in Cubatao than in other places. It is true that Brazil, like many other countries, has laws against but these laws are not carried out strictly enough. It is reduce the pollution. It is pollution, cheaper for companies to
take no notice of the laws and pay the fines than to buy the expensive equipment that will clear, therefore, that economic growth is more important to the government than to the health of the workers. However, the responsibility does not completely lie with the Brazilian government. The example of Cubatao shows that international companies are not acting in a responsible way either. A number of the factories in the town are owned by large companies from France, Italy, and the U. S. They are doing things in Brazil that they would not be able to do at home. If they caused the same amount of pollution at home, they would be severely punished or even put out of business.
  1. Developing countries don't have strict pollution controls because . A. the new industries they want to introduce do not cause much pollution B. pollution is not a serious problem for developing countries C. they don't realize that the balance of nature will be destroyed by some pollutants. D. if they put stricter controls on industry, fewer companies would build new plants in developing countries
  2. The author's main purpose in naming Cubatao is to show that . A. industry can develop very fast in developing countries B. the pollution problem in Brazil is extremely serious C. industrial growth can cause pollution problems for developing countries D. pollution is killing many people and destroying the whole economy of Brazil
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  3. How is the health of the population of Cubatao? A. There are more heart diseases among people who live near chemical factories B. More children suffer from lung disease because of poisonous matters. C. Their health is affected by pollutants the same way as that of other Brazilians. D. Babies there are found not as bright as those who live in other places.
  4. The major reason that some foreign companies like to set up their plants in Brazil because they . A. think Brazil is suitable for them to invest (投资) in B. will not be severely punished if they cause pollution in Brazil C. can make much money and they do not have to pay Brazilian workers much D. can act in an irresponsible way in Brazil where there are no pollution laws 答案: DCBB Reading Comprehension B In 1605, a scientist took a willow branch and planted it. He didn’t plant it in the ground, however. He planted it in a vase of soil. For the next five years, the scientist watered that willow carefully. The willow grew and grew. Where did it get the food for its growth? To most people, this was an easy question. The willow plant, of course, took the food from the soil. The scientist, however, wanted evidence. If the willow took the food from the soil for its growth, then, as it grew and weighed more, the soil ought to weigh less. He weighed the willow branch before he planted it. It weighed five pounds. Then he weighed the soil. It weighed 200 pounds. After five years, he weighed the plant and the soil again. The willow tree weighed 169 pounds, but the soil weighed almost the same. The result was surprising. Where did the 164 pounds come from? After many investigations, the scientist got the answer. He had given water to the willow, and the willow got its food from the water. He was right, in a way. Today we know more about the question. Plants get their substances



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