高二英语 Unit5-6 重难点知识精析及高考例证
☆重点句型☆ 重点句型☆
  1. ... to see it as it really is: a nation of different countries held together by a common language and culture.
  2. There are six spoken languages that are considered to be native to the British Isles as well as two local accents.
  3. Mobile phones stop teenagers from spending money on clothes or cigarettes.
  4. They realize that it is of great value to record and teach them to the younger generation.
  5. To ensure safety, the train is controlled by an advanced computer system.
  6. With a better understanding of the human body,.scientists and physicians will be able to cure more diseases.
  7. It + (so) happen that ...
  8. It doesn't matter / make no difference that ... 重点词汇☆ ☆重点词汇☆
  1. state / country n. 国家
  2. narrow adj. 狭窄的
  3. goods n. 货物
  4. form v. 形成;组成
  5. influence vt.& n. 影响
  6. conquer vt. 征服
  7. cure vt. 治愈,治疗
  8. union n. 联合
  9. judge n. & v. 法官,裁判;判断
  10. cigarette n. 香烟
  11. proof n. 证据
  12. employ vt. 雇用
  13. approach vt. & n. 接近;途径,方法
  14. exact adj. 精确的
  15. trend n. 趋势,走向;倾向
  16. contemporary adj. 当代的
  17. ensure vt. 担保,确保
  18. imitate vt. 模仿
  19. system n. 系统,体制
  20. reform vt. & n. 改革
  21. require v. 要求
  22. indicate vt. 表明,预示
  23. consumer n. 消费者,用户
  24. Fegular adj. 定期的,有规律的
  25. programme vt. 使按计划工作;把……列入节目单 重点短语☆ ☆重点短语☆
  1. consist of 由……组成
  2. a good understanding of 非常理解
  3. makethemost of 充分利用
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  4. run over 压过 / 驶过
  5. hold together 团结一致
  6. stand for 代表
  7. on the basis of 以……为基础
  8. has apopulation of 有……人口
  9. reach agreement on 就……达成协议
  10. in general 大体上,一般地说
  11. at a top / full speed of 以最大/最快速度
  12. be concerned about 关心
  13. clean up 收拾干净
  14. be amazed at 对……感到惊讶
  15. keep sb. company 陪伴某人
  16. keep in touch with 与……保持联系
  17. catch a glimpse of 瞥见
  18. deal with 处理,安排 短语闯关 下列短语都是这两个单元学过的重要短语, 请你根据汉语在横线上填人一个正确的词, 每个 词 5 分。80 分才能过关,你一定能过关.做好了闯关的准备吗?那么我们就开始吧?
  1. consist 由……组成;南……构成
  2. be made of 由……组成
  3. the most of 充分利用;充分展示
  4. hold (使)连在一起;(使)团结一致
  5. general 一般地;大体上
  6. keep touch with 与……保持联系
  7. pay attention 注意;留意
  8. deal 处理;安排
  9. store 贮藏着;准备着;即将发生,就要来到
  10. one point 在某处
  11. (be) great value 非常有价值
  12. spread 展开
  13. for 代表
  14. run 在……驶过;把……匆匆过一遍;溢出;短暂旅行
  15. neither...... 既不……又不……
  16. as as 远达……
  17. doubt 毫无疑问地
  18. usual 像通常一样
  19. to 导致
  20. a glimpse of 看一眼 交际用语☆ ☆交际用语☆
  1. Yes, I agree with you.
  2. Yes, I think so.
  3. It's a good idea to...
  4.Don’t you think that?
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  5. I don't think that is right...
  6. I don't think so.
  7. You must be mistaken...
  8. I'm afraid you are wrong...
  9. You are wrong thinking that...
  10. I believe that you have got it right. 【单词聚焦】 单词聚焦】 【考点
  1】advantage 的用法 】 ▲ 搭配: ① have / win / get / gain the / an advantage of / over 胜过;优于 ② (be) to one's advantage / disadvantage 对……有利/不利 ③ take advantage of = make one's advantage of 乘机利用;利用别人的弱点占便宜;欺骗 【考例
  1】[2005 南京模拟] British students only have a language for jobs in the USA and Australia. A. chance B. ability C. possibility D. advantage [考查目标] 本题考查 advantage 的意思。 [答案与解析]D 本句的 language advantage 的意思 是。语言方面的优势”。
  2. advantage n. 优势,优点 优势, 反义:disadvantage 劣势,缺点 [词组] take advantage of 利用 Boys have more advantages over girls in finding jobs. 男孩子找工作比女孩子更有优势。 You must take full advantage of the unloaded information. 你应该充分利用这些下载的信息。 【考点
  2】agree 的用法 】 ▲构词: ① disagree v. 不同意;不一致 ② agreement n.
  1. [U] 同意,一致
  2. [C] 协定,协议 disagreement n. 意见不同 ▲搭配: ① agree on sth (双方)商定某事;决定某事;在某方面达成共识 ② agree to sth (plan, suggestion, idea, arrangement)同意… ③ sign / break an / the / one's agreement 签署/撕毁协议 ④ reach / arrive at / come to an agreement (with sb)(与某人)达成协议 ▲ 句型: ① (quite) agree with sb (on / about sth) agree with (one's opinion / view / what clause) (在某方面)赞 成某人的意见;同意某人(的观点或看法);与某人的意见相同 (on 后接讨论的具体内容;
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about 后接讨论的主题) ② sth agree with sb 适合(某人);适应(某人) ③ sth agree with sth... 与……一致/相符 ④ agree to do sth 同意做某事 ⑤ agree that clause 认为;认同 ⑥ agree to one's doing sth = agree to let sb do sth 同意某人做某事 ⑦ sth be agreed 大家都同意 ⑧ It's generally agreed that... 人们普遍认为…… ⑨ (be)in agreement with sb (about sth) / what sb said(在某方面)与某人意见一致 ⑩ (be) in agreement with sb. (on this / that point) (在这/那一点上)同意某人 ▲ 友情提示:英语中绝不能使用 agree sb to do sth 句式。 【考例
  6】(1999 上海) The manager has to improve the working conditions in the company. A. accepted B. allowed C. permitted D. agreed [考查目标] 考查动词的搭配与用法。 [答案与解析]D allow 和 permtt 相同,经常接 doing 或 sb. to do;accept 一般接名词或代词作 宾语;而 agree 后面可以接动词不定式作宾语。
  3. cheat vt. vi. 欺骗,作弊 n. 骗子 欺骗, 常用结构:cheat sth. (out) of sb. 骗某人东西 The beggar cheated money of the old lady at the railway station. 乞丐在车站骗了那位老太太的钱。 It's wrong to cheat in exams. 考试作弊是不对的。 注:作名词时通常用 cheat,也可以用 cheater。 He is nothing but a cheat. 他只不过是个骗子。 【考点
  3】employ 的用法 】 ▲ 构词: ① employer n. 雇主;老板 ② employee n. 雇员;雇丁 ③ employment n. 雇用;就业;工作;职业 ④ unemployment n. 失业;失业状态 ▲ 搭配:be employed in 从事,忙于 ▲ 句型: ① employ sb (主动) → sb be employed (被动) ② employ sb as + 职业/in 或 at + 地点(主动)→ sb be employed as + 职业 / in 或 at + 地点 (被动,更常见) 在某单位任某职;受雇于某单位当/任…… ③ employ sb to do sth (主动) → sb be employed to dosth (被动) ④ be employed in doing sth / on sth... 忙于干某事.从事于某事,时间花在…… ⑤ employ oneself in doing sth / on sth 忙于干某事,从事于……,时间花在…… ⑥ employ one's spare / free / much time in doing sth. 花业余/更多时间千某事 ▲辨析:employ; engage; hire; let; rent; take on
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该组词均意为“雇用”,但 employ 较正式,官方文件一般用 employ。受雇人员较广,甚至 包括社会地位较高的职业人员, 有“聘请”之义, 强调工作, 不像 hire 那样侧重于报酬。 engage 作“雇用某人”解,常指临时或短期的雇用,侧重于雇用专业人员,侧重于动作。hire 和 rent 都有“花钱使用某物”和“把某物使用权出让给别人以收取费用”之意,rent 在英国英语中 多指用于长时间的场合。如:rent a house,a flat,a TV 等;hire 多指临时租用某物。如:hire a boat,a car,a camera,a bicycle,an evening dress,a hall for a meeting 等,指人时,有“雇 用”、“受雇”两种含义。而在美国英语中,rent 既可用于长时间的出租,也可用于短时间的 出租,多指客户向主人租用房子、土地或其他物品,也可指出租。hire 在美国英语中可用来 指“雇用(give a job to)”。Iet 作“租用”时,一般指出租人向外出租房子、房间等。另外 rent 还 可作名词,意为“租金;租费”。take on 较口语化,表示“雇用某人”。例如: The firm employs the retired professor as an adviser. 这家公司聘这位退休的教授担任顾问。 The foreign teachers were engaged from Canada. 这些外籍教师是从加拿大招聘来的。 Our school hired the local theatre for its annual concert. 我们学校租用了当地的影剧院举行了一年一度的音乐会。 Have you any rooms to let? 你有房间出租吗? She lets the cottage to holiday-makers in the summer. 她把房子租给夏天来度假的人。 Our house has been rented by a newly-married couple. 我们的房子被一对新婚夫妇租去了。 Boats are let / rent out in the park for 20 yuan per hour. 公园里出租小船,每小时的租金是 20 元。 We have decided to take on a new clerk in the accounts department. 我们已经决定在会计部雇用一名新职员。 ▲ 友情提示:英语中“雇用”的其他表达法:take on;hire;have sb doing sth;rent (租用); use (借用);“解雇;开除”的表达法:fire;dismiss;turn / send away;lay off。 【考例
  3】(2003 北京春招) -- How long at this job? -- Since 19
  90. A. were you employed B. have you been employed C. had you been employed D. will you be employed [考查目标] 考查上下文中时态的运用。 [答案与解析]B 从问句中的 how long 和回答中的 Since 1990 都可以知道应该选现在完成时 态表示对现在的影响。
  4. employ vt. 雇用,使用 雇用, The farmer employed more workers at harvest time. 这个农场主在收获季节雇用更多工人。 It's important to employ words in writing poem. 写诗用词很重要。 也可以解释为“忙于,从事”。 They were employed in writing when I came. 我来的时候他们正忙于写东西。 注:要弄清 employ 几个名词的用法:employee (雇工,
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雇员),employer (户主,东家),employment (就业,雇用)。 【考点
  4】energy 的用法 】 ▲ 构词: ① energetic adj. 精力充沛的,需要精力去做的 ② energetically adv. 精力充沛地 ▲ 搭配: ① save one's energy for 为……而保存精力 ② be full of energies 精力充沛,精力旺盛 ③ devote one's energy to (doing) sth 致力于 ④ concentrate one's energy on 集中精力在……上 ▲友情提示:泛指一般意义的“精力”,不可数;具体指某人做事的“精力”,用复数。 【考例
  4】[NMET 1996]Many countries are increasing their use of natural gas, wind and other forms of . A. energy B. source C. power D. material [考查目标] 本题考查 energy 及其近义词的区别。 [答案与解析]A natural gas 和 wind 属于 energy 范畴。 【考点
  5】fact 的用法 】 ▲句型:英语中的“事实上。实际上,其实”可表达为: ① as a matter of fact ② in (actual) fact ③ in point of fact ④ The fact (of the matter) is (that)... ⑤ It's a fact that... 在提供某种信息来强调已经说过的某物/某事时, 或在不同意某人说过的某物/某事时, 使 用以上表达。 【考例
  5】(2004 浙江) The winter of 1990 was extremely bad, most people say it was the worst winter of their lives. A. At last B. In fact C. In a word D. As a result [考查目标] 考查短语在实际语境中的用法。 [答案与解析]B at last 表示“最后”;in fact 表示“事实上”;in a word 表示“总而言之”;as a result 表示“结果是”。结合上下文意思应该是“1990 年冬天特别糟糕。事实情况是,大多数 人都说是他们一生中最糟糕的一个冬天”。 【考点
  6】form 的用法 】 ▲ 构词: ① formation n. 形成;组成 ② formal adj. 形式上的;正式的 ③ informal adj. 非正式的 ▲ 搭配: ① form in line 站好队;排成纵队 ② in the form of 以……形式 ③ fill in / out the form 填表格
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④ be in / out of form 处于良好(不好)的竞技状态 ⑤ in form 形式上 【考例
  6】 (2004 全国卷 III) Reading is an experience quite different from watching TV; There are pictures in your mind instead of before your eyes. A. to form B. form C. forming D. having formed [考查目标] 考查非谓语动词的实际运用。 [答案与解析]C There be 句型后面经常接动词-ing 形式表示该名词 pictures 与 in your mind 的关系是主动的.而该动作表示主动进行。
  5. form vt. & vi. 组成;形成 n. [C][U]形式;表格;种类 组成; 形式; 形式 表格; [词组] in the form of 以……的形式 fiIl in / out forms 填写表格 take the form of 采取……的形式 in good form 竞技状态良好 form the habit of 形成……的习惯 Form good habits while you are young. 趁年轻时,养成好习惯。
  6. influence n. [C][U]
 

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