Unit 9 Saving the Earth
Grammar
倒装语序
Inversion
Problems
什么是倒装
倒装语序 为什么要倒装
怎样去倒装
一.什么是倒装语序?
通常英语句子的主语是在谓语动词之前,这种语序为自 通常英语句子的主语是在谓语动词之前,这种语序为自 主语 之前 然语序 A car comes here. 反之,如果把谓语动词放在主语之前,这就称为倒装语序. 反之,如果把谓语动词放在主语之前,这就称为倒装语序. 谓语动词放在主语之前 倒装语序 Here comes a car.
二.为什么要倒装? a) 句子语法结构的需要。 Did you attend the meeting? 你参加会议了吗? b) 一些句型的固定用法。 Such were his last words. 他最后的话就是这样。 c)强调的需要。倒装以后,句子更加流畅生动 Often did we warn them not to do so. 我们曾多次警告他们不要这样做。
三.怎样去倒装 A car comes here. We can solve the problem only in this way. Here comes a car. Only in this way can we solve the problem.
完全倒装??Full Inversion: 完全倒装 : 整个谓语移至主语前面的倒装句叫完全倒装句 移至主语前面的倒装句叫完全倒装句. 整个谓语移至主语前面的倒装句叫完全倒装句
倒装的方式
部分倒装??Partial Inversion 部分倒装 只把助动词或情态动词等放在主语之前的倒装句叫 助动词或情态动词等放在主语之前 只把助动词或情态动词等放在主语之前的倒装句叫 部分倒装句. 部分倒装句
四.完全倒装
整个谓语移至主语前面的倒装句叫完全 移至主语前面 The students rushed out.整个谓语移至主语前面的倒装句叫完全 倒装句. 倒装句
Out rushed the students

  1.总结:在以 out,in,up,down,away,off,over,next,back, there,here, now等副词做状语放在句首,谓语动词是come, go, rush, run, 等不及物动词的句子,需用完全倒装.
  1).The cat jumped up. Up jumped the cat.
  2).the bell goes there, and class is over. There goes the bell, and class is over.
  3).给你. Here you are. ? 只是把Here 这个状语提前 注意: 若主语是人称代词,则不发生倒装. he came. He came in. in came he

  1).a cry comes[ from the distance] .

From the distance comes a cry.
  2.总结: 当表示”地点”的介宾短语做状语 (如:on the ground,in the distance…),放 在句首,要全倒装.此时要特别注意主谓一 致. A tall tree stands between the two buildings. Between the two buildings stands a tall tree.

  1).A shy girl with big eyes was sitting at the back of the room.
  2).the days are gone.
  3).music and dance are popular.
  3.含有现在分词/过去分词的部分/形容词+be+主语.
  1).Sitting at the back of the room was a shy girl with big eyes.
  2).Gone are the days.
  3).Popular are music and dance.
五.部分倒装 部分倒装 只把助动词 或情态动词等放在 主语之前的倒装句叫 助动词或情态动词等 放在主语之前 只把 助动词 或情态动词等 放在 主语之前 的倒装句叫 部分倒装句. 部分倒装句 副词: never ,little, seldom,no,not, hardly,scarcely(几乎不 rarely, 几乎不) 几乎不 nowhere ,often, many a time
  1.表达否定意义或 介词短语 in no case,at no time(决) 介词短语: 决 者半否定意义的 in no time,by no means (决不 并没有) 决不/并没有 决不 并没有) 连词:not until…no sooner….than… 介词短语: 介词短语 in no case,at no time(决) 决 hardly/scarcely …when.. in no time,by no means (决不 并没有) 决不/并没有 决不 并没有) not only…but also… 等放句首要部分 倒装 I shall never forget the day. Never shall I forget the day.
B snacks and drinks, but they also brought cards for entertainment when they had a picnic in the forest. A.Not only they brought B.Not only did they bring C.Not only brought they D.Not only they did bring 解题方法:
  1.确定是全部还是部分倒装
  2.部分倒装,找它的助动词
  3.把助动词放在主语前 注意: not only … but also…, neither… nor…连接 主语时,放在句首不倒装 Not only you but also she likes English.

  2.Only +状语/状语从句,要部分倒装 C
  1.Only in this way to make improvement in the operating system. A.You can hope B.you did hope
C. can you hope D.did you hope
  2.When one is away from home, one realizes how nice home is. Only when one is away from does one realize how nice the home home is. 注意:
  1.Only强调状语从句,主句要发生部分倒装.
  2.only+主语,不倒装 Only he knows it.

  3.在as 引导的让步状语从句时候,意”尽管”,通 常把句子中的状语,表语部分提到as前:如果表语 是名词,提前后不加冠词.
  1.As he is clever, he doesn’t study well. Clever as he is, he ……
  2.As he is a child, he has been to many places. Child as he is, he ……
  3.As I have travelled much, I have never seen anyone who is as capable as John. Much as I have travelled, I……

  4.在so/such…that(引导的结果状语从句中)结构中, 若so /such引导的部分置于句首,要发生部分倒装.
  1.The lake is so clear that we can see the fish here. So clear is the lake that we…..
  2.He spoke so loudly that everyone could hear him. So loudly did he speak that……
  5. so/neither/nor 放句首时的倒装 其句型为: so/neither/nor + be/助动词/情态动词+主语 So did she
  1.I saw the film last week.(她也一样). Neither/Nor did they
  2.We didn’t see her.(他们也没 看见她). 注意: So 与前面的肯定句呼应:neither/nor跟否定句呼应.
David has made great progress recently. B ,and. A.So he has :so you have B.So he has ;so have you C.So has he; so have you D.So has he;so you have

  6.省略if的虚拟条件从句,以had/were/should开头的 部分倒装.

  1.If she had told him about the danger, he would not have got hurt. Had she told him about the danger, he would not have got hurt.
  2.If she should fail in the experiment this time, he would try again. Should she fail in the experiment this time, he would try again.
C
  1. the plane.
A Down flying C Down flew
强化练习 B Down was flying D Flew down
D
  2. Under a big tree , half asleep.
A did sat a fat man C did a fat man sat B a fat man sat D sat a fat man

  3. She plays the piano very well.. C A So every one of us does B Every one of us does C So does every one of us D So do every one of us
  4. Never such a wonderful place as Hangzhou. D A are hanging B had I seen C I have seen D have I seen

  5. Not only D a promise, but also he kept it. A has he made B does he make C he made D did he make
  6. Not until he got off the bus that he had got B his wallet stolen. A he found C he had found B did he find D had he found

  7. Only in this way progress in your English. B A you make B can you make C you be able to make D will you able to make

  8. and caught the mouse. C A Up the cat jumped C Up jumped the cat B The cat up jumped D Jumped up the cat

  9. Where is your father? Oh,. A A here he comes B he here comes C here does he come D here comes he

  10.in which they had came to the island. A A Nearby were two canoes B Nearby two canoes were C Were two canoes nearby D Two canoes nearby were
  11. The door opened and there . B A enters an old man C did an old man enter B entered an old man D an old man entered

  12. Little when I took the trip and did my D brother. A have I known; so B had I know;neither C do I know; so D did I know; neither

  13. Was it not you arrived at his house __ you C discovered that he was on holiday? A when; that B until; did C until; that D when;did
  14. So little about mathematics that the lecture B was completely beyond me. A I know B did I know C do I know D I know

  15. Many a time B to see me while __ in hospital. __ A did he come; was I B did he come; I was C he came; was I D he was; I was 16 Now and then up to see what happened. A A did he wake B he wake C he wakes D he did wake
  17. She is not fond of cooking, I. B A so am B nor am C neither do I D nor do
  18. Early in the morning B the news the __ Chinese Team defeated the Japanese Team. A comes; what B. came; that C comes; that D came; what

  19. At the foot of the mountain. C A lie a beautiful lake B does a beautiful lake lie C lies a beautiful lake D do a beautiful lake lie
  20. At no time his personal interest first. A A should a communist place B. a communist should place C a communist place D does a communist place
C
  21. On the wall two large portraits. A are hanging B hanged C hang D hangs A
  22.Not once their plan.
A did they change C changed they B they changed D they did changed

  23. I finally got the job I dreamed about. Never in D my life so happy! (NMET2000春季 春季) 春季 A.did I feel C.I had felt B.I felt D.had I felt

  24. Little B about his own safety,though he was in great danger himself.(上海 上海19
  94) 上海 A. does he care C. he cares B. did he care D. he cared

  25. Not only polluted but crowded. C A.was the city;were the streets B.the city was;were the streets C.was the city;the streets were D.the city was;the streets were

  26. for the free tickets,I would not have gone C to the films so often.(上海 上海19
  95) 上海 A.If it is not . C.Had it not been A.the lake is shallow C.shallow is the lake A.she sang C. did she sing B.Were it not D.If they were not B.shallow the lake is D.is the lake shallow B. sang she D. she did sing
C
  27.So that no fish can live in it.
C
  28. Not a single song at yesterday’s party.
Thank You
 

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