Unit 18 Inventions
What will you think of next?
Thomas Edison invented the electric bulb after thousands of unsuccessful experiments
更多资源xiti1
  23.taobao.com 更多资源 “Why did the apple fall to the ground?” Isaac Newton
The thinking under the apple tree made him invent the theory of gravity.
James Watt
steamer
By watching how the steam raised the lid, Watt improved the steam engine.
What are their differences and similarities?
Different backgrounds cultures education nationalities IQ Job…
Creative thinking
Read the text fast to find out the general idea of the text, using the title and subtitles.

  1.What is the general idea of the text?
It mainly tells us how to be more creative. (=What thinking strategies one should use if he wants to develop his creativity.)

  2.What are the 4 thinking strategies? What do they mean?
4 thinking strategies
  1.Think outside the box (框外思维 框外思维) 框外思维
  2.Take another look at it (换个角度看问题 换个角度看问题) 换个角度看问题
  3.Make connections (联想) 联想)
  4.Keep trying (不断试验) 不断试验)
Paragraph 1

  1. What is creativity according to the text ?
Creativity is not about getting high test scores, having a high IQ or being smart. Instead,it is one of the most highly valued skills in society, is a matter of habits.

  2. How can we become more creative?
By thinking about the way we think and practicing good thinking strategies.
Paragraph 2

  1. What is “to think outside the box ” ?
To try new ways to solve a problem.

  2. Why should we “think outside the box ” ?
Because knowledge and learning are important but what we know and what we have learnt may also limit our thinking.

  3.How do inventors think outside the box?
Inventors often rephrase a problem to allow for creative solutions and also try "impossible" or "crazy" solutions.
rephrase = try to express again
Paragraph 3

  1.What does “take another look at it” mean?
It means looking at problems in as many ways as possible.

  2. If we look at problems in as many ways as possible, we may .
A. find solutions that would otherwise remain invisible B. have different attempts and false starts C. improve our understanding D. make our ideas visible
Paragraph 4

  1. What does making connections mean?
It means connecting new thoughts or ideas to what we already know.

  2. Why should thinkers combine new and old ideas in many ways? If we connect new ideas to only one area of our previous knowledge, it is easy to limit the possibilities of a new idea..
  3. How do creative thinkers usually think of new applications and solutions?
By comparing and connecting ideas and objects in new ways
Paragraph5Paragraph5-6

  1. Why did some great inventors force themselves to develop new ideas even when they were tired or did not feel inspired?
They all knew that for each new invention that works , there are at least ten (inventions) that do not (work) .

  2. How do you understand Good ideas are no accident?
Good ideas are the result of a long process of trial and error.
True or false statements ?

  1. Most inventors have a high IQ. (F)
  2. The things we know can sometimes make it more difficult for us to understand new ideas. (T)
  3. It is impossible to learn how to be creative. (F) (F)
  4. The best way to find a good solution is to look for one good answer.
  5.The more ways we have of looking at a problem, the more likely it is that we can find a solution.(T)
  6. Inventors try to avoid failure. (F)
  7. Most good ideas are result of long process of trial and error. (T)

  1.Not all /Only some
  4.as many answers as possible
  6.Inventers know that for each new invention that works, there are at least ten that do not.
Can you place the mixed examples in the right paragraph?

  1.According to Leonardo da Vinci, problems which has seemed impossible could be solved if he changed the way he described the problem. (para 2think outside the box)
  2.Thomas Edison made a rule saying that he had to make an invention every ten years. (para 5keep trying)
  3.Mozart wrote over 600 pieces of music. (para 5keep trying)
  4.Einstein, who changed the world of physics forever with his Theory of Relativity , preferred images to numbers. (para 3take another look at it)
  5.Samuel Morse, the man who invented the telegraph, got his idea by watching a rider exchange a tired horse for a new one. (para 4make connections)
The structure of the text.
General idea It mainly tells us how to be more creative.
(=What thinking strategies one should use if he wants to develop his creativity.)
Part 1
Para. 1: How to become more creative. Para. 2: Think outside the box Para. 3:Take another look at it Para. 4: Make connections Para. 5: Keep trying Para. 6:Conclusion. We can use the thinking strategies to develop our creativity.
Part 2
Part 3
Consolidation
habits Creative thinking is a matter of and a conscious effort to break away from old thought patterns. To become more creative, we should think about how strategies we think and practising good thinking . think outside the box The first thinking strategy is to . It means that creative limited thinkers try new ways to solve a problem because we may be by the way partial we normally think. Creative thinkers also realize that answers and even failures help us better understand a problem. take another look at it The second thinking strategy is to , because our perception of things can also be a limiting factor. If we only view a problem in one way, we may not be able to solve it.. make connections The third thinking strategy is to. Creative thinkers made their important inventions by comparing and connecting ideas and objects in new ways. If we connect new information only with what’s “logical” or “normal”, we limit our creativity. keep trying The fourth thinking strategy is to. The more ideas an inventor examines, the more likely he or she is to find a good one. Great inventions tend to trial error come after a long series ofand . We can all achieve more if we develop our creativity, by trying the thinking strategies of inventors and scientists.
Let me tell you how to become more creative.
(Explain the 4 thinking strategies one by one. It’s better to give one or two examples when you are explaining) “It’s really exciting that everyone can learn to be creative. If you want to be creative, you will have to learn four thinking strategies…”
4 thinking strategies
Think outside the box
Take another look at it Make connections
Keep trying
Homework
Read the passage over and over again. Try to retell the passage. Memorize the new words and useful expressions. Write down what you have talked about. “How do you become creative?” in about 100 words.
Examples of “thinking outside the box”

  1.A fly fell into the customer’s cup. Both the customer and waiter saw that. Who is the unhappiest one?
The fly.

  2.If a hunter killed one of the ten birds on a tree, how many birds are still there?
None.
Examples of taking another look at it
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frog
horse
Make connections
football volleyball
ball
Tennis ball Ball of fire
round
moon
clock
orange
 

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