Warming up
The Ages of Man
The Ages of Man
  1. The Stone Age (10,000?2,000 BC)
Food Housing Home decoration Tools Artefacts (人工制品) 人工制品) 人工制品 wild fruit , plants , meat , fish caves , tents , huts wall paintings, animal skins , animal bones, pottery (陶器) 陶器) 陶器 tools made of stone, clay and animal bone, fishing nets simple objects such as jewellery made of animal teeth and bone
Entertainment story telling, singing and dancing around the fire

  2. The Bronze Age (2,000?250 BC)
Food Housing Home decoration Tools Artefacts (人工制品) 人工制品) 人工制品 rice, vegetables, meat, fish, milk products wooden buildings painted walls, pots and containers made of clay or bronze, wooden furniture, woven mats stone, wood, pottery, bronze bronze objects, bones, stone objects, pottery and clay figures
Entertainment story telling, singing and dancing, music with simple instruments, poetry, handicrafts

  3. The Han Dynasty
Food Housing Home decoration Tools Artefacts (人工制品) 人工制品) 人工制品 Entertainment fine foods of all varieties, wine and alcohol wooden buildings painted walls, containers made of clay and bronze, wooden furniture, woven mats, silk,woolen cloth all kinds of tools made of different metals, wood, glass, or stone clay figures, statues, woven cloth of silk and other materials, jade(翡翠), gold, (翡翠) written bamboo texts, pottery song and poetry, music, hunting

  4. The Tang Dynasty
Food Housing Home decoration a choice of fine foods and wines wooden and stone buildings painted walls, pots and vases made of porcelain(瓷器), wooden stone and (瓷器) metal sculptures(雕塑), furniture, (雕塑) woven mats and woolen cloth all kinds of tools made of different materials pottery, tools, jewellery, paper,and silk materials, jade, gold and metal objects various forms of musical entertainment, reading, hunting, travel
Tools Artefacts (人工制品) 人工制品) 人工制品 Entertainment
Unit 20 Archaeology
关键词(key words): 关键词 archaeology考古学 archaeology考古学 cultural relics文物 文物 Archaeology is the scientific study of peoples in the past, their culture and their relationship with their environment
Qin terracotta soldiers
Mawangdui Han DanastyTomb
秦兵马俑(西安 秦兵马俑(西安)
马王堆汉墓(长沙) 马王堆汉墓(长沙)
三星堆(四川) 三星堆(四川)
unearthed cultural relics
北京十三陵 The Ming Tombs
The Ming Tombs are located about 31 miles from Beijing, with 13 emperors buried in a complex that spreads some 15 square miles
What kinds of objects were buried with kings and emperors in China ? Models of houses and palaces, pots, weapons, armies made of clay, valuable objects, jewellery, things and objects and tools from everyday use, paintings, books, musical instruments, sometimes real people such as wives or slaves Why were dead kings given these objects after they died? To be used in their next life.
The Pyramids in Egypt 埃及金字塔
The King of Stonehenge 巨石王墓(英国) 巨石王墓(英国)
英格兰东南部的历史名城索兹伯里附近,有一个小村庄名叫阿 英格兰东南部的历史名城索兹伯里附近 , 姆斯伯里,村西的原野上有一座阅尽沧桑、雄视千古的石柱群, 姆斯伯里, 村西的原野上有一座阅尽沧桑 、 雄视千古的石柱群 , 这就是著名的古迹Stonehenge.这是一座由许多根石柱围成的 这就是著名的古迹 这是一座由许多根石柱围成的 史 前 建 筑 。 这 些 石 柱 排 成 圆 最高的石柱高达10米 它们的平均重量达26吨 形,最高的石柱高达 米 , 它们的平均重量达 吨,这么重的 家伙竟有不少是横架在两根竖直的石柱上的!Stonehenge这个 家伙竟有不少是横架在两根竖直的石柱上的! 这个 名字的前一半Stone意为 “ 石头 ” , 后一半在现代英语词典中 意为“ 名字的前一半 意为 石头” 已查不到了,据考证它来自古代英语,意思是“高高悬挂着” 已查不到了 , 据考证它来自古代英语 , 意思是“ 高高悬挂着 ” 。 想来它在古代有一个形象的名字“高悬在天上的石头” 想来它在古代有一个形象的名字“高悬在天上的石头”。
巨石阵又称索尔兹伯里石环、环状列石、太阳神庙、史前石桌、 巨石阵又称索尔兹伯里石环、环状列石、太阳神庙、史前石桌、 斯通亨治石栏等名,是欧洲著名的史前时代文化神庙遗址, 斯通亨治石栏等名,是欧洲著名的史前时代文化神庙遗址,约建 于公元前4000-2000年,属新石器时代末期至青铜时代。 于公元前 年 属新石器时代末期至青铜时代。 这个巨大的石建筑群位于一个空旷的原野上,占地大约11公顷 公顷, 这个巨大的石建筑群位于一个空旷的原野上,占地大约 公顷, 主要是由许多整块的蓝砂岩组成,每块约重50吨。巨石阵不仅在 主要是由许多整块的蓝砂岩组成,每块约重 吨 建筑学史上具有的重要地位,在天文学上也同样有着重大的意义: 建筑学史上具有的重要地位,在天文学上也同样有着重大的意义: 它的主轴线、通往石柱的古道和夏至日早晨初升的太阳, 它的主轴线、通往石柱的古道和夏至日早晨初升的太阳,在同一 条线上;另外,其中还有两块石头的连线指向冬至日落的方向。 条线上;另外,其中还有两块石头的连线指向冬至日落的方向。 因此,人们猜测,这很可能是远古人类为观测天象而建造的, 因此,人们猜测,这很可能是远古人类为观测天象而建造的,可 以算是天文台最早的雏形了。 以算是天文台最早的雏形了。
Now, let’s read the text quickly and then decide whether the given statements are true or false.
  1. On March, 3rd, 2002, archaeologists in England found a grave of a man dating back to around 3000 BC. F
  2. People got to know where the man was from by testing his bones. F
  3. From what were found in the grave people had a clear idea of the dressing of the King of Stonehenge when he was buried.

  4. All the relics found in the grave of the King of Stonehenge were buried with him for his future use in the next life because of the belief that a dead man would come back to life. T

  5. The discovery of the King of Stonehenge was far from important. F
  6. The two earrings are not only the oldest gold ever found in England, but also a proof that the ancient British were clever enough to make gold even in around 2,500 BC. F
  7. Because of his power and his successful organization of the construction of Stonehenge, the man got his title as the King of Stonehenge. T

  8.In ancient times it was very difficult for the people then to construct the Stonehenge not because the stones were huge and heavy but because they couldn’t use our modern machines. F
  9. It can be inferred that the King of Stonehenge was not only an organizer but also a worker who helped construct the Stonehenge himself by the means of transportation and pulling up the stones. T
  10. Man began to trade with other people or countries even in very old times. T

  1.Word webs bone
iron stone copper
gold clay
leather knife pin pot bow arrows coat
cushion stone
  23.taobao.com 更多资源

  2. Examples of trade and cultural links
Country or part of Europe Material or object of trade
West Wales Spain Western France Europe
Stones to build stonehenge Copper knife Copper knife Gold jewellery


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