Unit 2o Archaeology Period 1
Part 1: Look and Talk
Please look at the pictures and talk about them
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Terracotta Warriors and horses
A symbol of the powerful Qin Dynasty
Inscriptions on bones or tortoise shells
Embryonic forms of Chinese characters
  2. Talk about the following pictures
Tools made of stones
Stone age
A bronze tripod Cooking vessel
Bronze age
A coat made of silk
A work of china Tri-colored glazed pottery
Han dynasty
Tang dynasty
Some useful words for you:

Domestic animal 家禽
  11. Fishhook鱼钩 Millet黍类
  12. Plough犁 Spinach菠菜
  13.hoe锄头 Straw稻草
  14. Textile纺织品 Tile瓦 Tile
  15. Embroidery Embroidery刺绣 Pottery陶瓷
  16. Rhythm节奏 Jade玉;翡翠
  17. Polo马球 Frescoes壁画
  18. Swing music摇摆乐 Axe斧
  19. Acrobatic show杂技 Sickle镰刀
  20. Tri-colored glazed pottery
Let’s enjoy some pictures:
The serials bells of the Warring States
Dunhuang frescoes
Sui county of Hubei
Ganshu province
A skull of a Peking A work of coloured pottery Chinese History Museum Luoyang of Henan
北京十三陵 The Ming Tombs
The Ming Tombs are located about 31 miles from Beijing, with 13 emperors buried in a complex that spreads some 15 square miles
周朝的岐山宫殿甲组 遗址复原图
秦朝咸阳宫"一号宫殿 复原图 秦朝咸阳宫 一号宫殿"复原图 一号宫殿
铜兽面 金面铜人头像
青 铜 纵 目 面 具
玉 璋 三星堆博物馆
英格兰东南部的历史名城索兹伯里附近,有一个小村庄名叫阿 英格兰东南部的历史名城索兹伯里附近 , 姆斯伯里,村西的原野上有一座阅尽沧桑、雄视千古的石柱群, 姆斯伯里, 村西的原野上有一座阅尽沧桑 、 雄视千古的石柱群 , 这就是著名的古迹Stonehenge.这是一座由许多根石柱围成的 这就是著名的古迹 这是一座由许多根石柱围成的 史前建筑。这些石柱排成圆形,最高的石柱高达10米 史前建筑。 这些石柱排成圆形, 最高的石柱高达 米 , 它们的 平均重量达26吨 平均重量达 吨 ,这么重的家伙竟有不少是横架在两根竖直的 石柱上的!Stonehenge这个名字的前一半 石柱上的! 这个名字的前一半Stone意为“石头”, 意为“石头” 这个名字的前一半 意为 后一半在现代英语词典中已查不到了,据考证它来自古代英语, 后一半在现代英语词典中已查不到了 , 据考证它来自古代英语 , 意思是“高高悬挂着” 想来它在古代有一个形象的名字“ 意思是 “高高悬挂着 ” 。 想来它在古代有一个形象的名字 “ 高 悬在天上的石头” 悬在天上的石头”。
巨石阵又称索尔兹伯里石环、环状列石、太阳神庙、史前石桌、 巨石阵又称索尔兹伯里石环、环状列石、太阳神庙、史前石桌、 斯通亨治石栏等名,是欧洲著名的史前时代文化神庙遗址, 斯通亨治石栏等名,是欧洲著名的史前时代文化神庙遗址,约建 于公元前4000-2000年,属新石器时代末期至青铜时代。 于公元前 年 属新石器时代末期至青铜时代。 这个巨大的石建筑群位于一个空旷的原野上,占地大约11公顷 公顷, 这个巨大的石建筑群位于一个空旷的原野上,占地大约 公顷, 主要是由许多整块的蓝砂岩组成,每块约重50吨。巨石阵不仅在 主要是由许多整块的蓝砂岩组成,每块约重 吨 建筑学史上具有的重要地位,在天文学上也同样有着重大的意义: 建筑学史上具有的重要地位,在天文学上也同样有着重大的意义: 它的主轴线、通往石柱的古道和夏至日早晨初升的太阳, 它的主轴线、通往石柱的古道和夏至日早晨初升的太阳,在同一 条线上;另外,其中还有两块石头的连线指向冬至日落的方向。 条线上;另外,其中还有两块石头的连线指向冬至日落的方向。 因此,人们猜测,这很可能是远古人类为观测天象而建造的, 因此,人们猜测,这很可能是远古人类为观测天象而建造的,可 以算是天文台最早的雏形了。 以算是天文台最早的雏形了。
Part 1 (para
discovery ): The of a grave.
Part 2 (para
): found in the grave. objects
Part 3 (para
importance ): The of the discovery.
Part 4 (para
Stonehenge ): something about
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Part 5 (para
):Something about the King of Stonehenge.
Now, let’s read the text quickly and then decide whether the given statements are true or false.
  1. On March, 3rd, 2002, archaeologists in England found a grave of a man dating back to around 3000 BC. F
  2. People got to know where the man was from by testing his bones. F
  3. From what were found in the grave people had a clear idea of the dressing of the King of Stonehenge when he was buried.

  4. All the relics found in the grave of the King of Stonehenge were buried with him for his future use in the next life because of the belief that a dead man would come back to life. T

  5. The two earrings are not only the oldest gold ever found in England, but also a proof that the ancient F British were clever enough to make gold even in around 2,500 BC.
  6. Because of his power and his successful organization of the construction of Stonehenge, the man got his title as the King of Stonehenge. T
  7. It can be inferred that the King of Stonehenge was not only an organizer but also a worker who helped construct the Stonehenge himself by the means of transportation and pulling up the stones. T
  8. Man began to trade with other people or countries even in very old times.


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