Unit 9
Grammar : Inversion
By Ivyriver
20
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Grammar Inversion
倒装的几种情况
倒装的定义 自我检测题 倒装的分类
Inversion
倒装的定义 把在正常词序下通常较晚出现的成分移至句 使之处于突出的位置, 首,使之处于突出的位置,从而受到特殊强 这种语法手段叫做前置( 调,这种语法手段叫做前置(Fronting);使用 使用 强调, 前置手段表示强调 有时不必改变词序, 前置手段表示强调,有时不必改变词序,有 时则引起倒装 倒装。 时则引起倒装。 不引起倒装的前置成分通常是宾语、 不引起倒装的前置成分通常是宾语、主语 补语和宾语补足语。 补语和宾语补足语。 A horrible mess you’ve made of it. A big fool I call him. Tom I gave nothing,but Alice I gave all I have. He bought three pieces of bread. One of these he fed to his cat. The other two pieces he ate himself.
Inversion
倒装的分类 通常英语句子的自然顺序是主语在前, 通常英语句子的自然顺序是主语在前,谓语在 把谓语动词放在主语前面即为倒装结构。 后。把谓语动词放在主语前面即为倒装结构。 可分为两种情况: 可分为两种情况:一种是全部倒装, 另一种是 全部倒装, 局部/部分倒装 部分倒装。 局部 部分倒装。 全部倒装是整个谓语置于主语之前 是整个谓语置于主语之前; 全部倒装是整个谓语置于主语之前; 部分倒装是作用词置于主语置前。 部分倒装是作用词置于主语置前。 是作用词置于主语置前 The door burst open and in rushed the crowd. Here comes a bus! Never have I found him in such a good mood.
全部倒装

  1. 某些时间/方位副词或拟声词+不及物动词+主语 某些时间/方位副词或拟声词+不及物动词+
动词为go,come rush,flow,hang,lie等表示位置转 动词为 等表示位置转 移的动词,而主语又较长 通常用完全倒装。 而主语又较长, 移的动词 而主语又较长,通常用完全倒装。 副词: 副词:here,there,out,in,down,up,away,off,south, now,then 但主语是代词时不倒装 但主语是代词 代词时不倒装
Out rushed the boy. Down came the brown wave. Here he comes. Now comes your turn to give us a talk. Bang ! came three reports of firecrackers.
全部倒装

  2.表示方位的短语 地点的介词短语放在句首,后面一 表示方位的短语/地点的介词短语放在句首, 方位的短语 地点的介词短语放在句首
般使用完全倒装。 般使用完全倒装。
West of our city lies a famous tower. In the front of the lecture hall sat an old decent lady called Ann Sullivan. From the next room came a strange sound.
  3. There be + 主语 地点 主语+地点 Conferences like the Earth Summit help people lie/stand/go/come/hang/appear/seem/exist/live/ understand that there exist serious problems flow/is going to/must… and that there is still time to take action.
全部倒装

  4.表语形容词置于句首时,用完全倒装 表语形容词置于句首时,用完全倒装. Such is my future home. Gone are the days when we were together singing and dancing happily. Present at the meeting are professor White, professor Smith and many other guests. Sitting in the front of the room was an old disabled man. Written on the blackboard are the key words of the unit.

  5.如果直接引语后注明是什么人说的, 如果直接引语后注明是什么人说的, 如果直接引语后注明是什么人说的 而且主语是名词时,用完全倒装。 而且主语是名词时,用完全倒装。
“Let’s go!” said the boss.
全部倒装

  6. 为了使句子平衡,或为了强调表语或状语,或 为了使句子平衡,或为了强调表语或状语,
是上下文紧密衔接时,用完全倒装。 是上下文紧密衔接时,用完全倒装。
He arrived at an old church, in front of which stood a big crowd of people.
部分倒装

  1.So/As/Neither/Nor开头的句子,表示重复前句部 开头的句子, 开头的句子 分内容。该句的谓语应与前句谓语的时态、 分内容。该句的谓语应与前句谓语的时态、形式一 致。 Society has changed and so have the people in it.
If he won’t go there, neither will I . … I don’t know, nor do I care. He believed,as did his family,that you were telling the truth. He comes from the south and dislikes rock music, so it is with me/it is the same with me. 如果一个句子只是重复前面一句话的意思, 如果一个句子只是重复前面一句话的意思,尽管 so开头 语序也不要倒装。 开头, so开头,语序也不要倒装。 It was cold yesterday. So it was!
部分倒装

  2. Only 放在句首,强调状语(副词、介词短语或 放在句首,强调状语(副词、
状语从句等),全句用部分倒装。 状语从句等),全句用部分倒装。 ),全句用部分倒装
Only 放在句首强调主语时,语序不必倒装。 放在句首强调主语时,语序不必倒装。 Only by changing how we live can we save the earth. Only because he was ill was he absent from school. Only yesterday did I realize what was going on. Only you know of the secret.
  3.带有否定意义的副词 关联词 短语放在 带有否定意义的副词/关联词 否定意义的副词 关联词/短语放在
句首,用部分倒装。 句首 用部分倒装。 用部分倒装
部分倒装
如: not/never/hardly/seldom/little/rarely/scarcely/barely/nowhere/ not only…but also…/neither…nor…/ no sooner…than …/hardly…when…/scarcely…when/not once/under no circumstances/on no account/in no way/at no point/at no time/in no sense/in no case等. 等 Not until I began to work did I realize I had wasted much time. Not only did he read the book, but also he remembered what he had read. No sooner had I arrived than he fell ill.
部分倒装
Nowhere else can we find a better place for a picnic. On no account will my reference books be removed from the library. 上述短语如果用在句中则不用倒装。 上述短语如果用在句中则不用倒装。
  4.当so/such…that…结构中的 结构中的so/such用于句首时, 用于句首时, 结构中的 用于句首时
要采取倒装语序。 要采取倒装语序。
So loudly did he speak he was heard upstairs. Such a good boy is he that he is liked by everyone else.
  5.as 作“尽管”讲,引导让步状语丛句, 尽管” 引导让步状语丛句,
用倒装语序。 用倒装语序。
部分倒装
Child as he is, he knows a lot. Much as I like it, I won’t buy it.
  6.在省略了 的虚拟条件句中,were/had/should 在省略了if 的虚拟条件句中,
可提到句首构成倒装句。 可提到句首构成倒装句。
Were I you, I would ask your parents for help. Had I been here yesterday,I would have seen him at the party. Were the work to be done tomorrow, it would be better.
部分倒装

  7.用于某些表示祝愿的句子。 用于某些表示祝愿的句子。 用于某些表示祝愿的句子
May you succeed! May you be all happy!
挑战倒装

  1. Not until all the fish died in the river how serious A the pollution was. A.did the villagers realize B. the villagers realized C. the villagers did realize D. didn’t the villagers realize
  2.What has happened to Mr White?
D Look, there . A.comes he B. come he C. he come D. he comes D
  3.Only after school to play football. A.the students allow B. do the students allow C. the students are allowed D. are the students allowed
挑战倒装
D
  4.Hardly about the difficulties in his work. A. he didn’t talk B. he talked C. he did talk D. did he talk B
  5., whom he had never met before. A. next was another young man to him B. next to him was another young man C. next another young man to him. D. another young man was next to him.

  6. He knows little English, and . B A. so do I B. neither do I C. so do I D. neither I do
挑战倒装

  7. So absorbed the work that she often forgot to take D her meals. A. she had been in B. had she been in C. she was in D. was she in
  8. South of the lake in which who has three sons A and four daughters. A. lies the village; lives an old farmer B. the village lies; an old farmer lives C. does the village lie; does an old farmer live D. the village lies; does an old farmer live
挑战倒装
A
  9.Never before our country as strong as it is today. A. has; been B. /;has been C. has been;/ D. is;/ A
  10. Then . A. came the footsteps of the fat man. B. the footsteps of the fat man came. C. coming the footsteps of the fat man. D. did the footsteps of the fat man come.

  11. the first to use nuclear weapons. C A. At no time China will be B. Will China never be C. At no time will China be D. Never China will be
挑战倒装

  12. No longer to waste its natural resources. C A.the world can afford B. does the world can afford C. can the world afford D. afford the world can
B
  13. No sooner there the train started moving. A. did we got; than B. had we got; than C. did we get; than D. we had got; when

  14.Not only __English very well, but also French well. D A. does he speak;speak B. he speaks; does he speak C. he speak; does he speak D. does he speak; he speaks
挑战倒装
C
  15. Mary is going to the concert. . A. So will I B. So do I C. So am I D. So I am

  16. John works very hard at his lessons.
A
A. So he does C. So did he B. So does he D. So he is

  17. Animals need air and without air they will die.
D .
A. So does a man C. So it is of a man B. So will man D. So it is with man

  21. in great danger himself.(上海 上海19
  94) 上海 A. does he care C. he cares B. did he care D. he cared
B Little about his own safety,though he was

  22. 上海19
  91) A.was the city;were the streets 上海 B.the city was;were the streets C.was the city;the streets were D.the city was;the streets were
C polluted but crowded.( Not only
挑战倒装

  18. By no means him. B A. shall I misunderstood B. shall I misunderstand C. I shall misunderstood C. I shall misunderstand
B
  19. On the wall two large portraits of scientists. A. hangs B. hang C. hanged D. are hanging A
  20. , he managed to work it out. A. Difficult as the maths problem was B. As difficult the maths problem was C. Difficult as was the maths problem D. Difficulty as was the maths problem
C
  22. for the free tickets,I would not have gone to the films so often.(上海 上海19
  95) 上海
A.If it is not . C.Had it not been A.the lake is shallow C.shallow is the lake B.Were it not D.If they were not B.shallow the lake is D.is the lake shallow
C
  23.So that no fish can live in it.(上海 上海19
  92) 上海

  24. Not a single song at yesterday’s party.(上海 上海 C 20
  00) A she sang B sang she C did she sing

  25. I finally got the job I dreamed about. Never in my life so happy! D (NMET2000春季 春季) 春季 A.did I feel B.I felt C.I had felt D.had I felt
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