Unit 9
Grammar : Inversion
By Ivyriver
  23.taobao.com 更多资源
Grammar Inversion
倒装的定义 自我检测题 倒装的分类
倒装的定义 把在正常词序下通常较晚出现的成分移至句 使之处于突出的位置, 首,使之处于突出的位置,从而受到特殊强 这种语法手段叫做前置( 调,这种语法手段叫做前置(Fronting);使用 使用 强调, 前置手段表示强调 有时不必改变词序, 前置手段表示强调,有时不必改变词序,有 时则引起倒装 倒装。 时则引起倒装。 不引起倒装的前置成分通常是宾语、 不引起倒装的前置成分通常是宾语、主语 补语和宾语补足语。 补语和宾语补足语。 A horrible mess you’ve made of it. A big fool I call him. Tom I gave nothing,but Alice I gave all I have. He bought three pieces of bread. One of these he fed to his cat. The other two pieces he ate himself.
倒装的分类 通常英语句子的自然顺序是主语在前, 通常英语句子的自然顺序是主语在前,谓语在 把谓语动词放在主语前面即为倒装结构。 后。把谓语动词放在主语前面即为倒装结构。 可分为两种情况: 可分为两种情况:一种是全部倒装, 另一种是 全部倒装, 局部/部分倒装 部分倒装。 局部 部分倒装。 全部倒装是整个谓语置于主语之前 是整个谓语置于主语之前; 全部倒装是整个谓语置于主语之前; 部分倒装是作用词置于主语置前。 部分倒装是作用词置于主语置前。 是作用词置于主语置前 The door burst open and in rushed the crowd. Here comes a bus! Never have I found him in such a good mood.

  1. 某些时间/方位副词或拟声词+不及物动词+主语 某些时间/方位副词或拟声词+不及物动词+
动词为go,come rush,flow,hang,lie等表示位置转 动词为 等表示位置转 移的动词,而主语又较长 通常用完全倒装。 而主语又较长, 移的动词 而主语又较长,通常用完全倒装。 副词: 副词:here,there,out,in,down,up,away,off,south, now,then 但主语是代词时不倒装 但主语是代词 代词时不倒装
Out rushed the boy. Down came the brown wave. Here he comes. Now comes your turn to give us a talk. Bang ! came three reports of firecrackers.

  2.表示方位的短语 地点的介词短语放在句首,后面一 表示方位的短语/地点的介词短语放在句首, 方位的短语 地点的介词短语放在句首
般使用完全倒装。 般使用完全倒装。
West of our city lies a famous tower. In the front of the lecture hall sat an old decent lady called Ann Sullivan. From the next room came a strange sound.
  3. There be + 主语 地点 主语+地点 Conferences like the Earth Summit help people lie/stand/go/come/hang/appear/seem/exist/live/ understand that there exist serious problems flow/is going to/must… and that there is still time to take action.

  4.表语形容词置于句首时,用完全倒装 表语形容词置于句首时,用完全倒装. Such is my future home. Gone are the days when we were together singing and dancing happily. Present at the meeting are professor White, professor Smith and many other guests. Sitting in the front of the room was an old disabled man. Written on the blackboard are the key words of the unit.

  5.如果直接引语后注明是什么人说的, 如果直接引语后注明是什么人说的, 如果直接引语后注明是什么人说的 而且主语是名词时,用完全倒装。 而且主语是名词时,用完全倒装。
“Let’s go!” said the boss.

  6. 为了使句子平衡,或为了强调表语或状语,或 为了使句子平衡,或为了强调表语或状语,
是上下文紧密衔接时,用完全倒装。 是上下文紧密衔接时,用完全倒装。
He arrived at an old church, in front of which stood a big crowd of people.

  1.So/As/Neither/Nor开头的句子,表示重复前句部 开头的句子, 开头的句子 分内容。该句的谓语应与前句谓语的时态、 分内容。该句的谓语应与前句谓语的时态、形式一 致。 Society has changed and so have the people in it.
If he won’t go there, neither will I . … I don’t know, nor do I care. He believed,as did his family,that you were telling the truth. He comes from the south and dislikes rock music, so it is with me/it is the same with me. 如果一个句子只是重复前面一句话的意思, 如果一个句子只是重复前面一句话的意思,尽管 so开头 语序也不要倒装。 开头, so开头,语序也不要倒装。 It was cold yesterday. So it was!

  2. Only 放在句首,强调状语(副词、介词短语或 放在句首,强调状语(副词、
状语从句等),全句用部分倒装。 状语从句等),全句用部分倒装。 ),全句用部分倒装
Only 放在句首强调主语时,语序不必倒装。 放在句首强调主语时,语序不必倒装。 Only by changing how we live can we save the earth. Only because he was ill was he absent from school. Only yesterday did I realize what was going on. Only you know of the secret.
  3.带有否定意义的副词 关联词 短语放在 带有否定意义的副词/关联词 否定意义的副词 关联词/短语放在
句首,用部分倒装。 句首 用部分倒装。 用部分倒装
如: not/never/hardly/seldom/little/rarely/scarcely/barely/nowhere/ not only…but also…/neither…nor…/ no sooner…than …/hardly…when…/scarcely…when/not once/under no circumstances/on no account/in no way/at no point/at no time/in no sense/in no case等. 等 Not until I began to work did I realize I had wasted much time. Not only did he read the book, but also he remembered what he had read. No sooner had I arrived than he fell ill.
Nowhere else can we find a better place for a picnic. On no account will my reference books be removed from the library. 上述短语如果用在句中则不用倒装。 上述短语如果用在句中则不用倒装。
  4.当so/such…that…结构中的 结构中的so/such用于句首时, 用于句首时, 结构中的 用于句首时
要采取倒装语序。 要采取倒装语序。
So loudly did he speak he was heard upstairs. Such a good boy is he that he is liked by everyone else.
  5.as 作“尽管”讲,引导让步状语丛句, 尽管” 引导让步状语丛句,
用倒装语序。 用倒装语序。
Child as he is, he knows a lot. Much as I like it, I won’t buy it.
  6.在省略了 的虚拟条件句中,were/had/should 在省略了if 的虚拟条件句中,
可提到句首构成倒装句。 可提到句首构成倒装句。
Were I you, I would ask your parents for help. Had I been here yesterday,I would have seen him at the party. Were the work to be done tomorrow, it would be better.

  7.用于某些表示祝愿的句子。 用于某些表示祝愿的句子。 用于某些表示祝愿的句子
May you succeed! May you be all happy!

  1. Not until all the fish died in the river how serious A the pollution was. A.did the villagers realize B. the villagers realized C. the villagers did realize D. didn’t the villagers realize
  2.What has happened to Mr White?
D Look, there . A.comes he B. come he C. he come D. he comes D
  3.Only after school to play football. A.the students allow B. do the students allow C. the students are allowed D. are the students allowed
  4.Hardly about the difficulties in his work. A. he didn’t talk B. he talked C. he did talk D. did he talk B
  5., whom he had never met before. A. next was another young man to him B. next to him was another young man C. next another young man to him. D. another young man was next to him.

  6. He knows little English, and . B A. so do I B. neither do I C. so do I D. neither I do

  7. So absorbed the work that she often forgot to take D her meals. A. she had been in B. had she been in C. she was in D. was she in
  8. South of the lake in which who has three sons A and four daughters. A. lies the village; lives an old farmer B. the village lies; an old farmer lives C. does the village lie; does an old farmer live D. the village lies; does an old farmer live
  9.Never before our country as strong as it is today. A. has; been B. /;has been C. has been;/ D. is;/ A
  10. Then . A. came the footsteps of the fat man. B. the footsteps of the fat man came. C. coming the footsteps of the fat man. D. did the footsteps of the fat man come.

  11. the first to use nuclear weapons. C A. At no time China will be B. Will China never be C. At no time will China be D. Never China will be

  12. No longer to waste its natural resources. C A.the world can afford B. does the world can afford C. can the world afford D. afford the world can
  13. No sooner there the train started moving. A. did we got; than B. had we got; than C. did we get; than D. we had got; when

  14.Not only __English very well, but also French well. D A. does he speak;speak B. he speaks; does he speak C. he speak; does he speak D. does he speak; he speaks
  15. Mary is going to the concert. . A. So will I B. So do I C. So am I D. So I am

  16. John works very hard at his lessons.
A. So he does C. So did he B. So does he D. So he is

  17. Animals need air and without air they will die.
D .
A. So does a man C. So it is of a man B. So will man D. So it is with man

  21. in great danger himself.(上海 上海19
  94) 上海 A. does he care C. he cares B. did he care D. he cared
B Little about his own safety,though he was

  22. 上海19
  91) A.was the city;were the streets 上海 B.the city was;were the streets C.was the city;the streets were D.the city was;the streets were
C polluted but crowded.( Not only

  18. By no means him. B A. shall I misunderstood B. shall I misunderstand C. I shall misunderstood C. I shall misunderstand
  19. On the wall two large portraits of scientists. A. hangs B. hang C. hanged D. are hanging A
  20. , he managed to work it out. A. Difficult as the maths problem was B. As difficult the maths problem was C. Difficult as was the maths problem D. Difficulty as was the maths problem
  22. for the free tickets,I would not have gone to the films so often.(上海 上海19
  95) 上海
A.If it is not . C.Had it not been A.the lake is shallow C.shallow is the lake B.Were it not D.If they were not B.shallow the lake is D.is the lake shallow
  23.So that no fish can live in it.(上海 上海19
  92) 上海

  24. Not a single song at yesterday’s party.(上海 上海 C 20
  00) A she sang B sang she C did she sing

  25. I finally got the job I dreamed about. Never in my life so happy! D (NMET2000春季 春季) 春季 A.did I feel B.I felt C.I had felt D.had I felt
  23.taobao.com 更多资源


高二英语unit10 grammar

   Unit 10 Grammar Ellipsis Produced by Ivyriver 2006.10.15 Which words were left out at the place of the question mark(?) in the two sentences below? 1.Upon arrival, my uncle hugged Pompy and (?) tried to give him courage. my uncle 2. Then came a sme ...

高二英语上册unit 1 grammar

   他的梦想是结婚,得到一份工作 他的梦想是结婚 得到一份工作. 得到一份工作 His dream is to get a job and get married. “生活中没有什么可怕的东西,只有需要理解的东西.” 生活中没有什么可怕的东西,只有需要理解的东西.” “Nothing in life is to be feared; it is only to be understood.” 要有好工作,我得有张大学文凭 要有好工作 我得有张大学文凭. 我得有张大学文凭 In order to ...

高二英语上学期unit9 grammar 旧人教版

   Unit 9 Saving the Earth Grammar 倒装语序 Inversion Problems 什么是倒装 倒装语序 为什么要倒装 怎样去倒装 一.什么是倒装语序? 通常英语句子的主语是在谓语动词之前,这种语序为自 通常英语句子的主语是在谓语动词之前,这种语序为自 主语 之前 然语序 A car comes here. 反之,如果把谓语动词放在主语之前,这就称为倒装语序. 反之,如果把谓语动词放在主语之前,这就称为倒装语序. 谓语动词放在主语之前 倒装语序 Here come ...

英语:unit1《Living Well》课件-Grammar(新人教选修7)1

   Unit 1 Living Well Discovering useful structures Revision of the Infinitive 动词不定式的作用 Functions of Infinitive " 主语 " " " " " 宾语 表语 定语 状语 宾补 (subject) (object) (predicative) (attribute) (adverbial) (object complement) Ⅲ. 作表语 不定式常用在系动词 be, seem, app ...

2008高三英语课件-人教版选修7同步课件-kj_Unit4 Sharing-Period 3 grammar

   定语从句复习 在复合句中修饰名词或代词的从句叫做 定语从句。别修饰的名词或代词叫先行 词。引导定语从句的关系代词有:which, that, who, whom, whose。引导英语从句的 关系副词有:where, when, why。 先行词是 先行词是 定语 地点 时间 物 人 状语 状语 主 宾 主 宾 关系 which 代词 that who whom whose 关系 where 副词 when 注:1.介词提前时一般只用which和whom。 2.whose+名词=the+名词 ...

牛津初中英语7A Unit2 Grammar说课稿

   大家好!我是 院 级 专业学生 ,我的学号是 .今天我说课的内容是牛津初中英语七年级 上第二单元的语法部分。 众所周知,语法的学习内容是语言使用所遵循的规律,主要研究词性和句子结构的变化。学 好语法能够给学生搭起一个语言使用的框架。本教材《牛津初中英语》以任务性教学为主导,十 分重视语法教学。 语法部分是整个单元八个板块中的第四板块, 既是对前面出现的语言现象进行 的归纳和总结,同时也为本单元后面几个板块中新词汇的运用奠定基础。在教材中,编者以新的 角度处理教学项目:首先,用图表的形式呈现了 ...

高中英语 Unit2《Cloning》课件-Grammar 新人教版选修8

   Grammar 语法精解( 语法精解(一) 1. 同位语 同位语the Appositive 同位语是句子成分的一种, 同位语是句子成分的一种 它位于名 词、代词后面, 说明它们的性质和情 代词后面 它可以由名词、代词、 况, 它可以由名词、代词、名词性短 语或从句充当。 语或从句充当。 同位语的表现形式有以下几种: 同位语的表现形式有以下几种: (1) 名词 Tom, our monitor, is a handsome boy. (2) 代词 I myself will do the e ...

英语:Module1《My first day at senior high》-grammar课件(外研版必修1)

   Grammar 1 The Present Simple Tense & the Present Continuous Tense The sun rises in the east everyday. Two persons are taking photos of sunrise now. Our school lies in the northeast of Hejin city. I always go to school by bicycle. The H1N1 virus ...

高二英语学案 grammar

   高二英语学案 Module 4 Grammar Passive Voice 姓名: The teaching and learning scheme for Module 4 Grammar: Passive Voice I. Teaching and learning goals: 1. Revise the reading and passive voice. 2. Master the usage of passive voice. II. Teaching and learning ...

高二英语上册unit2 grammar

   Learning Aims: 1. To learn the ed form used as Attribute and Predicative 更多资源xiti123.taobao.com 更多资源 Filling the blanks with proper words and phrases: 1. Which of the news media above is the most reliable (最可靠)? 2. 那个人被解雇了。 The man was fired. 3. Th ...



   个字母小写字母 小写字母。 一、按顺序默写 26 个字母小写字母。 (10’) ) 二、单项选择。(20’) 单项选择。 ) 1、-- Good morning! A、Good afternoon! -B、Good morning! C、Hello! 2、-- Are you Anne?(你是安妮吗?)-A、Yes, he is. 3、-- How are you? A、How are you? 4、-- Anne A、want 5、You’re good at A、singing B、si ...


   小学一年级英语下册(新课标)1-6 模块单词 单词连线 eleven 多少 十二 不达 how many twelve 十一 other 如此 tree 许多的 so 其他的 many 树 bird 让我们 let’s 鸟 father 爷爷、外公 mother 姐姐、妹妹 grandpa 父亲 sister 母亲 grandma 哥哥、弟弟 brother 奶奶、外婆 doctor 学生 pupil 包 he’s=he is 她是 bag 医生 she’s=she is 他是 his 外套 ...


   灿烂的语言,只能点缀感情,如果我沉默,代表我真的喜欢你 26、自由代表的是内心永久的孤独。 、自由代表的是内心永久的孤独。 27、现实太假,还是自己太傻? 、现实太假,还是自己太傻? 28、一切因为寂寞,才开始了暧昧。 、一切因为寂寞,才开始了暧昧。 29、生活的真正意义是:生下来,活下去。 、生活的真正意义是: 生下来,活下去。 30、年龄不是差距,身高不是距离。 、年龄不是差距,身高不是距离。 31、人生是一张单程车票,没有后退,没有返回! 、人生是一张单程车票,没有后退,没有返回! 3 ...


   延边大学 硕士学位论文 对延边地区小学英语课外辅导的几点思考 姓名:张蕴哲 申请学位级别:硕士 专业:教育学原理 指导教师:朴婷姬 20060526 延边人学硕t学位论文 摘要 2001年开始的新一轮基础教育改革将小学英语正式纳入小学必修课程。延边 地区小学从一年级开始开设英语课。在国家、地方、学校重视英语课的同时,各 种形式的课外辅导市场也在社会上兴起,其中最主要的是家庭教师和各种名目的 英语辅导班。英语作为外语不同于其它学科,从一年级开始开设难度很大,尤其 是朝鲜族学校的学生面临着三语同 ...

小学英语五年级下册unit2 PartB

   learn talk read learn talk read story 制作人:寮步镇横坑小学 赖锦和 What’s your favourite season? spring summer fall winter 听音填空。 season do you like Which best? sunny . It’s always Fall cool and . Which season do you like best? Winter I can play with snow . . I ...