Unit 16
The United States of America
Ⅰ.Brief Statements Based on the Unit The United States of America is a developed country and also a booming country,which has a history of only 200~300 years.After the USA was founded,the American Civil War broke out in 1861,which brought suffering to the people of the USA,especially those in the South.Rebuilding the South became an essential task at that time.This unit mainly talks about the rebuilding and development of the American South.And Atlanta is a good illustration.It also deals with the bison on the plains of America.Because the bison was killed in huge numbers by European settlers,the balance of the whole wildlife was destroyed.After learning the unit,we let the students learn about the early history of America.Besides,some useful expressions and phrases should be mastered,and Non-finite verbs need to be reviewed,especially their passive forms. Ⅱ.Teaching Goals
  1.Talk about the USA.
  2.Practise describing places.
  3.Review Non-finite Verbs(
  2).
  4.Write a comparison essay. Ⅲ.Background Information
  1.The American Civil War The war of 1861~1865 between the northern states (the Union) and the southern states (the Confederacy) is also called the War between the States or the War of the Rebellion.There were many causes,of which the most important were disagreement over slavery,and the quarrel concerning Federal control and States’ Rights.The direct cause of the war was the election of Lincoln as President;this was followed by the secession of the southern states from the Union and the founding of the Confederacy,with Jefferson Davis as its President.The North had many advantages,a far greater population,more railway lines,and more factories.But the Confederates fought hard and were at first successful:they won the battles of Bull Run and Fredericksburg;but then Lee was defeated at Gettysburg and the Union army led by Grant won control of Mississippi.Admiral Farragant forced New Orleans to surrender:Texas,Arkansas and Louisiana were cut off from the rest of the Confederacy.After the Union won the Vicksburg campaign,Sherman made his march through Georgia to the sea,and Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomatton Court House,Virginia,on April 9,18
  65.Lincoln was assassinated in the same month.Slavery was declared unconstitutional.The period after the war (Reconstruction),when the South was occupied by the Worth,left bitterness that has not yet entirely vanished.During Reconstruction the southern states were admitted back into the Union.
  2.The War of American Independence (Also called the Revolutionary War 1775~17
  83) The struggle of the thirteen British colonies in North America for independence ended in the forming of the USA.The main causes of the war were taxes imposed by the British government,e.g.the Stamp Tax of 1765 and the Tea Tax.The colonies rebelled in 1775;the first shots were fired at Lexington,and the First battle was faught at Bunker Hill.The continental Congress appointed General Washington as leader of its forces,and issued the Declaration of
Independence on July 4,17
  76.General Burgoyne led a British army down from Canada but was forced to surrender at Saratoga (Oct.17
  77).He was supposed to meet the army of General Howe,who managed to occupy Philadelphia.Washington spent the hard winter of 1777~1778 at Valley Forge,and had difficulty in keeping his men together,France (17
  78),Spain (17
  79)and the Netherlands (17
  80)joined the war against Britain.British forces under Cornwallis won victories in the South where Britain had some popular support,but Cornwallis was defeated at Yorktown,Virginia,and forced to surrender (Oct.19/17
  81),which practically brought the war to an end.At sea,Britain had to fight to keep her naval supremacy,but after Yorktown the American ports were lost one by one.The war was ended by the Treaty of Paris,1783,which recognized the independence of the USA.
  3.Slavery in the United States The African ancestors (祖先) of today’s black Americans were brought to the US as slaves in the seventeenth,eighteenth,and nineteenth centuries.They worked on farms,especially the large farms in the southern states.Slowly they became a necessary part of the economic (经济) system (体制) of the South. Slaves did not have the right of people;according to the law,they were a “thing” which belonged to the person who bought them.They had to obey the orders of their owners without questions.They were not allowed to learn to read;their owners feared the educated slaves would begin to think about the injustice of the system and would learn to struggle for their freedom.Slaves had to work long hours in very unhealthy conditions.Their owners had complete power over them.They could be bought and sold like animals.At the slave markets,black children were separated from their parents and never allowed to see them again.Slave owners had the right to punish the slaves who broke the law or was against the system.Slaves were often beaten or even killed by their owners.After the Civil War,one free slave reported that his owner killed an older slave who was teaching him to read.In theory an owner who treated a slave badly could be punished.In practice,however,the law meant nothing. Opposition to slavery began very early in the history of the US?in 1671?but little progress was made until the beginning of the nineteenth century.By 1804 slavery was illegal (非法的) in the northern states.But it continued,and even grew,in the southern states,which depended on cotton for their economic wealth.Slavery,ended in the South only after the Civil War.For blacks,however,the end of slavery was only a beginning,the late beginning of a long and difficult struggle for true justice. Ⅳ.Teaching Time:Five periods
The First Period
Teaching Aims:
  1.Learn about the USA.
  2.Do some listening.
  3.Practise describing places to train the students’ speaking ability. Teaching Important Points:
  1.Train the students’ listening ability.
  2.Improve the students’ speaking ability by practising describing places using the following useful sentence patterns:
How long/wide/high/tall is the…? It’s…metres/feet long/wide/high/tall. There is…in the North. It looks like… Teaching Difficult Points:
  1.How to improve the students’ listening ability.
  2.How to help the students carry out the task of speaking. Teaching Methods:
  1.Listening-and-answering activity to help the students go through with the listening material.
  2.Discussion to help the students learn about the US.
  3.Individual,pair or group work to make every student have a chance to work in class. Teaching Aids:
  1.the multimedia
  2.the blackboard Teaching Procedures: Step Ⅰ Greetings Greet the whole class as usual. Step Ⅱ Lead-in T:Now,let’s begin our class.First,I’ll give you some information about the history of a country.Please guess which country it is.Listen carefully.It is a very young country in the world,which has only a history of 200~300 years.Most people in the country are immigrates The head office of the UN was set up there.Two World Wars didn’t take place there.Now it is the strongest country of the world.Can you guess it? Ss:Yes.The USA. Step Ⅲ Warming-up T:You’re right.Today we’re going to learn Unit 16 The United States of America (Bb:Unit 16 The United States of America).Now,let’s have a quiz to see how much you know about the USA.(Teacher shows the following on the screen.) Decide if the following sentences are true or false.Write“T”or“F”in the brackets.
  1.New York is the largest state in the US.
  2.Most state names come from Spanish or English.
  3.Atlanta is known as the“Big Apple”.
  4.The Constitution was written in 17
  79.
  5.There are 52 stars on the American flag.
  6.George Washington was the first American President.
  7.The first settlers arrived in North America about 30 000 years ago.
  8.The Mississippi River is the longest river in the world. ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )
T:Well,please do it by yourselves.After a while,I’ll check your answers.Is that clear? Ss:Yes. (After a few minutes,teacher checks the students’ answers.) T:The first one,true or false? S1:False. T:Please correct it.
S1:New York is the largest city in the US. T:Good.The second one? S2:True. T:What about the third one? S3:False.New York is known as the “Big Apple”. … Suggested answers:
  4.F The Constitution was written in 17
  87.
  5.F There are 50 stars on the American flag.
  6.T
  7.T
  8.F The Mississippi is one of the important rivers in the world. T:A good job!Now,open your books and turn to Page
  41.Please look at the map of the USA and find out the following cities and states:New York,Washington,Florida,Taxas, California,Alaska. (A few minutes later,teacher says the following.) T:Please look at the first picture.What place is it?Any volunteer? S4:It is the famous White House,where the president of the US works and lives with his family. T:Do you know how it got its name? S4:No. T:Who knows? S5:At first,it was made of gray stone and called the President’s Palace.During the war of 1812,it was burned by British soldiers.Afterwards,it was rebuilt.The walls were painted white to cover up marks left by the fire.Then people began calling the President’s Palace the White House.The name caught on and has remained in use ever since. T:Wonderful!Next,let’s look at the second picture.It is a famous city,which is it? S6:New York. T:Right.Can you guess when the picture was taken? S6:I think it was taken before the date September 11,20
  01. T:How do you know? S6:Because in the picture,we can see many skyscrapers.Among them,the World Trade Centre and the Empire State Building are most famous,but now the World Trade Centre has already gone.It was exploded by terrorists. T:Oh,What a pity!Do you know anything else about New York? Ss:No. T:New York is America’s cultural capital,where there is the statue of Liberty,the skyscrapers, 了 the beautiful shops on Fifth Avenue,and the many theatres on Broadway.Manhattan,the smallest island in New York,is the real centre of the city.When people say“New York City”they usually mean Manhattan.In 1605,the first Europeans came to Manhattan from Holland.They bought the island from the American Indians for a few glass necklaces,worth about $
  26.The most crowded part of New York is perhaps Harlem,where most Black Americans live.The crime rate is among the highest in the Western world.I hope one day some of you will have a chance to visit
it.Do you have enough confidence? Ss:Yes. T:OK.Now,work in pairs or groups.Make a list of things you know about the USA and what you’d like to know more about.(Teacher may encourage the students to make a chart.Several minutes later,teacher collects their charts.) Sample diagram:
Step Ⅳ Listening T:OK.We have talked more about the USA.Now let’s listen to a radio programme about New York to help Wang Xiao correct the errors in her notes.Turn to the next page.Let’s look at Ex.1 in the listening part.Here are the notes taken by Wang Xiao after he listens to a radio programme about New York.First read it by yourself.Then I’ll play the tape for you to listen.After that,please correct his errors. (Teacher plays the tape for the first time.After playing it,teacher gives the students one or two minutes to do Ex.
  1.At last,teacher checks the answers with the whole class.) T:OK.Now let’s listen to the tape again and then answer some concerned questions.Before listening,you need to go through with the questions.(Teacher gives the students one minute to read the questions.Then play the tape for the second time.After that,give the students enough time to discuss the answers and check them.)
T:Well done.Please listen to Part 2 of the listening material and then choose the best answers to the question in Ex.
  3. (Teacher deals with Ex.3 in the same way.If necessary,play the tape again.) Step Ⅴ Speaking T:Everyone loves his own hometown,which is beautiful in their hearts.Now,let’s talk about our hometown.Tell me where your hometown is,Wang Kai. S7:My hometown lies on the plain of North China. T:Are there any mountains,rivers or forests? S7:Yes.There is the famous Mount Taihang to the west,Fenhe River in the centre and a railway from Datong to Fenglingdu across my hometown. T:What does the landscape look like? S7:Very beautiful.There are thick forests,clean rivers and pleasant climate.Resources of minerals are also rich,which is called “the Sea of Coal”.Many places of interest,like the ancient city Pingyao,Yungang Rock Cave and Mount Wutai are famous in the world. T:Well done!Now,look at the last part?Speaking at Page
  42.Let’s do some speaking.Choose one of the cards and ask each other questions.You can use a map to help you.Before speaking,please look at the sentence patterns on the screen.They may be of great help to you. (Teacher shows the following on the screen.) How long/wide/high/tall is the…? It’s…metres/feet long/wide/high/tall. There is…in the North. It looks like… Can you make a sentence using each sentence pattern on the screen? Ss:Yes. T:Who can try the first sentence pattern? S8:How tall is the building? T:Yes.Answer the question,please. S8:It’s about 100 feet tall. T:Very good.Make a sentence with the next sentence pattern.Any volunteer? S9:There is a famous mountain in the north. T:OK.Sit down,please.The last one? S10:It looks like a bird’s nest. T:Good job!Now,work in pairs to talk about your hometown.Ater a while,I’ll ask some
 

相关内容

高二英语下学期教案 Unit 16 The United States of America 2

   Unit 16 The United States of America Ⅰ.Brief Statements Based on the Unit The United States of America is a developed country and also a booming country,which has a history of only 200~300 years.After the USA was founded,the American Civil War brok ...

高二英语The United States of America课件1

   1.entry n 进入; 进入 竞赛参加者或作品 进入; 进入 a street with a ‘No Entry’ sign This music film is Mrs. Wilson's entry in the competition. 竞赛作品 The magazine received 400 entries for its poetry contest. 竞赛作品 There is nearly fifty entries for the Marathon race. 竞赛参 ...

英语:直击2010年之《高考优学》教材梳理??Unit_2__The_United_Kingdom(必修5)

   2010 年《高考风向标》 英语 高考风向标》 ? 目 第一部分 教材梳理 必修一 Unit 1 Friendship 单元要点预览 语言要点 词语辨析 词性变化 重点单词 重点词组 重点句子 课文要点 课文词汇填空 课文大意概括 课文佳句背诵与仿写 单元自测 Unit 2 English around the world 单元要点预览 语言要点 词语辨析 词性变化 重点单词 重点词组 重点句子 课文要点 课文词汇填空 课文大意概括 课文佳句背诵与仿写 单元自测 Unit 3 Travel ...

英语:直击2010年之《高考优学》教材梳理??Unit 5 The power of nature(选修6)

   2010 年《高考风向标》 英语 高考风向标》 ? 目 第一部分 教材梳理 必修一 Unit 1 Friendship 单元要点预览 语言要点 词语辨析 词性变化 重点单词 重点词组 重点句子 课文要点 课文词汇填空 课文大意概括 课文佳句背诵与仿写 单元自测 Unit 2 English around the world 单元要点预览 语言要点 词语辨析 词性变化 重点单词 重点词组 重点句子 课文要点 课文词汇填空 课文大意概括 课文佳句背诵与仿写 单元自测 Unit 3 Travel ...

牛津小学英语6B Unit 5 The seasons

   牛津小学英语 6B Unit 5 教学设计 学生年级 课题 六年级 The seasons 教材版本 课时 牛津小学英语 第一课时 教材简析 本课是牛津小学英语六年级下学期(6B)中的 Unit 5 The seasons 第二课时的教学内容。本课的核心内容是“季节”。所涉及的主要句型 有: Which season do you like best? I like… Why? Because it’s … I can…本课主要学习四会单词:spring, summer, autumn, w ...

新目标英语七年级上starter unit 1 period 2

   Language goal : "Greet people Hello! / Hi! Hello! / Hi! I’m Alice. I’m Bob. Good morning, Alice! Good morning, Bob! Teaching aims: 1.学会正确朗读和书写 学会正确朗读和书写Aa-Hh 学会正确朗读和书写 八个字母。 八个字母。 2.了解一些常用缩略字的含义。 了解一些常用缩略字的含义。 了解一些常用缩略字的含义 3.巩固所学的八个人名。 巩固所学的八个人名。 ...

高中英语复习资料-必修5 Unit2 The United Kingdom

   Unit 2 The United Kingdom 复习目标闯关 要点名师讲解 【重点单词】 1. convenience n.便利 方便 有益 有用的 方便的用具 便利, 便利 方便, 有益, 有用的, 【归纳】 inconvenience n. 不方便 第 1 页 共 18 页 convenient adj. 便利的,适宜的 at one's convenience 在某人方便的时候 for one's convenience(of)为了某人的方便 for convenience's s ...

The American Character (I)翻译 英语泛读教程3(高等教育出版社)

   参考译文 1. 课文一 2. 课文二 Text 1 The The American Character (I) by Bradford Smith 课文一 美国人的性格( 美国人的性格(一) 布拉德福德?史密斯 The following is part of an essay taken from Bradford Smith's book, Why We Behave Like Americans. Success as a goal and materialism, accordin ...

英语小说专题:《英语专业学生必读书目20本》American Literature

   American Literature 1, The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Howthorne 《红字》 霍桑著 , 红字》 小说惯用象征手法,人物,情节和语言都颇具主观想象色彩,在描写中又常把人的心理活动 和直觉放在首位.因此,它不仅是美利坚合众国浪漫主义小说的代表作,同时也被称作是美 利坚合众国心理分析小说的开创篇 2, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain 《哈克贝利 芬历险 , 哈克贝利.芬 ...

美国英语语法 Intermediate American English----第34课 动词不定式(一)

   动词不定式( 第三十四课 动词不定式(一) 一.本课要点及示例 本课要点及示例 在这一课里, 我们学习动词加上 to, t-o, to 再加上另外一个动词的用法, 比方 " 拒绝参加" refuse to join, "要求得到" demand to get 等等. 我们还要学习许 多 关于工会的词汇. 首先我们来听今天这一课的对话,内容是说凯特和他的同事比尔谈起了参加 教 师工会的事情, 请你注意听两位英文老师的发音和语调. F: Are you g ...

热门内容

简评西方语言学理论在我国英语教学中的应用

   简评西方语言学理论在我国英语教 ............... 学中的应用 ..... 简评西方语言学理论在我国英语教学中的应用 摘要:语言学是现代外语教学的理论基础,它是研究语言现象 语言规律和人际连用语言的功能 和规律的科学 西方各语言学流派对语言的性质、劝能语言的产生 发展等的研究,为现代英语教学法提 供了理论依据。在遗些语言学理论影响下,产生了各种教学方法。而这些方法卫或多或少曾在我国的英 语教学中发挥了作用。奉文仪通过剖析其中的三十教学法,采棒讨一下西方语言学思想置如何体现在妾 际 ...

小笨霖英语笔记本七十 男人真讨厌

   一般人对男生负面的刻板印象是什么呢? 好色? 不爱乾净? 很不巧的, 小笨霖自己也是男生, 所以我很能体会为什么世人会给予男人这样的评价. 这次我就以男人为主题, 告诉各位为什么男人真讨厌. 或许等下次材料收集充份了, 我再来告诉各位为什么男人真伟大. ^^ 1. You are such a guy. 他真是很男人啊. 如果有一个男生完全符合男人的刻板形象 (stereotype), 例如好色, 不爱乾净的话, 我们就可以直接说, "You are such a g ...

中科院考博英语大纲词组

   clear the air 消除误会 in the air 在空中,悬而未决 up in the air 尚未决定 off the air 停止播放 on the air 在播放 abandon oneself to 放纵自己,使自己沉溺于 on the alert 保持警觉 with abandon 放任,无拘无束 above all 尤其是,最重要的是 about to 刚要,即将 after all 毕竟,终究 keep abreast of 与……齐头并列 all but 几乎 ab ...

英语经典演讲20篇

   演讲人 演讲题目 演讲字数 1. 奥巴马 就职演讲 1048 2. 奥巴马 爱荷华之夜 1355 3. 奥巴马 无畏的希望(一)1046 4. 奥巴马 无畏的希望(二)1071 5. 马丁路德金 我有一个梦想(一)1511 6. 丁路德金 我有一个梦想(二)1524 7. 道格拉斯?马克阿瑟 责任、荣誉、国家 1749 8. 巴顿将军战前动员演讲(一)1178 9. 巴顿将军战前动员演讲(二)1053 10. 《穷爸爸 富爸爸》作者罗伯特?清崎 开放思想 1570 11. 肯尼迪就职演讲 1 ...

大学英语教案

   教案编号:no.5 教学时间:2009.9 教学班级: 授课类型:讲授新课 教学目的的要求: 1.Understand the text “Dad’s Blessings” 2. Master some language points 3. The students can master some grammar 教学重点:1 Some language points 2 grammar 分词 现在分词和过去分词 作定语和状语(A,B 级语法考点) 教学难点: 1.Master some w ...