Pre-reading

  1. adolescent n. a boy or girl in the period between a child and an adult 青少年 adj. of being an adolescent 青春期的 n. adolescence 青春, 青春期 辨析: adolescent, teenager, youth 和 kid
adolescent 通常指 13到18岁的青少年,较正式。 teenager 源于英语数词thirteen 至nineteen 中的后 缀“teen”, 通常指 13到19岁的青少年 。 youth 通常指 15岁以上的男性青年,含有贬义; the youth是青年的统称 。 kid 在美国英语中出来指孩子 外,也可以用来 指青年人,较为口语化。
Pre-reading
adolescence, adolescent, youth, teenager
  1) Boys or girls at their teenage are called teenagers . Adolescence
  2) is the time in a person’s life when he or she develops from a child into an adult. adolescent
  3) Everyone will have their experiences in his growth.
  4) The Communist Youth League is an youth organization of the of China.
Reading
2 . addict v. unable to free from a harmful habit, esp. of taking drugs 迷恋,上瘾 addict oneself to sth. 沉溺于某物 许多学生迷恋计算机游戏。 Many students addict themselves to computer games. / Many students are addicted to computer games. addiction n. 沉湎,成瘾 沉湎, be addicted to sth. 对……有瘾 有瘾 be addicted to doing sth. 专心做某事
Reading
addicted adj. 成习惯而离不开的 addictive adj. 使人上瘾的 addicted 和 addictive 的辨析: addicted 不能用作定语,主语必须是有行为能 力的人或动物,有被动含义。 addictive 可作定语或表语,做定语时,被修饰词通 常指事物;作表语时,主语一般是事物;有主动含义。 addictive
  1)Heroin(海洛因)is highly . addicted
  2)Nowadays, many children are to computer games.
Reading

  3. due to (
  1)由于,归功于 (
  1)由于, 由于

  1.一个人的想法和感知来自传统,习俗和(
  1.一个人的想法和感知来自传统,习俗和(他 一个人的想法和感知来自传统 所受的)教育。 所受的)教育。
What one thinks and feels is due to tradition,customs and education. ,

  2. 比赛因下雨而延期。 比赛因下雨而延期。
The game was put off due to the rain.
The old man said the accident careless driving, so a lot of money be paid by the driver. A. was due to; was due to B. due to; was due to C. is due to; has due to D. is due to; was due to (
  2) 预定应到的, 约定到期的, He is due to speak at the meeting tomorrow.
Reading
表示“由于,原因”的其他短 语: because of 因为,较口语化。 owing to 因为,较正式。
as a result of 因为 thanks to 多亏,归功于
because + 句子 由于,因为,表示的所叙 述的理由是本句的重点。
Reading

  4. accustomed adj. regular or usual 通常的
be/ get/ become/ grow accustomed to (doing) sth 习惯于( 习惯于(做)某事 习惯于( =be/ get used to (doing) sth 习惯于(做)某事 v. accustom 使(人)习惯于、养成习惯 习惯于、 适应, accustom+ n. /oneself + to + 名词 适应,习惯
  1) 他在炉火边惯常坐的座位上坐下来。 ) 他在炉火边惯常坐的座位上坐下来。 He took his accustomed seat by the fire.
Reading

  2) 我不习惯住在大城市。 ) 我不习惯住在大城市。 I’m not accustomed to living in a big city.
  3) 我的眼睛慢慢适应了黑暗。 我的眼睛慢慢适应了黑暗。 My eyes slowly grew accustomed to the dark.
  4) 她觉得有必要让孩子养成早起的习惯。 她觉得有必要让孩子养成早起的习惯。 She found it necessary to accustom her child to getting up early.

  5. bad-tempered
adj. 坏脾气 这是一个复合形容词。 这是一个复合形容词。
常见的复合形容词结构: 常见的复合形容词结构:
  1) 形容词+名词 形容词+名词+ed e.g. middle-aged
  2) 形容词+现在分词 形容词+ e.g. good-looking
  3) 副词+现在分词 副词+ e.g. hard-working
  4) 副词+过去分词 副词+ e.g. well-known well- educated well-meaning easy-going warm-hearted

  5) 名词+现在分词 名词+ e.g. peace-loving
  6) 名词+过去分词 名词+ e.g. man-made
  7) 名词+形容词 名词+ e.g. snow-white life-long 终生的 heart-felt 由衷的 English-speaking

  8) 数词+名词(+形容词) 数词+名词( 形容词) e.g. a three-hour drive 三个小时的行车路程 a twelve-year-old boy 一个 岁的男孩 一个12岁的男孩 a 100-kilometer-long river 一条 一条100千米长的河 千米长的河

  9) 数词+名词+ed 数词+名词+ e.g. one-eyed 一只眼的 three-legged 三条腿的 Ex This summer we’ll have vocation, so we can go to Europe. A. two-month’s C. a two-month B. two-months D. two month’s
Reading

  6. mental adj. of or relating to the mind 精神的;智力的 疯狂, 精神的;智力的; 疯狂,发疯 mentally adv.
go mental 非常生气;发疯 非常生气; mental illness 精神病 a mental state 精神状态 a mental test 精神测验
mental powers 智力
Reading
mental, mentally
  1) I tried to get a picture of him mental from her description.
  2) My dad will go when he mental finds out.
  3) It seemed that, after the accident, he was a little ill. mentally
  4)He was in good health both physically and . mentally

  7. manage
v. 完成,设法对付,管理,经营 完成,设法对付,管理,
manage sth 勉力完成某事 manage to do sth 设法做好某事 manage without 没有 没有…..也能应付过 也能应付过 manageable adj. 可 控 制 的 , 能 对 付 的 management n. 经营,管理 经营,
  1) I to say something, but my mouth was full of cotton wool(药棉). (药棉) A. succeeded C. arranged B. managed D. tried

  2) ?Need any help? --NO, I can . A. manage C. help B. make D. work

  3) I had hoped to send him a telegram to congratulate him on his marriage but I didn’t it. A. practice C. deal B. manage D. deliver

  8. quit v. 过去式和过去分词均为 过去式和过去分词均为quit / quitted,现在 , 分词为quitting,接动词的形式 分词为 ,接动词的形式-ing,意思是 , 停止做” 例如: “停止做”。例如: 她一怀孕便戒了烟。 她一怀孕便戒了烟。 She quit smoking when she got pregnant. I’ve tired of being treated like this. I quit.

  9. Eventually adv. at the end of a period of time or series of events 终于,最后 终于,
  1).我最后会叫人修理它的。 我最后会叫人修理它的。 我最后会叫人修理它的 I’ll get it mended eventually.
  2).失败了四次之后,我终于在第五次通过了驾 失败了四次之后, 失败了四次之后 驶考试。 驶考试。 After failing four times, I eventually passed my driving test on the fifth attempt.

  9. in spite of 不管,不顾 表示让步的复合介词,与despite同义,后接名词 或名词短语;despite则较为正式。
  1) While there was the language difficulty, we soon became friends. In spite of the language difficulty ,we became friends. soon

  2) Although it was very hot, he wore a black jacket. Despite/ In spite of the heat , he wore a black jacket.
Using Language
  1. get into 陷入,染上(怀习惯)
get into the habit of 养成……的习惯 = fall into the habit of = form the habit of Ex 那个女孩养成了阅读时玩弄头发的习惯。 The girl has got into the habit of playing with her hair while reading.
短语联想:
get into trouble 惹上麻烦 get into debt 负债累累
get into a temper 大发脾气
get into deep water 陷入困境 get into one’s head 有某种看法
Using Language
get into the way(of) 习惯于、学会
  2. risk
冒险的 n. 危险;风险 v. 冒……的危险 adj. 危险的,
take a risk/ risks
冒险 冒做某事的危险/风险
run the risk of doing sth
at risk 有危险 =at danger at the risk of doing sth 冒做某事的危险/风险 risk(doing) sth 冒(做)某事的风险;冒险(做)某事

  8. production
n. 生产,产量 produce vt. 生产,制造
product n.. 产品,制品
producer n. 生产者,制造商 productive adj. 生产的,多产的
The production of a new model car
  1). (新型轿车的 生产) will start next week.

  2). (计算机的产 量) has increased this year.
  3). This company (生产肉 食品)。
  4). These lands are highly (高产田)。
The production of computers
produces meat products
productive farming lands

  1). The young man of losing his life to save the drowning child. A. at the risk C. risked B. ran the risk D. took the risk

  2). The disease is spreading and all young children are. A. at the risk B. risked C. at risk D. taken a risk

  3). By criticizing the boss he losing his job. A. took the risk C. was at risk B. was at the risk D. risked Using Language
 

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