Unit 4 reading

  1. come about“发生”,只用于主动语 发生” 发生 类似的用法的有: 态,类似的用法的有: take place ,happen等。 等

  1.How has this come about and does it matter? 这是如何发生的,是否要紧 这是如何发生的,是否要紧?
  2. 你能告诉我事情是怎样发生的吗? 你能告诉我事情是怎样发生的吗?
Can you tell me how the accident came about?
Para1
Difficult Sentences

  2.There is no doubt that the earth is becoming warmer and that it is human activity that has caused this global warming rather than a random but natural phenomenon. 毫无疑问地球在变暖, 毫无疑问地球在变暖,但究竟是人类活动使地球变暖 还是它仅仅是一种自然现象,就此引发了激烈的争论。 还是它仅仅是一种自然现象,就此引发了激烈的争论。
毫无疑问, “There is no doubt that… “毫无疑问,” 毫无疑问
常用结构: 常用结构: There is no need…
没有必要… 没有必要 是没有问题的… 是没有问题的 没有理由… 没有理由
There is no question… There is no reason…
There is no possibility that… 是没有可能的 是没有可能的… There is no knowing/telling…没法知道 说… 没法知道/说 没法知道 It is a/no wonder that …真奇怪 真令人吃惊 真奇怪/真令人吃惊 真奇怪 真令人吃惊… It is no use/good that… It is no use/good doing sth…
约翰会不会准时来有些疑问。 约翰会不会准时来有些疑问。 有些疑问 There is some doubt whether John will come on time. 她说了实话, 她说了实话,这一点似乎是没有疑问。 There seems to be no doubt that she has told the truth.

  1. was no that he was a fine scholar. A. There; doubt C. There; wonder B. It; doubt D. It; question

  2. no knowing what he could do. He might get a job tomorrow. He might stay out of work for weeks. A. There is C. There was B. It is D. It was

  3.quantity n.
  1)【U】量(和质量相对) 和质量相对) ) 】 This company pays more attention to quality than to quantity. 这家公司重视质量多于重视数量。 这家公司重视质量多于重视数量。
  2)【C】数量,数目(指具体的数量) ) 】数量,数目(指具体的数量) In order to get high marks, the students do a large quantity of exercises. 为了取得高分,学生们做大量的练习。 为了取得高分,学生们做大量的练习。
搭配
  1: quantities of/a quantity of 搭配 : 大量的(后接可数或不可数名词) 大量的(后接可数或不可数名词) We have a large quantity of sugar/apples. 我们有大量的糖\苹果 苹果. 我们有大量的糖 苹果 in quantity 在数量上,大量地 在数量上, It is cheaper to buy goods in quantity. 大宗购物比较便宜。 大宗购物比较便宜。
注意: 注意:“a quantity of /quantities of + 名词“ 构成主语时, 名词“ 构成主语时,谓语动词的数通常 根据quantity的数来确定 的数来确定. 根据 的数来确定 There is a large quantity of food in the shop. = There are large quantities of food in the shop. 商店里有很多食品。 商店里有很多食品。
①可数名词和不可数名词均可修饰: 可数名词和不可数名词均可修饰: 均可修饰
lots of=a lot of, a quantity of =quantities of, a mass of =masses of, plenty of 只修饰可数名词 可数名词: ②只修饰可数名词: many, a great/large number of = large numbers of, a good/great many, scores of, dozens of ③只修饰不可数名词: 只修饰不可数名词: 不可数名词 much, a great/large amount of= large amounts of, a great/good deal of
Para2

  4. subscribe to
  1) 同意,支持 ) 同意, All scientists subscribe to the view that the increase in the earth’s temperature is due to the burning of fossil fuels. 所有科学家都赞同这个观点??正是由于 所有科学家都赞同这个观点 正是由于 化石燃料的燃烧才导致地球温度的升高。 化石燃料的燃烧才导致地球温度的升高。

  2)订购,订阅 )订购, I subscribed to several English magazines to improve my reading. 为了提高我的阅读能力, 为了提高我的阅读能力,我订阅了几份英语杂 志。
  3)向捐款,出钱 捐款, ) 捐款 They subscribed to local charities. 他们向当地的慈善机构捐钱。 他们向当地的慈善机构捐钱。 拓展: 拓展: subscription n.订金,订阅,签署 订金, 订金 订阅, Subscriber n.订户,捐献者 订户, 订户

  5.go up 上升,上涨,增长;盖起来,修 上升,上涨,增长;盖起来, 建起来 Prices have gone up again. 价格又上涨了。 价格又上涨了。 There are new houses going up along the river. 沿河建起了新房子。 沿河建起了新房子。

  6.result in 产生,导致( 产生,导致(lead to, cause sth to happen) 主语(起因) 宾语( 主语(起因)+result in +宾语(结果) 宾语 结果) Hard work results in success. result from 引起, 由…引起,产生( lie in, 引起
occur as a result of/because of ) 主语(结果) 宾语(起因) 主语(结果)+result from + 宾语(起因) His sickness resulted from eating too much.
as a result He worked hard. As a result, he succeeded in his career. 他努力工作,因此在事业上取得了成功。 他努力工作,因此在事业上取得了成功。 as a result of He succeeded in his career as a result of his hard work. 由于努力工作,他事业有成。 由于努力工作,他事业有成。
His sickness was caused by eating too much.
  1. His sickness resulted eating too much. from
  2. He was ill he had too much. because
  3. He was ill because of eating too much. As a result of
  4. eating too much, he was ill. resulted in
  5. Eating too much his illness. led to
  6. Eating too much his illness.
  7. He had too much. a result he was ill. As ,
同义表达

  7.be opposed to 反对 反对 She is strongly opposed to their plan. 她强烈反对他们的计划。 她强烈反对他们的计划。 Vt. 反对,抵制,阻扰 反对,抵制, oppose +n./pron./doing They opposed the new tax. 他们反对新税。 他们反对新税。 I oppose your going there alone. 我反对你单独去那里。 我反对你单独去那里。 I would oppose changing the law.
Para 9

  8. build up 逐渐增加。 逐渐增加。 After 4 o’clock, the traffic begins to build up. She built the business up from nothing. You need to build up your strength.
  9. Keep on doing = continue to do sth. She kept on working although she was tired. The rain kept on all night.
That is all.
 

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