Period 2 Language points
Useful words and expressions:

  1. in other words ( that is to say) 换句话说, 换句话说, 也就是说(用于解释前句得意思 用于解释前句得意思) 也就是说 用于解释前句得意思) 油价升了,换句话说,我们得多付钱了。 油价升了,换句话说,我们得多付钱了。 The price of gasoline has gone up. In other words, we have to pay more for it. 他们请他走人,也就是说,他被解雇了。 他们请他走人,也就是说,他被解雇了。 They asked him to leave, in other words, he was fired.

  2. adapt vt.
  1)使适应,使合适(adapt to 习惯于 使适应, 习惯于……,使适 使适应 使合适( , 应……) When he moved to Canada, the children adapted to the change very well. 他移居加拿大后,孩子们很能适应变化。 他移居加拿大后,孩子们很能适应变化。 他习惯了寒冷的天气。 他习惯了寒冷的天气。 He adapted himself to the cold weather.
  2) 改编,改写(其后经常跟 改编,改写(其后经常跟for/from) The play has been adapted from the French. 这个剧本是由法文改编过来的。 这个剧本是由法文改编过来的。
His novel has been adapted for the screen. 他的小说已被改编为电影。 他的小说已被改编为电影。 拓展: 拓展: adaptable adj. (人)能适应的,适应性强的; 能适应的,适应性强的; 可改造的, (物)可改造的,可改编的 adaptation n. 适应,适合,改编,改写 适应,适合,改编, adapter n. 适应者,改编者 适应者, adaptive adj. 适应的,适应性的 适应的,

  3. cut out
  1) 切去,剪断 切去, 我剪下一根树枝。 我剪下一根树枝。 I cut out a branch of the tree.
  2)删去,略去 )删去, 请删去那些无聊的细节吧。 请删去那些无聊的细节吧。 Please cut out the boring details.
  3)停止做某事 ) 由于肥胖,大夫叫我停止吃肉。 由于肥胖,大夫叫我停止吃肉。 The doctor told me to cut out meat for my fat. cut off 切断,剪断,砍断 cut up 切碎 切断,剪断, cut down 降低,减少 降低, cut in 插嘴,打断;发 插嘴,打断; 动
out of breath 上气不接下气 He rushed there and was out of breath. 他冲到那里,上气不接下气。 他冲到那里,上气不接下气。

hold one’s breath 闭气,屏气,屏息 闭气,屏气, take a breath 吸一口气

  5.Every time I returned after an absence, I felt stupid because I was behind the others. 每次缺课后,我就觉得自己很笨, 每次缺课后,我就觉得自己很笨,因为我比 别人落后。 别人落后。 every /each time 每次,每当。引导时间状语 每次,每当。 从句。 从句。 Every time I catch a cold, I have pain in my throat. 每当我感冒的时候,我都会喉咙痛。 每当我感冒的时候,我都会喉咙痛。 Each time he came to town he would visit our school. 每当他进城的时候, 每当他进城的时候,他都会来参观我们的学 校。

  6. all in all 总而言之;一切的一切 总而言之; He has his faults, but, all in all, he is a good helper. 他虽有缺点,但总起来说,他是一个好帮手。 他虽有缺点,但总起来说,他是一个好帮手。 总而言之,她的状况得到了很大的改善。 总而言之,她的状况得到了很大的改善。 All in all, her condition is greatly improved. 说真的,女儿对于她来说就是一切的一切。 说真的,女儿对于她来说就是一切的一切。 To tell you the truth, her daughter is all in all to her.

  7.sit around (= sit about) 闲坐着 The guys have nothing to do but sit around chatting. 这些家伙没有事干只能坐着闲聊。 这些家伙没有事干只能坐着闲聊。 不要坐着无所事事,快做事吧! 不要坐着无所事事,快做事吧! Don’t sit around and set to your business. well as + n/adj./v.-ing (= in addition to ) 除之外,还;不 之外, ; 之外 而且; 但而且 ;和;也 而且 She sings as well as playing the piano.(= She not only plays but also sings.) 她不但会弹钢琴,而且会唱歌。 她不但会弹钢琴,而且会唱歌。 She bought a computer as well as a camera yesterday. 他昨天买了一部电脑和相机。 他昨天买了一部电脑和相机。 注意: 还可表示“ 一样好, 注意:as well as还可表示“和一样好,健 还可表示 一样好 康 她弹得好,唱得也好。 她弹得好,唱得也好。 She sings as well as she plays. many ways 在许多方面 He can help me in many ways. 他在很多方面都能帮助我。 他在很多方面都能帮助我。 在很多方面他都是我们青少年的榜样。 在很多方面他都是我们青少年的榜样。 In many ways , he is the model of our teenagers. in a/one way 在某种程度上 in the way 妨碍,挡道 妨碍, on one’s way to 在途中 途中 out of one’s way 不再挡道 by the way 顺便提一下

  10. make fun of = make a fool/fools of sb., play a joke on sb. 取笑 e.g. It’s bad manners to make fun of disabled people. 取笑残疾人是不礼貌的行为。 取笑残疾人是不礼貌的行为。 他意识到自己被人取笑。 他意识到自己被人取笑。 He realized he was being made fun of. 辨析: 辨析: 嘲笑 laugh at sb. play a trick on sb.


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