Unit-1 Paraphrase

  1) little donkeys went in and out among the people and from one side to another
  3) they drop some of items that they don't really want and begin to bargain seriously for a low price
  5) As you get near it, a variety of sounds begin to strike your ear.
E-C: 1 、 此时此刻显现在我脑海中的这个中东集市, 其入口处是一座古老的砖石结构的哥特式拱门。 你首先要穿过一个赤日耀眼、 灼热逼人的大型露天广场,然后走进一个凉爽、幽暗的洞穴。这市场一直向前延伸,一眼望不到尽头,消失在远处的阴影里。
  4.、磙轴的一端与一根立柱相连,使石磙可以绕立柱作旋转运动,另一端则套在一头蒙着眼罩的骆驼身上,通过骆驼不停地 绕圈子走动来带动石磙旋转。
  5、 这套装置是由一个人操作的。他先将亚麻籽浆铲入一只大石缸里,继而动作利索地爬上令人头晕目眩的高处系牢缆索, 然后全身使劲压在一根用树干做成的粗大的横梁上,带动缆索的滑轮装置运转。古木大梁压得嘎吱作响,缆索开始绷紧,接 着便见一滴滴的油沿着一条石槽流入一只废旧汽油桶里。 随着大梁越压越低, 缆索越绷越紧, 大梁的嘎吱声, 石磙的辘辘声, 以及骆驼不时发出的咕噜咕噜的呼吸声和叹息声响成一片, 榨出的油也很快地由涓滴细流变成了一股晶莹发亮、 奔腾不止的 洪流。
C-E

  1) A zig-zag path loses itself in the shadowy distance of the woods.
  3) I really don't know what it is that has made him so angry.
  5) Beyond the mountains there is a vast grassland that extends as far as the eye can see.
  7) The teachers make a point of being strict with the students.
  9) To achieve the four modernization, we make a point of learning from the advanced science and technology of other countries.
  11) The apprentice watched his master carefully and then followed suit. UNIT-2
Paraphrase

  2)As soon as the taxi driver saw a traveler, he immediately opened the door.
  4)1 suffered from a strong feeling of shame when I thought of the scene of meeting the mayor of Hiroshima wearing my socks only.
  6)After three days in Japan one gets quite used to bowing to people as a ritual to show gratitude.
  8)I thought for some reason or other no harm had been done to me. E-C

  3.在这个以牡蛎闻名的城市里有两种截然不同的意见,一种主张保存原子弹爆炸留下的痕迹,另一种则主张销毁一切痕迹, 甚至要拆除立于爆炸中心的纪念碑。这一派人还要求拆掉原子博物馆。”
  4.假如你身上有着明显的原子伤痕,你的孩子就会受到那些没有伤痕的人的歧视。男人们谁也不愿娶一个原子弹受害者的 女儿或侄女为妻。他们害怕核辐射会造成遗传基因病变。”
  5.每当我从死神那儿挣脱出来的那一天,每当病痛将我从尘世烦恼中解放出来的那一天,我都要叠一只新的小纸鸟,加到 原有的纸鸟群里去。我就这样看着这些纸鸟,庆幸病痛给自己带来的好运。因为正是我的病痛使我有了怡养性情的机会。” C-E

  5)
  8)
  10)
  11)
He was so deep in thought that he was oblivious of what his friends were talking about. I have had the matter on my mind for a long time. It was only after a few minutes that his words sank in. The soil smells of fresh grass.
UNIT-3
Paraphrase
1 ) It was not at all possible to catch a large amount of fish.
  3) keeps its engines running for fear that if he stops them, the metal parts would be frozen solid and the engines would not be able to start again
  5) Since miles of forest are being destroyed and the habitat for these rare birds no longer exists, thousands of birds which we have not even had a chance to see will become extinct.
  7) We are using and destroying resources in such a huge amount that we are disturbing the balance between daylight and darkness.
  9) To put forword the question in a different way ll) We seem unaware that the earth's natural systems are delicate.
E-C
  3、当前人类文明对全球环境的威胁的战略实质以及全球环境的变化对人类文明的威胁的战略实质向我们提出了一系列相似
的挑战, 同时也使我们产生了一些自欺欺人的期望。 有的人认为, 有了某种崭新的终极技术??不管是核能还是基因工程?? 就可以解决这个问题。 还有的人则认为, 只有大大减少我们对技术的依赖才能改善人类的生存环境??这种看法充其量是一 种简单化的看法。真正的解决办法要从重新设计以及最终弥合文明与地球间的关系中去寻找。要完成这一点,只有通过重新 仔细估量导致这种关系在较近时期内发生的剧烈变化的所有各种因素才行。 改变我们与地球的关系的途径当然会涉及到新技 术的发明和应用,但关键的变化将与对这种关系本身的新的思路有关。
UNITE-4 C-E

  2) If you are upright and not afraid of losing anything, you will be able to look anyone in the eye.
  4) This blouse doesn't match the color or the style of the skirt.
  6) I can't imagine you doing disgraceful things.
  8) Stepping off from the car, the official was confronted by two terrorists.
  10) She was shocked at the news, but before long she recomposed herself. UNITE-5
Paraphrase

  2) Winant said the United States would adopt the same attitude.
  4)I will not take back a single word of what I have said about Communism.
  6) We shall be more determined and shall make better and fuller use of our resources.
E-C

  2、如果希特勒认为他对苏维埃俄国的进攻会使那些决心埋葬他的伟大的民主国家稍稍转移目标或松懈斗志的 话,那他就大错特错了。
  4、他期望能以空前的规模再度重演他长期以来赖以发迹的将敌手各个击破的故伎,然后便可以腾出场地来演出 最后的一幕??将整个西半球置于他的控制和统治之下。他知道,如果做不到这一点,他的全部战果都将化为 泡影。
C-E
  1) This is true of the rural area as well as of the urban area.
  3) I don't remember his exact words, but I'm sure he did say something to that effect.
  5) Only 9% of the population in that country remains illiterate.
  7) The guests were overwhelmed by the warm reception.

  9) Their difficulty is our difficulty just as we view their victory as our own victory. UNIT-6
词汇:IV.
  1)advertisement
  2) brassiers
  3)doctor
  4)refrigerator
  5)gymnasium
  6)high fidelity(radio, photography, etc. )
  7) intercommunication system
  8)liberation
  9)memorandum
  10)microphone
  11)modern
  12)permanent wave
  13)poliomyelitis
  14)popular-song
  15)preparatory (school)
  16)professor
  17)sister
  18)television
  19)veterinarian
  20)zoological C-E
  1)There is no call for hurry.Take your time. . .
  3)He tried every means to conceal the fact. .
  5)We will have our meeting at 10 tomorrow morning unless notified otherwise. .
  7) Would it be possible to reach that place before dark assuming we set out at 5 o'clock(in the morning)?
  9) I know you are from the South. Your accent has betrayed you. UNIT-7
Paraphrase
  1) The breakthrough in microelectronics will change people's lives in ways no one has ever thought of before.
  3) The computer might appear to make human beings machinelike,but it can bring some human qualities into our lives as well.
  5) It is the young Americans who will gain most of the advantages from the electronic revolution. E-C

  1、正如工业革命替人类承担了大量繁重的体力劳动,并极大地发展了生产力一样,微型计算机正迅速地 替人类承担起大量繁重的脑力劳动,并以人们现在才开始掌握的各种方式扩大了人脑的功能。
  4、。”神奇的集成电路片必然会以既有益又有效的方式影响美国生活,计算机革命正在促进人的智力发展, 解放人的四肢,将人类生活提到一个更高的水平。 V.词汇
  1)miniradar 超小型雷达
  2)superpower 超级大国
  3)miniskirt 超短裙
  4)minipants 超短裤
  5)superfine 过分精细的,(商品)特级的
  6)minibus 小型公共汽车,面包车
  7)superhigh frequency 超 高频率
  8)superhighway 超级公路
  9)superhuman 超人的,神的,超过常人的
  10)minicamera 小型照相机 C-E

  2) This device is capable of sending messages to the other hemisphere within a couple of seconds.
  6) Please give me a rundown of last week's news.
  8) In a few years, the TV set will be within the reach of the average family.
  11) It is estimated that by the end of this year there will be 120 000 machine men(robots 1 working at various posts in service of the human race.
UNIT-8
Paraphrase

  1) He imagined that the machine could record informal communication between departments in a company but other people thought it could be used to record music.
  3) For example, you film a video which you think has special artistic pretensions.
  5) another electronic Library which has a large number of video tapes with recordings of the actual shootings and killings available in video game shops
  7) ordering films which you will pay for watching and getting bills piled up by doing shopping at home paying with creditcards
  9) "Interactivity" for the time being may be the most used word which has little meaning but sounds impressive to outsiders while "convergence" follows "interactivity" closely in the second place in frequency.
  11) The solution to the problem is t0 use fiber optics?
  13) Try to think what the conversation would be like:“I have got a user who will suit you fine!”
E-C

  3、如果对 7 信息公路收费过高,相互作用就会扩大富人与穷人、有钱联网者和无钱联网者之间的差距。有的计划要求在相 互作用的第一阶段对“黑盒子”收几百美元。其他计划便宜一些,但仍然要对使用这些设施收费。一种意见是免费向所有用户 提供大部分资料,就跟公共图书馆对外借书一样。如果真能那样.有些专家认为新技术可能最终会有一种民主化的效果。人 人有机会使用信息库可能使机会均等,“这是从杰出人物统治论转向类似人民党主义的做法,”美国菲利浦相互作用媒介公司 的伯纳德?鲁斯金说道。
.词汇
  1)personal computer 私人电脑
  2)differential aptitude test 鉴别能力倾向测验
  3)computer aided designing 计算机辅助设计
  4)computer aided manufacturing 计算机辅助制造
  5)United Nations Development Programme 联合国发展方案(联合国发展署)
  6)United Nations Institute for Training and Research 联合国训练研究所
  7)World Health Organization 世界卫生组织(联合国)
  8)unidentified flying object 不明飞行物,飞碟
  9)International Monetary Fund 国际货币基金组织
  10)most favored nation 最惠国
  11)Special Drawing Rights(国际货币基金组织的)特别提款权
  12)free on board 装运港船上交货
C-E

  2)The dress is available in all sizes.
  4)The children have lots of fun playing the video games.
  6)Right now.“tailoring” is the buzzword in executive suites of multinational corporations.
  8)Some tabloids are trying hard to cater to the low taste of some readers for the sake of making money.
  10)A stadium with a seating capacity of 80 000 is under construction.
  12)Only a few people had access to the details of the case.
  14)The two rivals competed with each other so fiercely that they kept tabs on every move of the opponent.
  16) He is keen on all kinds of new things and has preference for computers.
 

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