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高级英语近义词辨析题汇总下册(共 高级英语近义词辨析题汇总下册 共 128 题)

  1. It took him three years to pay off all the debts (occurred, incurred) by buying that new house. Occur: to happen Incur: if you incur a cost, debt, or a fine, you have to pay money because of something you have done, or you do not make money
  2. The boy gave an (ingenuous, ingenious) account of what had happened, concealing nothing. Ingenuous: an ingenuous person is simple, trusting, and honest, especially because they have not had much experience of life Ingenious: someone who is ingenious is very good at inventing things or at thinking of new ideas
  3. He gave such (implicit, explicit) instructions that everyone understood them. Implicit: suggested or understood without being stated directly Explicit: expressed in a way that is very clear and direct
  4. The two brothers (compliment, complement) each other; one is impulsive, the other, cautious. Compliment: to say something nice to someone in order to praise them Complement: to make a good combination with someone or something else(相辅 相成,结合得很好)
  5. The little boy (stimulated, simulated) illness not to go to school. Stimulate: to encourage or help an activity to begin or develop further Simulate: to make or produce something that is not real but has the appearance or feeling of being real
  6. Sitting alone in his room, he (wondered, brooded) over his failure to get a job after a whole year of trying. Wonder: to think about something that you are not sure about and try to guess what is true, what will happen etc Brood: to keep thinking about something that you are worried or upset about
  7. She has had a (grudge, malice) against me ever since I turned down her unreasonable request. Grudge: a feeling of dislike for someone because you cannot forget that they harmed you in the past Malice: the desire to harm someone because you hate them
  8. After graduating from the business school, he went to work in a big corporation and proved to be quite a (shrewd, cunning) businessman. Shrewd: good at judging what people or situations are really like Cunning: someone who is cunning is clever and good at deceiving people in order to get what they want
  9. (Invariably, Unchangeably) strict with himself, he went over the accounts yet another time. Invariably: if something invariably happens or is invariably true, it always happens or is true Unchangeably: not likely to change, or changing often
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  10. Many people are worried by what they think is (unaccustomed, undesirable) scenes on TV for the children. Unaccustomed: not used to something Undesirable: something or someone that is undesirable is not welcome or wanted because they may affect a Situation or person in a bad way
  11. It is impossible to sort out all the (squabbles, debates) among the children. Sometimes one just has to ignore them. Squabbles: to argue about something unimportant Debates: to discuss a subject formally when you are trying to make a decision or find a solution
  12. It is such a (pitiful, sympathetic) sight to see the elderly people sitting on park benches, lonely and expressionless. Pitiful: someone who is pitiful looks or sounds so sad and unfortunate that you feel very sorry for them(直接修饰人) Sympathetic: caring and feeling sorry about someone's problems(可跟人或物或 动作)
  13. The party over, the guests gone, she looked at the empty rooms and sank into (anguish, melancholy). Anguish: mental or physical suffering caused by extreme pain or worry Melancholy: a feeling of sadness for no particular reason
  14. He (stumbled, tumbled) on the pavement and twisted his ankle. Stumble: to walk in an unsteady way and often almost fall Tumble: to fall down quickly and suddenly, especially with a rolling movement
  15. What happened to them on the trip was a nightmare, which left them (unspeakably, pitifully) furious for weeks. Unspeakably: unspeakable feelings are so extreme that it is impossible to describe them Pitifully: very bad in quality( 作 副 词 只 表 示 这 个 意 思 ) (上述为形容词解释)
  16. The vulgar commercial which followed broke the (spell, appeal) of the film. Break the spell: to make someone stop paying all their attention to something, or to make a time stop feeling special Appeal: an urgent request for something important(作为名词的其中一个意思)
  17. His six-year experience gave him a big (advantage, strength) over the other applicants for the job. Advantage: something that helps you to be more successful than others, or the state of having this Strength: the physical power and energy that makes someone strong
  18. These rules and regulations not only apply to the graduate students, but to the school (on the whole, as a whole). on the whole: used to say that something is generally true(大体上,基本上) as a whole: used to say that all the parts of something are being considered together(从总体上来考虑)
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  19. We (met, encountered) a serious setback in the battle when our supplies were intercepted by the enemy. Meet: to go to a place where someone will be at a particular time, according to an arrangement, so that you can talk or do something together Encounter: to experience something, especially problems or opposition(遭遇); to meet someone without planning to(偶遇)
  20. I was very sick and was (confined to, limited to) bed for over two weeks. Be confined to: to exist in or affect only a particular place or group(限制) Be limited to: to exist or happen only in a particular place, group, or area of activity(限于)
  21. The local newspaper gave an extensive (coverage, reporting) of the trial. Coverage: when a subject or event is reported on television or radio, or in newspapers Reporting: the activity of writing about news events for a newspaper or telling people about them on television or on the radio
  22. The singer was fully (justifiable, justified) in suing the newspaper for slander. Justifiable: actions, reactions, decisions etc that are justifiable are acceptable because they are done for good reasons Justified: having an acceptable explanation or reason(be justified in doing 固定 搭配)
  23. This magazine is intended to (attract, appeal to) millions of college students in China. Attract: to make someone interested in something, or make them want to take part in something Appeal to: if someone or something appeals to you, they seem attractive and interesting
  24. Jamaica (functioned, worked) as a center of the American slave trade in the 18th century until the abolition of slavery in 18
  33. Function as: if something functions as a particular thing, it does what that type of thing normally does, or is used as that thing(起某物的作用或功能) Work: if something such as a fact, situation, or system works in a particular way, it has a particular effect on someone or something(起作用,不与 as 连用)
  25. These underground pipes are (interrelated, interconnected). Interrelate: if two things interrelate, they are connected and have an effect on each other Interconnected: if two systems, places etc are interconnected, or if they interconnect, they are joined together
  26. Nuclear power is (inherently, naturally) both dangerous and powerful. Inherently: a quality that is inherent in something is a natural part of it and cannot be separated from it Naturally: use this to say that something is normal and not surprising
  27. The (one-time, once) bus driver is now a famous pop singer. One-time: former
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Once: on one occasion only
  28. The film is (based, established) on a novel by Lu Xun. Be based on: to use something as the thing from which something else is developed establish: to start a company, organization, system, etc that is intended to exist or continue for a long time(不与搭配 on)
  29. Spoiled children will not manage to live against (difficulty, adversity). Difficulty: if you have difficulty doing something, it is difficult for you to do(不 可数解释) Adversity: a situation in which you have a lot of problems that seem to be caused by bad luck(逆境)
  30. He got the job by (false, fraudulent) means; he said he had ten years of working experience. False: not real, but intended to seem real and deceive people Fraudulent: intended to deceive people in an illegal way, in order to gain money, power etc
  31. Mental problems of all ages are not totally (untreatable, incurable). Untreatable: a treatable illness or injury can’t be helped with drugs or an operation(不可治疗的) Incurable: an illness that is curable can be cured. (无可救药的)
  32. The students are advised to (conserve, preserve) water and electricity. Conserve: to use as little water, energy etc as possible so that it is not wasted(这 个意思是独有的) Preserve: to protect something and prevent it from changing or being damaged(conserve 也有这个意思)
  33. She took the skirt out of the suitcase and found it terribly (pleated, wrinkled). Pleated: a pleated skirt, dress etc has a lot of flat narrow folds Wrinkled: skin or cloth that is wrinkled has small lines or folds in it
  34. The owner of the house came back and discovered that his house had been broken into during his absence. He (snooped around, checked) to see if anything valuable had been stolen. snoop around: to try to find out about someone's private affairs by secretly looking in their house, examining their possessions etc(调查, 窥探) Check: to do something in order to find out whether something really is correct, true, or in good condition
  35. Since their father lost his job, their mother was hard up and always bought them (shabby, cheap) clothes. Shabby: shabby clothes, places, or objects are untidy and in bad condition because they have been used for a long time Cheap: not at all expensive, or lower in price than you expected
  36. He needed the money, so he said he didn’t (care for, mind) the long working hours as long as he was well paid. Care for: to look after someone who is not able to look after themselves; to do
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things that keep something in good condition Mind: [usually in questions and negatives] to feel annoyed or upset about something
  37. He lost interests in the debate, merely sitting there totally (unconcerned, unbent). Unconcerned: not worried about something because you think it does not affect you Unbend: to relax and start behaving in a less formal way
  38. While you are in the bookstore, please (keep an eye for, look at) dictionary that I have been looking for. Keep an eye for: to watch carefully so that you will notice when someone or something appears look at: to turn your eyes towards something, so that you can see it(其中的一个 意思)
  39. The elderly couple always avoids parties and gatherings. They are the kind of people who (keep from, keep to) themselves. keep from: to prevent someone from doing something or prevent something from happening to prevent someone from knowing something, by deliberately not telling them about it (隐瞒,阻止) keep to oneself: to live a very quiet private life and not do many things that involve other people (不交际)
  40. He knew there was (no use, no need) going back to the market place to look for the pocket book, but he went anyway to make her feel better. Be no use doing: used to tell someone not to do something because it will have no effect There’s no need for sb.to do sth: used to say that someone does not have to do something
  41. She (held back, held forth) her criticism on the plan because she needed more time to think about it. hold back: to make someone or something stop moving forward(阻止,抑制) hold forth (on): to give your opinion on a subject, especially for a long time(滔滔 不绝,大谈特谈)
  42. Marry had an uneasy feeling that something terrible was going to happen. Was she becoming (ignorant, superstitious)? Ignorant: not knowing facts or information that you ought to know Superstitious: influenced by superstitions Superstition: a belief that some objects or actions are lucky or unlucky, or that they cause events to happen, based on old ideas of magic
  43. Ron said he would always (remember, have on his mind) the wonderful trip to the great wall. Remember: to have a picture or idea in your mind of people, events, places etc from the past Have on his mind: if something is on your mind, you keep thinking or worrying about it; if something is on your mind, that is what you are thinking about
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  44. The glass fell from the shelf and (went, broke) to pieces. Go to pieces: if a person or what they do goes to pieces, they are so upset or nervous that they cannot live, work, or perform as they should(瓦解,身体垮掉) Break to/into pieces: if you break something, you make it separate into two or more pieces, for example by hitting it, dropping it, or bending it (成为碎片)
  45. I like Walter and have always enjoyed his (pleasant, pleasantry) company. Pleasant: enjoyable or attractive and
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