ished his first book (devoted, dedicated) to his respected Professor David Lawrence. Devote: to use all or most of your time, effort etc in order to do something or help someone Dedicate: to say at the beginning of a book or film, or before a piece of music, that it has been written, made, or performed for someone that you love or respect
  97. She is a (snobbish, proud) person and does not want to live on charity. Snobbish: behaving in a way that shows you think you are better than other people because you are from a higher social class or know more than they do Proud: having respect for yourself, so that you are embarrassed to ask for help when you are in a difficult situation
  98. The incident was so bizarre that even though they saw it with their own eyes, when they related it later, they found it hardly (creditable, credible). Creditable: deserving praise or approval Credible: deserving or able to be believed or trusted
  99. You have to be (reasonable, judicious), how can you expect him to work full time in the factory and at the same time get his M.A. degree in two years’ time? Reasonable: fair and sensible(合理的,明理的) Judicious: done in a sensible and careful(判断正确的) 1
  00. The story had been (retold, reiterated) by so many people that by the time I heard it, the version had become quite different. Retell: to tell a story again, often in a different way or in a different language Reiterated: to repeat a statement or opinion in order to make your meaning as
clear as possible 1
  01. When her son called to say that he would be home for the summer, she was very (complacent, happy). Complacent: pleased with a situation, especially something you have achieved, so that you stop trying to improve or change(沾沾自喜而不思进取) Happy: having feelings of pleasure, for example because something good has happened to you or you are very satisfied with your life 1
  02. They started the business together, but after a couple of years their relationship became (questionable, problematical) so they had to part company. Questionable: not likely to be good, honest, or useful(可疑的) Problematical: involving problems and difficult to deal with(难处理,难了解的) 1
  03. When what your teacher wants you to do is good for you, you should be (docile, obedient). Docile: quiet and easily controlled(温顺的,一般形容动物) Obedient: always doing what you are told to do, or what the law, a rule etc says you must do 1
  04. If the media (lavish, give) praises on the young athletes, it might not be good for them. Lavish: to give someone or something a lot of love, praise, money etc Give: to let someone have something as a present, or to provide something for someone(其中一个意思) 1
  05. I find cooking a good way of (releasing, freeing) tension. Releasing: to express or get rid of feelings such as anger or worry(这是其独有的 意思) Freeing: to allow someone to leave prison or somewhere they have been kept as a prisoner(release 也有此意) 1
  06. Away from the madding crowd, many city-dwellers spend their weekends in the countryside to enjoy (peace, tranquility). Peace: a very quiet and pleasant situation in which you are not interrupted Tranquility: pleasantly calm, quiet, and peaceful Away/far from the Mad-ding crowd: (18
  74) a novel by Thomas Hardy about people living in a country village in the west of England during Victorian times. The title of the book, which Hardy took from a famous poem by Thomas Gray, is often used as a phrase to mean the peacefulness and quietness of the country. 1
  07. That rickety chair (fell, collapsed) under the weight of the heavy wrestler. Fall: to move or drop down from a higher position to a lower position Collapse: if a building, wall etc collapses, it falls down suddenly, usually because it is weak or damaged Rickety: a rickety structure or piece of furniture is in very bad condition, and likely to break easily 1
  08. He (grabbed, grasped) the rope with both hands and pulled it with all his strength. Grab: to take hold of someone or something with a sudden or violent movement(抓取,抢夺)
Grasp: to take and hold something firmly(抓紧) 1
  09. It is an excellent plan, but it would be very difficult to (execute, perform) it with our limited funds. Execute: to do something that has been carefully planned Perform: to do something, especially something difficult or useful 1
  10. More and more Chinese people are now (concerning, involving) themselves with the increasingly serious environmental problems. Concern yourself with: to become involved in something because you are interested in it or because it worries you Involve sb. In doing: to ask or allow someone to take part in something 1
  11. The only (left, remaining) question is who should be the next chairman of the committee. Left: if something is left, it remains after everything else has gone, been taken away, or used(只能表语) Remaining: the remaining people or things are those that are left when the others have gone, been used, or been dealt with 1
  12. The village was hit by a (vigorous, violent) storm. Vigorous: using a lot of energy and strength or determination Violent: involving actions that are intended to injure or kill people, by hitting them, shooting them etc 1
  13. In spite of his weakness his (rugged, dogged) determination helped him to win the race. Rugged: sturdy, robust, tough (looking) (健壮,结实,看上去坚强) Dogged: dogged behavior shows that you are very determined to continue doing something(不屈不挠的) 1
  14. The time between two distinct periods of history, art or literature is called a period of (transmission, transition). Transmission: the process of sending out electronic signals, messages etc, using radio, television, or other similar equipment(传播,传送) Transition: when something changes from one form or state to another(过渡) 1
  15. Unaware of the truth, thousands of people gathered there, (clamoring, glamorizing) for legal recognition of their organization. Clamoring: to demand something loudly(大声要求,抗议) Glamorizing: to make something seem more attractive than it really is(贬义美 化) 1
  16. (Accusation, condemnation) of the bombing the embassy went swiftly across the country. Accusation: a statement saying that someone is guilty of a crime or of doing something wrong Condemnation: an expression of very strong disapproval of someone or something, especially something you think is morally wrong 1
  17. The speaker went on reading his prepared speech without a (consciousness, conscientiousness) that the audience is already getting bored. Consciousness: the condition of being awake and able to understand what is
happening around you Conscientiousness: careful to do everything that it is your job or duty to do 1
  18. The death of their lovely daughter landed them in great (ecstasy, anguish). Ecstasy: a feeling of extreme happiness Anguish: mental or physical suffering caused by extreme pain or worry 1
  19. A teacher should not be (segmental, partial) to any of his students. Segmental: to divide something into parts that are different from each other (部 分的, 断节的) Partial: unfairly supporting one person or one group against another(偏袒,偏爱 的) 1
  20. The restaurant is small but cozy with an (amenity, ambience) of ease, friendliness, and elegance. Amenity: something that makes a place comfortable or easy to live in(使适宜便 利的设施) Ambience: the qualities and character of a particular place and the way these make you feel; atmosphere 1
  21. His (unfailing, lasting) courage and wisdom helped him overcome difficulties in times of adversity. Unfailing: always there, even in times of difficulty or trouble(不懈的) Lasting: strong enough, well enough planned etc to continue for a very long time(持久的) 1
  22. The students’ puzzled, (uncomprehending, incomprehensible) look shows that they find the professor’s explanation (uncomprehending, incomprehensible). Uncomprehending: not understanding what is happening Incomprehensible: difficult or impossible to understand 1
  23. The son felt (contented, relieved) upon learning that his mother was out of danger. Contented: happy and satisfied because your life is good Relieved: feeling happy because you are no longer worried about something 1
  24. The boat is (weighed, weighted) with overloading. Weigh: if something weighs you down, it is heavy and difficult to carry(另有权 衡考虑的意思) Weight: hold something down with a weight(在某物上加重物使之向下,与 with 搭配) 1
  25. Reference books and periodicals may not be (moved, removed) from the reading-room Move: to change from one place or position to another, or to make something do this Remove: to take something away from, out of, or off the place where it is 1
  26. The pianist’s fingers darted (easily, effortlessly) over the keys. Easily: without problems or difficulties Effortlessly: something that is effortless is done in a very skilful way that makes it seem easy 1
  27. Bob has shown amazing (persistence, perseverance) in trying to persuade
me to go camping with him in the rain forest. Persistence: determination to do something even though it is difficult or other people oppose it(不顾反对而坚持) Perseverance: determination to keep trying to achieve something in spite of difficulties - use this to show approval(毅力) 1
  28. The traitor was eternally (tormented, disturbed) by feelings of guilt. Tormented: to make someone suffer a lot, especially mentally Disturbed: worried or upset



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