Detailed Study of the Text
  1. slip: to move slidingly, smoothly, secretly or unnoticed. it carries a stronger implication of a frictionless than slide.
  2. lump: a mass of sth. solid without a special size of shape a lump of lead, sugar Black coffee, 2 lumps, please! a hard swelling on the body She was afraid when she felt a lump in her left breast to have a lump in one's throat: to have a tight feeling in the throat because strong emotion, such as sorrow or gratitude, to have one's throat choked, to have a feeling of pressure, being unable to breath, a tight sensation in the throat caused by unexpressed pity, sorrow, excitement, etc. All during her husband's funeral, she had ... John's mother had a ... at his college graduation. The strong sensation of excitement and sorrow made me unable to breathe or to speak as if my throat was choked, as if my throat got blocked by sth. solid.
  3. on my mind: troubling one's thoughts, causing anxiety, unhappiness. When you have sth on your mind, you can't get rid of it, you are completely preoccupied, and obsessed. His failure weighs heavily on him mind. He has got too much on his mind to worry about your problem. I am glad you want to talk about this. It's been on my mind for weeks. cf: in one's mind: think about, think of I think I know what's in your mind. Her mother was always in her mind.
  4. the very act of stepping on this soil: act and action: Action refers primarily to the process of acting; act to the result, the things done. An action is usually regarded as occupying some time and involving more than one step; an act is more frequently thought of as momentary of instantaneous and as individual. The rescue of a shipwrecked crew is a heroic action while the launching of the
lifeboat, a brave act. a course of action on this soil: on this land, on this earth, ground The word SOIL conveys a strong emotion, it is an emotive word. A person in exile comes back to his motherland, he kneels down to kiss the soil. Here is suggests the emotion of the author. He thinks his country is responsible for the A-bomb destruction. He is preoccupied. He has the feeling of atoning (making repayment) for the crime.
  5. adventure: a journey that is strange and exciting and often dangerous, sth. you do or a situation you become involved in that is rather unusual, exciting and dangerous. From the text itself one can clearly see that the meaning is “trip” since it is followed by this word. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Huckleberry Finn
  6. reportorial: (not in Longman or ALD) belonging to, of, about a reporter. the adj. form of reporter
  7. crime: an offence which is punishable by law Here: an immoral act
  8. appear Appear, Look, and Seem can mean to be as stated in one's view or judgement, but not necessarily in fact. Seem suggests an opinion based on subjective impression rather than objective signs. He seems tired. My other visits to Beijing were twenty years ago. How would it seem after such a long time? Look implies that the opinion is based on a general visual impression. His lips looked unnatural. He looks nervous. Appear suggests a distorted impression, such as can be produced by a restricted point of view. His tongue could make the worse appear the better reason. He appeared not to have heard what had been said about him. He appears / seems / looks to be / like an honest man.

  9. preoccupy: to fill the thoughts or hold the interest of, to fill one's mind completely so that not enough attention is given to other present matters When he is preoccupied with his hobby, he has no idea of what is going on around him. I was too preoccupied to hear the bell. He had a preoccupied look on his face, as if sth. was troubling him. preoccupation: extreme concern for sth. Reading is his main preoccupation. It seemed to me that the Japanese did not have the same extreme concern which is bothering me. I was totally absorbed in the consideration of the crime, but the Japanese did not appear to be so. My mind was completely filled with sad thoughts ...
  10. rub shoulders with: to meet and mix with (people) This is not the sort of club where the great rub shoulders with the humble. A person in my position rubs shoulders with all kinds of people. In our class, people of all trades (porter, carpenter, coppersmith, etc.) rubber shoulders with each other.
  11. oblivious: be unaware of, not noticing, unconscious of, lacking mindful attention Their government is oblivious of the rights of the governed. I am oblivious of my former failure. I was so preoccupied with the book that I was oblivious of the surroundings. I was so preoccupied with the beautiful woman I met on the bus that I was oblivious of the pickpocket beside me / of what the conductress was yelling when the bus came to a stop.
  12. bob: to move up and down quickly and repeatedly The cork on the fishing line bobbed up and down on the water.
  13. rite: form of behaviour with a fixed pattern. A rite is a series of words and actions which as a fixed order and which is used for a special religious purpose. I don't know much about the rites of that church. Secret society has their special rites. ceremonial / burial / funeral rites the rites of hospitality the marriage rite of the church
Ritual actions are always done in exactly the same way whenever a particular situation arises, (a slightly humorous use). On Sunday we make our ritual visit to the pub at lunchtime.
  14. formula: an expression which is often used in a particular situation, esp. one that has come to sound stupid and meaningless They exchange the set of conventionally / customarily fixed pattern of daily greetings.
  15. facade: front or face of a building towards a street or open place
  16. grin: broad smile that shows the teeth, it intends to imply naive cheerfulness
  17. rear-view mirror: a mirror (as in an automobile) that gives a view of the area behind the vehicle
  18. martyr: person who is put to death or caused to suffer for his beliefs or for the sake of a great cause or principle a martyr to a cause / love (殉情) / duty (殉职) Eternal life to the revolutionary martyrs! (革命英雄永垂不朽) v.: to put to death, cause to suffer, to torture, out of cruelty
  19. lurch: to move with irregular sudden movements, to move unsteadily, clumsily, with heavy rolling and swaying back and forth
  20. in response to: as an answer to In response to your inquiries, we regret to inform you that we cannot help you in this matter. Twice I put the request to him but he said nothing in response.
  21. twist: to wind a number of threads, etc. together to make a rope by twisting threads to twist the hair to make it curl to turn, to change direction abruptly to twist the cap of a tube of tooth paste He twisted my arm. Give the handle a twist, that will open the box.
  22. screech: make a harsh, piercing sound, to make a sharp, high-pitched noise
  23. halt: to stop or pause, mainly used in the phrase "come to a halt"

  24. ignorance: lack of knowledge Please forgive our ignorance. Poverty, disease and ignorance remain major world problems. We are in complete ignorance of his plan. ignorant: To be ignorant of sth. is not to know it. He is quite ignorant of Latin. She was ignorant of his presence. cf: disregard: to treat as not worthy of notice He disregarded Tom , and spoke straight to me. We disregarded the gossip and rumours. neglect: to give no or too little attention or care to You are neglecting your work / duty. There is a factor which we must certainly not neglect. neglect: fail to do sth. because of carelessness He neglected to return the book to the library. Don't neglect to lock (locking) the door when you leave. To ignore sth. is to pretend not to know or see it. She saw him coming but ignored him. It is not a question that can be ignored. Of these three words, ignore is the strongest and neglect is the weakest It is a point of honour with the taxi driver to take the passenger to whichever destination he want to go.
  25. intermezzo: short musical composition to be played between the acts of a drama or an opera, or one that connects the main divisions of a large musical work such as a symphony. This word is used very lighted-hearted here
  26. I found myself in front of the gigantic city hall. cf: I got to the front of... The first sentence indicates suddenness, unconsciousness. I suddenly discovered that I was in front of the city hall. gigantic: a close synonym of giant, from which it is derived, very likely to be used in metaphorical extensions.
giant: in fairy tales, a very big, strong creature in the form of a man, but often unfriendly to human beings and very cruel and stupid. In some culture, eg. Greek, Scandinavian, American Indian, giants were believed to be the first race of people lived on earth. gigantic: titanic, massive, huge
  27. usher: official door keeper, a man who shows people to their seats on an important occasion, (or in a theatre, cinema)
  28. heave: to give out (a sad sound) esp. in the phrase " to heave a sigh / groan" We all heaved a sigh of relief when the work was done. sigh: an act of letting out a deep breath slowly and with a sound, usu. expressing tiredness, sadness or satisfaction She nodded, sighed and went on cooking. He gave another deep sigh.
  29. sketch: to draw roughly and quickly with outlines but little detail
  30. embankment: a wide wall of stones or earth, which is build to keep a river from overflowing its banks, or to carry a road or railway over low ground cf: bank: land long the side of a river, lake, etc. shore: the land along the edge of a large stretch of water beach: a shore of an ocean, sea, or lake or the bank of a river covered by sand, smooth stones or larger pieces of rock coast: the land next to the sea When meaning land bordering a body or stream of water, the four words are comparable. Shore is the general word for the land immediately bordering on the sea, a lake, or a large stream. Coast denotes the land along the sea regarded especially as a boundary. Beach applies to the pebbly or sandy shore washed by the sea or a lake a rocky shore with here and there a cove with a beach Both shore and beach may denote a resort frequented for pleasure or vacation. In this use shore may specifically indicates proximity to the sea, and beach a place adapted to the use of swimmers or sunbathers. spend the summer at the shore spend a part of each day at the beach Bank denotes the steep or sloping margin of a stream.

  31. barge: a large low boat with a flat bottom, used mainly for carrying heavy goods on a canal or river
  32. moor: to faster (a ship, boat) to land, to the bed of the sea, etc. by means of ropes, chains an anchor, etc.
  33. arresting: striking, attracting and holding attention. This word adds to striking the suggestion of capturing attention arresting beauty / story arrest: to seize in the name of law and usu. put in prison, to catch and fix (esp. sb.'s attention) The bright lights arrest the boy's attention.
  34. spectacle: sth. seen, sth. taking place before the eyes, esp. sth. fine, remarkable The big army parade on national day is a grand spectacle. The erupting volcano is a wonderful spectacle. The opening ceremony of the exhibition was a fine spectacle.
  35. adrift: afloat without control, driven about by the sea or wind a has the meaning of "away, from, of, in, on, etc." aboard: on the board, on the boat afire: to set sth. on fire: The house was afire. afloat: on water afoot: on foot I came afoot.
  36. beige khaki / flannel / indanthrine mohair / palace / melton / cashmere
  37. amid: fml and lit. among, in the middle of
  38. incessant: never stopping, it implies ceaseless or uninterrupted activity
  39. stun: to make unconscious by hitting the head The robbers stunned the guard by banging him on the head. He was stunned by the news of his father's death. stunning: very attractive, delightful, beautiful, making you become intoxicated
  40. costume: the clothes worn by people at a particular time in history or in a particular country
a museum of costume portraits of people dressed in 17th-century costume a set of clothes worn by an actor or performer or by sb. at a fancy dress party bathing / swimming / riding / hunting costume He was in academic costume.
  41. tread: to walk or step, to put the foot down on (Notice: the mind is fixed on the feet)
  42. cautious: having or showing great care, as if there might be some danger, esp. fear of failure or harm to oneself or others, act very carefully so as to avoid or to minimized the risks of disaster The thief cautiously opened the door. The troops advanced with great caution.
  43. twinge: a sudden sharp pain to feel a twinge in the region of heart a twinge of toothache / conscience
  44. embarrass: to feel ashamed or socially uncomfortable
  45. prospect: reasonable hope, sth. which is expected or considered probable She was quite excited by the prospect of seeing...soon. He was in high spirits at the prospect. The scandal ruined his prospects. I see no prospect of his recovery. prospect: a wide or distant view, esp. seen from a high place From the top of the hill there's a beautiful prospect over the valley. cf: expectation: thing that is expected The boy has great prospects / expectation. We came here with the expectation of meeting the mayor, but I see no prospects of seeing him now since he is oblivious of us humbles.
  46. emotion: any of the strong feelings of the human spirit Love, hatred, and grief are emotions. His speech has an effec



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