2010 届英语高考新题型 备考策略及解题技巧
福建师大附中 郭圣光 短文填词在福建省新高考中是新题型,属于主观题部分。 短文填词在福建省新高考中是新题型,属于主观题部分。短文填词重点考查 语篇理解和语言表达能力。 选材符合考生的书面表达水平, 语篇理解和语言表达能力。 选材符合考生的书面表达水平,短文词数在 130 左 小题,第一行不设题,其余每行挖空一处设一题;考查以实词为主, 右,共设 10 小题,第一行不设题,其余每行挖空一处设一题;考查以实词为主, 兼顾其他词类。每个空格根据提示用一个单词的适当形式填空,提示的方式有: 兼顾其他词类。每个空格根据提示用一个单词的适当形式填空,提示的方式有: 汉语提示、首字母提示和纯语境提示。考生必须在理解短文内容的基础上, 理解短文内容的基础上 汉语提示、首字母提示和纯语境提示。考生必须在理解短文内容的基础上,把 握短文主旨大意,根据上下文的语境和提示运用所学的语言知识进行填空, 上下文的语境和提示运用所学的语言知识进行填空 握短文主旨大意,根据上下文的语境和提示运用所学的语言知识进行填空,使 短文语篇完整。 这就要求考生熟练掌握高考要求的词汇, 短文语篇完整。 这就要求考生熟练掌握高考要求的词汇,不仅要有扎实的单词 拼写能力,还要有较强的语篇理解能力和写作能力。 拼写能力,还要有较强的语篇理解能力和写作能力。 命题特点: 一、命题特点: 题材贴近考生生活,是考生所熟悉的话题。
  1. 题材贴近考生生活,是考生所熟悉的话题。
  2. 考查考生的词汇掌握情况
  3. 考查考生的语言基础知识
  4. 考查考生的语篇理解能力 对语篇主旨大意的理解能力和上下文结构的分 ( 析能力,重视语篇的衔接和上下文的关联。 析能力,重视语篇的衔接和上下文的关联。 ) 考查考生综合应用英语知识进行语言表达的能力。
  5. 考查考生综合应用英语知识进行语言表达的能力。 题材范例一( 福建高考) 题材范例一 09 福建高考)有关学生如何写好作文的建议 Mr. Smith offers us some advice on how to write a good composition, which ithe following steps. Firstly, we should read the topic c and organize our ideas. Then we start to shape our thoughts our own word and finish our writing in the g time. After that, we have to check our compositions, paying attention to(语法 语法)and spelling. It is very 语法 important to read them aloud to 自己) (自己)or someone else . Lastly, we had better ask our teachers or classmates for advice on how to improve our writing. If (可能 we may leave 可能), 可能 them alone for some time before reading again, will help a great deal. I hope you will b a lot from the advice above.

  76.
  77.
  78.
  79.
  80.
  81.
  82.
  83.
  84.
  85.
题材范例二( 年省质检) 题材范例二(09 年省质检) 学生交友书信) ( 学生交友书信) Dear Sally, Hi! I’m Li Ying,your new pen friend from Fujian,China. I got your name , , and address from a magazine and thought I would w to you. Well,
  76. let me start by telling you something about . I’m a high school
  77. reading novels and
  78._ student of seventeen. I have many hobbies, among
1
collecting 邮票) are especially 邮票) my favorites. I love the outdoors, , the sea and I’ve been on several tours abroad. I also enjoy (听)

  79.
  80.
谦虚的 ,
  81. to both pop and classical music. In a word, I’m a (谦虚的), patient and caring person. I guess life in London must wonderful
  82. with so many places of i __o visit and so much tasty food to enjoy. I
  83. hope to visit London d my holidays because I would really like to
  84._ learn more about your culture. I’m l forward to hearing from you.
  85.
Yours Li Ying

题材范例三: 学生有关环保的书信) 题材范例三:福州市 09 高三期末质检 ( 学生有关环保的书信) Dear Jack, I am writing to invite you to the fashion show to be held in our school hall this Wednesday on 20ths June to r awareness
  76. of environmental ( 保护)among middle school students. 保护)
  77. All the clothing in the show will be m _from waste
  78. products, as used newspapers, plastic packaging bags,
  79. rubbish bags and some o waste. Moreover, the fashion show
  80. will have vof themes. There you will surely be able to see
  81. colorful ( 风格)fashionable designs. I believe the show 风格)
  82. won’t be ( 失望)as all the designers are required to combine
  83. 失望)
  84. fashion the theme “ A green world.” ” What might s you is that all the designers are coming
  85. From our school! If you are interested, call me before the weekend! Yours , Lily 分组习作) 题材范例四 ( 分组习作)自愿者行动 Volunteering can make the difference in people. It teaches many important aspects and can benefit oand us at the same time can
  76. described as something good for people and animals
  77. (没有 pay or expectations of anything in return. It can be something
  78. 没有) 没有 simple complex, but if it is helpful, it is worthwhile. Just offering
  79. your ear, giving a hug, or (分享 a smile with a stranger helps. It is
  80. 分享) 分享 always believed that the little things in life could b in so many rewards.
  81. Love is the greatest thing and volunteering is one of the easiest(方式
  82. 方式) 方式 to strongly feel love. When you see a smile on a child’s face ayou
  83. ’ showed them to play basketball, for example, it lets you feel great
  84.__ inside. Helping people may m the volunteer a better person .
  85.
2
考查单词拼写的范例: 考查单词拼写的范例: 福建高考) (09 福建高考) After that, we have to check our compositions, paying attention to

  79. 语法 and spelling. 语法)
  80. 语法
福建省质检) ( 09 福建省质检) to both pop and classical music. In a word, I’m a (谦虚的 ,
  81. , (谦虚的), patient and caring person. I guess life in London must __wonderful.
  82.
考查词类、词义、词形变化的范例: ( 福建高考) 考查词类、词义、词形变化的范例: 09 福建高考) Mr. Smith offers us some advice on how to write a good composition, which i the following steps. 可能) If (可能), we may leave them alone for some time before reading again,

  76.
  83.
福州市高三期末质检) ( 09 福州市高三期末质检) school hall this Wednesday on 20ths June to r awareness
  76. of environmental ( 保护 among middle school students.
  77. 保护) There you will surely be able to see 风格) colorful ( 风格)fashionable designs. I believe the
  81.
  82.
考查考生的语言基础知识的范例 福建高考) ( 09 福建高考) Then we start to shape our thoughts our own word and finish
  78. our writing in the g time. After that, we have to check our
  79. 福建高考) ( 09 福建高考) we may leave them alone for some time before reading again, will help a great deal. I hope you will ba lot from the advice above.
  83.
  84.
  85.
考查考生的语篇理解能力的范例 ( 09 福建高考) 福建高考) After that, we have to check our compositions, paying attention to 语法) spelling. It is very and (语法) important to read them aloud to(自己 someone else . 自己)or 自己 福州高三质检) (09 福州高三质检)
3

  79.
  80.
  81.
All the clothing in the show will be m _from waste products, as used newspapers, plastic packaging bags,

  78.
  79.
命题培训) ( 命题培训) It teaches many important aspects and can benefit o _and us at the same time can
  76._ described as something good for people and animals
  77. (没有 pay or expectations of anything in return. It can be something
  78. 没有) 没有 simple complex, but if it is helpful, it is worthwhile. Just
  79.
二、备考策略
短文填词考查考生的单词单词拼写、语言基础知识、语篇理解和语言表达能力。 短文填词考查考生的单词单词拼写、语言基础知识、语篇理解和语言表达能力。 因此应注意以下几点: 因此应注意以下几点:

  1. 熟练掌握基本词汇, 就是考试说明中表一的不带 号的和表二中带●的词汇。 熟练掌握基本词汇, 就是考试说明中表一的不带*号的和表二中带 的词汇。 号的和表二中带●
特别应该注意常用的、复现率较高的单词。 特别应该注意常用的、复现率较高的单词。同时应注意单词在行文中的词性和 词形的变化,与上下文的结构保持一致。教师应引导学生构建词汇网络系统, 词形的变化,与上下文的结构保持一致。教师应引导学生构建词汇网络系统, 灵活多样地复习词汇。可以: 灵活多样地复习词汇。可以: 利用构词法巧记单词: A. 利用构词法巧记单词: 合成法: 由两个或更多的词合成一个词) 合成法:(Compounding 由两个或更多的词合成一个词) n. textbook, airline, airport, bridegroom, mainland, broadcast, chairman, toothbrush, sightseeing, handwriting ,breakthrough, postcard, postcode, income, weekend, weekday, typewriter,* washroom, * watermelon, spaceship, southeast, software,somebody, somehow, southwest, notebook, overcoat, headmaster, mankind, * thunderstorm, *underwear, passer-by *,headmaster, mankind, * thunderstorm, *underwear, passer-by * outline, * output, haircut, housewife, housework, postman, policeman, underground *deadline, *database, shopkeeper, shortcoming, skateboard, pancake 薄煎饼 , teapot,v. * overlook, overcome, * underline, * undertake, *download adj. hardworking, outstanding ,outgoing, *outspoken, *overhead, * overweight,part-time, passport , adv. *nationwide, nowadays worldwide, sometimes, somewhere pron. somebody, someone, something, whatever, whichever, everybody, 派生法( 由一个词根加上前缀或后缀构成另一个词) 派生法(Derivation: 由一个词根加上前缀或后缀构成另一个词) 前 缀 : asleep, aside, apart, *enlarge, disability, disabled, disadvantage, disagree, disappear, disappoint, * discourage, encourage, unfair, unusual,
4
illegal ,international, Internet, impossible, re-act, *microscope, *microwave, translate, transport, 后缀 : postage, package, artist, *pianist *novelist, treatment, entertainment, encouragement, equipment, treatment, relationship, scholarship, friendship, enjoyable, reasonable, comfortable 转化法: 转化法:(Conversion:由一种词性转化为另一种词性) :由一种词性转化为另一种词性) ship n. 船,轮船 vi. 用船装运 ; 交上; hand n. 手;指针 v. 递;给;交付 交上;
water wave n. 水 v. 浇水 n.(热、光、声等的)波,波浪 v. 挥手,挥动,波动 ( 挥手,挥动, 声等的)
利用联想法进行记忆和复习 近义词或词组的联想 focus/ concentrate; throw away /break away from / get ( 如: rid of a bad habit; be laid off / be dismissed /be fired ; 反义词或词组联想 ( former →latter ; allow/permit →forbid ; be for /be in favor of →be against / object to / oppose/ be opposed to; hire sb. / take on sb/ employ sb. →fire sb/ lay sb off/ dismiss sb. )
C. 对有规律的词形变化进行归纳
( able→ ability; responsible→ responsibility ; possible →possibility; decide→ decision ; → → → conclude→ conclusion ; divide→ division; → → ; center→ central; enter →entrance; → explain →explanation; pronounce →pronunciation; repeat →repetition; anxious → anxiety; various →variety produce →production, introduce →introduction ;reduce →reduction act →action →active; protect →protection →protective attract →attraction →attractive admit →admission, permit →permission, actor →actress; waiter →waitress; steward →stewardess; host →hostess ;announce →announcement ; argue →argument;
D. 对一些单词拼写规律进行归纳
belief/chief/relief/ believe/ chief /handkerchief →receive/ceiling/ seize ( i before e, except c ); apart /apologize/apology /aware → appear/appoint, disappoint/ apparent /approve /approval/ attach/ attract/ attack/ appeal/ affect/affection/ attitude/ altitude →institute
E. 对一些易混易错的单词拼写进行归纳
dormitory/factory/laboratory/directory →primary /contrary/temporary/contemporary/secretary/ library editor/doctor/director/conductor /emperor/ author / ancestor government/ environment ; collar /dollar / familiar/ similar/ particular/regular grammar →hammer ; corporation →cooperation

  2. 灵活运用词组,
 

相关内容

2010辽宁高考英语试卷分析

   2010年辽宁省高 考英语试卷分析 辽宁省高中英语教研员 魏艳 总体评价 2010年普通高校招生全国统一考试(辽宁卷)英 语试题,以《普通高中英语课程标准(实验稿) 为基本依据,按照《2010年普通高等学校招生全 国统一考试(辽宁卷)英语学科考试说明(课程 标准实验)》的要求,在试题选材,设置上,科 学,准确,公正,规范。语言地道,具有时代性, 贴近学生生活,突出了对学生综合语言运用能力 的考查;在正确选项的比例,题干设置上,符合 语言测试规律,除听力外,A,B,C,D四个选 项依次为13, ...

高考英语听力文本-2010湖北

   听力原文 材料 1. W: You look tired. Did you sleep well? M: No, my friend and I had a party the whole night. W: You should go home and take a rest. M: I know, but my boss wants to see me right now. 材料 2. W: May I have a word with you? M: You've cut me at ...

高考英语听力文本-2010湖南

   第一部分 长对话 长对话一 Q1-2 细节罗列场景 W: Zad, Have you bought some flowers for Mom’s birthday? Mom loves flowers. M: Flowers? No! We just bought her flowers for the Mother’s day. How about a nice box of chocolate? W: She’s trying to lose weight these days, doe ...

高考英语听力文本-2010安徽

   2010 年高校招生统一考试英语听力(安徽卷) 1. M: Do you have any plans for the weekend, Dorothy. Would you like to join me for an outing? W: Thanks, but I am going to work on my paper all weekend. 2. W: So what did you buy? M: A T-shit, it was a real bargain. I got i ...

高考英语听力文本-2010山东

   2010 年高考全国卷 I 英语听力原文 的听力相同) (说明:2007-2010,宁夏、海南卷和全国卷 1 的听力相同) 说明: ,宁夏、 第一节 Text 1 M: Do you have any plans for the weekend, Dorothy. Would you like to join me for an outing? W: Thanks, but I am going to work on my paper all weekend. Text 2 W: So wh ...

2010高考英语:听力训练技巧及策略

   2010高考英语:听力训练技巧及策略 2010年4月21日 新课程教育在线 浏览:487 查看相关文章:   一味追求听录音,不注意培养英语的语言能力,是很难有效地提高英语的听力水平的??英语听力训练要讲究策略,讲究方法,讲究技巧。   把握考查测试点和相关技巧   听力作为高考英语测试的一部分,在上海卷中有24分,题型包括Short Conversations(短对话),Passages(段落),以及Longer Conversations(较长对话)。无论是选择还是填空,归纳起来 ...

2010年重庆高考英语听力试题及答案

   选校网 www.xuanxiao.com 高考频道 专业大全 历年分数线 上万张大学图片 大学视频 院校库 2010 年重庆高考英语听力试题及答案 英语 英语试题卷共 16 页。满分 150 分。考试时间 120 分钟。 一、听力(共三节,满分 30 分) 做题时,请先将答案划在试题卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试题卷上的答案转涂或转填到答题卡上。 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1. 5 分,满分 7. 5 分) 请听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、 ...

2010届高考英语书面表达范例30篇

   嘉兴英语教学网 www.jxenglish.com 收集整理 欢迎使用 2010 届高考题库(书面表达题) 1 今年年初我国政府对法定节假日作出如下调整: 1. 五一节由 3 天调整为 1 天. 2. 清明节(Tomb-sweeping Day )、端午节(Dragon Boat Festival )、中秋节增设为 国家法定节假日(legal holidays). 假如你是王平,是江苏省南京市育才中学高三 8 班学生。 最近,你班举行了一个班会,对此 法定节假日调整进行了一次热烈的讨论,讨论 ...

英语学习__2011年考研英语高频词汇下载1030词_必备

   免费英语网 www.mfyyw.com 精品资料 弃我去者, 弃我去者,昨日之日不可留 乱我心者, 乱我心者,今日之日多烦忧 免费英语网整理发布: 1. abandon 抛弃,放弃 2. abnormal 不正常的 3. absurd 荒谬的 4. abundance 丰富,充裕 5. abundant 丰富的 6. access (to) 入口,通路,接触 7. accessory 附件,附属品 8. accommodate 供给住宿,答应; 适应 9. accommodation 膳宿; ...

2011年高考英语词汇表

   2011 年高考英语词汇表 A absence n. 不在,缺席 absent a. 缺席, 不在 accent n. 口音,音调 according to ad. 按照, 根据 account n. 账目;描述 ad (缩) =advertisementn.广告 addvt.添加,增加 addition n. 增加; (算数用语)加 address n. 地址 admire v. 钦佩; 羡慕 admission n. 准入, 接纳 advance v. 推进,促进;前进 advantag ...

热门内容

初一年级英语优课展评教案及反思_3

   Fun with English 7A Unit 3 Let’s celebrate! Vocabulary: Days of the year Teacher: Qiu Haiyun School: Yancheng Tinghu Secondary School Date: April 7th,2005 一、设计理念(Teaching Theory) 设计理念( ) : 本节课的设计思想是从学生的学习兴趣、生活经验和认知水平出发, 倡导体验、参与、合作与交流的学习方式,采用任务型的教学途 ...

新视野大学英语第一册视听说原文

   新视野大学英语视听说教程第一册 听力练习录音文本和答案 UNIT 1 II. Listening Skills Listening for Names 1. Doris: Good morning. Can I help you? David: Yes. I need to change one of my courses. Doris: I’ll see what we can do. What’s your name, please? David: My name’s David B ...

2004年全国中学生英语能力竞赛初三组样题及参考答案

   2004 年全国中学生英语能力竞赛初三组样题及参考答案 全国中学生英语能力竞赛组委会办公室提供 听力部分(共四大题,计 30 分)(略) 听力部分 笔试部分(共八大题,计 120 分) 笔试部分 选择填空( structure) I. 选择填空(Vocabulary and structure) (共 20 小题,计 20 分) (A) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,找出可以填入每题空白处的最佳选项。 1. I need a break. I think I'll go to New Yo ...

新目标八年级英语Unit3教材详解及习题

   Unit3 教材详解及习题 1. camping 野营 2. visiting my grandmother 看望我的奶奶 3. spending time with friends 与朋友一起消磨时光 4. babysitting 照顾小孩 5. playing basketball 6. exercising 7. watching TV 8. relaxing at home 在家休息 A: What are you doing for vacation? 假期你要做什么? B: I’ ...