2010 届英语高考新题型 备考策略及解题技巧
福建师大附中 郭圣光 短文填词在福建省新高考中是新题型,属于主观题部分。 短文填词在福建省新高考中是新题型,属于主观题部分。短文填词重点考查 语篇理解和语言表达能力。 选材符合考生的书面表达水平, 语篇理解和语言表达能力。 选材符合考生的书面表达水平,短文词数在 130 左 小题,第一行不设题,其余每行挖空一处设一题;考查以实词为主, 右,共设 10 小题,第一行不设题,其余每行挖空一处设一题;考查以实词为主, 兼顾其他词类。每个空格根据提示用一个单词的适当形式填空,提示的方式有: 兼顾其他词类。每个空格根据提示用一个单词的适当形式填空,提示的方式有: 汉语提示、首字母提示和纯语境提示。考生必须在理解短文内容的基础上, 理解短文内容的基础上 汉语提示、首字母提示和纯语境提示。考生必须在理解短文内容的基础上,把 握短文主旨大意,根据上下文的语境和提示运用所学的语言知识进行填空, 上下文的语境和提示运用所学的语言知识进行填空 握短文主旨大意,根据上下文的语境和提示运用所学的语言知识进行填空,使 短文语篇完整。 这就要求考生熟练掌握高考要求的词汇, 短文语篇完整。 这就要求考生熟练掌握高考要求的词汇,不仅要有扎实的单词 拼写能力,还要有较强的语篇理解能力和写作能力。 拼写能力,还要有较强的语篇理解能力和写作能力。 命题特点: 一、命题特点: 题材贴近考生生活,是考生所熟悉的话题。
  1. 题材贴近考生生活,是考生所熟悉的话题。
  2. 考查考生的词汇掌握情况
  3. 考查考生的语言基础知识
  4. 考查考生的语篇理解能力 对语篇主旨大意的理解能力和上下文结构的分 ( 析能力,重视语篇的衔接和上下文的关联。 析能力,重视语篇的衔接和上下文的关联。 ) 考查考生综合应用英语知识进行语言表达的能力。
  5. 考查考生综合应用英语知识进行语言表达的能力。 题材范例一( 福建高考) 题材范例一 09 福建高考)有关学生如何写好作文的建议 Mr. Smith offers us some advice on how to write a good composition, which ithe following steps. Firstly, we should read the topic c and organize our ideas. Then we start to shape our thoughts our own word and finish our writing in the g time. After that, we have to check our compositions, paying attention to(语法 语法)and spelling. It is very 语法 important to read them aloud to 自己) (自己)or someone else . Lastly, we had better ask our teachers or classmates for advice on how to improve our writing. If (可能 we may leave 可能), 可能 them alone for some time before reading again, will help a great deal. I hope you will b a lot from the advice above.

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  77.
  78.
  79.
  80.
  81.
  82.
  83.
  84.
  85.
题材范例二( 年省质检) 题材范例二(09 年省质检) 学生交友书信) ( 学生交友书信) Dear Sally, Hi! I’m Li Ying,your new pen friend from Fujian,China. I got your name , , and address from a magazine and thought I would w to you. Well,
  76. let me start by telling you something about . I’m a high school
  77. reading novels and
  78._ student of seventeen. I have many hobbies, among
1
collecting 邮票) are especially 邮票) my favorites. I love the outdoors, , the sea and I’ve been on several tours abroad. I also enjoy (听)

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  80.
谦虚的 ,
  81. to both pop and classical music. In a word, I’m a (谦虚的), patient and caring person. I guess life in London must wonderful
  82. with so many places of i __o visit and so much tasty food to enjoy. I
  83. hope to visit London d my holidays because I would really like to
  84._ learn more about your culture. I’m l forward to hearing from you.
  85.
Yours Li Ying

题材范例三: 学生有关环保的书信) 题材范例三:福州市 09 高三期末质检 ( 学生有关环保的书信) Dear Jack, I am writing to invite you to the fashion show to be held in our school hall this Wednesday on 20ths June to r awareness
  76. of environmental ( 保护)among middle school students. 保护)
  77. All the clothing in the show will be m _from waste
  78. products, as used newspapers, plastic packaging bags,
  79. rubbish bags and some o waste. Moreover, the fashion show
  80. will have vof themes. There you will surely be able to see
  81. colorful ( 风格)fashionable designs. I believe the show 风格)
  82. won’t be ( 失望)as all the designers are required to combine
  83. 失望)
  84. fashion the theme “ A green world.” ” What might s you is that all the designers are coming
  85. From our school! If you are interested, call me before the weekend! Yours , Lily 分组习作) 题材范例四 ( 分组习作)自愿者行动 Volunteering can make the difference in people. It teaches many important aspects and can benefit oand us at the same time can
  76. described as something good for people and animals
  77. (没有 pay or expectations of anything in return. It can be something
  78. 没有) 没有 simple complex, but if it is helpful, it is worthwhile. Just offering
  79. your ear, giving a hug, or (分享 a smile with a stranger helps. It is
  80. 分享) 分享 always believed that the little things in life could b in so many rewards.
  81. Love is the greatest thing and volunteering is one of the easiest(方式
  82. 方式) 方式 to strongly feel love. When you see a smile on a child’s face ayou
  83. ’ showed them to play basketball, for example, it lets you feel great
  84.__ inside. Helping people may m the volunteer a better person .
  85.
2
考查单词拼写的范例: 考查单词拼写的范例: 福建高考) (09 福建高考) After that, we have to check our compositions, paying attention to

  79. 语法 and spelling. 语法)
  80. 语法
福建省质检) ( 09 福建省质检) to both pop and classical music. In a word, I’m a (谦虚的 ,
  81. , (谦虚的), patient and caring person. I guess life in London must __wonderful.
  82.
考查词类、词义、词形变化的范例: ( 福建高考) 考查词类、词义、词形变化的范例: 09 福建高考) Mr. Smith offers us some advice on how to write a good composition, which i the following steps. 可能) If (可能), we may leave them alone for some time before reading again,

  76.
  83.
福州市高三期末质检) ( 09 福州市高三期末质检) school hall this Wednesday on 20ths June to r awareness
  76. of environmental ( 保护 among middle school students.
  77. 保护) There you will surely be able to see 风格) colorful ( 风格)fashionable designs. I believe the
  81.
  82.
考查考生的语言基础知识的范例 福建高考) ( 09 福建高考) Then we start to shape our thoughts our own word and finish
  78. our writing in the g time. After that, we have to check our
  79. 福建高考) ( 09 福建高考) we may leave them alone for some time before reading again, will help a great deal. I hope you will ba lot from the advice above.
  83.
  84.
  85.
考查考生的语篇理解能力的范例 ( 09 福建高考) 福建高考) After that, we have to check our compositions, paying attention to 语法) spelling. It is very and (语法) important to read them aloud to(自己 someone else . 自己)or 自己 福州高三质检) (09 福州高三质检)
3

  79.
  80.
  81.
All the clothing in the show will be m _from waste products, as used newspapers, plastic packaging bags,

  78.
  79.
命题培训) ( 命题培训) It teaches many important aspects and can benefit o _and us at the same time can
  76._ described as something good for people and animals
  77. (没有 pay or expectations of anything in return. It can be something
  78. 没有) 没有 simple complex, but if it is helpful, it is worthwhile. Just
  79.
二、备考策略
短文填词考查考生的单词单词拼写、语言基础知识、语篇理解和语言表达能力。 短文填词考查考生的单词单词拼写、语言基础知识、语篇理解和语言表达能力。 因此应注意以下几点: 因此应注意以下几点:

  1. 熟练掌握基本词汇, 就是考试说明中表一的不带 号的和表二中带●的词汇。 熟练掌握基本词汇, 就是考试说明中表一的不带*号的和表二中带 的词汇。 号的和表二中带●
特别应该注意常用的、复现率较高的单词。 特别应该注意常用的、复现率较高的单词。同时应注意单词在行文中的词性和 词形的变化,与上下文的结构保持一致。教师应引导学生构建词汇网络系统, 词形的变化,与上下文的结构保持一致。教师应引导学生构建词汇网络系统, 灵活多样地复习词汇。可以: 灵活多样地复习词汇。可以: 利用构词法巧记单词: A. 利用构词法巧记单词: 合成法: 由两个或更多的词合成一个词) 合成法:(Compounding 由两个或更多的词合成一个词) n. textbook, airline, airport, bridegroom, mainland, broadcast, chairman, toothbrush, sightseeing, handwriting ,breakthrough, postcard, postcode, income, weekend, weekday, typewriter,* washroom, * watermelon, spaceship, southeast, software,somebody, somehow, southwest, notebook, overcoat, headmaster, mankind, * thunderstorm, *underwear, passer-by *,headmaster, mankind, * thunderstorm, *underwear, passer-by * outline, * output, haircut, housewife, housework, postman, policeman, underground *deadline, *database, shopkeeper, shortcoming, skateboard, pancake 薄煎饼 , teapot,v. * overlook, overcome, * underline, * undertake, *download adj. hardworking, outstanding ,outgoing, *outspoken, *overhead, * overweight,part-time, passport , adv. *nationwide, nowadays worldwide, sometimes, somewhere pron. somebody, someone, something, whatever, whichever, everybody, 派生法( 由一个词根加上前缀或后缀构成另一个词) 派生法(Derivation: 由一个词根加上前缀或后缀构成另一个词) 前 缀 : asleep, aside, apart, *enlarge, disability, disabled, disadvantage, disagree, disappear, disappoint, * discourage, encourage, unfair, unusual,
4
illegal ,international, Internet, impossible, re-act, *microscope, *microwave, translate, transport, 后缀 : postage, package, artist, *pianist *novelist, treatment, entertainment, encouragement, equipment, treatment, relationship, scholarship, friendship, enjoyable, reasonable, comfortable 转化法: 转化法:(Conversion:由一种词性转化为另一种词性) :由一种词性转化为另一种词性) ship n. 船,轮船 vi. 用船装运 ; 交上; hand n. 手;指针 v. 递;给;交付 交上;
water wave n. 水 v. 浇水 n.(热、光、声等的)波,波浪 v. 挥手,挥动,波动 ( 挥手,挥动, 声等的)
利用联想法进行记忆和复习 近义词或词组的联想 focus/ concentrate; throw away /break away from / get ( 如: rid of a bad habit; be laid off / be dismissed /be fired ; 反义词或词组联想 ( former →latter ; allow/permit →forbid ; be for /be in favor of →be against / object to / oppose/ be opposed to; hire sb. / take on sb/ employ sb. →fire sb/ lay sb off/ dismiss sb. )
C. 对有规律的词形变化进行归纳
( able→ ability; responsible→ responsibility ; possible →possibility; decide→ decision ; → → → conclude→ conclusion ; divide→ division; → → ; center→ central; enter →entrance; → explain →explanation; pronounce →pronunciation; repeat →repetition; anxious → anxiety; various →variety produce →production, introduce →introduction ;reduce →reduction act →action →active; protect →protection →protective attract →attraction →attractive admit →admission, permit →permission, actor →actress; waiter →waitress; steward →stewardess; host →hostess ;announce →announcement ; argue →argument;
D. 对一些单词拼写规律进行归纳
belief/chief/relief/ believe/ chief /handkerchief →receive/ceiling/ seize ( i before e, except c ); apart /apologize/apology /aware → appear/appoint, disappoint/ apparent /approve /approval/ attach/ attract/ attack/ appeal/ affect/affection/ attitude/ altitude →institute
E. 对一些易混易错的单词拼写进行归纳
dormitory/factory/laboratory/directory →primary /contrary/temporary/contemporary/secretary/ library editor/doctor/director/conductor /emperor/ author / ancestor government/ environment ; collar /dollar / familiar/ similar/ particular/regular grammar →hammer ; corporation →cooperation

  2. 灵活运用词组,
 

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