高考精编复习材料 2009 高考英语预测须重点记忆单词整理
★A ability 能力; absent 缺席的; abroad 到国外; accept 接受; achieve 获得,实现; activity 活动; actual 实际的,真实的; advanced 先进的,高级的; adventure 冒险,奇遇; advantage 优势; address 地址; admit 承认,允许进入; advertise 登广告; affect 影响; afford 买得起; agriculture 农业; announce 宣布; anxious 焦虑的,渴望的; apologize 道歉; appearance 出现,外表; appreciation 感激,欣赏; arrival 到达; astronaut 宇航员; atmosphere 大气,气氛; attempt 企图,尝试; attentively 专心地; attract 吸引; audience 听众; average 平均; appetite 食欲; attitude 态度;
★B balance 平衡; bargain 讨价还价; basically 基本地,主要地; benefit 利益; beyond 超过; biology 生物学; bitter 苦的; branch 分支,部门; broadcast 广播,播送; breathe 呼吸; behaviour 行为; belief 信仰,信念;
★C camera 照相机; capital 首都,省会; captain 队长,船长; ceiling 天花板; celebrate 庆祝; century 世纪; chain 链子;连锁; channel 航道, 海峡,频道; character 特征; challenge 挑战; chat 聊天;
charge 收费,索价;
Christmas 圣诞节; citizen 公民; cigarette 香烟; climate 气候; coal 煤炭; collar 衣领; comfortably 舒适地; communication 通讯; competition 竞赛;
complete 完全的,彻底的; composition 作文; concert 音乐会;conductor 售票员,导体; confident 自信的; congratulation 祝贺; construction 建设; continent 大陆,大洲; cough 咳嗽; course 过程,课程,一道菜;
convenient 方便的; conversation 交谈;
courage 勇气; cousin 堂(表)兄弟,堂(表)姐妹; crowd 人群; curtain 窗帘; culture 文化; curious 好奇的; custom 习俗; customer 消费者; conclusion 结论; contribution 贡献;
-1-
★D daily 每日的; dangerous 危险的; decade 十年; deliver 投递; declare 宣布; deserve 应受,值得; definitely 明确地,肯定地; description 描述; design 设计;
devote 专心,致力于; determine 决心,决定; dialogue/dialog 对话; dictionary 字典; direction 方向;指导; disaster 灾难; disappear 消失; discussion 讨论; disturb 打扰; diary 日记; digital 数码的; download 下载;
dustbin 垃圾箱; decrease 减少; department 部,局,处,科;系; dynasty 王朝,朝代;
★E economical 经济的,节约的; educate 教育; effort 努力; electricity 电; equality 平等; effective 有效的; efficient 效率高的; encourage 鼓励; energy 能量;精力;
entrance 入口; envelope 信封; environment 环境; especially 尤其,特别; eventually 最终地;
escape 逃避;
exhibition 展览会; expert 专家; extremely 极端地;
★F familiar 熟悉的; failure 失败;finger 手指; flour 面粉; fluently 流利地;forbid 禁止; foreigner 外国人; forgive 原谅; fortunately 幸运地; freedom 自由; frequent 频繁的; fresh 新鲜的; fruit 水果; friendly 友好的; fuel 燃料; furniture 家具;festival 节日;
★G generation 一代; generally 一般地; generous 慷慨的;大方的; geography 地理; glove 手套; government 政府; graduation 毕业; gradual 逐渐的; grammar 语法; guest 客人; guide 导游;
★H habit 习惯; handkerchief 手帕; handwriting 书法,笔迹; harvest 收获; healthily 健康地; height 高度; honor 尊敬; hunger 饥饿; humourous 幽默的;
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★I idiom 习语; island 岛; imagine 想象; immediately 立即,立刻; increase 增加; income 收入; industry 工业,勤劳; inform 通知; internet 因特网; interview 采访,面试; interrupt 打断,打扰; inventor 发明者; insurance 保险;
★J journalist 记者; judge 法官; justice 正义,公正; junior 初级的;
★K kindergarten 幼儿园; kite 风筝; knowledge 知识; kitchen 厨房;
★L labour 劳动; lack 缺乏; ladder 梯子; language 语言; lately 最近; latter 后者; lawyer 律师; league 联盟; lecture 演讲; level 水平; librarian 图书管理员; local 当地的; luggage 行李; luckily 幸运地; ★M magazine 杂志; majority 多数; market 市场; marriage 结婚; material 原料; meanwhile 同时; measure 测量,尺寸; medical 医学的; memory 记忆力; mental 精神的; menu 菜单; mention 提到; merry 欢乐的; merely 仅仅,只不过; message 消息; metal 金属; mirror 镜子; monitor 班长; monument 纪念碑; mostly 主要地;大部分; museum 博物馆; media 传媒; minority 少数,少数民族; mobile 移动的; motto 格言; mystery 神秘;
★N narrow 狭窄的; nationality 国籍; naturally 自然地;neatly 整洁地; necessary 必要的;
-3-
neighbour 邻居; nephew 侄子,外甥; niece 侄女,外甥女; normal 正常的; nowadays 现在; nurse 护士; nutrition 营养;
★O obey 服从; object 物体,反对; ocean 海洋; offer 提供; operation 操作,做手术; opposite 相反的; organize 组织; overcome 克服; obvious 明显的; Olympic 奥林匹克的; outstanding 杰出的;
★P palace 宫殿; paragraph 段; park 停放(车); particular 特别的; partner 搭档; panda 熊猫; passenger 乘客; patient 耐心的,病人; peaceful 和平的; peasant 农民; performance 表演; period 时期; permit 允许; persuade 说服; phenomenon 现象; physical 身体的,物理的; pillow 枕头; pilot 飞行员; population 人口,人数; poisonous 有毒的; pollution 污染; position 位置; practical 实际的,实用的; pressure 压力; precious 珍贵的,宝贵的; president 总统; pretend 假装; program 节目,项目; project 工程; pronunciation 发音; purpose 目的,意图; potential 潜力; private 私人的; privilege 特权;
★Q quality 质量; quantity 数量; quarrel 争吵; quarter 四分之一; queue 队,行列;
★R raise 提高,抚养; rare 稀有的,罕见的; recently 近来;recognize 认出;record 记录; recover 恢复; recycle 回收,再利用; reduce 减少; refuse 拒绝; refer 参考,提到; regular 规则的; relative 相对的,亲戚; remain 保持,剩下,仍然; remind 提醒,使想起; remove 去掉; resign 辞职,放弃; request 要求; research 调查,研究; respect 尊敬; restaurant 饭馆; resource 资源; review 复习;
-4-
responsibility 责任心;
★S safety 安全; salary 薪水; satisfaction 满足; scene 场景; scenery 风景; scientific 科学的; secretly 秘密地; secretary 秘书; seldom 很少; senior 高级的,年长的; sense 感觉,辨别力; serious 严肃的,严峻的; service 服务; separate 分离,单独的; shape 形状,制作; share 分享,份额; sheet 被单; shelf 架子; shortcoming 缺点; shoulder 肩膀; similar 类似的; situation 形势; slightly 轻微地; smoothly 光滑地,平坦地,平稳地; society 社会; spare 抽出(时间,人手); spread 传播; square 广场; standard 标准; steal 偷窃; straight 直的,直地; stranger 陌生人; strangely 奇怪地 suffer 受苦,遭受; system 系统; selfish 自私的; sensitive 敏感的; sincerely 真诚地; strengthen 加强; sympathy 同情;
★T task 任务; technique 技术; temperature 温度,体温; theatre 剧场,戏院; therefore 因此; thief 贼; thirsty 渴的,缺水的; thorough 彻底的; thunder 雷声; title 标题; tobacco 烟草; toilet 洗手间; traffic 交通;translate 翻译;traveller 旅行者; trousers 长裤; typical 典型的; throughout 贯穿,在整个……期间; tourism 旅游业; traditional 传统的,传说的;
★U umbrella 伞; uniform 制服; union 协会,联盟; university 综合大学; universe 宇宙; upstairs 在楼上; unique 唯一的,独特的;
★V vacation 假期; valley 山谷;流域; value 价值; variety 变化,多样性; various 各种各样的; vegetable 蔬菜; victory 胜利; villager 村民; vocabulary 词汇; voyage 航行,航海; volunteer 志愿者;
-5-
★W waste 浪费,无用的,垃圾; weather 天气; wedding 婚礼; weight 重量; willing 愿意的; welfare 福利; wonder 想知道,奇观
★Y youth 青,青春; ★一年中的十二个月: 一年中的十二个月: January 一月; February 二月; March 三月; April 四月; May 五月; June 六月; July 七月; August 八月; September 九月; October 十月; November 十一月; December 十二月;
★一周中的七天: 一周中的七天: Monday 星期一; Tuesday 星期二; Wednesday 星期三; Thursday 星期四; Friday 星期五; Saturday 星期六; Sunday 星期天;
★大洲大洋国家名(名词,形容词): 大洲大洋国家名(名词,形容词): Asian 亚洲的; European 欧洲的; African 非洲的;Pacific 太平洋;Atlantic 大西洋; German 德国的,德国人,德语; Germany 德国;France 法国; French 法国人,法语,法国的; Canadian 加拿大的,加拿大人; Canada 加拿大; Russia 俄罗斯; Russian 俄国人,俄语,俄国的;
★东西南北(名词,形容词): 东西南北(名词,形容词): east (东,东方); eastern (东方的,东部的); west (西,西方); western (西方的,西部的); south (南,南方); southern (南方的,南部的); north (北,北方); northern (北方的,北部的)
★基数词和序数词(119,20
  90): 基数词和序数词( , ): fifth 第五;ninth 第九;twelfth 第十二;twentieth 第二十(30,40,50,60,70,80,90 的序数 词都是去掉 y 加 ieth )
-6-
★不规则动词表 arise 出现 awake 唤醒 be 是 bear 忍受 beat 击打 become 变成 begin 开始 bend 鞠躬 bet 打赌 bind 绑 bite 咬 bleed 流血 blow 吹 break 断开 breed 产生 bring 带来 broadcast 广播 build 建筑 burn 燃烧 burst 爆炸 buy 买 cast 扔,投,抛 catch 抓住 choose 选择 come 来 cost 花费 arose awoke was, were bore beat became began bent bet, betted bound bit bled blew broke bred brought broadcast, broadcasted built burnt, burned burst bought cast caught chose came cost arisen awoke, awaked been borne, born beaten become begun bent bet, betted bound bitten, bit bled blown broken bred brought broadcast, broadcasted built burnt, burned burst bought cast caught chosen come cost
-7-
creep 爬行 cut 切 deal 处理 dig 挖洞 dive 潜水 do 做 draw 画 dream 做梦 drink 喝 drive 驾车 eat 吃 fall 落下 feed 喂 feel 感觉 fight 打架 find 找寻 flee 逃跑 fly 飞 逃逸 击飞 forbid 禁止 forecast 预报 foresee 预见,预知 forget 忘记 forgive 原谅 freeze 冷冻 get 得到
crept cut dealt dug dived, dove did drew dreamed, dreamt drank drove ate fell fed felt fought found fled
crept cut dealt dug dived done drawn dreamed, dreamt drunk driven eaten fallen fed felt fought found fled
flew fled flied forbade, forbad forecast, forecasted foresaw forgot forgave froze got
flown fled flied forbidden forecast, forecasted foreseen forgotten, forgot forgiven frozen got, gotten
-8-
give 给予 go 去 grow 成长 hang: 挂 吊死 have 有 hear 听 hide 隐藏 hit 打 hold 拿住 hurt 伤害 keep 保持 kneel 下跪 know 知道 lay 放置 lead 带领 lean 倾斜 leap 跳跃 learn 学习 leave 离开 lend 借出 let 让 lie: 躺下 撒谎 light: 点燃
gave went grew
given gone grown
hung hanged had heard hid hit held hurt kept knelt, kneeled knew laid led leaned, leant leapt, leaped learnt, learned left lent let
hung hanged had heard hidden, hid hit held hurt kept knelt, kneeled known laid led leaned, leant leapt, leaped learnt, learned left lent let
lay lied
lain lied
lit
lit
-9-
照亮 lose 丢失 make 做 mean 意思 meet 见面 melt 熔化 mistake 弄错 misunderstand 误会 mow 割草 overcome 克服 overtake 追上 pay 付出 prove 证明 put 放 quit 退出 read 读 rebuild 重建 rid 除去 ride 骑 ring 响 rise 升起 run 跑 say 说 see 看见 seek 搜索 sell 卖 send 送 set 设置
lighted lost made meant met melted mistook misunderstood mowed overcame overtook paid proved put quitted, quit read rebuilt rid, ridded rode rang rose ran said saw sought sold sent set
lighted lost made meant met melted, molten mistaken misunderstood mowed, mown overcome overtaken paid proved, proven put quitted, quit read rebuilt rid, ridded ridden rung risen run said seen sought sold sent set
- 10 -
sew 缝补 shake 摇晃 shave 剃须 shine 照耀 shoot 射击 show 展示 shrink 收缩 shut 关闭 sing 唱歌 sink 下沉 sit 坐 sleep 睡觉 smell 闻 sow 播种 speak 讲话 speed 促进 spell 拼写 spend 花钱 spill 溢出 spit 吐 split 劈开 spoil 破坏 spread 散布 stand 站立 steal 偷窃 stick 粘贴 strike 打动 strive 奋斗
sewed shook shaved shone, shined shot showed shrank, shrunk shut sang, sung sank, sunk sat slept smelt, smelled sowed spoke sped, speeded spelt, spelled spent spilt, spilled spat, spit split spoilt, spoiled spread stood stole stuck struck strove, strived
sewn, sewed shaken shaved, shaven shone, shined shot shown, showed shrunk, shrunken shut sung sunk, sunken sat slept smelt, smelled sown, sowed spoken sped, speeded spelt, spelled spent spilt, spilled spat, spit split spoilt, spoiled spread stood stolen stuck struck, stricken striven, strived
- 11 -
swear 发誓 sweat 出汗 sweep 打扫 swim 游泳 swing 摆动 take 拿到 teach 教 tear 撕 tell 讲述 think 思考 throw 投掷 undergo 遭受 understand 理解 undertake 担任 upset 颠覆 wake 醒来 wear 穿着 weave 编织 weep 哭泣 wet 打湿 win 获胜 withdraw 撤退 write 写
swore sweat, sweated swept swam swung took taught tore told thought threw underwent understood undertook upset waked, woke wore wove wept wetted, wet won withdrew wrote
sworn sweat, sweated swept swum swung taken taught torn told thought thr
 

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