高考英语陷阱题讲解-it 高考英语陷阱题讲解 的用法考点
◆典型陷阱题分析◆ 典型陷阱题分析◆
  1. Everyone knows that is dangerous to play with fire, but is difficult is to prevent children from playing with fire. A. it, it C. it, what ? B. what, what D. what, it
【陷阱】很容易误选 B,认为两空均考查形式主语。 陷阱】 最佳答案是 D, 第一空填形式主语, 真正的主语是其后的不定式 to 【分析】 分析】 play with fire。第二空填 what,what is difficult 是主语从句,注意 what is difficult 后的谓语动词 is。请做以下类似试题: (
  1) I know is important to know my own limitations, but is difficult is to help others to know their own limitations. A. it, it C. it, what ? B. what, what D. what, it
(
  2) Yes, is difficult to find a job nowadays, but is more difficult is try to find such a job with a high salary but little things to do. A. it, it C. it, what ? B. what, what D. what, it

  2. I dislike when others laugh at me in public or think poorly of me behind. A. that C. it 【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。 陷阱】 【分析】最佳答案是 C,因为在通常情况下,like 是及物动词,其后应有宾 分析】 语(句中 it 即为其宾语)。句中的 when 从句不是宾语从句,而是时间状语 ? B. those D. them
从句, 其中的 when 的意思是“当……的时候”。 其实, 也有的词典将 I don’t like it when (if) … 作为一个句型来处理。能这样用的动词不多,主要的有 enjoy, like, dislike, love, hate, prefer, appreciate 等表示喜好的动词。 She won’t like it if you arrive late. 她不喜欢你迟到。 He hates it when people use his bike. 他讨厌别人用他的自行车。 请做以下类似试题(答案均选 it): (
  1) I hate if people say such things in public. A. that C. it ? B. those D. them
(
  2) I’d prefer if I didn’t have to get up early on Sundays. A. that C. it ? B. such D. which
(
  3) I would appreciate very much if you could give me some suggestions. A. this C. it B. that D. you

  3. I’ve no idea. I just pretended nobody was at home, so I didn’t ask who was. A. he C. she 【陷阱】容易误选 A 或 C。 陷阱】 【分析】最佳答案是 D。it 用以指身份不明的人。若指身份明确的人,则不 分析】 宜用 it。比较: (
  1) Mr Smith is at the door. wants to see you. (
  2) Someone is at the door. must be Mr Smith. A. He C. This B. It ? D. That B. that D. it
第(
  1)题选 A,因为来者身份明确;第(
  2)选 B,因为来者身份不明确。
  4. “Excuse me, I want to have my watch fixed, but I can’t find a repair shop.” “I know nearby. Come on, I’ll show you.”
A. one C. some 【陷阱】容易误选 B。 陷阱】
B. it D. that
最佳答案是 A。 和 one 的区别可简单地概括为: = the + 名词, it it 【分析】 分析】 one = a + 名词。如: I haven’t got any pens, and I want to borrow one. 我没有钢笔,我想借一 支。(one = a pen) I have two pens, and I can lend one to you. 我有两本支钢笔,我可以借一 支。(one = a pen) I have a pen, and I can lend it to you. 我有一本钢笔,我可以把它借给你。 (it = the pen) 在上面一题中,one 相当于 one 相当于 a repair shop。请做下面一题(答 案选 A): There is only one English-Chinese dictionary in that book-shop. I wonder if you still want to buy . A. it C. another B. one D. any

  5. Will you see to that my children are taken good care of while I am away? A. it C. yourself 【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。 陷阱】 【分析】最佳答案是 A。it 为形式宾语,真正的宾语是空格后 that 引导的 分析】 宾语从句。see to 意为“负责”、“注意”,其中的 to 为介词,不宜直接跟 that 引导的宾语从句,遇此情况可借助代词 it。请做下面两题,答案也是选 it: (
  1) I’ll see to that all these letters will be sent to the post before twelve. A. it C. which B. me ? D. them B. me ? D. them
(
  2) Will you see to that the luggage is brought back as soon as possible? A. me C. it B. yourself D. them
类似以上 see to 用法的短语还有 depend on, answer for 等。如下面两题 答案也选 it: (
  1) You may depend on that he will turn up in time. A. it C. which B. me ? D. them
(
  2) I can’t answer for that the boy is honest. A. it C. which ◆精编陷阱题训练◆ 精编陷阱题训练◆
  1. Why shouldn’t I buy a new coat ? I haven’t bought for five years. A. it C. one B. that D. which B. me ? D. them

  2. He made known to his friends that he didn’t want to enter politics. A. that C. himself ? B. it D. him

  3. It used to be thought the Earth was flat. A. as C. since ? B. when D. that

  4. The Parkers bought a new house but will need a lot of work before they can move in. A. they C. one ? B. it D. which

  5. is well known Hong Kong returned to China on July 1st, 19
  97. A. It, that B. As, /
C. As, as
? D. It, which

  6. ? I don’t know whether I should go abroad or not, Mum. ? I leave to your own judgment whether you should do it. A. that C. this ? B. it D. what

  7. Does matter if he can’t finish the job on time? A. this C. he B. that ? D. it

  8. They are good friends. is no wonder that they know each other so well. A. This C. There ? B. That D. It

  9. They live on a busy main road. must be very noisy.? A. There C. That B. It ? D. They

  10. Why don’t you bring to his attention that you are too busy to do it?? A. this C. that B. what D. it

  11. “Look at that lady on the stage. She’s already forty.” “You are joking. She doesn’t look .” A. so C. that ? B. it D. this

  13. was known to them all that William had broken his promise he would give each of them a gift.? A. As; Which C. It; that ? B. What; that D. It; which

  14. In the west, people make a rule to send Christmas present to their relatives and friends.
A. this C. it 【答案与解析】 答案与解析】
B. that D. the following

  1. 选 C。one 指 a coat。比较:it = the +名词,one = a+名词,换句话说, it 是特指的,而 one 则是泛指的。
  2. 选 B。 为形式宾语, it 真正的宾语是 that he didn’t want to enter politics。
  3. 选 D。 为形式主语, it 此句为 People used to think that the Earth was flat 的被动语态形式。
  4. 选 B。it 指前面提到的 new house。注意不能选 D,因为其前有并列连 词 but。
  5. 选 A。it 为形式主语,其后的 that 从句为主语从句。比较下面一题,答 案选 B: is well known, Hong Kong returned to China on July 1st, 19
  97. A. It, that C. As, as B. As, / ? D. It, which

  6. 选 B。it 为形式宾语,真正的宾语是 whether you should do it.
  7. 选 D。it doesn’t matter if…, does it matter if… 等为英语常用表达。
  8. 选 D。it’s no wonder that… 意为“难怪……”、“……不足为怪”,为英语 固定表达,其中的 it’s 也可省略,即只说 No wonder that…。如: No wonder (that) he didn’t want to go. 难怪他不想去。
  9. 选 B。it 指环境。
  10. 选 D。it 为形式宾语,真正的宾语是 that you are too busy to do it.
  12. 选 B。it 指 her age。look one’s age 为习语,意为“容貌与年龄相称”。
  13. 选 C。第一空填 it,为形式主语;第二空填 that,用以引导一个同位语 从句,修饰 promise。
  14. 选 C。it 为形式宾语,真正的宾语是其后的不定式 to send Christmas present to their relatives and friends
 

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