The English Coordinate Conjunctions
English Conjunctions
The main classification of the coordinate conjunctions:

  1.The Copulative Conjunctions;
  2.The Alternative Conjunctions;
  3.The Adversative Conjunctions;
  4.The Causal Conjunctions;
  5.The Resultative Conjunctions.

  1.The Copulative Conjunctions

  1) and
  2) both... and...
  3) neither... nor...
  4) not only... but also...
  5) as well as
  6) when (and at that time, and suddenly)
He and I attend the medical conference. We were singing and dancing all evening. Father and son went to New York by a morning train. He started to shout and swear. She was sweet and amiable. Read it slowly and clearly. He had plenty of money and he spent it freely. Give him an inch and he will take a mile. Go straight on and you'll see a church.
both... and...
You've given both your uncle and myself a lot of trouble. Sophia was both glad and sorry to see her. I decided to play safe both for own sake and the job's. He both speaks and writes French.
neither... nor...
He can neither read nor write. They have neither natural gas nor running water. He was neither clever nor stupid. Paul came just at the right time, neither too early nor too late. Neither I nor he attends the class.
not only... but also...
He not only did the shopping but he also cook the meal. The cuts will affect not only this school but also other schools in this area. Not only my mother was unhappy, but Marian, too. Not only did he speak more correctly, but he spoke more easily.
...as ...as well as...
John can speak Chinese as well as French. We shall travel by night as well as by day. The conflict spread everywhere, into villages, as well as into the cities. It is a political as well as an economic question.
An Arab was walking along in the desert when he met two men. I was just coming to see you when I ran into Wilson. Peter was on his way home when two boys stopped him. He was walking in the street purposelessly when he caught sight of a tailor's shop. I was about to leave when the telephone rang.

  2.The Alternative Conjunctions

  1) or
  2) either... or...
  4) otherwise
  3) or else
You can walk up take the cable car. Would you like fish or beef? Do you want a bath at once, or shall I have mine first? He had to have a job or go hungry. Don't drive so fast or you'll have an accident.
either... or...
Either Tim or his brother has to shovel the snow. She's either French or Spanish. I left it either on the table or in the drawer. You can either write or phone to order a copy. It was either pink, red or orange. Either you must improve your work or I shall dismiss you.
or else and otherwise
Hurry up, or else (or, otherwise) you'll be late. You must work harder; otherwise you will be put into another class. Do what you are told; otherwise you will be punished. Seize the chance, otherwise you will regret it.

  3.The Adversative Conjunctions

  6) but yet while however still nevertheless
The weather will be sunny but cold. He no longer felt despondent, but happy and hopeful. He is not a novelist, but a dramatist. James hasn't got a car, but his sister has. She's been learning Italian for six years, but she doesn't speak it very well. I'd love to come but I can't make it till 8 o'clock.
It is strange, yet true. Jane said she was ill, yet I saw her in the street just now. They are ugly and expensive, yet people buy them. I offered him still more, and yet he wasn't satisfied. She's a funny girl, but yet you can't help liking her.
Jack is clever, while his brother is stupid. I have remained poor, while my brother has made a fortune. Some men are rich, while (whereas) others are poor. Some families are making merry while others are suffering from poverty. He has nothing to spend his money on, while I have no money to spend.
I'll offer it to Tom. However, he may not want it. Sales are poor this month. There may, however, be an increase before Christmas. His first response was to say no. Later, however, he changed his mind.
You did wrong. Still, I'm ready to forgive you. It's raining; still I'd like to go. He is naughty, (but) still you cannot help liking him. It is very good, still it can be better.
They hadn't trained hard, nevertheless (but) they won. nevertheless, He's charming; nevertheless, I don't trust him. He was angry, nevertheless (however) he listened to me.

  4.The Causal Conjunction: for
The children soon lost their way, for they had never been in the forest before. The windows were open, for it was hot. The days were short, for it was now December. It must have rained in the night for when I woke the next morning I saw the grass wet. She must have gone out early, for she had not shown up at breakfast.

  5.The Resultative Conjunctions

  6) so therefore hence thus then as a result
Nobody seemed about, so I went in. The play began at eight, so they must dine at seven. She felt very tired so she went to bed early. Our cases were heavy, so we took a taxi. The manager was sick so I went in his place.
There is fog at Heathrow; therefore the plane has been diverted. It rained; therefore the game was called off. He's out of the country and therefore unable to attend the meeting. He had finished the Times, there was therefore nothing to do. He had gone; she therefore gave the money to me.
My mother is by herself; hence I must go home now. Microwaves have got cheaper and hence more people can afford it. Hence he was annoyed by many unwelcome attentions.
thus, then and as a result
He is busy, thus he can't come. Her mother was ill, thus she went home to look after her. He stood up suddenly, then he felt a little dizzy and sat down again. He often worked hard, as a result he passed the exam easily.



   英语并列连词的用法 The English Coordinate Conjunctions English Conjunctions The main classification of the coordinate conjunctions: 1.The 1.The Copulative Conjunctions; 2.The Alternative Conjunctions; 3.The Adversative Conjunctions; 4.The Causal Conjunction ...


   初中英语中连词的用法大全 连词是一种虚词, 它不能独立担任句子成分而只起连接词与词, 短语与短语以及句与句 的作用.连词主要可分为两类:并列连词和从属连词.并列连词用来连接平行的词,词组和 分句.如:and, but, or, nor, so, therefore, yet, however, for, hence, as well as, both…and, not only…but also, either…or, neither…nor, (and)then 等等. 并列连词引导两个并 ...


   英语名词的 用法 2007-01-25 09:33:00 媛 作者:荆媛 来源:燕赵都市报 ■命题趋势 名词是历届各省市中考必考知识点.从考查形式看,一般有单项选 择,词语运用和完形填空等.所占分值通常为 1~3 分. ■考查重点 中考试题对名词的考查涉及名词复数的构成,名词的所有格,可数 名词与不可数名词的用法,专有名词的用法等.其中,不可数名词的数量 表示法,名词双重所有格等又是考查的热点. 一.名词的种类 名词可分为专有名词和普通名词.专有名词是指某个或某些个人, 地方,机构等专有名词 ...


   冠词与零冠词 (一)冠词的用法 一、冠词的基本概念 冠词,是用来表示名词特性的一种词,它表示名词可数不可数、单数复数、 任何一个还是特定的一个等。也就是说,冠词与名词是紧密连在一起的。如果用 了 a /an /the,不管后面是什么词,都变成了名词。所以,冠词就是放在名词前面 的一种词。 使用冠词有三种基本情况: 1、用 a / an a / an 用在单数可数名词前面,表示这个人或事物是泛指的不确定的一个, 相当于中文的“一个”。注意:可数的单数名词前,必须要用 a / an 或 the. ...


   代 词 一、定义与分类 代词是代替名词及起名词作用的短语或句子的词。代词根据其意思和用法可分为人称代词、 物主代词、反身代词、指示代词、相互代词、疑问代词、连接代词、关系代词、不定代词九 类。综观历年高考情况,在这九类代词中,不定代词一直是高考英语的重点。 二:人称代词,物主代词,反身代词用法概述 这三种代词都有人称(一、二、三人称)的变化、数(单、复数)的变化,以及性(阴性、 阳性、中性)的变化。其中,人称代词除了这三种变化外,还有格(主格、宾格)的变化。 物主代词又包括两种形式:形容词性 ...


   Go有关的习惯用语 be going 备有;有;供出 Is there any food going? 有食物吗? be going to do (或 happen) 将要做;将要发生 She is going to have a baby. 她就要生小孩了。 from the word go 一开始 go a long way (金钱)买很多东西 (= go far) go a long way(人)成功,顺利 (= go far) go and 为…而去 竟然做… Go a ...


   Meanings and Uses of Chief English Prepositions Part I Meanings and Uses of Chief English Prepositions 1. about (on+by+out): (1) 在周围, 在四面八方;(2) 在......的附近;(3) 到处, 在各 处;(4) 在身边, 手头;(5) 大约, 差不多, 左右;(6) 涉及, 关于;(7) 从事于, 做;(8) 属于;(9) 将, 正要 (1) 在周围, 在四面八 ...


   英语冠词 冠词分不定冠词(indefinite article)和定冠词(definite article)两种, 一般无句子重音. 1)不定冠词 1)不定冠词 a,an a) a 和 an 均用在单数名词之前,表示某一类人或事物中的"一个",相当于 汉语的"一",但不强调数目观念. b) a 用在辅音之前,an 用在元音之前.如:a notebook 一个笔记本,a cigarette 一支香烟,an old man 一位老人,an English ...


   一、形容词的定义 形容词用来修饰名词或代词, 形容词用来修饰名词或代词 表示人或 事物的性质, 状态,和特征 和特征。 事物的性质 状态 和特征。 二、形容词的用法: 形容词的用法: 1. 作定语,一般放在名词之前 不定 作定语,一般放在名词之前, 代词 something,anything,nothing, , , , everything 等之后。 等之后。 eg. It’s a sunny day today. 今天是个阳光灿烂的日子。 今天是个阳光灿烂的日子。 She has a r ...


   英语常用介词用法(转载) 英语常用介词用法(转载) 早、午、晚要用 in,at 黎明、午夜、点与分。 年、月、年月、季节、周,阳光、灯、影、衣、冒 in。 将来时态 in...以 后,小处 at 大处 in。 有形 with 无形 by,语言、单位、材料 in。 特征、方面与方式,心情成语惯用 in。 介词 at 和 to 表方向,攻击、位置、恶、善分。 日子、日期、年月日,星期加上早、午、晚, 收音、农场、值日 on,关于、基础、靠、著论。 着、罢、出售、偷、公、 假,故意、支付、相反,准 ...


高考英语能力测试基础训练1 名词

   高考英语能力测试基础训练1 名词 高考试题中,名词常结合其他项目一起考查,涉及面极广(近年来也出现了直接以名词为考查对象的单项选择题)。考查要点有:词语辨析;名词的数(可数与不可数、单数与复数)与限定;名词作定语;名词的修饰与搭配等。此外,高考试题中还曾在阅读理解中出现过测试常用名词在文中的准确理解的试题。w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 1. The manager has got a good businessso the company is doing well. A.idea  ...

2010-05-11 BBC英语广播

   2010-05-11 BBC BBC News with Iain Purdon. The British Prime Minister Gordon Brown has announced that he intends to stand down as leader of the Labour Party within months. Mr Brown said he had no desire to stay in his post longer than was needed to f ...


   英语四六级写作高级词汇替换 ★ 形容词: 1. 贫穷的:poor = needy = impoverished = poverty-stricken 2. 富裕的:rich = wealthy = affluent = well-to-do = well-off 3. 优秀的:excellent = eminent = top = outstanding 4. 积极的,好的:good = conducive = beneficial=advantageous 5. 消极的,不良的:bad = ...


   2011 高考词汇短语总结B 字母开头 1. lie on one's back 四脚朝天躺着 the back number of...过期的…(the current…) back and forth 来回 turn one's back on sb 不理睬… 2. historical background 历史背景 He is a worker by background .他是工人出生。 3. want sth badly = need sth badly 迫切希望得到… 4. k ...

高考英语阅读答题技巧 第二课(推断题)

   高考基础阅读 第二课 LOGO 事实细节题??考察细节信息 判断: 疑问词或??提问细节 64. People sometimes set a fish free after catching it because they 注意: 解题原则??找到原文 解题步骤??先题后文 事实细节题??解题 1.定位 1.1分析关键词: (1)专有名词 (2) 数字 (3)名词 (4)动词,形容词,副词 1.2缩小范围 (1)首题多首段,顺序不会乱(主旨题除外) (2)段落主旨 2.对比?? 逐词对意 ...