The English Coordinate Conjunctions
English Conjunctions
The main classification of the coordinate conjunctions:

  1.The Copulative Conjunctions;
  2.The Alternative Conjunctions;
  3.The Adversative Conjunctions;
  4.The Causal Conjunctions;
  5.The Resultative Conjunctions.

  1.The Copulative Conjunctions

  1) and
  2) both... and...
  3) neither... nor...
  4) not only... but also...
  5) as well as
  6) when (and at that time, and suddenly)
He and I attend the medical conference. We were singing and dancing all evening. Father and son went to New York by a morning train. He started to shout and swear. She was sweet and amiable. Read it slowly and clearly. He had plenty of money and he spent it freely. Give him an inch and he will take a mile. Go straight on and you'll see a church.
both... and...
You've given both your uncle and myself a lot of trouble. Sophia was both glad and sorry to see her. I decided to play safe both for own sake and the job's. He both speaks and writes French.
neither... nor...
He can neither read nor write. They have neither natural gas nor running water. He was neither clever nor stupid. Paul came just at the right time, neither too early nor too late. Neither I nor he attends the class.
not only... but also...
He not only did the shopping but he also cook the meal. The cuts will affect not only this school but also other schools in this area. Not only my mother was unhappy, but Marian, too. Not only did he speak more correctly, but he spoke more easily.
...as ...as well as...
John can speak Chinese as well as French. We shall travel by night as well as by day. The conflict spread everywhere, into villages, as well as into the cities. It is a political as well as an economic question.
An Arab was walking along in the desert when he met two men. I was just coming to see you when I ran into Wilson. Peter was on his way home when two boys stopped him. He was walking in the street purposelessly when he caught sight of a tailor's shop. I was about to leave when the telephone rang.

  2.The Alternative Conjunctions

  1) or
  2) either... or...
  4) otherwise
  3) or else
You can walk up take the cable car. Would you like fish or beef? Do you want a bath at once, or shall I have mine first? He had to have a job or go hungry. Don't drive so fast or you'll have an accident.
either... or...
Either Tim or his brother has to shovel the snow. She's either French or Spanish. I left it either on the table or in the drawer. You can either write or phone to order a copy. It was either pink, red or orange. Either you must improve your work or I shall dismiss you.
or else and otherwise
Hurry up, or else (or, otherwise) you'll be late. You must work harder; otherwise you will be put into another class. Do what you are told; otherwise you will be punished. Seize the chance, otherwise you will regret it.

  3.The Adversative Conjunctions

  6) but yet while however still nevertheless
The weather will be sunny but cold. He no longer felt despondent, but happy and hopeful. He is not a novelist, but a dramatist. James hasn't got a car, but his sister has. She's been learning Italian for six years, but she doesn't speak it very well. I'd love to come but I can't make it till 8 o'clock.
It is strange, yet true. Jane said she was ill, yet I saw her in the street just now. They are ugly and expensive, yet people buy them. I offered him still more, and yet he wasn't satisfied. She's a funny girl, but yet you can't help liking her.
Jack is clever, while his brother is stupid. I have remained poor, while my brother has made a fortune. Some men are rich, while (whereas) others are poor. Some families are making merry while others are suffering from poverty. He has nothing to spend his money on, while I have no money to spend.
I'll offer it to Tom. However, he may not want it. Sales are poor this month. There may, however, be an increase before Christmas. His first response was to say no. Later, however, he changed his mind.
You did wrong. Still, I'm ready to forgive you. It's raining; still I'd like to go. He is naughty, (but) still you cannot help liking him. It is very good, still it can be better.
They hadn't trained hard, nevertheless (but) they won. nevertheless, He's charming; nevertheless, I don't trust him. He was angry, nevertheless (however) he listened to me.

  4.The Causal Conjunction: for
The children soon lost their way, for they had never been in the forest before. The windows were open, for it was hot. The days were short, for it was now December. It must have rained in the night for when I woke the next morning I saw the grass wet. She must have gone out early, for she had not shown up at breakfast.

  5.The Resultative Conjunctions

  6) so therefore hence thus then as a result
Nobody seemed about, so I went in. The play began at eight, so they must dine at seven. She felt very tired so she went to bed early. Our cases were heavy, so we took a taxi. The manager was sick so I went in his place.
There is fog at Heathrow; therefore the plane has been diverted. It rained; therefore the game was called off. He's out of the country and therefore unable to attend the meeting. He had finished the Times, there was therefore nothing to do. He had gone; she therefore gave the money to me.
My mother is by herself; hence I must go home now. Microwaves have got cheaper and hence more people can afford it. Hence he was annoyed by many unwelcome attentions.
thus, then and as a result
He is busy, thus he can't come. Her mother was ill, thus she went home to look after her. He stood up suddenly, then he felt a little dizzy and sat down again. He often worked hard, as a result he passed the exam easily.



   英语并列连词的用法 The English Coordinate Conjunctions English Conjunctions The main classification of the coordinate conjunctions: 1.The 1.The Copulative Conjunctions; 2.The Alternative Conjunctions; 3.The Adversative Conjunctions; 4.The Causal Conjunction ...


   初中英语中连词的用法大全 连词是一种虚词, 它不能独立担任句子成分而只起连接词与词, 短语与短语以及句与句 的作用.连词主要可分为两类:并列连词和从属连词.并列连词用来连接平行的词,词组和 分句.如:and, but, or, nor, so, therefore, yet, however, for, hence, as well as, both…and, not only…but also, either…or, neither…nor, (and)then 等等. 并列连词引导两个并 ...


   英语名词的 用法 2007-01-25 09:33:00 媛 作者:荆媛 来源:燕赵都市报 ■命题趋势 名词是历届各省市中考必考知识点.从考查形式看,一般有单项选 择,词语运用和完形填空等.所占分值通常为 1~3 分. ■考查重点 中考试题对名词的考查涉及名词复数的构成,名词的所有格,可数 名词与不可数名词的用法,专有名词的用法等.其中,不可数名词的数量 表示法,名词双重所有格等又是考查的热点. 一.名词的种类 名词可分为专有名词和普通名词.专有名词是指某个或某些个人, 地方,机构等专有名词 ...


   Go有关的习惯用语 be going 备有;有;供出 Is there any food going? 有食物吗? be going to do (或 happen) 将要做;将要发生 She is going to have a baby. 她就要生小孩了。 from the word go 一开始 go a long way (金钱)买很多东西 (= go far) go a long way(人)成功,顺利 (= go far) go and 为…而去 竟然做… Go a ...


   一、副词的概念 副词(adverb,简写为 adv)是一种用来修饰动词、形容词、全句的词,说明时间、地点、 程度、方式等概念的词。副词是一种半虚半实的词。副词可分为:地点副词、方式副词、程 度副词、疑问副词、连接副词。 二、副词的分类 1.根据意义分类 . (1)方式副词 )方式副词,一般用来回答“怎样地?”这类问题,具有最典型的状语形式,绝大部分都 是由一个形容词加词尾-ly 构成。如: calmly 冷静地,carefully 仔细地,小心地,carelessly 粗心地,patient ...


   英语介词的用法 2009-10-04 21:19 2010 年高考英语复习介词的用法 ◆典型陷阱题分析◆ 1. "You went late the stadium yesterday evening, didn't you?" "Yes, my wife was a little late the supper." A. to, with B. for, with C. for, for D. at, for 【陷阱】容易误选 B 或 D. 【分析】 ...


   Meanings and Uses of Chief English Prepositions Part I Meanings and Uses of Chief English Prepositions 1. about (on+by+out): (1) 在周围, 在四面八方;(2) 在......的附近;(3) 到处, 在各 处;(4) 在身边, 手头;(5) 大约, 差不多, 左右;(6) 涉及, 关于;(7) 从事于, 做;(8) 属于;(9) 将, 正要 (1) 在周围, 在四面八 ...


   名词的用法 名词的分类: 名词的分类: 普通名词(Common Nouns) 普通名词 专有名词( 专有名词(Proper Nouns) Individual Nouns 1)个体名词 个体名词 Countable Nouns 2)集体名词 Collective Nouns ) 3)物质名词 Material Nouns ) 4)抽象名词 Abstract Nouns ) Uncountable Nouns 有些名词在一种场合下属于不可数名词, 但在另一种场合下又属于可数名词。 例如下面的物 ...


   一、形容词的定义 形容词用来修饰名词或代词, 形容词用来修饰名词或代词 表示人或 事物的性质, 状态,和特征 和特征。 事物的性质 状态 和特征。 二、形容词的用法: 形容词的用法: 1. 作定语,一般放在名词之前 不定 作定语,一般放在名词之前, 代词 something,anything,nothing, , , , everything 等之后。 等之后。 eg. It’s a sunny day today. 今天是个阳光灿烂的日子。 今天是个阳光灿烂的日子。 She has a r ...


   英语常用介词用法(转载) 英语常用介词用法(转载) 早、午、晚要用 in,at 黎明、午夜、点与分。 年、月、年月、季节、周,阳光、灯、影、衣、冒 in。 将来时态 in...以 后,小处 at 大处 in。 有形 with 无形 by,语言、单位、材料 in。 特征、方面与方式,心情成语惯用 in。 介词 at 和 to 表方向,攻击、位置、恶、善分。 日子、日期、年月日,星期加上早、午、晚, 收音、农场、值日 on,关于、基础、靠、著论。 着、罢、出售、偷、公、 假,故意、支付、相反,准 ...



   第二单元 1. 无论是友情还是爱情,你都不可能期待自己付出最少而得到 最多。 In either friendship or love,you should never expect to receive the maximum while you give the minimum. 2. 我把全部希望寄托在他的承诺上,结果却发现他根本不是个 真诚的人。 I built all my hopes on his promises,only to find that he was not a m ...


   七年级英语完型填空练习题 七年级英语完型填空练习题 完型填空练习 Unit 1 I am 1 Passage 6 1 2 school. 3 name is Zhang Hua. I am in 7 4 .Iam 5 in the same class. He is my friend . girl. I am twelve. I am Row Five. Jim is We ( ( ( ( 8 English boy. He is eleven. He and I 9 is my teac ...


   中学英语词汇过目不忘六招 单词是成功学习英语的最基础,没有了单词这个基础,接下来的会话,文法,阅读,写作都将无法顺利进 行,因此在英语的学习中,"如何背单词"是绝不可忽略的首要之务. 有些人背单词是"每背必忘","每忘必背",永远离"成功背单词"有段距离;为破除这个魔咒,请奉行 高老师正确背单词方法的绝招: [第一法:基本功] 绝招一:蚕食鲸吞法 准备一本词汇书(或一本笔记),这本书(或笔记)的结构应该是:英文在 ...


   选校网 www.xuanxiao.com 高考频道 专业大全 历年分数线 上万张大学图片 大学视频 院校库 英语单词发音规则 一,元音字母在重读音节中的读音 元音字母 读 音 例 词 a 在开音节中 [ei] name plane Jane baby cake 在闭音节中 [] bag dad hat map black back e 在开音节中 [i:] he these me Chinese 在闭音节中 [e] bed let pen desk yes egg i 在开音节中 [ai] ...


   WB M1 M2 M3 M4 M5 M6 M7 M8 M9 M10 M11 M12 ...