高考英语常用动词及 高考英语常用动词及短语 常用动词
agree vi.同意 持相同意见 I cannot agree with you on this point.在这一点上,我不能同意你的意见。 同意;持相同意见 同意 sb agree with sb 同意某人的话,意见 sth agree with sb 某物,某事适应某人 agree to sb 建议 agree on sth 在某一点上取得一致意见 agree up sth 在某一点上取得一致意见 agree to do sth 同意干某事 break vt.打破 损坏 破坏 We should all take a little break before dessert. 吃甜点之前我们大家应该稍 打破;损坏 打破 损坏;破坏 微休息一下。 break down 机器坏了=go wrong 身体垮了/终止谈话
  11) I had never seen a grown man break down and cry. 我从未曾看到过一个这么强壮的汉子痛哭失声。 break in 闯入,插话 break off 忽然停止讲话/断绝,结束/暂停工作,休息 break out (战争等)爆发;逃出(无被动式) break through 打破包围 break up 驱散,学校的放学 The police had to employ force to break up the crowd.警察不得不使用武力 驱散人群。 break away from 脱离,逃说,与...断绝来往/改变某种习惯 bring vt.拿来 带来 取来 I'll bring some of my pictures into the gallery. 我就带一些我的摄影到艺廊来。 拿来;带来 拿来 带来;取来 bring about =cause, result in, lead to bring down 使倒下,使下降 bring force 使产生,引起 bring forward 提出建议=put forward/提前 bring in =get in the pops/使得到某种收入 Mr. Li: Oh… would you kindly allow me to bring in h… would you kindly allow me to bring in the civet durian? It is the favorite of my sister.李先生:喔…您能允许我带 些榴莲吗?它是我姐姐最喜欢的水果。 bring back to one's mind 使回想起 bring up sb 抚养某人 bring up sth 提出 bring up 呕吐 bring to an end 结束=come to an end call vt.叫喊 打电话给 I'll call the roll before class. 课前我要点名。 叫喊;打电话给 叫喊 打电话给… call on sb 拜访,号召 call at 访问(某人的家);(火车、船)停靠 call for 需要 And there's a phone call for you, Mr. Bennett. Bennett 先生 有你的电话。 call for sb 去接某人一起去做某事 call off 取消(计划,比赛) call out (call out+to sb.)大声地叫 call up sb 打电话 call in 请进来 We'll call in a couple of days. 我们两三天後打电话。 carry vt.携带 运载 传送 Another generation to carry on the Stewart name. 这是承继 Stewart 家族香火 携带;运载 携带 运载;传送 的新一代。 carry out 进行到底,贯彻执行
  4) Tomorrow, Sandra will carry out the garbage. 明天珊多拉将会收拾垃 圾的。 carry out 是成就、完成的惯用语,但在此地,一看便知并非这种意思。可把它想象做从厨房把 garbage 运到外面去。 carry on 进行下去,坚持下去 Another generation to carry on the Stewart name. 这是承继 Stewart 家族香 火的新一代。 carry away 拿走,入迷,被...吸引 carry forward 推进,发扬(精神) carry off 抢走,夺走/获得奖品 carry through 进行到底,完成计划 carry sb through 使...渡过难关 catch vt.捉;抓住 vi.接住 We didn't catch anything. 我们什么也没有钓著。 捉 抓住 接住 catch up 赶上
  33. He shut himself away for a month to catch up on his academic work.他与世隔绝一个 月,力图把功课赶上去。 catch on 勾住,绊倒 catch at 想抓住 A drowning man will catch at a straw. 溺水者见草也要抓;急何能 择。 be caught in the rain 被雨淋 catch up with 赶上某人,补上工作 clear a.清澈 晰]的 vt.清除 It is said it will clear up tonight. 天气预报说今晚雨就会停。 清澈[晰 的 清澈 清除 clear up (天气)转晴,澄清事实,整理收拾 It is said it will clear up tonight. 天气预报说今晚雨就会停。
clear away 清除掉,去掉,消散 clear off 消除(积雪)等障碍,把...拆掉,擦掉,清除 come vi.到来 变得 到达 May I come in? 我能进来吗? 到来; 到来 变得; come across 偶然发现,偶然遇到 come on 快点(口),开始,到来,举行,走吧,一起去 Oh, come on now. 噢 别这样了。 come at 向...扑过来,向...袭击
  7. We may come at another time.我们可以另找个时间来。 come down 倒下,(温度,价格)下降,病倒 come forward 涌现,主动地响应要求做某事 come in 进来,上市 And have you had an engineer come in to do an inspection? 你们可有一个工程师来 做过检查吗 come from 来自于 I come from Japan. 我来自日本。 come out 出来,出发,结果 Did Mitchell Johnson's review come out yet? Mitchell Johnson 的评论出来了没有 ? come to 苏醒,总共,达到,得到谅解 When will he come to see you? 他什么时候来看你? come up sb 走进 come up 种子生长发育,被提出 and I'll come up with something.我会想出个办法的。 come to one's rescuers 帮助 come true 实现 I know, but it's still a dream come true. 我知道 但这终究是一个梦想实现了。 cut v.割,切,削减,切断 they cut patches 剪下布块 cut sth in half 把...砍成两半 cut away 切除 He cut away a dead branch.他砍掉一根枯干的树枝。 cut through 走近路,剌穿 cut down 砍倒,减少,压缩(开支) cut off 切断(关系,来往),中止(电话,思维)
  3. He was cut off from his fellows.他和同伴失去联系。 cut out 删掉/改掉(恶习),停止 in a short cut 诀窍 do v.aux.助动词 无词意 What do you call this in English? 这个用英语怎么说? 助动词(无词意 助动词 无词意) do with 涉及到 What are you going to do with the books? 你打算拿这些书怎么办? do up one's hair 盘起长发 do up sth 包/捆起来 do out 打扫,收拾 do away with =get rid of 废除,去掉,取消 die vi.死亡 枯死 熄灭 I will die before I'll eat that carrot. 如果要我吃胡萝卜,我宁愿去死。 死亡; 死亡 枯死; dir from 因饥渴,战争,被污染的意外死亡 die off 因年老,疾病而死亡 die away 声音变弱,渐渐消失/停息,消失 die down 慢慢地熄灭(风,火) die out 熄灭,变弱,消失,灭绝(动物) fall vi.落下 跌倒 陷落 to fall 坠下,掉下 落下;跌倒 落下 跌倒;陷落 fall a sleep 去睡觉=go to sleep fall ill 病了 3
  35. Be careful not to fall ill. 注意不要生病了。 fall across 遇见(偶然) fall back 后退,后撤 fall behind 落后,跟不上 fall in 集合/陷入
  29. The necessary outcome of a war is a fall in production.战争带来的必然结果就是生 产力下降。 fall into 陷入+名词 A fall into a pit, a gain in your wit.吃一堑,长一智。 fall off 减少,从...摔下来 to fall off a bench 从长椅上掉下来 fall on 看到,落在...上面 fall short of 缺乏 fall out of 放弃 get vi.变得 成为 到达 When do you get up everyday? 每天你几点起床? 变得,成为 变得 成为;到达 get about 到处走,消息的传开 Don't forget about the bet. 别忘了打赌的事。 get across 穿过,讲清楚使人了解,领会 The children began to get across at each other. 孩子们开始争吵 了。 get away 逃掉,离开,摆脱
  1. I hope to get away early in the morning.我希望一早就动身离开。 get down 从…下来,写下来,记下来,病了/使某人不安 It's time to get down to business now. 是进入正 题的时候啦。 get along with sth 进展得 get along with sb 相处 get in 进去,进站,收进来,收帐 Yeah. Yeah. Let's get in our lines. 是啊 是啊。请排好位置。
get off 离开,下车 You can take the bus and get off at the second stop. 你可以坐公共汽车第二站下。 get on 上车 1
  57. Don't get on my nerves!(不要搅得我心烦。 ) get out 拔出,传开 I need to get out more. 我需要多出门去。 get over 克服(困难),从病中恢复过来,不接 from Yes, I know, but he'll get over it. 是的 我知道 过一下 就会好的。 get around =spread 传开 get through 完成,通过,用完,从人群中通过,接通电话
  11. It took us only a few minutes to get through the Customs.我们的海关检查只花了几分钟时间。 get to 到达,抓住问题的要害,本质 Excuse me, how can I get to the bus station? 对不起,汽车站怎么 走? get together 聚会,联欢
  92. Let's get together one of these days.(找一天聚聚。 ) get in a word 策划 get into trouble 陷入 get rid off 摆脱,去掉 give vt.给出 赋予 发生 If you have more, please give me some. 如果你有多的,请给我。 给出,赋予 给出 赋予,发生 give away 分发,赠送,颁发,背叛,出卖,暴露 give in 屈服 give off 放出(气体,光)
  15) Those flowers look pretty but don't give off a nice smell. 这些花看似漂亮,但 是气味并不好。 give out 使人筋疲力尽
  7) Some restaurants give out an odor that reaches to the street. 一些餐厅里面的 气味飘到了街上。 odor 是指比 scent 更浓更清楚的味道。 give up 放弃,停止做某事 4
  55. He resolved to give up smoking. 他决心戒烟。 give over 让位于=give way to 被取代 give away to 被取代 give rise to 引起,导致 From mutual understanding, a comfortable situation has been creation. 由于彼此的了解,因而建立了愉快的关系。 create 除了“创造”以外,还有“give rise to, cause”的意思。 go vi.离开 移动 运行 I have to go now. 我必须走了。 离开; 离开 移动; go bad 变坏;变酸;腐败 go red 变红 go hungry 挨饿 go wrong 出错;发生故障 go about 随便走/进行
  33. Could you please inform me how to go about contacting a lawyer?请您告诉我 怎样去联络律师? go after 追赶 go ahead 说吧,走吧,做吧(口语),走在前面 Good.now we can go ahead and write up the order. 好极了,现在我们可以准备下单了。 go at 从事于 go beyond 超出 It can go beyond the school system, Ellen. 这可以推广到学校体制以外 Ellen。 go by =pass 经过,过去
  76. He let a week go by before answering the letter.他一周以后才回信。 go down 下降 I'll go down to Henry's grocery. He's always open. 我到亨利杂货店去。那里总是开门营 业的 go into 进入 Yes, you're right. After all, she is smart enough to go into business.是啊,你说的对。毕 竟,她完全有经商才智。 go off 消失,腐败,坏的 go out (火)熄灭,过时了,罢工 Why not go out for a walk? 干吗不出去散步? go over 复习,检查 to go over to the construction site with me? 去看一看建筑工地吗 go through 审阅/经历了(痛苦,困难),完成 Would you like to go through our factory some time? 什么时 候来看看我们的工厂吧? go up 提高,上涨(价格) I can go up to the lodge for some hot dogs and drinks. 我可以到那边小屋去弄些 热狗和饮料来。rise up 起来反抗 He that lies down (sleeps) with dogs must rise up with fleas. 与恶人交 终会变恶;近朱者赤,近墨者黑。 go around 分配,传播,传开 OK, let's go around the table. 好 让我们顺著桌子来。 go all out to do sth 全力以赴去做某事 go back to 追溯到… I'll work for 5 years and then go back to school. 我会工作五年,然后会学校。 go with 相配=match=go along with They had excepted me to go with them. 他们原本希望我和他们一起 去。 go well with 协调 Salesgirl: Sure. We have both skirts and trousers that would go well with the sweater. Look to this section.女店员:当然。我们有裙子和长裤都可以配那件毛衣。看看这边。 go too far 太过分了,走太远了
hold vt.怀有 持有 见解等 No, the restaurant will hold our table. 不会 餐厅会保留我们的席位。 怀有,持有 见解等) 怀有 持有(见解等 hold up 主持,耽搁,延误,继续下去,拿起 hold back 阻挡,忍住,保留,隐瞒 hold down 控制,镇压=put down hold off 延误,保持距离,使"疏远" hold on 坚持下去,停止,别挂(电话) He gave them to me to hold on to them 他给我戒指 要我自己保管 hold out 坚持到胜利,支持,维持,伸出 hold to 坚持某个看法 (路线) ,紧紧地抓住 OK, hold to the right. 好 在右边停住。 hunt vt.追猎;追赶 vi.打猎 He that will have a hare to breakfast must hunt overnight. 早餐想吃野兔肉,头 晚就须去捕捉。 hunt for 寻找 hunt out 找出来 hunt throw 翻找 keep vt.保存 保持 留住 We keep in touch with each other by Email since he left China. 他离开中国以后, 保存,保持 保存 保持;留住 我们用 Email 保持联系。 keep to 坚持某种习惯,遵循,靠(左右)
  8. In England traffic must keep to the left.在英国,车辆必须靠左行 驶。 keep back 留在后面,阻止,忍住 keep down 控制,下降,缩减开支 keep off 避开,远离,让开 keep out 使其等在外面,不让进入 keep up 保持,维持,鼓足勇气 keep sb from doing 阻止某人做某事 keep sth from sb 把某事瞒着某人 keep up with 跟上 knock vi.&vt.&n.敲,击,打 1
  74. Why don't you knock it off? 为什么不把它关掉? knock into sb 撞到某人身上;偶然遇到 knock sth down 降低价格,拆除,缩减开支 knock off 下班,停工,很快地写出文章 knock sb up 匆匆做饭,敲门把某人叫醒,使某人疲倦 knock at 敲(门)
  6.Yhere was a knock at the door. It was the second time someone had interrupted me that evening.(有人敲门,那是那天晚上打扰我的第二个。 knock sb up 把某人叫醒 ) know vt.知道 认识 通晓 Do you know where I've put my glasses? 你知道我把眼镜搁哪儿了吗?
 

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