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2009 年高考英语第二轮热点专题复习??短文改错
英语科考试说明指出,短文改错(高考分值 10 分)宗旨在考查考生在语篇中综合运用 英语的准确性, 通过阅读测试考生发现、 判断、 纠正错误的能力,来考查他们在句法、语法、 惯用法及逻辑推理等方面的综合运用能力。 一. 短文改错题的设计规则及特点 要求改错的短文,题材各异,但多为记叙文、应 用文和说明文等。内容相当广泛。每篇短文字数约 100 个单词左右,分 10 行,每行(不一定 是一个完整的句子)都标有序号,每行为一题,分别出现四种情况:
  1。全行正确无误。
  2。 该行有一个用错的词。
  3。该行有一个多余的词。
  4。该行缺漏了一个词。要求考生根据短文 的内容及其各行的语言形式,语法要求和逻辑意义等具体情况,逐步做出判断,找出并改正 可能存在的错误。 具体做法如下:
  1. 该行正确无误, 在该行右边的横线上划上一个勾 (∨) ;
  2。该行缺漏一个词,那么在缺词处加一漏字符号∧,并在该行右边的横线上写出所缺漏的 词。
  3。该行多一个词,把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也 用斜线划掉。
  4。该行错一个词,在错词下面划一横线,并在该行右边横线上写出改正后的 词。 二.短文改错解题方法及技巧
  1.通读全文,了解大意,慎重做题 初读时应注意观察, 先一个意群一个意群的找出一些显而易见的错误, 以免一些不必要 的麻烦,这样还节省时间。在了解大意的基础上,判断出短文所使用的时态、语态、短文整 体的逻辑性及所处的语境。然后,从整体篇章结构、内容意思和逻辑上正确选词。因为语篇 是判断正误和改正错误的依据。因此,通读全文,初步判断有无错误,切忌拿起题就盲目的 改错,不能只见树木不见树林。
  2. 认真复读,确定答案 根据上下文之间的内在联系和语言的逻辑关系, 要把做好的答案进行复读, 从固定搭配、 习惯用语、词的用法、语法规则、语言表达习惯和逻辑推理上考虑,进行最后确定,使之达 到语句通顺流畅,上下文连惯,词语搭配正确等。否则在进行修改。切忌草率做题。
  3. 注意答题规则,降低错误率 答题时不要忽视答题要求,改正后的答案书写须与题目要求一致。从 NMET19972003 年的高考短文改错题来看(仅 NEMT2002 年的高考短文改错:缺词或
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多词的每一项均为 2 行,对的为 1 行,有错误的为 5 行),10 行中,正确的仅一行,多词 的为 2 行,缺词的为 1 行,有错误的均为 6 行。这样如果你的答案缺少这四类的某一类,或 某一类的比例过大,这就说明不正常了,需要再检查,以降低错误率,使你能得到更高的成 绩 。 就 2003 年 普 通 高 等 学 校 招 生 全 国 统 一 考 试 英 语 试 题 的 短 文 改 错 题 为 例 : When I first learned to write in English, I ran into many difficulties. The main problem was in that I always thought in Chinese and tried to translate anything into English .. My teacher advised me to keep my diary. I followed her advice and should put down 100 words or so each day . Soon I began to enjoy talk to myself on paper as I was learning to express me in simple English. One day I wrote a little story and showed to my teacher . She liked it very much and reads it to the class. All said the story was a good one. Their word were a great encouragement to me.
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  82.

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参考答案: 参考答案:
  76. 正确 正确.
  77. 去掉 in
  78. 把 anything 改为 everything
  82. me 改为 myself
  79. 把 my 改为 a
  83. 缺个 it

  80.去掉 should .
  84. reads 改为 read 解析: 解析:
  1. 一行正确
  2. 多余的词为两行 多余的词为两行.
  3. 缺漏词的为一行 缺漏词的为一行.
  4. 有错误的为六行 有错误的为六行.

  81. talk 改为 talking
  85. word 改为 words
真题训练:2008 年全国各省、市高考试题(短文改错试题)
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  1.2008 年 (全国卷 II) . ) If I have the honor to be chose to work for the 29th Olympic Games, I will at first improve my English so that I can talk easily about foreign visitor. Second, I will learn more about history of the Olympics as good as the 2008 Olympic Games. Third, since I was familiar with Beijing, I can help visitors find their ways in the city. Finally, I should be able to tell visitors about our history and culture and show them their great achievements. In short, I will do my best to help making the Games a success.
  2.2008 年(全国卷 I) . Dear Alice, I have just got some good mews to tell to you. I win a national prize for painting last week. My father was so pleasing that he suggested I go to England for a holiday. I’d like to staying There for half a month, visiting place of interest Or practicing my English as well. We’ve been Writing to each for nearly a year now. I have often dreamed of talk face to with you. I imagine you’ll be at vacation yourself by that Time. Perhaps we could go out to do some sightseeing together. Best, Lily
  3.2008 年 (辽宁卷) 辽宁卷) It is five years now since I graduate from No.3 High
  76. School. Last Saturday, the class that I was on held a 更多精品尽在大家网高中英语! 更多精品尽在大家网高中英语!
  77. http://www.TopSage.com
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get-together, which took us a long time ∧ prepare. It was indeed not easy to get in the touch with everybody and set a well time for all of us. We all enjoyed this precious day greatly, remember the time we spent together and the people they were familiar with. It was a pity which some of us were not present as they had gone abroad for further studies, but they called back or sent greeting card from different places.
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  4.2008 年(陕西卷) 陕西卷) John Brown is London taxi driver who love going to the Theatre .Last week his mother gave him two tickets for a play. The tickets were on Sunday evening. Then John read some Reviews of the play, which all said it was a terribly one! He Wouldn’t go to see a play that no one liked it, So two hours Before the play started, he left the ticket on the back seat of His taxi, Perhaps someone who wanted ∧see the play would take Them. However, while John went back home, the tickets were
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Still there. In the fact ,there were four tickets on the seat. Someone has placed another pair of tickets on top of them!

  5.2008 年(天津卷) Last summer I go to America and studied at a language school. I had many wonderful experience, but I also had a sad one. One day, the school held∧party, where
  56.
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I ∧ invited to talk about Tianjin. After that they asked me a lot of
  59. things about China. But I couldn’t explain them with English clearly. I felt sadly. I learnt a lesson from this experience. I have already studied English for eight years, ∧I can’t use it 更多精品尽在大家网高中英语! 更多精品尽在大家网高中英语!
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very good. I must work hard to improve my spoken English so that I will not be able to communicate freely with foreigners. I hope I can be a bridge between China and others countries in the future.
  63.
  64.
  65.

  6.2008 年 (四川卷) 四川卷) As summer vacation are coming soon, my classmates are
  56. trying very hardly to get train tickets to go home. But I have made up my minds to spend the vacation far from home for first time in my life. My parents have agreed to visiting me, and I will have a different vacation. When they came here, I will show them around my university and the city just as well. I have decided to buy them some nice gifts. It will be a big surprising for them. My parents have done a lot for me, and I think it is high time that I did anything special to express my thanks.
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  7.2008 年(重庆卷) 重庆卷) The Story about Growth is my favorite American TV play because it is very interested. The play tells humorous stories that happen in the Green’s family. With such stories it make people think about life, but therefore attracts the audience. It is also a window which we can learn about American
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society. And there were many meaningful things that
  81. are worth think of, such as the relationship between parents and children in a lot of American family. It is quite different from those in China. The play is very popular. We’d better not to miss the chance 更多精品尽在大家网高中英语! 更多精品尽在大家网高中英语!
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to enjoy it.

  8.2008 年 (安徽卷) 安徽卷) One day, while my friend and I was traveling through Germany, we were not very hungry but we only had a little money. We decided stop at a village market to buy something to eat. We choose the cheapest biscuits and ate it under a tree. We thought the biscuits were great. “Let’s got some more,” I said, “They’re cheap and they really taste well.” My friend could read some German, but I couldn’t, and I gave her the biscuit bag to find the name. She looked at it and started to laugh, “How are you laughing?” I asked. “Because they’re dog biscuits!” She said.
  9.2008 年(福建卷) Dear Ken, I am very exciting to learn that you’re coming to Beijing for the Olympic. Both my parent miss you a lot. So do our friend, Cathy, August is the best time of the year to visit Beijing, because of there is only a few rain and the weather is neither too hot nor too cold. There are so many places I want to take you to after I finish my work like a volunteer. When you come, you can stay with ourselves. My house is about three kilometers far away from the National Stadium, also known as the “Bird’s Nest”, where opening ceremony will be held. Best regards, Janet
  76. 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 76 77 78
  79. 80 81 82
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真题答案: 真题答案:

  1.2008 年(全国卷 II) . )
If I have the honor to be chose to work for the 29th Olympic Games, I will at first improve my English so that I can talk easily about foreign visitors. Second, I will learn more about /\ history of the Olympics as good as the 2008 Olympic Games. Third, since I was familiar with Beijing, I can help visitors find their ways in the city. Finally, I should be able to tell visitors about our history and culture and show them their great achievements. In short, I will do my best to help making the Games a success.
  2.2008 年(全国卷 I) . Dear Alice, I have just got some good mews to tell to you. I win a national prize for painting last week. My father was so pleasing that he suggested I go to England for a holiday. I’d like to staying There for half a month, visiting place of interest or practicing my English as well. We’ve been Writing to each∧ for nearly a year now. I have often dreamed of talk face to with you. I imagine you’ll be at vacation yourself by that Time. Perhaps we could go out to do some sightseeing together. Best, Lily

  76. chosen
  77. at
  78. with/ to
  79. the
  80. well
  81. am
  82. way
  83. \/
  84. our
  85. make

  76. 去掉 to
  77. won
  78. pleased/happy
  79. stay
  80. places
  81. and
  82. other
  83. talking
  84. on
  85. √
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  3.2008 年普通 (辽宁卷) . 辽宁卷) It is five years now since I graduate from No.3 H
 

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