高考英语第一轮重点知识复习 四 Module 2
一、重点单词与短语
  1. admit vt. & vi. (
  1)许可某人/物进入 This ticket admits two people to the football match. (
  2)接纳,接受某人(入院入学等) All countries can take part in if their athletes reach the standard to be admitted to the games. Every four years athletes from all over the world are admitted as competitors. He was admitted to hospital with serious burns. (
  3)承认,招认 admit (doing)sth.承认某事/做了某事 admit that +从句 承认……
Unit2 & Unit3
He never admits that he is wrong. John has admitted that he broke the window. = John has admitted the window. 拓展: admission n.允许加入;承认 admission price 入场费 考点例题: May I know your age, for people over 40 club. A. don’t admit into C. can’t enter
  2. relate v.将两件事联系起来;有关;涉及 It is difficult to relate the cause and effect in the case. relate sth. to /with sth.把……与……联系起来 relate to sb./ sth.与……有关;涉及 拓展: related adj.有关的;在联系的= relevant adj. relation n.关系,联系,亲戚 relative n.亲戚;adj.相对的 relativity n.相对性 考点例题:用句中黑体字的正确形式填空 B. aren’t admitted to D. are refused by admittedly = to be honest 说实在的
All his relatives to the crime have been brought to the police station.
  3. promise v. &n. (
  1)允诺;答应 promise to do sth.答应做某事 promise sb. sth.答应某人某事 promise +that 从句 答应…… make a promise 许下诺言 keep a promise 遵守诺言 carry out a promise 履行诺言 break a promise 违背诺言 (
  2)可能 The clear sky promise fine weather. 注:promising adj.有出息的;有前途的;有希望的 考点例题: John went to China last years. And he thinks China is a country. A. promise
  4. common adj. (
  1)普通的;通常的 common sense 常识 (
  2)共有的;共同的 common property, ownership 共有的财产,所有权 common interest, purpose 共同的兴趣,目的 have sth in common with 与……有共同之处 拓展: commonly adv.通常的;常常的 区别: common, ordinary, usual common 所指事物是最平常的。它指常发生,并且是“熟悉的,常见的” ordinary“普通的,平凡的”,强调无特殊之处(not special) It was a very ordinary day today. Tom Sawyer was an ordinary American boy who kept getting into trouble. usual 常用来指由于长时间没有变化而形成的一种习惯或制度,描写“一贯的,通常”预料 所及的事情 He sat in his usual seat. Are you coming home at the usual time? usual. Yes, I shall leave the office at the same time as common people 普通老百姓 B. promised C. promising D. promises

  5. advantage n.优点;优势;有利条件 At the end of an hour’s play the advantage lay definitely with him. 拓展: an advantage of sth. is that…其中的一个优点是…… an advantage of using solar energy is that it will not pollute the environment. take advantage of 对……加以利用;欺骗 to sb.’s advantage 对某人有利 have /get/win an advantage over (of)胜过;优于
  6. arise vi.(arose, arisen)出现; 发生 arise from /out of 由……引起;由……产生 A new difficulty has arisen.出现了新的困难。 Accidents arise from carelessness.疏忽大意往往会引起事故的发生。 拓展: 区别:arise, rise, raise, arouse arise 表示“出现;发生”相当于 happen, appear, 而 rise 无此意 rise(rose, risen)升起;起立(床) ,上涨;提高 rise from tale (餐毕)起立离桌 His voice rose in excitement.他激动得声音提高了。 raise v.提高;举起;增加;募捐;饲养。及物动词,后接宾语 He raised his arms above his head. arouse vt.唤醒,唤起,激起,引起 arouse sb. from sleep 唤醒某人 arouse sb’s enthusiasm 激起某人的积极性
二. 重点短语
  1. as well as 也;而且(=in addition to sth./ sb. else) as well as 连接两个并列成分时,意为“也”,“和”,“不仅……而且”, “既……又……”通 常强调前面的人或物。 Parents should show great concern about their children’s mental health as well as their physical health. = Parents should show great concern not only about their children’s physical health but also about their mental health.父母应该非常关心孩子的身体健康,也要关心他们的心理健康。 注:当它连接并列主语时,谓语动词的人称和数需和前面的主语一致 The teacher as well as the students was touched by the moving story. 拓展:
主语部分含有 with, together with, along with, but, except, besides, as well as, rather than, including, no less than, as much as 等词时,谓语的数应与前面的名词保持一致。 考点例题: All but one here just now. A. is B. was C. has been D. were
Jack, as well as his friends who football games, traveled with the team. A. likes ; has
  2. used to Used to, would 这两个词语都可以表示过去常做某事, 有时可以换用。 used to do 强调过 但 去习惯性的行为或状态,但是现在没有这种行为或状态了。因此,这个短语的内涵是今昔对 比。 There used to be only low and dirty houses in our village. 拓展: get/be used to sth./doing sth.习惯于某物/做某事,该词组有各种时态 be used to do sth.被用于做…… 考点例题: Jack is used to to school, but today he came by bus. A. walk B. walking C. walks D. walked B. like; have C. like; has D. likes have
Wood paper and other things. A. is used to make C. used to make
  3. make up (
  1)化妆;化装 She made up her face to look prettier. (
  2)捏造,虚构(故事,诗等) The boy made up a story; it was not true. (
  3)make up for 补偿 make up for lost time 补回失去的时间 How can we make up to you for what you have suffered? 拓展: be made up of = consist of 由……组成 make for 有利于……,有助于……;走向;冲向 The large print makes for easier reading. make it 及时赶到,办成功 make it up 和解;讲和 make known 使知晓;传达 B. is used to making D. used to making
make out 理解;懂得;辨认出
  4. after all (
  1)毕竟;终究;归根到底。常位于句末。如: I passed the driving test after all. (
  2)别忘了,后面接提醒对方要记住的事情。如: I know he hasn’t finished the work, but after all, he’d done his best. 拓展: in all 总计;总共 all in all 总而言之 above all 首先;最重要的是 at all(常用于否定句,疑问句或条件状语从句中加强语气)根本;丝毫
三. 重点句型
  1. How often do you hold your Games?你们奥运会多久举行一次? How often 问某事发生的频率。常用的答语有:every two days, once a week, at times 等 How soon 问某事在多少时间以内会完成。常用 in/within 短语回答 How soon will my dress ready? In a week.
How long 问某动作或某状态持续多久多长时间。常用 for 短语回答,for 可省略。 How long did you stay there? Only two days.

  2. Then it was the size of a large room.当时它有一个房间那么大 the size of 在句中相当于 as large as,能用于这种结构的名词还有: the length of = as long as the width of = as wide as the depth of = as deep as the height of = as high as the weight of = as heavy as 此结构前还可以加上 half, twice, three times, almost 和分数来表示程度。 This rope is half the length of that one.
  3. As the years have gone by, I have been made smaller and smaller.随着岁月的流逝,我被做得 越来越小了。 (
  1)as 引导时间状语从句,表示主句与从句的动作或状态同时发生,翻译为“随着……”; “当……时候” I saw him as he got off the train. (
  2)go by = go on (指时间)过去,流逝;go by 还有“遵照,依照”之意 考点例题: I’m going to the post office. you are there, can you buy me some stamps?
A. As
B. While
C. Because
D. If
Child he is, he knows a lot. A. when 【模拟试题】 模拟试题】 (一)根据句子意思写出括号内所给单词的恰当形式。
  1. I keep many (person) letters in this box and my office ones in that one.
  2. If you want to sell your piano, put an (advertise) in the newspaper.
  3. “How (fool)it is of you to do such a thing!” Mother said to the boy.
  4. During the (compete) they exchanged experience with players from other countries. ,
  5. In my opinion, there is no (relate) between the two things.
  6. We had no (choose) but to wait for this return.
  7. Computers have brought about a great (revolute) in people’s life.
  8. In the past 20 years, my hometown has (total) changed. B. while C. as D. because
(二)选择合适的单词或短语并用其适当形式填空。
  1. get used to; used to a. I enjoy gardening, but I don’t have enough time now. b. It took me several days to living in this area.
  2. take part in ; attend ; join ; join in a. About 400 students the protest last year. b. Born in Guangdong, he high school in Jiansu. c. You can enjoy a sport without a club or belonging to a team.
  3. as well as; as well; also ; too; either a. We to see the film. b. I like walking, and I like watching TV , . c. Why don’t you come along ? d. He didn’t get the news, . e. She her parents is leaving for the First Island. (三)根据括号内所给的提示翻译下列句子
  1. 当你离开房间的时候,请一定把门锁上。 (make sure that )
  2. 说实话,我不习惯你那样对待我。 (be used to)
  3. 你学习越刻苦,你取得的进步就会越大。 (比较级)
  4. 鲁迅不仅是一位伟大的作家而且是一位伟大的思想家。 (not only…but also…)
  5. 她对自己能在这次英语竞赛中获得一等奖充满信心。 (feel confident in doing )

  6. 随着时间的推移, 和许多年轻人一样, 他也开始喜欢上流行音乐。 by, in common with) (go
【试题答案】 试题答案】 (一)
  1. personal
  6. choice (二)
  1. a. used to b. get used to
  2. advertisement
  7. revolution
  3. foolish
  8. totally
  4. competition
  5. relation

  2. as; took part in b. attended/attends c. joining in d. joining
  3. a; also (三)
  1. Please make sure that you lock the door when you leave the room.
  2. To tell you the truth, I am not used to being treated like that.
  3. The harder you study, the greater progress you will make.
  4. Lu Xun was not only a great writer but also a great thinker.
  5. She feels confident in winning the first prize in the English competition.
  6. As the time went by, in common with many young people he began to love pop music. b. too c. as well d. either e. as well as
 

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