定语从句绝杀 18圣手 18圣手
限定性定语从句
I.关系代词 I.关系代词
先行词为人 先行词为人
引导词作主语 who/ who/that He laughs last laughs best.
先行词为人 先行词为人
引导词作宾语 (whom/who/that) whom/who/that) Is this the man you talked about yesterday?
先行词为人 先行词为人
引导词作定语 whose I wanna marry a man father is a millionaire.
先行词为人 先行词为人
引导词作表语 that I'm no longer the man I used to be.
先行词为事物 先行词为事物
引导词作主语 that Everything glitters is not gold.
先行词为事物 先行词为事物
引导词作宾语 (which/that) which/that) Show me the book you spoke of the other day.
先行词为事物 先行词为事物
引导词作表语 that The town is not the one it was ten years ago.
先行词为事物 先行词为事物
引导词作定语 whose Book me a room window faces the south. =the window of which / of which the window
II.关系副词 II.关系副词
先行词为事物 先行词为事物
引导词作地点状语 where/ where/on which Is this the farm you once worked?
先行词为事物 先行词为事物
引导词作时间状语 I'll always remember the days when/ when/in which I studied there.
先行词为事物 先行词为事物
引导词作原因状语 why/ why/for which Tell me the reason you were late.
非限定性定语从句
As
  1. we know, China is a
  1. developing country. which
  2.He came late again, made his father angry. who
  3.My brother, serves in the army, is a soccer fan.
引导词的句子成分一览表
关系词
that which who whom whose when where why as
主语
√人/物 人物 √物 物 √人 人
宾语
√人/物 人物 √物 物
表语
√人/物 人物
定语
状语
说 明
不能用于非限定性从句
√人 人 √人/物 人物 √ √ √ 用于非限制性定语从句和such…as, the same…as, as/so…as结构中. 用于非限制性定语从句和 结构中.
特殊定语从句
who
  1.He is one of the teachers know French. that
  2.This is the best film I have ever seen. seen.
  3.Talk about the people and places you that have visited. as
  4.This is the same book I lost yesterday.
秘诀大放送
确定定语从句引导词的3 确定定语从句引导词的3大决定因素
先行词 先行词的修饰语 引导词在定语从句中的成分
对比练习

  1. ① This is one of the most interesting films shown last week. ② This is the very one of the most interesting films shown last week. A. which was B. that was C. which were D. that were
  2. ① He has two sons, are college students. ② He has two sons, and are college students. A. both of which B. both of whom C. both of them D. both of it Keys:
  1. ① D ② B
  2. ① B ② C
对比练习

  3. ① He still lives in the room window faces to the east. ② He still lives in the room, the window faces to the east. ③ He still lives in the room is on the third floor. ④ He still lives in the room there is a beautiful table. A. which B. whose C. where D. of which
  4. ① leaves the room last ought to turn off the lights. ② who leaves the room last ought to turn off the lights. ③ who leave the room last ought to turn off the lights. A. Anyone B. Who C. Those D. Whoever Keys:
  3. ① B ② D ③ A ④ C
  4. ① D ② A ③ C
对比练习

  5. ① we all know, China is rich in natural resources. ② is well-known that China is rich in natural wellresources. ③ is well-known is that China is rich in natural wellresources. A. What B. As C. It D. That
  6. ① I'll never forget the days we studied together. ② I'll never forget the days we spent together. A. that B. 不填 C. when D. A and B Keys:
  5. ① B ② C ③ A
  6. ① C ② D
对比练习

  7. ① This is the only way you can find. ② I don't like the way he spoke to his mother. A. that B. 不填 C. in which D. A, B and C E. A and B
  8. ① Galileo collected the facts proved the earth and all the other planets move around the sun. ② Galileo discovered the fact the earth and all the other planets move around the sun. A. that B. which C. 不填 D. A and B Keys:

  7. ① E ② D
  8. ① D ② A
对比练习

  9. ① Is this museum they visited last month? ② The teacher tells us that cleans the blackboard is to be praised. A. that B. the one C. which D. the one who
  10. ① It was eleven o'clock they went out of the cinema. ② It was at eleven o'clock they went out of the cinema. A. which B. that C. when D. on which Keys:

  9. ① B ② D
  10. ① C ② B
 

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