定语从句复习课件使用说明
一.本课件最好在office 2002的环境下使用.否则,个别效果不能实现. 二.本课件对定语从句进行了系统的复习.复习的目录如下:
  1.定语从句的分类
  2.定语从句中的注意事项
  3.关系词的实质和先行词之间的关系
  4.关系代词和关系副词的用法及其容易混用的情况
  5.限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句的比较
  6.非限制性定语从句和单句的比较
  7.as引导的两种定语从句
  8.介词加关系代词的情况
  9.只能用that ,which的情况
The Attributive Clause 定语从句复习
定语从句复习
定 语 从 句
The Non-Restrictive Attributive Clause The Restrictive Attributive Clause
限制性定语从句
非限制性定语从句
限制性定语从句的构成
The man who lives next to us sells vegetables. You must do everything that I do. I have found the book which I lost. I visited the school where I studied. 注意事项: 注意事项
  1.从句的位置 先行词 之后 从句的位置: 从句的位置 "….的" 的
  2.翻译方法 翻译方法: 翻译方法 关系代词
  3.构成: 构成: 构成 关系词 关系副词
定语从句后置
The day came at last when I went to college. He laughs best who laughs last. He is the only one of the teachers who comes from Qingdao.
先行词和关系词的关系
A plane is a machine that can fly. the machine = that The boy who broke the window is called Tom. the boy =who 关系代词实际上是先行词的复 The boy whose parents are dead was brought up 指 by his grandfather. the boy's =whose 关系词whose实际上是先行词的所有格 关系词 实际上是先行词的所有格 The school where I study is far from my home. in the school = where 关系副词实际上是介词+先行词 关系副词实际上是介词+
先行词和关系词的关系 Join the following sentences:
A plane is a machine. The machine can fly.
关系代词的实质 Join the following sentences:
A plane is a machine. The machine can fly. A plane is a machine the machine can fly.
关系代词的实质 Join the following sentences:
A plane is a machine. The machine can fly.
A plane is a machine that /which can fly.
关系代词的实质 Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
关系代词的实质 Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday. The girl we saw her yesterday is Mary.
关系代词的实质 Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday. her The girl we saw yesterday is Mary.
关系代词的实质 Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday. her The girl we saw
yesterday is Mary.
关系代词的实质 Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday. The girl her we saw
yesterday is Mary.
关系代词的实质 Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday. her The girl we saw yesterday is Mary.
关系代词的实质 Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday. The girl her we saw
yesterday is Mary.
关系代词的实质 Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl that / who we saw yesterday is Mary.
关系代词的用法
关系代词在从句中可以: 关系代词在从句中可以: 指人 that which who whom 何时可以省略? 何时可以省略? 指物 主语 宾语
关系代词的用法
关系代词在从句中可以: 关系代词在从句中可以: 指人 that which who whom 指物 主语 宾语
√ × √ √
√ √ × ×
√ √ √ ×
√ √ √ √
何时可以省略? 何时可以省略? 宾语时可以省略 做宾语时可以省略
关系代词的用法练习

  1.The eggs were not fresh. I bought them yesterday. The eggs (that/which) I bought them were not fresh.
  2.The friend was not hungry. He came to supper last night. The friend who/ that he came to supper last night was not hung
  3.He prefers the cheese. It comes from his parent's farm. .He prefers the cheese that / which it comes from his parent's fa
  4.The noodles were delicious. You cooked them. The noodles( which/ that )you cooked them were delicious.
  5.I don't like the people. They smoke a lot. I don't like the people that / who they smoke a lot.
关系副词和先行词的关系
I still remember the day when I came here. on the day =when This is the house where I lived last year. in the house= where There are many reasons why people like traveling. for the reasons =why I don't like the way that you speak. in the way =that 关系副词实际上是介词+ 关系副词实际上是介词+先行词
几种易混的情况
when /in which
  1.I'll never forget the days we worked together.
  2.I'll never forget the days we spent together. which
及物动词

  3.I went to the place
where/ in which I worked ten years ago.
及物动词

  4.I went to the place I visited ten years ago. which why/ for which
  5.This is the reason he was late. that/which
  6.This is the reason he gave.
及物动词
难用的 whose
Join the following pair of sentences.
The teacher praised the student. His English is the best in our class. The teacher praised the student whose English is the best in our class. whose =the student's 关系词whose实际上是先行词的所有格 实际上是先行词的所有格 关系词
难用的 whose
Join the following pair of sentences.
The house is mine. The window of the house is broken. The house whose window is broken is mine. whose=the house's window
the window of which is broken
The house
of which the window is broken
is mine.
非限制性定语从句
Please compare:
Teachers who are kind are popular with the students. Mr Wang, who is kind, is popular with the students. The town where I live is beautiful. Kenli, where I live, is beautiful. 形式 限制性定 语从句 非限制性 定语从句 作用 能否省略 翻译
非限制性定语从句
Please compare:
Teachers who are kind are popular with the students. Mr Wang, who is kind, is popular with the students. The town where I live is beautiful. Kenli, where I live, is beautiful. 形式 限制性定 语从句 非限制性 插入成 定语从句 分 作用 修饰限定 补充解释 能否省略 翻译 不能 能 ….的 的
分析两种定语从句省略后的结果 Teachers who are kind are popular with the students. Mr Wang, who is kind, is popular with the students.
分析两种定语从句省略后的结果
The town where I live is beautiful. Kenli, where I live, is beautiful.
限制性定语从句省略后主语所指就不明确, 限制性定语从句省略后主语所指就不明确, 所以不能省略
非限制性定语从句和单句的比较

  1.I am reading Harry Porter, which an interesting book. is This
  2.He failed in the exam. made his parents angry. which
  3.He failed in the exam, made his parents angry.
× that
them
  4.He has two sons. Both of are teachers. whom
  5.He has two sons, both of are teachers.
as 引导的非限制性定语从句
It The earth is round. is known to all. which The earth is round, is known to all. / as is known to all, the earth is round As 定语从句在句首时只能用as, 定语从句在句首时只能用 is known to all that the earth is round. It 具有正如之意,与之搭配的动词一般是固定的, as 具有正如之意,与之搭配的动词一般是固定的,如: as you know/ as you see/as we planned/ as we expected
as 引导的非限制性定语从句 (
  1)
Please compare:
This is the same pen as I lost.
这本书和我丢的那本一模一样. 这本书和我丢的那本一模一样.
This is the same pen that I lost.
这本书就是我丢的那本. 这本书就是我丢的那本.
as 引导的限制性定语从句 (
  2)
Please complete the following sentences and compare:
as This is such an interesting book we all like. as This is so interesting a book we all like.
这是大家都喜欢的如此有趣的一本书. 定语从句 定语从句) 这是大家都喜欢的如此有趣的一本书.(定语从句
that This is such an interesting book we all like it. This is so interesting a book we all like it. that
这本书如此有趣,大家都喜欢. 结果状语从句 结果状语从句) 这本书如此有趣,大家都喜欢.(结果状语从句
介词+关系代词的情况 介词 关系代词的情况 1
The man The city
whom you spoke to
was a scientist.
which she lives in is far away.
介词+关系代词的情况 介词 关系代词的情况 2
Are these two sentences right?
The man The city
who/whom you spoke to was a scientist. that/which she lives in is far away.
介词+关系代词的情况 介词 关系代词的情况 3
Are these two sentences right?
to
The man The city
who/whom you spoke was a scientist. in that/which she lives is far away.
介词+关系代词的情况 介词 关系代词的情况 3
Are these two sentences right?
The man The city
to who/whom you spoke was a scientist. in that/which she lives is far away.
介词+关系代词的情况 介词 关系代词的情况 3
Are these two sentences right?
The man The city
to who/whom you spoke was a scientist. in that/which she lives is far away.
介词+关系代词的情况 介词 关系代词的情况 3
Are these two sentences right?
to
The man The city in
who/whom you spoke that/which she lives
was a scientist. is far away.
介词+关系代词的情况 介词 关系代词的情况 3
Are these two sentences right?
The man to who/whom you spoke × The city in that/which she lives × 可见,who,that 不能用与介词之后 , 可见
was a scientist. is far away.
介词+关系代词的情况 介词 关系代词的情况 4
下面两句中的介词能提前吗? 下面两句中的介词能提前吗
Is this the watch that you are looking for? The old man whom I am looking after is better . 在固定短语中介词不能提前
介词+关系代词的情况 介词 关系代词的情况
练习

  1. Do you like the book on which she spent $10?
  2. Do you like the book for which she paid $10?
  3. Do you like the book from which she learned a lot? she often talks?
  4. Do you like the book about which through which he could study the skies.
  5. He built a telescope
  6. There is a tall tree outside, under which stands our teacher.
  7. China has a lot of rivers, the second longest of which is the Yellow River.
  8. The tower from which people can have a good view is on the hill. to whom
  9. The man I spoke on the phone last night is very good at wrestling.
  10. He paid the boy $10 for washing ten windows, of which hadn't been cleaned for at least a year. most
that , which or who?
  1.He did all / everything he could to help me. that
  2.This is the very thing I am after. that
  3.We talked about the men and the things that we remembered at school. that
  4.He is the only man can do the work.
  5.This is the first thing I want to say. that
  6.He is the finest man I have ever worked that with.
  7.Who is the man spoke to you at the gate. that
  8.Which is the star is nearest to the earth. that
that , which ,whose, whom or who?
that
  9.Is there anything else you want to say?
  10.Any person has the money can join the group. that
  11.He often speaks the role he played in the play, which made others upset. which
  12.He opened the door, in front of sat a boy. whom
  13.The man to I spoke is a famous scientist. whose
  14.The boy mother is dead was brought up by his father.
只能用that 做关系代词的情况 只能用
当先行词是不定代词时,如: 当先行词是不定代词时 如 All ,few, little, much, every, something, anything, everything, 等
只能用that 做关系代词的情况 只能用
当先行词被the only, the very, the same, 当先行词被 little, few, no, any等修饰时 any等修饰时
只能用that 做关系代词的情况 只能用
当人和物合做先行词时
只能用that 做关系代词的情 只能用 况
当先行词被序数词或形容词最高级修饰时
只能用that 做关系代词的情 只能用 况
在疑问词who,which,what开头的句子中 , 在疑问词 , 开头的句子中
只能用which 做关系代词的情况 只能用
在非限制性定语从句中
只能用which 做关系代词的情况 只能用
在介词后面
Thank you for your attendance.
 

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