高三英语 动词归类复习
一、连系动词 使役、 二、使役、感官动词 三、主动表被动 只接动名词做宾语的词、 四、只接动名词做宾语的词、词组 只接不定式作宾语的词、 五、只接不定式作宾语的词、词组 接动名词、 六、接动名词、不定式意义不同 七、不带不定式作复合宾语 宾语不同、语态不同、 八、宾语不同、语态不同、但意义相同 接宾语和宾补、 九、接宾语和宾补、形式不同 十、接虚拟语气的词 十一、表计划、 十一、表计划、愿望未能实现的动词 十二、 十二、瞬间非延续性动词 十三、 十三、情感动词类 十四、 十四、否定前移类 十五、 十五、省略替代类
一、连系动词类
①变化类: become, get, turn, grow, make,
come, go, fall
典例: 典例:
go bad / hungry / mad / wrong fall (fell-fallen)
fell ill 病了
  1. One of his children .(病了) 病了) fell asleep 睡着了
  2. He (睡着了 睡着了)while studying his grammar book.
②感官类: look, sound, feel, taste, smell 感官类 sadly
  1. Della stood there , looking (sad\ sadly) at herself in the mirror. sad
  2. Della looked very, for her pet dog died last night.
  3.The flowers sweet in the botanic garden attract the visitors to the beauty of nature. A. to smell B. smelling C. smelt D. to be smelt
  4. (taste) so delicious, the food in this Tasting market was sold out soon.
Conclusion:
  1. 连系动词后面跟形容词作表语。 连系动词后面跟形容词作表语。
  2. 连系动词无被动语态。 连系动词无被动语态。
③“显得”类: 显得” seem, appear, look It looks as if… It seems as if / that… It appears that… ④状态类: keep, stay, remain, lie, sit, stand 状态类
  1.The weather willhot for another two weeks. A. last B. remain C. get D. turn
  2.The hot weather will another two last days.
★ prove, turn out
  1.We had thought the examination would be difficult , but it easy. A. turned B. came C. appeared D. proved
  2.The actress who had been thought highly of (to be ) a great disappointment. A. turned out B. seemed C. looked D. became
注be, become, turn, remain, make可带名词 可带名词 He remains a teacher.=He is still a teacher.
  1. He became teacher. A. a B. the C .an D. /
  2. He turned teacher. A. a B. the C. an D. /
  3. I think John will a good monitor, so I’d like to vote for him. A. turn B. change C. elect D. make
二、使役、感官动词类 使役、 see, look at, watch, notice, observe let, make, have\ get;hear, listen to, ; feel (吾看三室两厅一感觉 吾看三室两厅一感觉) 吾看三室两厅一感觉
  1.The boss made them 12 hours a day. A. work B. to work C. worked D. working
  2.They were made12 hours a day. A.work B.to work C.worked D.working
这类动词在主动语态中用不带to的不定式作补语, 这类动词在主动语态中用不带 的不定式作补语,但在 的不定式作补语 被动语态中保留to, 除外。 被动语态中保留 get 除外。

  1. My daughter often makes a schedule to get herself of what she is to do in the day. A. remind C. reminded B. to remind D. reminding

  2. I can’t see my old grandma alone in the country, so I’ll have her with me in the city. A. leave, stay C. leaving , to stay B. left, stay D. left, to stay

  3. When we saw the sun above the surface of the sea, the students let out a cry of joy. A. to raise B. to rise C. raising D. rising

  1. see , look at , watch , notice , observe have \ get ; hear , listen to ; feel + 宾语 + V-ing 或 V-ed 或do 不带V-ing 作宾语补足语 ; ※make 不带 ※let sb do sth.
  2. 此外: 此外: find, leave, keep +宾语 + V-ing \V-ed; 宾语 catch + 宾语 + V-ing

  1. The boy was caught in an examination and had to face the music A. to cheat B. cheating C. cheat D. cheated
  2. Mrs Smith found her husband by letters and papers and very worried. A. surrounded, look B. surrounded, looking C. surrounding, looking D. surrounding, look
  3. All the teachers discussed the plan that they would like to see in the next school year. A. carry out B. carried out C. to carry out D. be carrying out

  1.The cat is the only one of her pets she will have on her bed. A. it sleep B. it sleeping C. slept D. sleeping
  2.The TV set he works well now. A. has repairing B. having repaired C. has been repaired D. has had repaired
  3.Who would you rather charge of this job, George or Jack? A. have to take B. to have take C. have take D. have taken
Conclusion:

  1. 感官动词 感官动词see, look at, watch, notice , observe , hear, listen to, feel等,常考查 等 常考查: 例如: 例如:see sb \ sth do see sb \ sth doing see sb \ sth done be seen to do be seen doing be seen done

  2. 使役动词 使役动词make, let , have , get等常考查 等常考查: 等常考查 make sb\sth do sth make oneself done let sb do sth have sb \ sth do have sb \ sth doing have sb \ sth done
be made to do be made done get sb\ sth to do get sb \ sth doing get sb\ sth done

  3. 绿色通道:这类动词经常在定语从句中设疑 绿色通道: 考查
三、主动表被动类
(主语的特点、性质、状态) 主语的特点、性质、状态)

  1. sell, wash, burn, cook, cut, drive, dress, play, last, open, write, start, run, read, act, draw, clean, wear, lock, shut, dry, eat, drink , burn
+adv. (well, poorly, easily, smoothly, badly) burns easily
  1. Dry wood (容易燃烧) 容易燃烧) 容易燃烧
  2. The cloth (好洗). 好洗) washes well 好洗

  3. Your composition (读起来 读起来 reads well 很好) 很好)except for a few spelling mistakes.

  1.--Have you got a ticket for the concert? --No, the ticketswell and they out last week. A. sell; were sold B. sell; sold C. sell; have been sold D. are sell; sold
  2.It is said that the pen , so I bought one yesterday. A. writes well B. writes good C. is well written D. is good written
四、只接动名词做宾语的词/词组 只接动名词做宾语的词 词组
consider, suggest\advise, look forward to, excuse\pardon admit, delay\ put off \postpone, fancy avoid, miss, keep\keep on, practise\ practice, deny, finish, enjoy\ appreciate, forbid, imagine, risk, can’t help ,mind, allow\permit, escape 考虑建议盼原谅,承认推迟没得想。 考虑建议盼原谅,承认推迟没得想。 避免错过继续练,否认完成就欣赏。 避免错过继续练,否认完成就欣赏。 禁止想象才冒险,不禁介意准逃亡。 禁止想象才冒险,不禁介意准逃亡。
“to”
用作介词
get down to devote…to lead to be\get \ become used to pay attention to go back to object to
give up, dislike, feel like , insist on , can’t stand , understand succeed in, spend/waste time (in) , be busy (in), have a good/hard time (in) , have difficulty /trouble (in) It is no use\ good , it is of little use \ good , it is useless be worth=deserve, be worthy of being done , be worthy to be done

  1.She looked forward every spring to the flower-lined garden. A. visit B. paying a visit C. walk in D. walking in
  2.I would appreciate back this afternoon. A. you to call B. you call C. your calling D. you’re calling
  3.The day he has looked forward to at last. A. coming B. came C. come D. comes
五、只接不定式作宾语的词/词组 只接不定式作宾语的词 词组
decide\determine, learn, want, expect\ hope\ wish, refuse, manage, care, pretend, offer, promise, choose, plan agree, ask \ beg, help
决心学会想希望,拒绝设法愿假装。 决心学会想希望,拒绝设法愿假装。 主动答应选计划,同意请求帮一帮。 主动答应选计划,同意请求帮一帮。 seem, attempt, fail, happen, afford, strive make up one’s mind to, be determined to would like/love to=should like/love to

  1. I would loveto the party last night but I had to work extra hours to finish a report. A. to go B. to have gone C. going D. having gone
  2. She pretended me when I passed by. A. not to see B. not seeing C. to not see D. having not seen
六、接动名词、不定式意义不同 接动名词、
  1) forget to do / forget doing
  2) regret to do / regret doing
  3) remember to do / remember doing
  4) go on to do / go on doing
  5) mean to do / mean doing
  6) stop to do / stop doing
  7) try to do / try doing
  8) can’t help (to) do / can’t help doing
★can’t help but do=can’t but do = can’t choose but
do =do nothing \ have nothing to do but do = have no choice but to do =have to do I can’t help but tell him the truth.
  1.--I usually go there by train. --Why notby boat for a change? A.to try going B.trying to go C.to try and go D.try going
  2.--The light in the office is still on. --Oh,I forgot. A.turning it off B.turn it off C.to turn it off D.having turned it off

  3.He didn’t rememberhim before. A. having met B. have met C. to meet D. to having met
  4.Go onthe other exercise after you have finished this one. A. to do B. doing C. to be doing D. to be done
  5.--You were brave enough to raise objections at the meeting. --Well, now I regretthat. A. to do B. to be doing C. to have done D. having done
七、不带不定式作复合宾语
hope, agree, suggest, demand, imagine,
wish \ expect
  1.I (希望 him to come. 希望) 希望 hope that he will come =I .
  2.霍金教授建议我们搬迁到其它的星球上去。 霍金教授建议我们搬迁到其它的星球上去。 霍金教授建议我们搬迁到其它的星球上去 Pro. Hawking suggests us\ our moving to other stars. Pro. Hawking suggests we (should) move to other stars. Pro. Hawking advises us to move to other stars. Pro. Hawking suggests to us to move….
八、宾语不同、语态不同、但意义相同 宾语不同、语态不同、
need, require, want to be cleaned The room requires .(打扫一下) 打扫一下) 打扫一下 cleaning =The room requires.
  1.This sentence needs. A. an improvement B. improve C. improving D. improved
  2.The baby needs. A. looked after B. looking after C. look after D. to look after
九、接宾语和宾补、形式不同 接宾语和宾补、 allow, permit, forbid, advise, consider 我们禁止在此吸烟。 我们禁止在此吸烟。 We forbid smoking here. 我们禁止任何人在此吸烟。 我们禁止任何人在此吸烟。 We forbid anybody to smoke here. Anybody is forbidden to smoke here.

  1.We are considering to the south. A. go B. to go C. going D. gone
  2.Charles Babbage is generally considered the first computer. A. to have invented B. inventing C. to invent D. having invented
十、接虚拟语气的词
  1)insist
  2)order, command
  4)advise, suggest, propose , recommend
  4)demand, ask, require, request 一坚持、二命令、四建议、 一坚持、二命令、四建议、四要求 (should) leave He ordered that we (leave) at once. (should) leave His order that we at once was right. (should) leave The order was that we at once. (should) leave That we at once was his order.

  1.He insisted that his brother there. A.go B.went C.going D.to go
  2.He insisted that he nothing wrong and set free. A.do;be B.had done;was C.had done;be D.did; was
  3.His voice suggested that heangry. A.is B.be C.was D.were
  4.He suggested that the boy to hospital at once. A. was sent B. send C. sent D. be sent
十一、 十一、表计划 、愿望未能实现的动词 intend, mean ,hope, plan, expect, think, want, suppose, promise had hoped to 本希望 I (本希望 come here,but I had 本希望) an unexpected visitor. =I hoped to have come here,…. ★Would /should+love / like to have done ★was\ were to have done ★Would have done, but… ★was \were going to do
He wants to meet you at the airport. He wanted to have met you at the airport,but he didn’t get there in time. 我本想把这份礼物给他的。 我本想把这份礼物给他的。
I should (would) like (love) to give her the gift. I should(would) like (love) to have given her the gift. I was to have given her the gift. I would have given her the gift. I was going to give her the gift. I had planned to give her the gift. I had intended to give her the gift. I had meant to give her the gift.
十二、 十二、瞬间非延续性动词 go, come, leave, start, return, arrive, stop, finish, borrow, lend, open, close, die, become, break, join, kill, marry, graduate, buy marry--be married seat--be seated hide--be hidden engage--be engaged die--be dead begin--be on join--be in borrow--keep come--be/stay leave--be away buy--have=have got

  1.He died ten years ago,that’s to say,he has for ten years. A. been died B. been dead C. died D. been dying
  2.When Jack arrived, he learned Mary for almost an hour. A. had gone B. had set off C. had left D. had been away
He is leaving for Beijing tomorrow. The boy is so sick that he is dying fast. The bus is coming. The train is leaving. I am going.
十三、 十三、情感动词类 表示人的内在感受的动词
encourage, excite, inspire, interest, amaze, satisf
 

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