高考英语陷阱题总结归纳??动词时态
◆典型陷阱题分析◆ 典型陷阱题分析◆
  1. “I his telephone number.” “I have his number, but I to bring my phone book.” A. forget, forget C. forget, forgot B. forgot, forgot D. forgot, forget
【陷阱】容易误选 A,认为“忘记”是现在的事。 陷阱】 【分析】仔细体会一下对话的语境:第一个人说“我忘记他的电话号码了”,这个“忘记” 分析】 应该是现在的情况,即现在忘记了,要不然就没有必要同对方说此话了,故第一空应填 forget;第二个人说“我有他的号码,但我忘记带电话本了”,这个“忘记”应该是过去的情况, 即过去忘记带电话本,所以现在电话本不在身上(注意句中的转折连词 but) ,故第二空应 填 forgot,即答案选应 C.请再看一例: ? Oh, I where he lives. ? Don’t you carry your address book? No, I to bring it. A. forget, forget C. forget, forgot B. forgot, forgot D. forgot, forget
答案选 C,理由同上。
  2. I had hoped to see her off at the station, but I too busy. A. was C. would be B. had been D. would have been
【陷阱】容易误选 B 或 D,认为前句用了 had hoped,所以此句谓语要用 B 或 D 与之呼 陷阱】 应。 【分析】但正确答案为 A,前一句谓语用 had hoped,表示的是过去未曾实现的想法或打 分析】 算,可以译为“本想”,而后一句说“我太忙”,这是陈述过去的一个事实,所以要用一般过去 时。请做以下类似试题(答案均为 A) : (
  1) We had hoped to catch the
  10:20 train, but it was gone. A. found C. would find B. had found D. would have found

  2) We had hoped that you would be able to visit us, but you .
A. didn’t C. needn’t
B. hadn’t D. would not have

  3) We had wanted to come to see him, but we no time. A. had C. would have B. had had D. would have had

  4) I had expected to come over to see you last night, but someone and I couldn’t get away. A. called B. had called C. would call D. would have called (
  5) The traffic accident wouldn’t have happened yesterday, but the driver really careless. A. was B. is C. were D. had been
  3. Dear me! Just at the time! I no idea it was so late. A. look, have B. looking, had C. look, had D. looking, have 【陷阱】此题容易误选 D,认为第一空用现在分词表伴随,第二空填 have 的一般现在 陷阱】 时,以保持与前面时态的一致性。 其实, 此题应选 C, 第一空应填 look, 因为这是祈使句的谓语; 第二空应填 had, 【分析】 分析】 因为前一句说“看看时间吧”,这一看当然知道了现在很迟的情形,“不知道这么迟了”显然应 是“过去”的事,故应用一般过去时态,许多同学由于忽略这一隐含的语境而误选。
  4. “Your phone number again? I quite catch it.” “It’s 4331577” A. didn’t B. couldn’t C. don’t D. can’t
【陷阱】此题容易误选 C,认为此处要用一般现在时态,表示现在“没听清对方的话”。 陷阱】 【分析】其实,此题答案应选 A,根据上文的语境“请把你的电话号码再说一遍好吗?” 分析】 可知“没听清对方的电话号码”应是在说此话以前, 故应用一般过去时态。 请看以下类似试题: (
  1) “Mr Smith isn’t coming tonight.” “ But he .” A. promises B. promised C. will promise D. had promised
答案选 B,“他答应(要来)”应发生在过去。 (
  2) “Hey, look where you are going!” “Oh, I’m terribly sorry. .” A. I’m not noticing C. I haven’t noticed B. I wasn’t noticing D. I don’t notice
答案选 B,“我没注意”是对方提醒之前的事,现经对方一提醒,当然注意到了。 (
  3) “Oh it’s you! I you.” “I’ve had my hair cut.” A. didn’t realize B. haven’t realized C. didn’t recognize D. don’t recognized
答案选 C.“没认出是你”是说此话之前的事,说此话时显然已经认出了对方。 (
  4) “What’s her new telephone number?” “Oh, I .” A. forget C. had forgotten B. forgot D. am forgetting
此题应选 A,从语境上看,“忘记”的时间应是现在,即指现在不记得了。 (
  5) “Since you’ve agreed to go, why aren’t you getting ready?” “But I that you would have me start at once.” A. don’t realize C. hadn’t realized B. didn’t realize D. haven’t realized
答案选 B.“没意识到”是对方提醒之前的事。 (
  6) “It’s twelve o’clock, I think I must be off now.” “Oh, really? I it at all.” A. don’t realize C. didn’t realize B. haven’t realized D. hadn’t realized
答案选 C.“没意识到”是在听到的话之前的事。
  5. Mr Smith a book about China last year but I don’t know whether he has finished it. A. has written C. had written 【陷阱】容易误选 B 或 C. 陷阱】 【分析】此题应选 D,这是由 but I don’t know whether he has finished it 这一句话的语境 分析】 决定的,全句意为“史密斯先生去年在写一本书,但我不知道他现在是否写完了”。有的同学 可能由于受 last year 的影响而误选 B.但若选 B,则句子前半部分的意思则变为“史密斯先生 去年写了一本书”,既然是“写了”,那么这与下文的“但我不知道他现在是否写完了”相矛盾。 B. wrote D. was writing

  6. He has changed a lot. He not what he . A. is, is C. is, was B. was, was D. was, is
【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。 陷阱】 【分析】最佳答案选 C,上文说“他”变化很大,即“他”现在不是过去的那个样子了,故第 分析】 一空填 is,第二空填 was(其实第二空也可用 used to be) 。请看类例: “What place is it?” “Haven’t you found out we back where we ?” A. were, had been C. are, were D. are, had been 答案选 C,We are back where we were 的意思是“我们(现在)又回到刚才来过的地方”。
  7. He is very busy. I don’t know if he or not tomorrow. A. come B. comes B. have been, are
C. will come D. is coming 【陷阱】此题容易误选 B.认为 if 引导的是条件状语从句,从句谓语要用一般现在时表示 陷阱】 将来意义。 ,而是 【分析】其实,此题答案应选 C,句中 if 引导的不是条件状语从句(即 if≠如果) 分析】 宾语从句(即 if=是否) ,句意为“他很忙,我不知道明天他是否会来。”请看以下类似试题: (
  1) I don’t know if she , but if she I will let you know. A. comes, comes C. comes, will come B. will come, will come D. will come, comes
答案选 D,第一个 if 引导的是宾语从句,第二个 if 引导的是条件状语从句。 (
  2) “When he come?” “I don’t know, but when he , I’ll tell you.” A. does, comes C. does, will come B. will, will come D. will, comes
答案选 D,第一个 when 疑问副词,用于引出一个特殊疑问句;第二个 when 是从属连 词,用于引导时间状语从句。 (
  3) “When he is not known yet.” “But when he , he will be warmly welcomed.” A. comes, comes C. comes, will come B. will come, will come D. will come, comes
答案选 D,第一个 when 引导的是主语从句,第二个 when 引导的是时间状语从句。

  8. The bridge, which 1688, needs repairing. A. is dated from C. dates from B. was dated from D. dated from
【陷阱】此题容易误选 B 或 D,认为句中用了 1688 这个过去时间,所以应选过去时态, 陷阱】 又因为 date from 不用于被动语态,所以只能选 D. 【分析】其实此题的最佳答案应是 C,因为 date from 的意思是“自某时起存在至今”(= 分析】 have existed since) ,它通常用于一般现在时,而不用过去时态(尽管其后接的总是表示过去 的时间) 。如: The church dates from 11
  76. 这座教堂是六世纪建的。 The castle dates from the 14th century. 这座城堡是 14 世纪建的。 但若所谈论的东西现在已不复存在,则可用一般过去时。如: The church, which dated from the 13th century, was destroyed in an earthquake two years ago. 那座教堂是 13 世纪建成的,两年前在一次地震中被毁了。 注:与 date from 同义的 date back to 也有类似用法。
  9. “You’ve left the light on.” “Oh, so I have. and turn it off.” A. I’ll go C. I go B. I’ve gone D. I’m going
【陷阱】容易误选 D. 陷阱】 【分析】A 和 D 两者均可表示将来,填入空格处似乎都可以。但实际上只有 A 是最佳的, 分析】 因为根据上下文的语境来看,“我去把灯关掉”这一行为是说话人听了对方的话后临时想到 的,而不是事先准备的。而按英语习惯:will 和 be going to 后接动词原形均可表示意图, 但意图有强弱之分,如果是事先考虑过的意图,要用 be going to;如果不是事先考虑过的, 而是说话时刻才临时想到的意图,则用 will.比较: “I’ve come out without any money.” “Never mind, I will lend you some.” “我出来没带 钱。”“没关系,我借给你。”(句中用 will lend,表示“借”钱给对方是临时想到的,即听了对 方的话后临时作出的反应) I’ve bought a typewriter and I’m going to learn to type. 我买了台打字机,我想学打字。 (句中 用 be going to learn to type,表示说话人要学打字是事先准备的,并为此买了台打字机)
◆精编陷阱题训练◆ 精编陷阱题训练◆
  1. Look at that little boy wandering about ? perhaps he his mother. A. will lose C. had lost B. is losing D. has lost

  2. It’s good that we to the park because it’s started to rain. A. don’t go C. didn’t go B. hadn’t gone D. wasn’t going

  3. I for five minutes; why don’t they come? A. am calling C. was calling B. called D. have been calling

  4. You your turn so you’ll have to wait. A. will miss C. are missing B. have missed D. had missed

  5. We to move but are still considering where to go to. A. are deciding C. have decided B. decided D. had decided

  6. I left my pen on the desk and now it’s gone; who it? A. took C. will take B. has taken D. had taken

  7. They won’t buy any new clothes because they money to buy a new car. A. save C. have saved B. were saving D. are saving

  8. I your last point ? could you say it again? A. didn’t quite catch C. hadn’t quite catch B. don’t quite catch D. can’t quite catch

  9. You’ll never guess who I met today ? my old teacher! We for 20 years. A. don’t meet C. hadn’t met B. haven’t met D. couldn’t meet

  10. I feel sure I her before somewhere. A. was to meet B. have met
C. had met
D. would meet

  11. They haven’t arrived yet but we them at any moment. A. are expected C. are expecting B. have expected D. will expect

  12. I think you must be mistaken about seeing him at the theatre; I’m sure he abroad all week. A. is C. has been B. was D. had been

  13. The students busily when Miss Brown went to get a book she in the office. A. had written, left C. had written, had left B. were writing, has left D. were writing, had left

  14. I tried to phone her, but even as I she was leaving the building. A. phoned C. had phoned B. would phone D. was phoning

  15. “I suppose you that report yet?” “I finished it yesterday, as a matter of fact.” A. didn’t finish C. hadn’t finished B. haven’t finished D. wasn’t finishing

  16. ?Didn’t the guard see him breaking into the bank? ?No, he in the other direction. A. was looking C. looked B. had looked D. is looking

  17. How can you possibly miss the news? It on TV all day long. A. has been C. was B. had been D. will be

  18. “I thought you might have got drunk.” “Yes, I .” A. almost have C. almost did B. almost had D. might have

  19. You television. Why not do something more active? A. always watch B. are always watching
C. have always watched
D. have always been watching

  20. “I took part in the TOEFL. It was really hard.” “Did you a lot?” A. Have you studied C. Had you studied B. Did you study D. Do you study

  21. “What’s your opinion on the matter, please?” “Oh, sorry, I .” A. wasn’t to listen C. wasn’t listening B. haven’t listened D. hadn’t listened

  22. “Aha, you’re a chain smoker!” “Only at home. Nobody that but you.” A. discovered C. discovers B. had discovered D. is discovering

  23. The telephone three times in the last hour, and each time it for my father. A. had rang; was C. rang; has been B. has rung; was D. has been ringing; is

  24. The thief tried to break away from the policeman who him, but failed. A. has held C. was holding B. had held D. would hold

  25. When I arrived at the company, the manager , so we had only time for a few words. A. just went away
 

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