高考英语短文改错考点解析-时态
一、考点规律分析 动词时态考点主要涉及一般现在时与一般过去的区别, 其命题方式通常是在一个一般现 在时的背景下误用某个一般过去时; 或者反过来, 在一个一般过去时的背景下误用某个一般 现在时。从所涉及的动词来看,主要涉及 be 和 have 两个常用动词。有时也涉及其他时态, 如一般将来时,现在完成时等,但很少见。 二、真题单句归纳 (
  1) We were driving along a narrow road when the car stop…(stop 改为 stopped) (全 国卷) (
  2) …and had returned to the car! Bill is standing at the side of the car (is 改为 was) (全国卷) (
  3) Two months ago they were back in America. Last Sunday, police cars hurry to the… (hurry 改为 hurried) (全国卷) (
  4) Today, it is much easier to be healthy than it is in the past. (第二个 is 改为 was) (全国卷) (
  5) Also, scientists and doctors had learned how to deal with many diseases. (had 改 为 have) (全国卷) (
  6) Anyone may borrow books, and it cost nothing to borrow them. (cost 改为 costs) (全国卷) (
  7) If the book you will want is out, you may ask for it to be called back for you. (去 掉 will) (全国卷) (
  8) I had always wanted to return to the village after moving away and it is really great to see most of my old friends again. (is 改为 was) (全国卷) (
  9) They offered me coffee and other drinks. We have a good time talking and laughing together. (have 改为 had) (全国卷) (
  10) I learn about you from my English teacher, Miss Fang. (learn 改为 learned)(全 国卷)

  11) My favourite sport is football. I was a member of our school football team. (was 改 为 is) (全国卷) (
  12) I am happy with any programme but the others spent a lot of time arguing and there was no way of settling the matter except by selling the set. (am 改为 was) (全国卷) (
  13) I‘d like very much to come but I had an examination on Monday morning. It is a very… (had 改为 have) (北京春) (
  14) I remembered her words and calm down. (calm 改为 calmed)(全国卷) (
  15) They did not want me to do to… (did 改为 do) (全国卷) (
  16) He said he is busy. (is 改为 was) (北京春) (
  17) On the way up I was busy taking pictures since the scenery was so beautiful. The time passes quickly. (passes 改为 passed) (全国卷) (
  18) But his parents think going to college is more important than playing sports and college was the only place for a smart boy like his son. (was 改为 is) (安徽卷) (
  19) At once I apologize and controlled myseff at my best till the dinner started. (apologize 改为 apologized) (江苏卷) (
  20) Sometimes, we talked to each other very well in class, but after class we become stranger at once. (talked 改为 talk) (全国卷) (
  21) She stopped to look out of the window and find a cloud of smoke coming out of her neighbor‘s house. (find 改为 found) (福建卷) (
  22) We were living in a big family. We treat each other as brothers and sisters. (treat 改为 treated) (天津卷) (23 I am always young when I was staying with them. (am 改为 was) (湖北卷) 三、模拟单句演练 (
  1) Just now Jim tells me his mother was ill. (
  2) I phone the other students a moment ago. (
  3) We often played together when we are children. (
  4) What are you doing when I called you? (
  5) I see you in the park. You were talking to a pretty girl. (
  6) She doesn‘t hear the doorbell, for she was watching TV. any work at home; they want me to devote all my time

  7) We‘ll stay at home playing cards if it will rain tomorrow. (
  8) Please let me know if you will have any trouble. (
  9) He hurt his back when he is playing football with his classmates. (
  10) I‘ll write to him when I finished the book. (
  11) Charles worked hard since leaving school. (
  12) In fact, I am very thin when I was young. (
  13) He is kind to me. Although he is very busy, he still came to see me. (
  14) How long have you been here? How did you like our city? (
  15) As is known to us all, the earth turned around the sun. (
  16) I‘m interested in English, so I spoke it better than the others do. (
  17) Don‘t worry about it. I promise you I come to help you. (
  18) Now everything is dear. Even a small piece of bread cost one yuan. (
  19) Remember to turn off the lights before you will leave. (
  20) I forget to tell him the news. Shall we telephone him now? 「参考答案」 (
  1) tell 改为 told,因句中有表过去的时间状语 just now(刚刚)。 (
  2) phone 改为 phoned,因句中有表过去的时间状语 a moment ago. (
  3) are 改为 were,因主句谓语为一般过去时。 (
  4) are 改为 were,因从句谓语为一般过去时。 (
  5) see 改为 saw,因下文用了 were talking. (
  6) doesn‘t 改为 didn’t,因下文用了 was watching. (
  7) 去掉 if 从句中的 will,因条件状语从句要用一般现在时表示将来意义。 (
  8) 去掉 will,因条件状语从句要用一般现在时表示将来意义。 (
  9) is 改为 was,因主句中的 hurt 为一般过去时。 (
  10) finished 改为 finish,或在 finished 前加 have.即在时间状语从句中要用一般现 在时表示将来意义,但这里也可用现在完成时表示完成。 (
  11) worked 前加 has,句中的 since 表示“自从……以来一直……”,即表示从过去 持续到现在的一段时间,故用现在完成时。 (
  12) am 改为 was,根据从句中的一般过去时可知 am 应改为 was. (
  13) came 改为 comes,根据前面的两处一般现在时可知。

  14) did 改为 do,根据前面的现在完成时可知“你”现在还在我们城市,故后面一句 问的是“你”现在对我们城市的看法。 (
  15) turned 改为 turns.本句叙述的是客观真理,故用一般现在时。 (
  16) spoke 改为 speak.全句叙述的是现在的情况。 (
  17) come 前加 will,根据句意,此处应是将来时态。 (
  18) cost 改为 costs,句子讲述的是现在的一般情况。 (
  19) 去掉 will,时间状语从句要用一般现在时表示将来意义。 (
  20) forget 改为 forgot,根据句意,此题的“忘记”应是指过去忘记
 

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