高考英语二轮复习辅导非谓语动词教案 高考英语二轮复习辅导非谓语动词教案 --[直击考纲] 直击考纲]
  1、考查贯穿各个高考各中题型。
  2、非谓语动词的时态、语态和句法功能。 [热点综观] 热点综观]
  1、知识图谱 时态 不定式 动名词 现在分词
主动/被 主动/被 主动/被 动 动 动 一般 to do / to doing / doing / be done being being 时 done done 完成 to have having having 时 done / done / done / having having to have been done been done been done 进行 to be 时 doing 完成 to have 进 行 been doing
  2、重点难点 ① 非谓语动词的否定式中 not 前置与非谓语动词。 ② 非谓语动词在固定搭配中的使用。 ③ 非谓语动词的时态语态在语境中的使用。 ④ 动名词和不定式的主动形式表示被动意义。 ⑤ 不定式中 to 的省略。 ⑥ 不定式和动名词作结果状语、主语、宾语、宾补时含义上的区别。 ⑦ 动名词的复合结构。
⑧ 独立主格结构的运用。
  3、热点冷点 ① 非谓语动词作不同句子成分的用法,寻找非谓语动词的逻辑主语来确定非谓 语动词的形式。 ② 非谓语动词在特定动词后面、词组中的搭配使用,尤其是用不定式和动名词 作宾语的区别。 ③ 状语从句省略为连词+非谓语动词结构。 ④ 独立主格结构的构成、非谓语动词在独立主格结构中的形式、悬垂结构考查 不多,应适当注意 [经典与原创] 经典与原创] [例 1] (2005 江西高考) and no way to reduce her pain and suffering from the terrible disease, the patient sought her doctor’s help to end her life. A. Having given hope of cure B. With no hope for cure C. There being hope for cure D. In the hope of cure [互动] 本题考查根据句意正确选择状语。从后半句“病人寻求医生的帮助来结 束生命”说明其原因是“没有治愈的希望”, 由此判断 A、 D 意思都不合题意, C、 只有 B 表示否定“没有希望”,符合题意。 [答案]B [小结]非谓语动词的考查往往考查结构,但也要注意句子前后的意思是否相符。 [例 2] What is the way George thought of enough money to buy the computer? A. to get B. getting C. having got D. being got
[互动]考查学生突破定向思维的能力的同时考查非谓语动词用法。 解本题的关键 在于要看出题干中的“非直接相邻”现象,不能看到 of 就认为后面应该跟动名 词,而要意识到 George thought of 是 the way 的第一个定语,第二个定语是个
动词不定式,被 George thought of 隔开了,应该是“George 想到的得到足够 的钱买电脑的办法”。 [答案]A [小结] 出题者有意把两个看似完全不相干的词放在一起作为选项,或者让题干 中的词与选项中的词的搭配看上去完全不相干,有时出题人把宾语提前,使谓语 与其他成分相连,这种情况在测试题中比较常见,解这些题目要打破定向思维。 [高考面对面] 高考面对面]
  1. The man we followed suddenly stopped and looked as if whether he was going in the right direction. A. seeing C. to have seen B. having seen D. to see

  2. I send you 100 dollars today, the rest in a year.(2005 湖南 高考) A. follows C. to follow B. followed D. being followed

  3. You should have thanked her before you left. I meant , but when I was leaving I couldn’t find her anywhere. A. to do B. to C. doing D. doing to

  4. When we got back home, I saw a message pinned to the door “Sorry to miss you. I’ll call late.” A. read B. reads C. to read D. reading

  5. With a lot of difficult problems, the newly-elected president is having a hard time. A. settled C. to settle B. settling D. being settled

  6. Prices of daily goods through a computer can be lower than store prices.
A. are bought C. been bought
B. bought D. buying

  7. The repairs cost a lot, but it’s money well .(2005 湖北高考) A. to spend C. being spent B. spent D. spending

  8. With his money , he couldn’t go home. A. leaving C. running out B. missed D. run out

  9. He hurried to the hospital his breakfast . A. left; unfinished C. leaving; unfinished B. leaving; unfinished D. left; unfinishing

  10. the children the way she does, Sue should become a teacher. A. Liking B. Liked C. Like D. To like

  11. Finding her car stolen, . A. a policeman was asked to help B. the area was searched thoroughly C. it was looked for everywhere D. she hurried to a policeman
  12. here in time, they came all the way. A. Getting; running C. To get; to run B. To get; running D. Getting; to run

  13. At the end of 2002, there were around 3,000 foreign printing companies in China, up around 2 percent of national total. A. made B. to make C. making D. having made

  14. The doctor examined him carefully, only his illness was serious. A. find B. to find C. finding D. found

  15. Daddy didn’t mind what we were doing, as long as we were together, fun.(2005 重庆高考) A. had B. have C. to have D. having

  16. To get a better view of the stage, . A. our seats had to be changed B. our seats were changed C. we had to change our seats D. we have to changed our seat
  17. What should I do with this passage? the main idea of each paragraph.(2005 重庆高考) A. Finding out C. Find out B. Found out D. To find out

  18. Do you have anything more , sir? No. You can have a rest or do something else. A. typing B. to be typed C. typed D. to type

  19. He let me repeat his instruction sure that I understood what was after he went away. A. to make; to be done C. to make; to do B. making; doing D. making; to do

  20. You can never imagine what great trouble I have had him to stop smoking. A. persuading B. promising C. making D. having
  21. the meeting himself gave them a great deal of encouragement.
A. The president will attend B. The president to attend C. The president attended D. The president’s attending
  22. The purpose of new technologies is to make life easier, it more difficult. A. not make C. not making B. not to make D. do not make

  23. When help, one often says “Thank you” or “It’s very kind of you”.(2005 福建高考) A. offering C. to be offered B. to offer D. offered

  24. I found the German language hard . A. to learn C. learning B. to be learned D. learned

  25. He glanced over at her, that though she was thin, she seemed very well put together.(2005 广东高考) A. noting C. to note B. noted D. having noted

  26. It had no other effect except him all the anxieties. A. make B. making C. to make D. made

  27. Can the project be finished as planned? Sure, it completed in time, we’ll work two more hours a day.(2005 福建高考) A. having got B. to get
C. getting
D. get

  28. Why haven’t you bought any butter? I to but I forgot all about it. A. liked B. wished C. meant D. expected.

  29. He was reading a very interesting story, completely to the outside world. A. losing C. to be lost B. being lost D. lost

  30. It’s necessary to be prepared for a job interview. the answers ready will be of great help.(2005 北京高考) A. To have had C. Have B. Having had D. Having

  31. The party was successful, but we thought it a pity not you. A. invite B. inviting B. to invite D. to have invited

  32. Li Ming is said abroad. Do you know what country he is in? Yes, in Britain. A. to have studied B. to study C. to be studying
C. to have been studied
  33. here at the top of the mountain with no one else near you must be very lonely. A. Live B. Living C. To live D. To be living

  34. Wenhui Daily, a local newspaper in Hongkong, on April 2nd that the famous singer and actor Zhang Guorong killed himself the day before. A. writing B. wrote C. saying D. said

  35. The military actions against Iraq, despite opposition from most countries and people across the world, broke the international law. A. turned out C. coming out B. carried out D. taking out

  36. The water tower now near the broadcasting station is soon. A. to be put up; completed B. being put up; to be completed C. to be put up; being completed D. being put up; being completed
  37. When asked by the police, he said that he remembered at the party, but not .(2005 北京高考) A. to arrive; leaving C. arriving; leaving B. to arrive; to leave D. arriving; to leave

  38. I carefully poured the liquid into the water, my classmates anxiously beside me to see what would happen. A. stood B. standing C. to stand D. were standing

  39. Mr. Smith flew to New York this morning, his assistant him there this Saturday. A. joining C. will join B. to join D. wants to join

  40. and out of breath, we reached the top of the mountain and stopped the beautiful scenery. A. Tiring; to admire C. Tired; to admire B. Being tired; admiring D. Tired; admiring

  41. around Tian’anmen Square, the tourists were taken to visit the Palace Museum.
A. Showing C. Being shown
B. Having shown D. Having been shown

  42. Unfortunately he fell over some bricks lying on the ground. A. left B. having left C. leaving D. to leave

  43. They were not yet aware of the hopelessness of their situation, the lack of fresh water on the lifeboat. A. giving B. given C. to give D. being given

  44. with a difficult situation, Arnold decided to ask his boss for advice. (2005 北京春招) A. To face C. Faced B. Having faced D. Facing

  45. Shall we discuss the problem at the meeting today? We’d better not. , the problem isn’t so burning. What’s more, the manager won’t be back until tomorrow. A. Begun with C. To begin with B. Beginning with D. Being begun with

  46. The world Trade Organization finally opened its door to China on November 10, a 15-year wait. A. to end B. ended C. ending D. ends

  47. The village seemed deserted, the only sign of life an ugly-looking goat tied to a tree in a field nearby. A. is B. being C. was D. be

  48. It was computer games that took the boy a lot of time that he ought to have spent on his lessons. A. to have played C. played B. playing D. having played

  49. on a park bench and the brightly colored leaves gently to the ground, he felt at peace with the world. A. Sitting; watching; fall C. Sitting; watching; to fall D. To sit; watching; falling
  50. What do you think made the girl so glad? a beautiful necklace. A. As she received C. Received B. Receiving D. Because of receiving B. To sit; watch; falling

  51. What do you think to make himself ? A. Bob will say; believe C. Bob will say; believed B. will Bob say; believe D. will Bob say; believe

  52. How many of us , say, a meeting that is not important to us would be interested in the discussion? A. attended B. to attended C. attending
D. have attended
  53. A new garden, near our school, will be under construction soon. A. said to have been built C. said to be building B. said to be built
D. said to build

  54. With the weather conditions , they flew to London immediately. A. considered C. to consider B. considering D. to be considered

  55. Sunday, rather than at home, I preferred . A. It being; stay; to travel
B. Being; to stay; to travel C. Having been; stay; travel D. It was; to stay; traveling
  56. UN Secretary General Kofi Annan points out that, , the situation will get worse and worse in the Middle East. A. if not dealing with properly B. if not properly dealt with C. unless dealing with properly D. until properly dealt with
  57. I am sorry. I can’t help the floor of the waiting room. A. swept [高考猜想] 高考猜想]
  58. People in developed countries are supposed more healthy food before than they have today. A. to be having D. to have had B. to have C. having B. sweeping C. to sweep D. to sweeping
 

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