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一、议论类 Bikes or Cars Americans like to go out by car. Although more and more Chinese own cars,most Chinese still like to ride bicycles, This is determined by a lot of factors. As we all know, the bike advances slowly by manpower, but it can be placed wherever it is convenient. However, as for the car, although it can run fast by engine, it must be parked at parking places. Most Americans live in the suburb which is far from urban areas and their working places. So they need cars to go shopping and go to work. And they also like traveling far. Thus a car brings them great convenience. On the contrary, most Chinese live near their working areas and markets. They don't need a car to go to work or go shopping. I would like to ride a bike, because it costs little and it is easy to use and won't cause pollution. 自行车还是汽车 美国人喜欢乘汽车外出。尽管越采越多的中国人拥有了汽车,但大部分中国 人仍喜欢骑自行车, 这是由很多因素决定的。 众所周知, 自行车靠人力, 行进慢, 但可以在方便的地方停放。然而对于汽车来说,虽然它依靠发动机行进很快,但 它必须停在停车场。多数美国人生活在郊区,远离市区及工作地点,所以他们需 要汽车来购物、上班, 并且他们也喜欢驾车远行。因此汽车给他们提供很大方 便。相反,多数中国人居住在工作地点和市场附近,他们不需要开车去上班或购 物。我喜欢骑自行车外出,因为它花费少而且容易使用。最重要的是自行车不会 引起污染。 Smoking And Health Today smoking is a widespread habit all over the world. Not only the old, the youth, but also middle school students have been engaged in smoking. Many of them think that smoking is a smart symbol. However, smoking is harmful to one's health. It contributes a lot of lung cancer, from which many people have died in the past years. It can also cause many other diseases. In a word, if you smoke, you do have a much greater chance of losing your health. Furthermore, scientific research shows that smoking is not only harmful to smokers themselves, but also a threat to public health, especially to women and children. Therefore, many countries have made laws forbidding smokers to smoke in public places such as cinemas, stations, hospitals, and so on. Give up smoking! If you don't smoke, don't start. Give up smoking for the sake of your health, for the sake of your family, and for the sake of the whole world. 吸烟与健康
现在,吸烟是一个世界范围的习惯,不仅老年人、青年人吸烟,就连中学生 也加入到这个行列中来,他们中的许多人认为吸烟是一种潇洒的象征。然而,吸 烟对人的健康是有害的,它会引起肺癌,在刚刚过去的几年中;许 多人因此而 丧命,还可能引发其他的疾病。总之,如果你吸烟的话,你就很可能失去拥有健 康的机会,更进一步说,科学研究显示,吸烟不仅危害吸烟者本人, 而且对公 共健康来说,也是一个凶兆,尤其是对妇女和孩子。因此,许多国家都制定了不 准在公共场合吸烟的法规,例如:电影院,车站,医院等地。戒烟吧,如果你还 未染上,请不要开始;戒烟吧,为了你的健康,为了你的 家庭的健康,为了整 个世界的健康。 Use of Free Time With the working hours becoming shorter and shorter and holidays becoming longer and longer, how to spend the leisure time has become a hot topic. The use of free time often discloses much about one's tastes, values, interests and personality. Some may take to the humanities: lit erature, magic, art, and they might be interested in movies and television. Others participate in sports, politics, voluntary work or hobbies at home. Still others like parties, traveling, or just loafing. Obviously, the use of free time is a good means of relaxation, but its benefits go beyond this. All things people do in leisure hours enable them to gratify their wishes. This can contribute to intellectual growth and promote social activities as well. So the good use of free time will make life rich, colorful and rewarding. 空余时间的利用 随着工作时间的越来越短假日的越来越长, 如何度过空甲时间已经成为一个 热点话题。空余时间的利用往往透露出一个人的品位、价值、兴趣和个性。有些 人喜欢 文学、巫术和艺术等人文学科,他们也许对电影、电视感兴趣,另一些 人参加运动、政治、志愿工作或者在家做喜欢的事情,还有一些喜欢聚会、旅游 或者只样生活就没有趣味可言了。我们一直忙于谋生。虽然我们可以通过努力工 作取得幸福、满足和成功,但人不是机器。迷就是说;我们应当适当地休息。如 果我们经常从事远足、跳舞、钓鱼、登山(在空闲时间里)等活动,我们的生活将 变得多姿多彩。另-千方面,如果你只有娱乐而不工作也是不可取的。所以,在 人们的生活中,工作和娱乐应互相结合。为了生活得更快乐,我们应保持工作和 娱乐的平衡。 An Ideal Friend Friends can be classified into two kinds, good friends and evil friends. Evil friends lead us astray and may destroy our life, while good ones drive us towards the right and make our life successful. Two of them exist in our daily life. However, ideal friends exist in people's mind. They should be diligent, successful and loyal. When you need help, they will stand beside you and be delighted to give you a hand. Also you can share your happiness and sorrow together.
In my opinion, friends can share something but they also should keep their own secrets. So I wish my friends wouldn't interfere in my privacy too much. On the other hand, my friends should have something in common with me, at the same time something special. In this way we can attract each other and learn from each other. 理想的朋友 朋友可以分为两种,益友和狐朋狗友。狐朋狗友会使我们误入歧途,毁了我 们的一生;而益友会使我们明辨是非,使我们成功。 日常生活中这两种朋友都存在。然而,在人们心目中仍存在理想的朋友。这 种朋友勤奋、成功并忠诚。当你需要帮助时,他们会与你并肩作战,伸出援助之 手。他们还可以与你分享快乐与痛苦。 我认为朋友要分享一些东西但也要保留自己的秘密,所以我希望我的朋友不 会过多地介入我的私事。从另一方面来说,我的朋友和我应有共同之处,同时又 有各自的特点。这样我们才可以互相吸引,互相学习。 Keeping Water Sources Clean Who is willing to drink the polluted water? It can cause us to be ill and even to die. We can't wait for a moment to protect our water sources. The water we use comes from oceans, lakes, rivers or streams. But many of these water sources are getting seriously polluted. Towns and cities are pouring dust into the water. Many people are throwing all kinds of dirty things into the water. Factories are pouring waste material into the water. Therefore, water sources have become so badly polluted that some of the water is unfit to drink or to use. Now it is high time that we should do something to protect our water environment from being polluted. 保持水源清洁 污染的水会使人生病甚至死亡,有谁愿意喝这样的水呢?我们要保护水源, 刻不容缓。我们用的水来自海洋、湖泊、河流或小溪,但这些水源有许多正受到 严重的污染。城镇乒把大量的尘埃排入水中,许多人正把各种;各样的脏物投进 水中,工厂正把废物排入水中。因此,水源已经污染严重,其中一些不适合再饮 用。现在到了.采取措施保护水环境使其免受污染的时候了。 Water Pollution Today, I read a piece of news in China Daily. It reports that water pollution exists not only in Haihe River but aIso in some other rivers, lakes and seas in our country.Everyone agrees that water pollution is a serious problem today.Rivers, lakes and even oceans all over the world are becoming polluted by garbage and dangerous chemicals. Oil and other chemicals can kill fish and make water unsafe for drinking.Polluted water is a hazard to everyone. Now more and more people have realized how serious the problem is. Our government is doing its best to take measures to fight against
pollution. We've done a good deal of work, but there's still a long way to go. We must keep on fighting until we find ways to protect the environment from being polluted, and do away with pollution. We are sure that we'll win the battle. Goodbye, water pollution! 水污染 今天,我读了《中国日报》的一则新闻。据报道,在我们国家,水污染不仅 存在于海河中,也出现在其他河流、湖泊和海洋中。大家一致认为水污染已是当 今的严重问题。世界范围内的河流、湖泊甚至海洋都受到垃圾和危险的化学制剂 的污染。石油和其他化学品可以杀死鱼,使水变得不能饮用。被污染的水对每个 人都是有害的。现在,越来越多的人都认识到这个问题有多重。我们政府止努力 制定措施与水污染作斗争。我们做了许多工作,但还有很长的路要走。我们要坚 持斗争,直到我们找到解决环境污染的办法。我们相信,我们能打赢这场战斗。 再见,水污染! Is Watching TV a Good Thing Television has changed people's life much since it was invented. No wit has become an important part of modem life. People enjoy themselves after hard work by Watching TV. They can see some plays, some stories,some sports matches without going out of home, and without spending much money in buying tickets. TV programmes make people's life more interesting.People learn much from TV. Students can study by watching some educational programmes. People can see news, weather reports and programmes about science and computers. People all over the world can learn from each other and get knowledge when they are watching TV.But not all the progranunes are ,good enough. Today, there are too many programmes about sexy and crime. Some young people become bad because they learn from the bad people in those programmes. And watching TV usually takes too much time. It's not good for people's work and study. It's not good for their eyes, either. People all over the world are watching TV. Is watching TV a good thing or a bad one? I think it depends on people themselves. If one can choose good programmes and he doesn't spend too much time on TV, it can be a good thing for him. 看电视是一件好事情吗 电视自从发明后,就大大改变了人们的生活。现在的电视已成为人们生活中 重要的一部分。 人们通常在辛勤工作后,通过看电视来享受生活。他们足不出户就可欣赏一些精 彩的表演、连续剧和体育比赛,也不必花很多钱买票。电视节目使人们的生活变 得更有趣。人们从电视中学到很多东西。学生能通过看教育节目来学习,人们能 看新闻、天气预报、有关科学和电脑的节目。世界各地的人们通过看电视互相学 习,相互了解。但并不是所有的节目都足够好。如今的电视节目中有太多关于色 情和犯罪的 片段。有些青年变坏就是因为受了电视上坏人的引诱。电视看得太 多还会耽误时间, 影响学习和生活, 对视力也不好。 世界各地的人们都在看电视。 看电视是一件好事情,还是一件坏事情呢?我认为这取决于自己。只要大家有选
择,有节制,看电视就是一件好事情。
How to Get Along Well with Others In our daily life, we have to come into contact with people in every walk of life.Therefore, it is very important for us to know how to get along with other people. To get well along with others and win their friendships, we must observe strictly the following words. To begin with, we need to be honest with others and shouhl always say what we mean. Lies will surely make people stay far away from us in the long run. After all,honesty is the best policy. Second, we have to be humble enough. If we are proud in public, we can hardly win other's respect, not to mention "friendship" Finally, we must not be selfish. We should learn how to show concern for others. As long as we abide by what is mentioned above, we will find it easy to get along well with others. 怎样与人相处 在我们日常生活中,不免会有与人打交道的时候,所以对我们采说懂得怎样 与人相处是很重要的。 要想与别人很好相处, 并赢得友谊, 就必须做到以下所述: 首先,要诚实守信地对待别人,说谎一定会使人远离你,诚实是最好的策略。其 次, 就是要有足够的虚心。 假如我们在公共场合自傲, 我们很难赢得别人的尊重, 更不用提友谊了。 最后, 我们不能自私, 我们必须友善待人, 我们必须关心别人。 当我们遵守上述所说的去与人相处,你就会发现:与人相处其实并不难。 The Way to Stay Healthy Health is most important for any of us. ]n order to stay healthy, we need some common knowledge. First]y, pay attention
 

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