高考英语复习?词汇和语法精练详解 3
  1. While in London, we paid a vist to the hospital founded Florence Nightingale. A. in honour of B. in favour of C. in line with D. in place of

  2. The Un is toan end to the dispute between the two countries. I’m sure the issure will an end soon. A. bring; come to B. come; put C. come; bring D. put; come to

  3. My daughter told me that of her homework had been finished. A .two-fifth B. two-fifths C. second-fifth D. second-five

  4. The river are covered with trees is polluted. A. of which the banks C. the banks of which B. whose banks D.A,B,C are right

  5. The weather turned out to be very good,was more than we could expect. A. what B.which C. as D. it

  6. Because of my grandma’s poor memory, she has forgotten all you told her. A. which B. what C. as D./

  7. London, last year, is a nice old city. A. that I visited B.which I visited C. I visited D. where I visited

  8. Our teacher makes good use of any time he can spare. A. which B. that C. when D. in which

  9. It was in the labwas taken charge of by our teacher they did the experiment. A. which; that B. where; which C. which; where D. that;where

  10. I can’t say which wine is best, it’s a(n) of personal taste. A.thing B. event C.affair D. matter

  11. Our school had about 20 notebook computers but only one-forthused regularly. Now we have 50 working all day long. A. is B. are C. was D.were

  12. We wish no war and no poverty in the world. A. there is B. there being C. there to be D. there be

  13. Never before in our country.
A. has such a thing happened C. has so a thing has happened
B. such a thing has happened D. so a thing has happened

  14. We often share the goals and interests. A. same B. common C. positive D.different

  15. He is positive and powerful emotion, for which we all strive. A. one B. the one C. very one D. only one

  16. I followed his advice that Imys tudy plan. A. changed B. would change C. change D. had changed

  18. She doubted whether he would be to the task, so he was not admitted. A. similar B. equal C.familiar D. content

  19. Tom got nothing in for her kindness, made him very sad. A.award; as B. reward; which C. prize; which D. medals; as

  20. Doesmatter if an engineer is a man or a woman? A. that B.it C. this D. what

  22. Everyone stood up the hero came into the lecture hall. A. while B. instant C. every time D.immediately

  23. Is that the small town you often talk about? Yes, just the one I used to work for years. A. that B. which C. where D. what

  24. He finally bought several books by Tom, is one. A. which of them B. which of whose C. of which this D.any of them

  25. Dr.King won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 for his achievement and. A. honor B. victory C. courage D. failure

  26. As soon as the children were , their mother got them out of bed and into the bathroom. A. woke B. waken C. wake D. awake

  27. Jim was so badly burnt that at first they began to of his life. A. despair B. designate C. disappoint D. despise

  28. The government's strong action demonstrated its to crush the rebellion. A. energy B. resistance C. courage D. determination

  29. New mineral resources may be discovered during the forthcoming Antarctic . A. excursion B. execution C. extraction D. expedition

  30. Driving a car without insurance can have consequences. A. uncertain B. disastrous C. potential D. unworthy

  31. The police refused to the clues they were working on. A. exhibit B. disclose C. expose D. discern

  32. What you have done is the doctor's orders. A. attached to B. resistant to C. responsible to D. contrary to

  33. The shop-assistant was straight with his customers. If an article was of quality, he'd tell them so. A. minor B. humble C. inferior D. awkward

  34. The continuous rain was for the exceptional poor harvest A. blamed B. condemned C. accused D. charged

  35. The rocks are very big with of colors on them. A. bands B. marks C. rails D. shapes

  36. There were no tickets for Friday's performance. A. preferable B. possible C. considerable D. available

  37.. Despite all the evidence to the contrary, the witness that his story was true. A. stuck out B. stood out C. kept down D. held up

  38. In a typhoon, winds a speed greater than 120 kilometers per hour. A. assume B. accomplish C. attain D. assemble

  39. Professor Smith and Professor Brown will in giving the class lectures. A. exchange B. alter C. shift D. alternate

  40. Pack the cake in a strong box, or it might get in the post. A. splashed B. spilt C. crushed D. crashed

  41.. The thief the papers all over the room while he was . A. abandoned ;searched C. scattered ; searching B. vanished; searched for D. deserted;searching for

  42. Today, housework has been made much easier by electrical . A. facilities B. appliances C. instruments D. equipment

  43.. The of the trees in the water was very clear. A. mirror B. sight C. reflection D. shadow

  44. They have been waiting for many hours to see the singer, but the airplane must have been . A. behind the times B. behind schedule C. ahead of time D. in no time

  45. Neither of them thought of him and they both tried to him in his work. A. hamper ;highly B. support ;ill C. assist ;/ D. encourage;high

  46. Her display of bad temper completely the party. A. harmed B. damaged C. spoilt D. hurt

  47. We forgave his bad temper because we knew that his son's illness had put him under great . A. emotion B. excitement C. crisis D. stress

  48.. The reference she made to her friend, the poet, was interesting but too for anyone to appreciate. A. drastic B. dull C. obscure D. distinct。

  49. He his engagement just before the wedding. A. broke out B. broke away from C. broke off D. broke up

  50. When she heard from the hospital that her father had died, she into tears. A. burst B. went C. exploded D. fell

  1.【解析】A. 考查介词短语意思辨析。in honour of “是为了纪念”的意思, 及后面的 短语作后置定语, 相当于定语从句。 favour of 赞成, in 支持; line with 跟一致; place in in of 代替。依据句子意思选 A.
  2.【解析】A. 考查 end 用作名词时的用法。 其中 come to an end 意思是“结束”,常用作 谓语动词,而 bring and end to sth.“使结束”,常用作及物动词。依据句子意思和语言用 法选 A。
  3.【解析】B. 考查分数的表达方法。
  4.【解析】D. 考查关系代词的选择。关系代词代替的是先行词在定语从句中作定语。
  5.【解析】B 考查非限制性定语从句 as,which 的辨析。As 正如,正像;这一点的意思,
用于句首和句中;which 仅用于句中,代替前面句子的整体和部分内容。
  6.【解析】D 考查定语从句中关系代词的用法。本题要防止误选 B
  7.【解析】B 考查的是非限制性从句,防止误选 C.
  8【解析】B 考查定语从句关系词的选择。弄清楚先行词与 spare 的关系。
  9.【解析】A 考查强调句型中的定语从句的用法。分析句子结构,防止误选 B
  10.【解析】C 考查名词辨析。thing 事情,东西;event 事件,事变,活动,竞赛;affair 事务,事件;matter 问题,物质,口语为日常较为普通的个人事件。
  11.【解析】D 考查主谓语的一致性原则和省略句式。依据 one-forth (of the computers) 可知。
  12.【解析】B 考查 there be 结构的非谓语形式。其中 there 与 be 作 wish 的宾语,并且 是主谓结构,因此选 B
  13.【解析】A 考查倒装句和 so,such 的辨析。当 never,little hardly,scarely 等否定意义的 副词置于句首句子要倒装。So+adj/av+n.而 such+a(n)+adj.+n
  14.【解析】A 考查形容词的词义辨析。依据题意分享的应该是相同的目标和兴趣。
  15. 解析】 考查句子结构分析。 【 A strive for sth.“力求达到, 力求获得”, 选项应作 a positive and powerful emotion 的同位语,表泛指概念。
  16.【解析】C 考查 advise 同位语从句中谓语的形式。advice 同位语从句应用虚拟语气。
  18.【解析】 考查形容词辨析和搭配。 similar to 和相似;be equal to 有“胜任之意”; A be be familiar to 对熟悉;be content to 满意的,满足的。依据句子意思选 B
  19. 解析】 考查名词辨析和 as/which 的辨析。 【 B 依据前面的空 in reward for 为固定搭配。 意思是“作为报答”;award 奖品;medal 奖牌,奖章,纪念章;prize 奖品,主要是在比赛 中获得。
  20.【解析】B 考查 it 的用法。
  21.【解析】B 考查 it 的用法。注意区分代词。
  22.【解析】D 考查连词连接前后两个句子表示“一就”的用法,类似用法的词有
  23.【解析】C 考查定语从句中关系词的选择。 先行词为 the one(the town),定语从句 work 后少地点状语。
  24.【解析】C 考查介词与关系代词的搭配。依据句意他最后买了几本汤姆的书,这是其中 的一本可知。
  25.【解析】B 考查名词和动词的搭配。Win 与 victory 搭配恰当。

  26.【解析】 D. 考查词的用法。awake adj.醒着的 (作表语) 。Awake, awaken, wake, waken 都可以作及物和不及物动词用, 但是 awake 多用作不及物动词, 其中 wake 最常用
  27.【解析】 A. 考查同一字母开头的动词变析。 despair of (=be in despair) 对....... 失望 designate 指明, 指出, despise 轻视, 藐视。

  28.【解析】 D. 考查名词词义辨析。determination 意为“决心”, 后常接动词不定式作定语
  29. 解析】 D. 考查名词后缀意思辨析。 expedition 远征, 探险; excursion 短途旅行, 游 【 览; execution 实施, 执行; extraction 提取。
  30.【解析】B. 考查形容词词义辨析。 disastrous 灾难性的。
  31.【解析】 B. 考查动词词义辨析。本题句意是警方拒绝透露他们正在调查的线索。 disclose 透露, 使显露: exhibit 展览, 展出, 显示, expose 暴露,discern 认出, 发现, 辨 别,识别。B 吻合句意。
  32. 解析】 D. 本题考查形容词短语意思辨析。(be) contrary to 与.......相反, 违反 (作 【 . 表语) contrary to 也可以作状语;作定语。
  33.【解析】 C.考查形容词词义辨析。本题意思是这位商店售货员对顾客很坦率。如果货 物质量不好, 他就把情况告诉顾客。而 minor 次要的,不重要的;humble 谦卑的,地位低 下的;inferior 劣质的,地位差的符合句意;awkward 难使用的,笨拙的。
  34. 解析】 考查动词词义辨析。 blame sb./sth. for ... 因.......埋怨、 【 A. 责怪 .......; condemn 谴责、判刑。accuse sb. of 控告某人犯有.......;charge sb. with 控告某人犯有......。
  35.【解析】 A. 考查名词词义辨析。bands.(颜色与其余部分不同的) 条纹。Mark 痕迹, 斑点; 记号, 标记。本题是讲岩石上色彩不同的“条纹”, 故用 bands. rail (轨道) ,shape (形状) ,均不合题意。
  36.【解析】 D. 考查形容词词义辨析。 available 可利用的; 可以找到的。
  37.【解析】A.考查动词短语的辨析。 stick out 坚持。Stand out 显著,突出;keep down 压制;hold up 支撑,阻滞。
  38.【解析】 C.考查同一字母表中词义辨析。 attain (=succeed in doing or getting) 达 到 (目的等) ,取得 (成就等);accomplish (顺利) 完成。assume 假定, 假设, 承 担。assemble 集合; 装配。
  39.【解析】 D. 考查动词词义辨析。alternate vt./vi. 轮流,交替发生或出现;shift 般动, 移动(vt.);转移到, 迁移 (vi.);改变;exchange 交换; exchange... for ... 用.......换......; alter(部分)修改。

  40.【解析】 C. 考查被动中的动词词义辨析。crush 压坏,压碎;弄皱;辗散; splash 溅,泼;split(中间)裂开;crash(向下)猛跌;(飞机)失事。
  41.【解析】C. 考查动词词义辨析和短语结构。scatter 撒;abandon 放弃,抛弃。desert 遗弃(而离开);vanish 消亡,灭亡。本题句意是将小偷在搜寻钱时的情景,所以应选 scattered(撒)。
  42.【解析】 B. 考查名词的用法。electric appliances 电器用具,facilities 公用设备。 equipment 设备,装备,是集合名词,指“设备”的总称,只有复数形式。instrument 仪器。
  43.【解析】C. 考查名词词义辨析。reflection 此处意为“映在水中的倒影”,而不是“影子” 或“阴影”,故不能用 shadow。其他选择均不合题意。
  44.【解析】B.考查短语意思辨析。behind schedule(=late, behind time)晚点;behind the times 过时,跟不上时代,落后;ahead of time 提前;in no time(=soon, quickly)立即, 马上。
  45.【解析】A. 考查动词词义辨析和短语的构成。 hamper 阻碍;本题意思是他们两人都 认为他不怎么样并极力阻碍他工作。think highly of... 对...评价很高,认为......很好。
  46.【解析】 C. 考查动词词义辨析。spoil “使...... 扫兴,搞糟”; hurt 伤害,damage 损 坏,harm 危害,均
 

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