高考英语专题复习

  02《如何写好英语作文》
How to Write a Composition ?
如何写好英语作文呢?
一.写好句子
句子要正确。
  1、句子要正确。
  2、句子要平行。 句子要平行。 句子要连贯。
  3、句子要连贯。 句子要有逻辑性。
  4、句子要有逻辑性。 句子要避免过多重复。
  5、句子要避免过多重复。 句子要避免头重脚轻。
  6、句子要避免头重脚轻。
  7、句子要避免汉式英语。 句子要避免汉式英语。
二.写好段落 三.用好过渡词 四.写好开头和结尾
作文: 作文:

  1.记叙文
  1.记叙文
  2.说明文
  2.说明文
  3.议论文
  3.议论文
英语写作多数为指导性写作或称: 英语写作多数为指导性写作或称: 半命题写作,也就是说, 半命题写作,也就是说,是先给一定的材 然后让学生依据所给的材料按要求作文。 料,然后让学生依据所给的材料按要求作文。 方法:组写、缩写、扩写、 方法:组写、缩写、扩写、 改写、 或看图作文等。 改写、 或看图作文等。
一.写好句子

  1.句子要正确: 句子要正确: 句子要正确

  1).Do you know where is the People’s Park ?
→Do you know where the People’s Park is?
  2). There are many visitors enjoy the dish. →Many visitors enjoy the dish. →There are many visitors who enjoy the dish.

  2.句子要平行
  2.句子要平行
In my spare time, I enjoy popular music and collecting stamps. →In my spare time, I enjoy listening to popular music and collecting stamps.

  3.句子要连贯
  3.句子要连贯
Go into the park. Go forward. Cross the street. Turn right. →After you enter the park by the main gate, walk straight till you come to a stream. Cross the stream and turn right.

  4.句子要有逻辑性 句子要有逻辑性
I’m very interested in computer and won first prize last year. →I was very interested in computer and won first prize last year.

  5.句子要避免过多重复 句子要避免过多重复. 句子要避免过多重复
You will continue to walk. You’ll see a hill. You will go around the hill. You’ll get to a lake. →After walking for a while, you’ll come to a hill, walk round to the other side of the hill. There you’ll see a lake.

  6.句子要避免头重脚轻 句子要避免头重脚轻
Chinese, maths, English, physics, chemistry and computer are the main subjects.
→The main subjects are Chinese, maths, English, physics, chemistry and computer.

  7.句子要避免汉式英语 句子要避免汉式英语 My spare lovers are swimming, skating, collecting stamps and listening to popular music.
→In my spare time, I enjoy swimming, skating…… →In my spare time, I’m fond of swimming,…… →In my spare time, my hobbies are swimming, skating……
家长之友” 某英语杂志社 “家长之友”栏目要举办一 次征文比赛,要求围绕 “You can lead a horse 次征文比赛 要求围绕 to water, but you can’t make it drink.”这一 这一 主题发表意见. 请根据下列提示写一篇文章. 主题发表意见 请根据下列提示写一篇文章
内容提示: 许多家长望子成龙,不惜重金送孩子上私 立学校,到国外留学,请家教,给他们买大量的 资料,电脑等,但往往这些都…… 注意事项: 投稿人应提示内容,表明自己的观点:
Nowadays, knowledge is becoming more and more important with the development of society, so many parents expect the children to be useful or successful. ? They spare no effort to offer their children as good a chance as possible: They not only send them abroad for further education and to private schools at great expenses, but also hire personal teachers. They buy all
?
kinds of learning materials, computers and so on. But no matter what their parents do for the children, what becomes of the children ? Some of them really make it, but most of them want to enjoy and relax themselves and at last they are really disappointing.
This proves the meaning of the saying “You can lead a horse to water, but you can’t make it drink.” That is to say, you can give someone all the opportunities for success, but you can’t make every person successful.
二.写好段落
二.写好段落
段落本身又是一篇小短文,包括 主题句、支持句和结尾句。
高考题参考范文: 高考题参考范文: 主题句是全文的第一句: 主题句是全文的第一句: Sun Shuwei, a world champion in diving, is a boy of 14 from Guangdong. 结尾句是全文最后一句: 结尾句是全文最后一句: A year later in 1990,he won a gold medal at the 11th Asian Games and became a world champion at the 6th World Swimming Championships early this year.
假设你是李晓平,是“江苏中学”的学生。请 你围绕“建设和谐社会”的主题,根据下面所给出 的要点提示,用英语给全省中学生写一封倡议书。 提示
  1.人与社会:祖国、家乡、学校,热爱关心
  2.人与人:家人、师长、同学,诚信互助
  3.人与自然:能源、环境、动植物、爱惜保 护
  4.你的态度:(内容由考生自己决定)。 注意:
  1、词数:100左右;
  2、内容可适当发挥,注意行文连贯。
Dear fellow students, Our government is aiming to build a “harmonious society”. I think it is every citizen’s duty to work hard to achieve this goal. As high school students, what should we do? First of all, we should love our motherland. Let’s take a great interest in the development of our hometowns and take an active part in our school’s activities.
Secondly, let’s fill the world with love. We should show our respect for old people,our parents and our teachers. We should also care for each other and help those in need. Most important of all, all of us must be faithful and honest in our daily life.
Finally, let’s work together to save energy and protect our natural environment, including animals, trees, flowers and grass.
三.过渡词

  1. and, in addition, first, second, third …
  2. before, after, when, later, immediately…
  3. beyond, beside, behind, below, inside…
  4. but, still, however, even, though…
  5. because, so, therefore, thus, otherwise…
  6. so that, indeed, above all, for example…
  7. finally, in other words, in brief…
四.开头和结尾
开头方法:开门见山、 开头方法 开门见山、解释和描述主 开门见山 提供背景知识、 题、提供背景知识、小故事 引路、提出问题、倒叙、 引路、提出问题、倒叙、悬 名言、描写等等. 念、名言、描写等等 结尾方法:总结主要观点 总结主要观点、 结尾方法 总结主要观点、重复开头或 题目、提出结论、 题目、提出结论、提出问题 暗示答案、引言、故事等等. 暗示答案、引言、故事等等
请以你校学生的名义写一篇短文, 请以你校学生的名义写一篇短文,陈述反对 拟在你校附近兴建一座化工厂的理由. 拟在你校附近兴建一座化工厂的理由.短文须包 括以下内容: 括以下内容:
  1.大部分同学都反对兴建.
  1.大部分同学都反对兴建 大部分同学都反对兴建.
  2.尽管该厂可能为本市赚钱不少,但弊大于利.
  2.尽管该厂可能为本市赚钱不少 但弊大于利. 尽管该厂可能为本市赚钱不少,
  3.可能造成噪声污染和空气污染.
  3.可能造成噪声污染和空气污染 可能造成噪声污染和空气污染.
  4.侵占学校部分操场.
  4.侵占学校部分操场 侵占学校部分操场.
注意:可以补充若干理由, 注意:可以补充若干理由,不要仅 仅翻译以上各点. 仅翻译以上各点. 词数:100词数:100-1
  20.
写作的步骤

  1.在头脑中搜索你想用的单词:
  1.在头脑中搜索你想用的单词: 在头脑中搜索你想用的单词 be against ; construction; chemical factory; make a lot of money; pollute; prevent; take up; harm ; playground, have sports, take measures…..

  2.想好开头句 想好开头句. 想好开头句
Most students of our school, including me, are against the construction of a chemical factory near our school .

  3.写好其它句子来支持你自己
  3.写好其它句子来支持你自己 观点: 的 观点:
Although the factory will make a lot of money for our city, we do think it will do us more harm than good. The air will be badly polluted and we can’t prevent the noise from entering our classrooms.
Besides, the building of it will take up a part of our small playground. We can’t have enough place to play games and have sports after class.

  4.适当加上一些评论
  4.适当加上一些评论: 适当加上一些评论: Of course, they have promised to take measures to do it well, however, it is far from enough. On the other hand ,We will never be able to breathe fresh air.

  5.写出结尾句。
  5.写出结尾句。 写出结尾句 Where would we go if it were taken up ? So we don’t agree to build the factory here.
  6.补充,完善,加上过渡词。
  6.补充,完善,加上过渡词。 补充
Most students of our school, including me, are against the construction of a chemical factory near our school. Although the factory will make a lot of money for our city, we do think it will do us more harm than good. The air will be badly polluted and we can’t prevent the noise from entering our classrooms. Besides, the building of it will take up a part of our small playground. We can’t have enough place to play games and have sports after class.
? Of course, they have promised to take measures ? to do it well, however, it is far from enough. On the other hand ,We will never be able to breathe fresh air. Where would we go if it were taken up ? ? So we don’t agree to build the factory here.
 

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