? …before…特殊用法(
  1)“没来得及……就……” …before…特殊用法 特殊用法( 没来得及…… ……就 ? [例句] ? The roof fell before he had time to dash into the room to save his baby. ? He ran off before I could stop him. ? …before…特殊用法(
  2)“过了多久才……”或“动作进行到什么程度 …before…特殊用法 特殊用法( 过了多久才……” ……”或 才……” ? [例句] ? They walked about fifty miles to the west before they saw a village. ? He almost knocked me down before he knew it. ? We had walked a long way before we found some water. ? Five years went by before I knew it. 不知不觉,五年过去了。 ? It was + 时间段+before….“过了多久才(怎么样)……” 时间段+before….“过了多久才(怎么样) +before….“过了多久才 ? It was not long before….“不久,就……” before….“不久 不久, ? It will (not) be +时间段+before….“要过多久(不久)…… +时间段+before….“要过多久 不久) 时间段+before….“要过多久( ……”(before从句谓语动词要用一般时态 从句谓语动词要用一般时态) 才……”(before从句谓语动词要用一般时态) ? It was not long before he sensed the danger of the position。 ? It was five days before he came back. ? It will be half a year before you graduate from the school. ? It will not be long before they understand each other.
? “only + 状语”放在句首,句子半倒装 状语”放在句首, ? Only when the war was over did he return to work. ? Only after you have reached eighteen can you join the army. ? Only in that way will we be ready for the challenges and opportunities in life. ? Only by changing the way we live will we be able to save the earth. ? 只有改变生活方式,我们才能拯救地球。 ? [注意 注意]这种结构的倒装只在only引导状语的时候 注意 使用,only引导主语的时候不用倒装。
? when引导的从句 when引导的从句 ? when除了用来引导主语从句、宾语从句、时间状语从句、表语 when除了用来引导主语从句、宾语从句、时间状语从句、 除了用来引导主语从句 从句和定语从句,还有一种用法值得关注,那就是when when引导并 从句和定语从句,还有一种用法值得关注,那就是when引导并 列分句,意思是“这时突然;就在那时” 列分句,意思是“这时突然;就在那时”,强调另一个动作的突 然发生。常用于以下句型中:( )、主语 :(1 然发生。常用于以下句型中:(
  1)、主语 + be doing… when…意思是 正在做某事这时……”;(
  2)、主语 意思是“ ……”;( when…意思是“正在做某事这时……”;(
  2)、主语 + be do…when…;( )、主语 ;(3 主语+be about to do…when…;(
  3)、主语+be on the point of …when…意思是 正要去做某事这时……” 意思是“ (doing) …when…意思是“正要去做某事这时……” ? One day Chuck was on a flight across the Pacific Ocean when suddenly his plane crashed. ? I thought of the happy days when I was in Beijing. ? I believe the time will soon come when there will be no weapons in the world. ? I was walking along the river when I heard a drowning boy cry for help. ? I was about to leave when it began to rain. ? I had just finished my exam paper when the bell rang, announcing the class was over.
强调句的疑问结构 ? 一般疑问句 Is / Was it +被强调部分 +who / that …? ? 特殊疑问句 特殊疑问词+is /was +it +who / that…?
? What is/was it that…? Who is/was it that…? When is/was it that…? Where is/was it that…? Why is/was it that…? How is/was it that…? ? [例句1] I saw him in the street yesterday afternoon. ? →When was it that you saw him in the street? ? →Who was it that you saw in the street yesterday afternoon? ? →Where was it that you saw him yesterday afternoon? ? [例句2] I don’t know when he will come back. ? →I don’t know when it is that he will come back.(宾语 从句疑问词后用陈述句语序) ? ?How was it that you got in touch with Mr. Smith? 你是 怎么和Smith先生联系上的?
?
would rather that somebody did…“宁 愿……;更愿意……”(表示现在或将来的愿望) ? would rather that somebody had done…“宁愿……;更愿意……”(表示过去的
愿望) 愿望)
? [例句] ? I’d rather you posted the letter right now. ? I’d rather you were not a celebrated actor. In that case, we could spend more time together. ? I’d rather that I hadn’t seen her yesterday.
? 句型 句型2 ? 情态动词 动词不定式完成结构的用法 情态动词+动词不定式完成结构的用法 ? could have done “本来可以……”(表示过去没有实现 的可能)。 ? might have done “本来可能……;本来应该或可以做 某事”(实际没有发生;含有轻微的责备语气。 ? should/ought to have done “本来该做某事”(而实际 未做) ? should not/ought not to have done “本来不该做” (实际却做过了,含有责备语气) ? needn’t have done “本来不必做”(但是已经做过了) ? would rather have done “当时宁愿做了某事”(实际 没有做过);否定式would rather not have done表达 相反意思,两者都有表示“后悔”之意。
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
(
  1) must have done sth 一定做过某事 否定形式:can't have done 例:She must have come here last night. 她一定是昨晚来的。 She can't have gone there 她不可能到那儿去。 (
  2) may have done sth 可能做过某事 否定形式:may not have done 例:Philip may have been hurt seriously in the car accident. (
  3) might have done sth 或许做过某事 否定形式: might not have done 例:She might have known what the bottle contained. (
  4) should have done sth 估计已经做了某事,但实际没做 否定形式:should not have done 例:She should have arrived in her office by now.
? 在动词insist,order, command, advise, suggest, propose, 在动词insist, propose, insist 等表示建议、命令、 demand, require, request, ask 等表示建议、命令、要求的名词性从句 中谓语动词要用虚拟语气。基本句型:主语+ 动词原形。 中谓语动词要用虚拟语气。基本句型:主语+ (should) + 动词原形。另外像 recommend等也要接(should)+动词原形结 等也要接(should)+ decide, desire, intend, recommend等也要接(should)+动词原形结 构。 ? Mother insists that Tom (should) go to bed at nine o’clock. ? We suggested that the meeting (should) be held at once. ? It was required that the crops (should) be harvested at once. ? The suggestion that he (should) be invited was rejected. ? That is their demand that their wages (should) be increased. ? [注意1] advice, suggestion, order, demand, proposal, request, 注意1] desire, command, decision, requirement等名词引导的同位语从句 或表语从句,谓语动词用 (should) + 动词原形。 ? [注意2] It’s suggested/ advised/ 注意2] demanded/ordered/requested/proposed/required/desired等结构 后的主语从句中,谓语动词用(should) + 动词原形。 ? [注意3] 注意3] 3]suggest意思是“表明,暗示;说明”时;insist意思是“坚持观点, 坚持看法”时,句子不能用虚拟语气。
? while引导的从句 引导的从句 ? while除了有“当/在……时候”的意思外(注意:引 除了有“ 在 时候” 除了有 时候 的意思外(注意: 导的句子谓语动词只能是延续性动词!), !),另外的两 导的句子谓语动词只能是延续性动词!),另外的两 层意思也是考查的重点:( :(
  1) 层意思也是考查的重点:( )while = although “尽 尽 虽然” 引导让步状语从句;( ;(
  2) 管”、“虽然”,引导让步状语从句;( )while的 的 意思是“然而;可是” 常用来表达对比关系。 意思是“然而;可是”,常用来表达对比关系。 ? While I admit that the problem is difficult, I don’t think that they can’t be solved. ? While I was angry with her, I didn’t lose my temper. ? While I understand your viewpoint, I don’t agree with you. ? I earn only 120 dollars a week, while she earns 180 dollars.
?
  1. They on the program for almost one week before I joined them, and now we on it as no good results have come out so far. ? A. had been working; are still working ? B. had worked; were still working ? C. have been working; have worked ? D. have worked; are still working ?
  2. It would be a good idea to use a plastic bottle, cut off, as a container to grow young plants in. ? A. of which the top B. the top is ? C. the top of which D. with its top ?
  3. is it has made Peter he is today? ? A. What; that; that B. That; that; what C. What; what; that D. What; that; what ?
  4. Before he went abroad,he spent as much time as he English. ? A. could learning B. learned C. to learn D. could to learn ?
  5. The person we talked about our school last week. ? A.visiting B.will visit C.visited D.has visited
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
□The person we spoke to no answer at first. A.making B.makes C.make D.made □The person we referred to(提及) us a report tomorrow. A.giving B.will give C.gave D.give □The days we have been looking forward to soon. A.coming B.will come C.came D.have come
  6. Not far from the club there was a garden, owner seated in it playing bridge with his children every afternoon. A. whose B. its C. which D. that
  7. You should treat him (in) the way suits him most. A. that B. in which C. / D. why
  8. He is a strict but kind-hearted father, the children respect but are afraid of. A. / B. that C. for whom D. one whom
  9. You haven’t been to Beijing, have you? . And how I wish to go there again! A. Yes, I have B. Yes, I haven’t C. No, I have D. No, I haven’t
  10. Not only the jewelry she been sold for her son’s gambling debts but also her house. A. is; has B. has; had C. has; has D.不填; has
? 2011河南省普通高中学业水平考试模拟题一 ? 一单项填空 1-5 CCDBC 6-10 CACDB ? 二完形填空 11-15 BADCC 16-20 DABCA 21-25 BCAAD 26-30 CDBAC ? 三阅读理解 31-35 CACDC 36-40 A BCAD ? 四信息匹配 41-45 ADBCE ? 五短文填空 ? 46 baked 47 cool 48 classroom 49 so 50 It 51 why 52 glasses 53 check 54 Below 55 deserted
? what引导的从句 what引导的从句 ? what在英语中非常活跃,它可以用来引导主语从
? ? ? ? ? ?
句、宾语从句、表语从句,但是不用来引导定语 从句。在句子里可以充当主语、宾语、表语、定 语,既可以指人,也可以指物。 [例句] What is the population of the world? What did you pay for this picture? What is most important in life isn’t money. Will you show me what you bought? Mary is no longer what she was ten years ago.
? as引导的非限制性定语从句 as引导的非限制性定语从句 ? 在as引导的非限制性定语从句中,连接代词as在句子中可以作主语、宾 as引导的非限制性定语从句中,连接代词as在句子中可以作主语、 引导的非限制性定语从句中 as在句子中可以作主语 语或表语等,可以指人或物。其在定语从句中的位置比较灵活, 语或表语等,可以指人或物。其在定语从句中的位置比较灵活,即可以在句 子前面,在句子中间或句子末尾。常用的结构有: 子前面,在句子中间或句子末尾。常用的结构有:as we all know; as is well known to…; as is often the case; as is said/mentioned 等。 ? [注意1]as通常只指整个句子的内容,不表示部分内容。 注意1]as通常只指整个句子的内容,不表示部分内容。 1]as通常只指整个句子的内容 ? [注意2]as引导的非限制性定语从句通常指“事先可以预料到的”“料想到 注意2]as引导的非限制性定语从句通常指“事先可以预料到的”“料想到 2]as引导的非限制性定语从句通常指 ”“ 表达“ 的方面。 的”,表达“好”的方面。 ? [注意3]as引导限制性定语从句时,常构成the same…as…; such…as…; 注意3]as引导限制性定语从句时,常构成the 3]as引导限制性定语从句时 …as…等结构 在从句中既可以指人、 等结构。 so/as …as…等结构。在从句中既可以指人、物,也可以指整个句子 ? This is also part of your work, as I told you before. ? The man was a teacher, as was evident from his way of speaking. ? Such ideas as he hits on are worthless. 像他那样偶然想起的主意是 无用的。 无用的。 ? It’s the same story as I heard from her yesterday. ? He will marry as pretty a girl as he can find. 他要尽可能找漂亮的 女孩结婚。 女孩结婚。 ? Such people as have made great contributions to the world should be grea
 

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