高考英语基础写作 复习系列
中国某市住房的产权变化 以下图表反映了中国某大城市住房产权的变化: 以下图表反映了中国某大城市住房产权的变化:
100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% 1995 2000 2008 private state-owned
[写作内容 请以"Changes in the Ownership of House"为题, 写作内容] 请以" 为题, 写作内容 为题 为校报写一篇短文.内容包括: 为校报写一篇短文.内容包括:
  1. 根据图示描述该市住房产权的变化; 根据图示描述该市住房产权的变化;
  2. 分析产生这些变化的原因; 分析产生这些变化的原因;
  3. 说明这些变化对个人和社会产生的影响. 说明这些变化对个人和社会产生的影响.
As can be seen from the chart, ownership of houses in a big city in China has changed in the past ten years.
Ownership of Houses in a Big City in China
As can be seen from the chart, ownership of houses in a big city in China changed in the past ten years. In 1995, 75 percent of the houses were state-owned, and five years later, the rate of state owned houses to private ones was 3 to
  2. But from then on, the ownership of houses changed so rapidly that 80 percent of houses have been private so far.

The chief reason for this great change is that, from 1995 up to now, the people's living standards have been improving, so most of them can afford to buy the houses. Besides, some people do not save a lot of money in the bank for their children because they want to have their own home and enjoy life. Such changes have had a great effect on the development of society, which does good to both the citizens and the government.
图表类说明文的写作常使用的词汇有 图表类说明文的写作常使用的词汇有: 常使用的词汇有 数据): (图表/数据): 图表 数据 table, chart, graph,figure数据 ; , 数据 表示上升的词: rise,increase,climb,go up , … 表示上升的词 , , , 表示下降的词: 表示下降的词 fall,decline,decrease, , , , drop,go down, …; , 表示平稳: 表示平稳 remain steady/unchanged…
一 开头常用套语
  1. 从以上表格中我们可以明显地看出,….... 从以上表格中我们可以明显地看出, . From the graph above, we can see obviously that …
  2.正如能够从图表中所看到的,……正在发生 正如能够从图表中所看到的, 正如能够从图表中所看到的 正在发生 巨大的变化. 巨大的变化. As can be seen from the table

great changes have taken place in ….
  3.正如曲线所示,最近 年来 正如曲线所示, 年来……飞速增长. 飞速增长. 正如曲线所示 最近5年来 飞速增长 As is shown by the graph there has been , a rapid increase in … in the past five years.
  4.图表显示 表明 图表显示/表明 图表显示 表明…… The graph shows/indicates that…
二 数据说明常用套语
  1.和去年同期相比,其销售额上涨 和去年同期相比, 和去年同期相比 其销售额上涨
  8.3%,达到 , 1063亿美元,创历史新高. 亿美元, 亿美元 创历史新高. Sales increased by
  8.3%compared with the to same period last year, a record $1
  06.3 billion.
  2. 如表中所示,他们的收入在 如表中所示,他们的收入在1985年翻了一翻, 年翻了一翻, 年翻了一翻 总计为540元. 总计为 元 As is shown by the graph, in 1985 income doubled their, amounting to 540 yuan.
三 原因说明常用套语
  1.有两个原因可以解释这样一种现象. 有两个原因可以解释这样一种现象 There are two reasons that account for this phenomenon.
  2.许多因素可以说明 导致 引起这个变化 成功 许多因素可以说明/导致 引起这个变化/成功 许多因素可以说明 导致/引起这个变化 成功/ 增长. 增长. A number of factors could account for the change (success /increase).
  3. ……的原因是 的原因是…… 的原因是 The reason for…. is that….
结尾的常用套语
  1. 我们可以得出 我们可以得出…… We can draw the conclusion that …
  2. 从图表的变化来看,我们可以预计 从图表的变化来看,我们可以预计…… From the changes in the charts, we can predict that…
  3. 依我之见 Personally in my opinion as far as I'm concerned as for me from my point of view
实战演练
大学生度暑假方式的变化 下列两个图表显示了在过去的10年间大学生过 下列两个图表显示了在过去的 年间大学生过 由 简 描 暑假的方式变化. 写作内容: 暑假的方式变化. 写作内容: 表 要 述 格 分 图 其他10% 其他 9% 内 析 表 容 变 中 得 化 变 28% 出 的 化 其他 在 16% 20% 32% 的 原 明 结 因 显 论 ; 的 30% 在 55% 项 . 目 ; . . .
Possible version:
As can be seen from the two charts, in the past ten years, the college students who go traveling and make social investigation during summer vacation have increased greatly while those who stay at home have decreased a lot. There are two main reasons for the changes. For one thing, with the development of economy, many people have become rich, which makes it possible for students to get financial support from
their parents for traveling. And for another, the government has been encouraging college students to make social investigation on the rapid development in both cities and villages. From the changes in the charts, we can predict that more and more college students will make their summer vacation colorful and meaningful by going to the outside world instead of staying at home.
Conclusion
一 开头常用套语
  1.From the graph/table/diagram above,
  2.As can been seen from the table (=As we can see clearly from the table),
  3.As is shown by the graph,
  4.The graph shows/indicates that… 二 数据说明常用套语 1… increased by … compared with the same period last year, to a record….
  2.in …(year) their income doubled, amounting to ….
三 原因说明常用套语
  1.There are … reasons that account for this phenomenon.
  2. A number of factors could account for (contribute to /lead to /result in) the change (success /increase).
  3.The reason for…. is that…. 四 结尾的常用套语

  1.We can draw the conclusion that …
  2.From the changes in the charts, we can predict that…
  3. Personally / in my opinion / as for me / as far as I'm concerned /from my point of view
 

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