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高考英语口试的目标是测试考生的语言口头表达能力,其中包括朗读能力、会话能力、描述能力和表达思想的能力。 高考英语口试由下列五大题组成: 一、高考英语口试由下列五大题组成: (
  1)朗读 10% (
  2)快速应答 10% (
  3)情景提问 20% (
  4)谈话 30% (
  5)看图说话 30% 二、各大题如何准备
  1.朗读 Part 1 Reading aloud (10%) 这部分称为 Passage reading。你将从荧屏上看到你所要读的文章。你可以有一分钟时间准备,然后,只用 30 秒钟 朗读该短文。你也许会认为 30 秒钟读完这篇文章是不可能的,因此你就会加快速度,抢时间,将文章读完。其实,这 是错误的判断。你应该按正常的速度朗读,按规定的朗读要求读短文。 本大题的考查要求:朗读短文测试学生的语音基础、意群停顿、语气转换、自然流畅的连读、失爆等朗读技巧。 现将短文朗读考查要求分析如下: (
  1)语音的基础问题。根据我本人的学习体会与教学中的观察,中国学生如果对英语国际音标中下列四个元音的发 音掌握得较好,则其他元音音素的掌握也不会有大问题。这四个元音是/i:,i,e, /。少数学生由于在初学时没有掌握 其发音的要领,以致他们到了高考口试中有些读音与标准的要求相差甚远。有人甚至将/i:,i/分别误读为汉语的 “衣”,“一”。在发/e/时口型过大。如 say 的过去式 said,这里字母组合 ai 应读/e/。不少学生错读成//,这样 said 读成了/sd/,成了 sad(形容词“悲伤的”)。又如 say 的读音应是/sei/,而 says 的读音是/sez/,这里字母 组合 ay 的读音应是/e/。此外,the 的读音也是一个问题。大家都清楚字母组合 th 的读音是/θ/或/ /。发这两个音 素最重要的“技巧”就是将舌尖放在上下牙齿之间(并轻触上下齿),然后,送气,这种发音方法在汉语的发音中是 没有的。但由于平时朗读时马虎了事,养成了这种错误习惯。 (
  2)意群和停顿。句子可以按照意思和结构分为若干段,每一段称为一个意群,英语中称为 sense group.每一个意 群有其特殊的意义。在朗读每一篇短文前,你应找准意群。这样你可以在说话和朗读时,意群和意群之间可梢作一定 的停顿,也可以在此处换气,使意思表达更为清楚。如果你停错地方,你的“听众”就听不懂。这也就是你经常听到 老师评论说“读破句”,英语称为 broken English。你还须注意在同一意群中各个单词之间应一口气念完而不可停顿。 同时,意群和意群之间根据需要而停顿,也不是非停顿不可。 朗读样题: 朗读样题: A four-year-old girl / is lying / in the arms of a doctor. //She has just become motherless.// Her pink clothes are bloodied / and her eyes stare at something / only she can see. //She has suffered from a bombing / near her home / in southern Iraq. (
  3)语调:主要有升调与降调两种。升调一般用于句首状语和一般疑问句,在一个完整句子中各并列成分在最后 一个并列成分前者应用升调。如:I have three English books?,two Chinese dictionaries?and five pens?. 降调用在陈述句句尾和特殊疑问句中,尤其应注意的是一般疑问句的回答。如:Do you have a map in your hand?? 该疑问句的肯定回答:Yes?,I do?.这里的 Yes,必须是降调,I do 也必须是降调。 (
  4)连读与失爆。连读较容易掌握。在一个意群中,将前一个单词最后的辅音与后一个单词开头的元音连在一 起读。如:half an hour, ran out of the room, not at all。 而失爆是朗读中较难掌握的一种技巧。当相邻两个爆破音在一起时,往往给前面一个爆破音留一个位置,但不爆 破,稍停随即发后面的爆破音,这种现象称为失去爆破。如:hot bath,(加下划线的字母不发音)the next day, /a good deal of, I don't believe.等。 试读样题 Part One 请注意用正常速度朗读,并练习上面提到的一些朗读技巧及基本功。
  2.快速应答
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Part 2 : Quick Responses. (10%) 主要测试考生对功能性语言的掌握。考生将从耳机里听到 5 个句子,要求考生对这 5 个句子进行快速应答。每个句子 的答题时间为 5 秒。 首先学生应搞清这题不是回答问题,而是对你所听到的句子作恰当的反应。这部分的难点是没有情景提示,考生 必须在听到句子后的瞬间判断这句子应在什么情景下使用,其前后呼应的句子应该是什么。然后,再确定一个正确的 应答句。 如你听到的句子为:“How are you going to station?”你会想到这是两人相遇时,一人要去火车站,另一人想 知道对方去火车站的方式。你的应答句应是:“I am going to station by bus/by taxi/on foot…” 在听到考题时,应搞清这个句子的类型:是一般疑问句,还是特殊疑问句;是陈述句,还是祈使句。对特殊疑问 句应抓住:第一个词??疑问词,这决定了你的应答句的内容。第二个词??助动词,它决定了你的应答句的时态或 语态。当然,其他的词也起了不同的作用,但相比之下,这两个词所提供的信息尤为重要。如上述例句:“How are you going to station?”第一个词 how 告诉了你应答句的内容有关“方式”??去车站的方式。第二个词“are you going to”告诉了你的应答句应用 be going to 作动词谓语。 再如:“Don't forget to post the letter for me!”这是一句祈使句。情景是:别人请你做事,但又担心你会 忘记。你的应答句要告诉对方“我不会忘记的”。由于汉语思维的干忧,不少学生会讲成:“Yes, I won't.”大家都 知道,这是错句。既然你不会忘记做某事,那就应该是否定形式。这样你的应答句就必须是:“No,I won't.” 考点: 考点:
  1. Greeting How do you do? How do you do? What’s up? Not much!/Nothing much!
  2. asking introduction Hi, Tom, this is Mary, my best friend. Hi, nice to meet you! good
  3. saying good-bye Good ?bye, Tom! Good- bye, Mr. Li!
  4. making requests and giving instruction 请求 Hello, may I speak to Mr. Johnson, please! Speaking/ Hold on please. Behave yourself! Yes I will. Don’t sit on that chair. It is broken! Lucky you warned me./ Thank goodness you reminded me. Smoking is a bad habit. You had better quit smoking. Thank you for your advice. I will try.
  5. giving thanks Be careful! The floor is so slippery. Thank you for your advice! Congratulations (on…) ! Thank you! It is very nice of you to show me around the school. It is my pleasure.
  6. asking for permission I really must go now. Why so soon!/ Can you stay a little longer? Let me have the photo, would you? Sure, here you are.
  7. showing agreement or disagreement The movie is OK, but I don’t like the action. I agree with you. I like summer because I can wear lightweight clothes. So do I.
  8. giving invitations We’ ll have a dance on Sunday. I hope you can make it. Yes, I can./ Sorry, I’m afraid I can’t. What about going for a walk? That is a good idea! I have two tickets for the concert, wanna go with me? Sure, why not? question tions
  9. asking questions 问题 What’s the matter with you, Tom? You look pale. I have a cold. Where have you been? I haven’t seen you in class all week. Oh, I caught a cold, so I had to stay in.
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Can you tell me how to get to the nearest bank? Turn right at the first crossing. You cannot miss it.
  10. expressing good wishes Good luck! Thank you! Have a nice weekend! Thank you! The same to you!
  11. requesting and offering help Is there anything I can do for you? No, thanks.
  12. making apologies I am sorry that I forget to return the book to you. Never mind!
  3.情景提问 Part 3: Question Raising (20%) 主要测试考生对所给情景中不同信息进行提问的能力。 考生在屏幕上看到,同时从耳机里听到所给的两个情景,考生假设自己正处于此情景之中,根据要求对每个情景分 别提两个问题,每两个问题中至少有一个特殊疑问句(注意:只要求提问,不用回答或作任何解释。 )每个情景的提问 时间为 10 秒。 Ask 2 questions about each situation given below, at least one special question.既然题目中给你情景, 必须从所给的情景中搞清几个要素:这个情景的主角是谁,谈话的对象是谁,该情景发生的时间、地点及内容等信息。 在英语中也就是 when, where, what's happening, whom are you talking to…? 考生从屏幕上看到和耳机里听到的情景: 例
  1.Your friend invites you to his birthday party, which is to be held in a restaurant. 分析 Your friend is having a birthday party. You are invited to the party, but you don't know the exact date or time. Besides, you need to know where the restaurant is. The possible 2 questions will be: (
  1) Thank you very much for your invitation. But could you please tell me where the restaurant will be? (
  2)When shall we be there? 例
  2.Something is wrong with your mobile phone. You go to the shop to have it repaired. 分析:This is a very typical situation happened in a repairing store. 结论:The possible 2 questions will be: (
  1) How much shall I pay for the repairing? (
  2) Shall I come back to pick it up tomorrow? 注意: (
  1)考生所提的两个问题其中一个必须是特殊疑问句。 (
  2)如果考生所提出的两个问题的答案是同一个内容,则其中一个问题不得分。 例如:针对例 2 的情景,考生的 2 个问题: (
  1)When shall I come back to pick it up? (
  2)Shall I come back to pick it up tomorrow? 这样 2 个句子中的一个不得分。 Practice: More Practice:
  1. Ask the way to Jingjiang Hotel. Where is the ….?// How can I get to …? //Do you know …?
  2. Ask your classmate about the maths lesson/ test you’ve missed. What did the teacher teach?// Is … difficult (or easy)?
  3. Ask your friend about sth. about sports. What’s your favourite sport?// Do you like…?
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  4. You are persuading Mike to go to a concert on Saturday evening? Will you go with me?// Why not go with me?
  5. Ask your teacher how to learn English well. How can I learn English well? // Can you give me some tips on how to learn English?
  6. At a restaurant /snack bar, you are discussing what to eat? Would you like …?// What would you like…? //Which would you prefer, … or …?
  7. Ask Peter about a photo of his family. Who is the man? // Is he/ she your…?
  8. Ask Alice where she lives. Where do you live?// Is your home far from here?
  9. At a supermarket/shop, you ask customers questions. Can I help you?// What would you like?
  10. Ask questions to your friend who is in hospital. Are you feeling well?// When can you leave hospital?
  11. At a booking office of Shanghai Railway Station, you ask a man inside questions. Do you still have the tickets to Xi’an?// How much is the ticket?
  12. Ask about the postage of a packet to the U.S. What's the postage?// How long does it take to get to the U.S.?
  13. You want to know how Chinese people celebrate the Chinese New Year. How do Chinese people celebrate the Chinese New Year?// What do you do on the Chinese New Year?
  14. Ask your friend John about the journey from Britain. Did you enjoy the journey?// What do you think of…?
  15. You want to know your friend’s life in Europe. Did you enjoy the life in Britain?// What do you think of…?
  16. You’d go and buy a TV set to decorate the room. You ask the shop assistant. How much is the TV set? // Which one is better?
  17. Peter has a toothache and wants to make an appointment to see Dr. Brown. Now the nurse answers the phone and asks questions. Can you come on Wednesday morning? // When can you come?
  18. You are shopping for a pair of shoes at a shoe store. She asks the assistant. How much is …?// Which pair is better?
  19. You and Jackie are discussing which TV program to watch on a Saturday night. Which program do you like? // Do you like cartoons (or plays)?
  20. Your class will have picnic. Ask your classmates’ opinion of it. What’s your opinion?// Shall we go together?
  21. Your friend looks excited. Ask him sth. What’s happened?//Why are you so excited? 22 Your friend has studied in university for a year. Ask him questions about
 

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