Attention please!
江苏高考说明》 《2011江苏高考说明》高考英语书 江苏高考说明 面表达示例2看图作文: 看图作文: 面表达示例 看图作文
看图作文的 “图”不局限于某一类型 的图,如漫画、广告, 的图,如漫画、广告,也包括其他图片 照片、图表等情景材料。 、照片、图表等情景材料。考生们可根 据图示的寓意、内容或情节线索, 据图示的寓意、内容或情节线索,自己 组织文字,进行描述、叙述、 组织文字,进行描述、叙述、比较或表 达思想观。作文应覆盖提示的要点, 达思想观。作文应覆盖提示的要点,但 应避免仅根据提示文字作简单翻译。 应避免仅根据提示文字作简单翻译。
Writing based on cartoons
Are you familiar with this cartoon?
What abilities should we have?
  1. 读图
  2.解意 解意

  3. 谋篇
读图: Ⅰ.读图:Topics of cartoons 读图
Environmental/ Natural problems
Social phenomenon
Topics of cartoons
Attitudes towards life
解意(theme)to the point xe Ⅱ.解意 解意
注意: 文字说明部分往往含有重要信息(clues), 注意 文字说明部分往往含有重要信息 , 切记要认真阅读!!! 切记要认真阅读!!!

  1. 辨明褒贬,找准角度 (angle) 辨明褒贬, 2. 联系生活,明晰主旨 (theme) 联系生活,
下面的漫画反映了一种社会现象 这幅漫画的理解, ,请你根据对 这幅漫画的理解,用英语写一篇 短文,描述一下他们的不同境遇, 短文,描述一下他们的不同境遇,并就如何解决 此问题发表你的看法。 此问题发表你的看法。
Example
  1.
角度 comparison 主旨 education inequality
? The comparison indicates the phenomenon of education inequality in modern China.
Example2
角度 criticize 主旨
The students as well as their parents only focus on their academic achievements, neglecting psychological quality and moral standards.
Picture1
People lack communication.
Picture2
Protect animals. No buying, no killing.
Picture 3
People can’t afford heavy medical fees.
Picture 4
One false move may lose the game. Look before you leap.
Picutre5
Money can’t buy everything. Health is the best wealth.
Picture6 下图是某人寿保险公司的一则经 ?????? 典广告招画,这则广告想要告诉我们什么? if unexpected can’t foresee protect ourselves buy insurance
The advertisement above shows us that there are always some unexpected “if” s in our life, but not all of us can foresee them clearly. So buying insurance for life is likely the best way to protect ourselves from a deadly “if”.
Ⅲ.谋篇 organization 谋篇
发现问题
Step
  1. Description step
  2. Analysis
分析问题
Step
  3. Solutions 解决问题
Organization
Step 1 Description 人称/时态 人称 时态
To what degree should we describe the cartoon?
Example
a country boy crying long for education a city boy enjoy all the benefits of education
Sentence structures: As is vividly shown in the picture, As can be seen in the picture, The picture shows a common phenomenon. ……
As is vividly shown in the picture, , a country boy is crying helplessly in the darkness, longing eagerly for school education. In contrast, the city boy on the right is enjoying all the benefits.
Step2 Analysis(联系实际分析 联系实际分析) 联系实际分析
( facts / reasons/results…)
Sentence structures

  1.What are the reasons for this phenomenon?
  2.It seems very ridiculous that…However, this kind of story is performed everywhere.
  3.The picture shows that…It is the exact reflection of…
  4.The picture indicates that we…/Nowadays, it is a common phenomenon that…
  5.This is an ironic (讽刺的 cartoon which 讽刺的) 讽刺的 describes vividly a kind of common phenomenon among……
Clues:描述一下他们 : 不同境遇,并就如 的不同境遇,并就如 何解决此问题发表你 何解决此问题发表你 的看法。 的看法。
Example
Indicate: education inequality Facts: drop out of school suffer from low standards of… comparatively better opportunities Results: lower enrollment rates worsen the problem
The comparison indicates the phenomenon of education inequality in modern China. (facts) School-age country children are often dropping out of school due to poverty. Even those who managed to stay in school are still suffering from the low standards of educational facilities and academic qualities. Comparatively, city children have much better opportunities to receive good education. (results) Thus, school in the countryside generally have much lower enrollment rates than those in the city, which in turn worsens the problem of educational inequality.
Step 3 Solutions (opinions /suggestions) ●As far as I’m concerned/In my opinion, 从大到小 From my point of view,… 从意识到行动 It is high time we took some measures to put an end to this phenomenon./ Immediate measures should be taken to… ●The government should make laws to… ●The media should call on … ●We should raise people’s awareness of… ●Everyone should make great efforts to… Only in this way can…./Only if…, can we…
Example The government The media be aware of Only if… social justice harmonious society
To solve this problem , the government should spend more money on the improvement of education in rural areas. Meanwhile, the media can appeal for the public donations for rural education. Moreover, all people in the community should be aware of the seriousness of the problem and do whatever to help. Only if we do these can we have more social justice and thus make our society more harmonious.
Practice
目前医疗费不断攀升, 目前医疗费不断攀升,有人因付不起昂贵的医疗费 而只好忍受疾病的折磨。 而只好忍受疾病的折磨。人们强烈呼吁政府应当建立有 效的医疗保障体制。请根据下面图画, 效的医疗保障体制。请根据下面图画,以“Health Care”为题写一篇短文,简要说明图画中所表达的内容, 为题写一篇短文, 为题写一篇短文 简要说明图画中所表达的内容, 重点阐述这种现象所带来的后果和你的观点。 重点阐述这种现象所带来的后果和你的观点。
Clues: 简要说明图画中所表达的内容, 简要说明图画中所表达的内容, 说明图画中所表达的内容 重点阐述这种现象所带来的后果和你的观点。 阐述这种现象所带来的后果和你的观点 重点阐述这种现象所带来的后果和你的观点。
Steps
Description
Analysis Solutions Results:
  1.in debt
  2.bear the pain
  3.wait for death…
  1.reduce medical expenses
  2.build up medical insurance /care system …
an old man suffer from go to hospital medical bill Contents can’t afford another attack …
Sample Health Care (Description) From the picture, we can see that the old man was suffering from heart trouble/attack. He had to go to hospital for medical care. When he saw the medical bill with $5,0000 from the hospital, he was so shocked that he couldn’t stand on his feet. It was beyond what he could afford.It’s really . another heart attack for him.
Analysis
At present, many people can’t afford heavy medical fees. (Results) Because of this, they may get into deep debt in order to get proper medical care . Worse still, some cannot borrow any money so they have to bear the pain of diseases or wait for the last day of their life. What a pity!
Solutions To solve the problem, we strongly call for the medical expenses to be reduced.The . government should build up medical insurance system ,and try its best to explore and develop a new health care so that everyone will be able to enjoy their life as long as possible. /Only in this way, can we enjoy our life as long as possible.
Let’s draw conclusion Whatever the picture is, just remember: Proper description Accurate analysis Reasonable solutions
Only if you keep these rules in mind, can you make it.
Consolidation 下图描述的是全球环境问题。请仔细观察这幅漫画 用英语写一篇短文,阐明漫画中所反映的问题, 并提出解决此问题的方法(至少三点)。 Description Analysis Solution
From the picture, we can see that pollution is posing a threat to our earth, which comes in many ways. Millions of chimneys of the factories are pouring heavy somok into air, which causes serious air pollution. A large amount of waste water from the factories pollutes water, making our rivers fishless and our water unfit to drink and swim in. Furthermore, a lot of trees have been cut down without proper plans, which contributes to the soil being washed away. It seems that we really have no clean place to (Description + Analysis) live
(Solutions) The pollution is so serious that we have to find effective solutions to it. As far as I am concerned, the government should pass laws to reduce polluted air. Some measures should be taken to purify the water before it is poured into the rivers of the seas. We should plant more trees to keep the soil in place. What’s more, people should be further educated to realize the importance of environmental protection. Only in this way, we will have a clean and tidy environment.
Homework
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  26.com
It is well known that drunken driving has been the leading cause for road accidents, but some people still drive after drinking.
  1.What are the reasons for the phenomenon.
  2.What causes drivers to drive after drinking?
  3.The reasons why people drive after drinking are as follows:
  4.The lack of safety awareness is the direct reason why there is/exists so much drunken driving. ……
Drunken driving is a great danger to both our society and the drivers.
  1.As far as I am concerned/In my opinion…
  2.It is necessary to forbid…from…
  3.It’s time that we took action/measures to
  4.Everyone should be responsible for…
  5.The government should make strict laws about it and punish those who…
  6.Educate people about the importance of safe driving /security to raise people’s awareness of safety.
  7.Only in this way can we reduce road accident…/I believe…
 

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