How nice to hear from you again.
Let me tell you something about the activity.
I’m glad to have received your letter of Apr. 9th.
I’m pleased to hear that you’re coming to China for a visit.
I’m writing to thank you for your help during my stay in America.

With best wishes.
I’m looking forward to your reply.
I’d appreciate it if you could reply earlier.


Ladies and gentlemen, May I have your attention, please? I have an announcement to make.

All the teachers and students are required to attend it.
Please take your notebooks and make notes.
Please listen carefully and we’ll have a discussion in groups.
Please come on time and don’t be late.
Please come and join in it.
Everybody is welcome to attend it.
I hope you’ll have a nice time here.
That’s all. Thank you.


第1段:Recently we’ve had a discussion about whether we should... (导入话题)
Our opinions are divided on this topic.(观点有分歧)
第2段:Most of the students are in favour of it.(正方观点)
Here are the reasons. First... Second... Finally...(列出2~3个赞成的理由)
第3段:However, the others are strongly against it. (反方观点)
Their reasons are as follows. In the first place... What’s more... In addition...(列出2~3个反对的理由)
第4段:Personally speaking, the advantages overweigh the disadvantages, for it will do us more harm than good, so I support it.(个人观点) オ

第1段: Some people hold the opinion that A is superior to B in many ways. Others, however, argue that B is much better. Personally, I would prefer A because I think A has more advantages.
第2段:There are many reasons why I prefer A. The main reason is that ... Another reason is that...(赞同A的原因)
第3段: Of course, B also has advantages to some extent... (列出1~2个B的优势)
第4段: But if all these factors are considered, A is much better than B. From what has been discussed above, we may finally draw the conclusion that ...(得出结论) オ

As a student, I am strongly in favour of the decision. (亮明自己的观点是赞成还是反对)
The reasons for this may be listed as follows. (过渡句,承上启下)
第2段:First of all... Secondly... Besides...(列出2~3个赞成或反对的理由)
第3段:In conclusion, I believe that... (照应第1段,构成"总?分?总"结构)

  4."How to"类议论文模板:
第2段: Many ways can help to solve this serious problem, but the following may be most effective. First of all... Another way to solve the problem is ... Finally...(列出2~3个解决此类问题的办法)
第3段:These are not the best but the only two/ three measures we can take. But it should be noted that we should take action to...(强调解决此类问题的根本方法)

The chart gives us an overall picture of the 图表主题. The first thing we notice is that 图表最大特点 . This means that as (进一步说明).
We can see from the statistics given that 图表细节一 . After 动词-ing 细节一中的第一个变化, the动词-ed+幅度+时间(紧跟着的变化) . The figures also tell us that图表细节二 . In the column, we can see that accounts for (进一步描述).
Judging from these figures, we can draw the conclusion that (结论). The reason for this, as far as I am concerned is that (给出原因). / It is high time that we (发出倡议).


Look at this picture./The picture shows that.../From this picture, we can see.../As is shown in the picture.../As is seen in the picture...

As we all know, .../As is known to all,.../It is well known that.../In my opinion,.../As far as I am concerned,.../This sight reminds me of something in my daily life.

In conclusion.../In brief.../On the whole.../In short.../In a word.../Generally speaking.../As has been stated...
  1) 不同观点列举型( 选择型 )
  There is a widespread concern over the issue that __作文题目. But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that _ 观点一. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place, 原因一.Furthermore, in the second place, 原因二. So it goes without saying that 观点一.
  People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people hold the idea that 观点二. In their point of view, on the one hand, 原因一. On the other hand, 原因二. Therefore, there is no doubt that 观点二.
  As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that __观点一或二. It is not only because , but also because . The more , the more .
  Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)作文题目. In fact, there are both advantages and disadvantages in __题目议题. Generally speaking, it is widely believed there are several positive aspects as follows. Firstly, 优点一. And secondly 优点二.
  Just As a popular saying goes, "every coin has two sides", __讨论议题 is no exception, and in another word, it still has negative aspects. To begin with, 缺点一. In addition, 缺点二.
  To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of __讨论议题 into full play, and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case, we will definitely make a better use of the 讨论议题.
  ( 3 ) 答题性议论文
  Currently, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)__作文题目 .It is really an important concern to every one of us. As a result, we must spare no efforts to take some measures to solve this problem.
  As we know that there are many steps which can be taken to undo this problem. First of all, __途径一. In addition, another way contributing to success of the solving problem is 途径二.
  Above all, to solve the problem of 作文题目, we should find a number of various ways. But as far as I am concerned, I would prefer to solve the problem in this way, that is to say, 方法.
  ( 4 ) 谚语警句性议论文
  It is well know to us that the proverb: " 谚语" has a profound significance and value not only in our job but also in our study. It means 谚语的含义. The saying can be illustrated through a series of examples as follows. ( also theoretically )
  A case in point is 例子一. Therefore, it is goes without saying that it is of great of importance to practice the proverb 谚语.
  With the rapid development of science and technology in China, an increasing number of people come to realize that it is also of practical use to stick to the saying: 谚语. The more we are aware of the significance of this famous saying, the more benefits we will get in our daily study and job..
  as is shown/indicated/illustrated by the figure/percentage in the table(graph/picture/pie/chart), 作文题目的议题 has been on rise/ decrease (goesup/increases/drops/decreases),significantly/dramatically/steadily rising/decreasing from in to in . From the sharp/marked decline/ rise in the chart, it goes without saying that .
  There are at least two good reasons accounting for . On the one hand, . On the other hand,  is due to the fact that . In addition, is responsible for . Maybe there are some other reasons to show . But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing.
  As far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that . I am sure my opinion is both sound and well-grounded.
实用性写作(申请信 )
  Your address
  Month, Date, year
  Receiver's address
  Dear ...,
  I am extremely pleased to hear from you./ to see your advertisement for the position in .... And I would like to write a letter to tell you that.../ I am confident that I am suitable for the kind of the job you are advertising.
  .../ I feel I am competent to meet the requirements you have listed. On the one hand, .... On the other hand, .... I am enclosing my resume for your kind consideration and reference.
  I shall be much obliged if you will offer me a precious opportunity to an interview. I will greatly appreciate a response from you at your earliest convenience/ I am looking forward to your replies at your earliest convenience.
  Best regards for your health and success.
  Sincerely yours,
  X X X
Nowadays ,there are more and more XX in some big cities . It is estimated that ( 1 ).
Why have there been so many XX ? Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows.
The first one is that ( 2 ) .Besides,( 3 ) . The third reason is ( 4 ).
To sum up ,the main cause of XX is due to ( 5 ) .
It is high time that something were done upon it. For one thing ,( 6 ).
On the other hand ,( 7 ). All these measures will certainly reduce the
number of XX .






Generation gap between parents and children
Nowadays , there are more and more misunderstanding between parents and
children which is so- called generation gap . It is estimated that (75 percentages
of parents often complain their children\'s unreasonable behavior while children
usually think their parents too old fashioned).
Why have there been so much misunderstanding between parents and children?
Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows . The first one is that ( the two generations,
having grown up at different times, have different likes and dislikes ,thus the disagreement often rises between them) . Besides(due to having little in common to talk about , they are not willing to sit face to face ) . The third reason is (with the
pace of modern life becoming faster and faster , both of them are so busy with their
work or study that they don\'t spare enough time to exchange ideas ).To sum up ,the main cause of XX is due to ( lake of communication and understanding each other) .
It is high time that something were done upon it. For one thing (children should
respect their parents ).On the other hand ,( parents also should show solicitue for
their children). All these measures will certainly bridge the generation gap .
In recent years , xx has caused a heated debate on ( 1 ).
The factors for ( 2 ) .First of all ,( 3 ).Then , there
comes a case that ( 4 ). Moreover , ( 5 ) . Especially
when ( 6 ) .
Indeed, these unique points can be collected theo remind
people that ( 7 ).In this way ,we should behave just like
( 8 ).
The impact of Television
In recent years , with the development of science and
technology ,80 percent of all homes in China have satellite
TV , offering as many as 50 channels .It has caused a heated
debate on (the impact of television on children ). Many
parents are worried about the impact of so much television
on children.
The factors for (parents\' worry is that children are indulge in
television and spend too much time on it .) .First of all ,(with so
many programs to choose from , children are not getting as much
exercise as they should ).Then , there comes a case that ( some
studies have show that excessive watching of television by millions
of children has lowered their ability to achieve in school ).
Moreover , ( the effect on children\'s minds are more serious than
the effect on children\'s bodies ) . Especially when ( the children
are too small to judge what programs are suit to them ) .
Indeed, these unique points can be connected to remind
parents that ( they should pay close attention to and responsibilities
for supervising their children\'s TV viewing ).In this way ,children
will not be influented too deeply .
Currently,XX has been the order of the day .This does demonstrate
the theory



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