难点 33
一致现象不可忽视
●难点磁场
  1.(★★★★)Last week my parents and I took a two-day trip to Emei Mountain in Sichuan. The three of them were very excited.
  79. (NMET20
  02)
  2.(★★★★★)I used to love science class?all of them?biology, chemistry, geography, physics.
  86. (2001 春季)
  3.(★★★★)But then there is always more mysteries to look into.
  92. (NMET 2001 春季)
  4.(★★★★)Now my picture and the prize is hanging in the library.
  94. (NMET20
  00)
  5.(★★★★★)I am happy with any programme but the others spent a lot of time arguing…
  92. (NMET19
  99) ●案例探究
  1.I’d like very much to come but I had an examination on Monday morning. (NMET 2000 春季) 解析:此题为五星级题。考查时态一致。had 改为 have。动词的时态要与上下文的时 态保持一致。根据全文时态,此句为一般现在时,所以 had 应为 have。
  2.Now someone at home reads instead. (NMET 19
  99) 解析: 此题为五星级题。 考查代词上下文指代一致。 someone 改为 everyone 或 everybody。 本文意思是:既然电视机卖了,全家每个人都没法看了,现在都改成读书了。根据代词指代 内容要与指代的意义上一致的原则, 这里指代的是家里的每一个人即: everyone\\everybody。
  3.A seeing-eye dog is a special dog that help blind people walk along the streets and doing many other things. 解析:此题为五星级题。此题考查代词所指代的内容要与该先行词保持一致的原则。A special dog 是先行词,that 指代 a special dog,在定语从句中作主语,所以 help 应与先行词 在数上保持一致。help 改为 helps。 e.g. He is one of the students who have been to the Great Wall in his class. He is the only one of the students who has been to the Great Wall in his class.
  4.Dad, as well as Mom and I, are with you. 解析:此题为四星级题。此题考查主谓一致原则。 as well as 连接两个主语,谓语动词 应与前面的主语一致。are 改为 is。 e.g. Tom as well as two of his students was invited to the party. The teacher as well as the students likes the paintings. as well as, together with, with, like, but ,except ,including 等介词短语连接两个主语,其保 持一致原则是与其前的主语一致。
  5. I’d like to your pen friend… 解析:此题为五星级题。考查谓语动词与主语主谓一致的原则。to 后加 be。该句中 like 是及物动词,意为“想要” 。通常用 would like to do 的形式,是一种比较委婉客气的说法。 如:I’d like to go there alone. 本题题意:我想做你的笔友。从结构上看,I’d like to 后缺 动词,从意义上判断应是 be 或 become。所以,应在 like 之后加上动词 be 或 become。 ●锦囊妙计 短文改错中所涉及到的一致关系主要包括主谓一致、时态一致、代词指代一致。谓语动
词的单、 复数形式要与句子主语保持一致; 动词的时态要与时间状语或上下文的时态保持一 致; 代词所指代的内容要与该先行词在词性和数方面保持一致, 要与其自身的指代在意义上 保持一致。 ●歼灭难点训练
  1.(★★★)The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home.
  2.(★★★)My favourite sport is football. I was member of our school football team.
  3.(★★★★)And they must not break the rules too often if we want to win the game.
  4.(★★★)Mr. and Mrs. Smith and her children were going to spend their holidays.
  5.(★★★★)How I hoped that I will go through the job-hunting talk today and he…
  6.(★★★★)As soon as the train stopped, everybody came to life ,taking their bag and rushing into the platform.
  7.(★★★)It is true that people of different age understand music differently and enjoy differently music .
  8.(★★★★)The familiar patterns of notes attracts me into the colourful world of music.
  9.(★★★★)Like most of grown-ups, she enjoys folk songs, because the peaceful music reminds her of their beautiful life when she was young.
 

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