高考英语能力测试基础训练
  3 冠词
冠词是英语中使用频率最高的一类词。纵观历届高考题,冠词的考查有如下特点:(
  1)考查定冠词和不定冠词的基本用法;(
  2)考查a和an的不同用法;(
  3)考查定冠词和不定冠词的特殊用法,如抽象名词具体化前冠词的使用情况、比较级前使用冠词的几种情况;(
  4)考查零冠词的运用。近年来高考对冠词的考查更强调在具体语言环境中的使用,将冠词的一般规律与特殊现象结合起来,请考生一定要特别注意。

  1. Jumping out of airplane at ten thousand feet is quite exciting experience. w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
A./; the   B./; an    C.an; an   D.the; the

  2. There’s dictionary on desk by your side.
A.a; the B.a; a C.the; a D.the; the

  3. An accident happened at crossroads a few meters away from bank.
A.a; a B./; a C./; the D.the; /

  4.The warmth of sweater will of course be determined by the sort of wool used.
A.the; the B.the; / C./; the D./; /

  5.Mr.Li will give us talk. talk will begin at 8:
  00.
A.a; The B.the; A C./; /  D.a; A

  6.The sun gives us heat and light.
A.the; the B.a; a C.a; the D./; /

  7.?What do you need in dinner?
?I need .
A.a knife and a fork B.a knife and fork
C.the knife and fork D.the knife and the fork

  8. Mrs.Smith is waiting for you in your office.
A.The B.A C.One D./

  9.She’s on People’s Daily.
A.the B.an C.a D./

  10. Einsteins could not pay for advanced education that young Albert needed. w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
A.The; the B.A; a C.An; the D.The; an

  11.She is newcomer to chemistry but she has already made some important discoveries.
A.the; the B.the; a C.a; / D.a; the

  12.Wouldn’t it be wonderful world if all nations lived in peace with one another?
A.a; / B.the; / C.a; the D.the; the

  13.Alexander Graham Bell invented telephone in 18
  76.
A./ B.a C.the D.one

  14.?Where is Jack?
?I think he is still in bed,but he might be in bathroom.
A./; / B.the; the C.the; / D./; the

  15.I don’t like talking on telephone; I prefer writing letters.
A.a; the B.a; / C.the; the D.the; /

  16.Many people are still in habit of writing silly things in public places.
A.the; the B./; / C.the; / D./; the

  17.?If you don’t like the red coat,take the blue one.
?OK,but do you have size in blue? This one is a bit tight for me.
A.a big B.a bigger C.the big D.the bigger

  18.I heard somebody playing piano in next room.
A.a; a B.the; the C.a; the D.the; an

  19. Pacific Ocean is largest of all.
A.the; a B./; the C.the; the D.a; /

  20.Great changes have taken place in 1990’s.
A./ B.a C.the D.an

  21.In 18
  64,Lincoln was elected President of United States for the second time.
A.the; the B.a; a C./; the D./; /

  22.John is university student.
A./ B.any C.a D.an w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  23.The table is made of .
A.a wood B.some wood C.the wood D.wood

  24.We are going to learn next week.
A.Twelfth Lesson B.The Twelfth Lesson
C.Twelve Lesson D.The Twelve Lesson

  25.?I’d like information about the management of your hotel,please.
?Well,you could have word with the manager.He might be helpful.
A.some; a B.an; some C.some; some  D.an; a

  26.Paper money was in use in China when Marco Polo visited the country in thirteenth century.
A.the; / B.the; the C./; the D./; /

  27.Most animals have little connection with animals of different kind unless they kill them for food.
A.the; a B./; a C.the; the D./; the

  28.Alice is fond of playing piano while Henry is interested in listening to music.
A./; the B./; / C.the; / D.the; the

  29.Oh,John. you gave us!
A.How a pleasant surprise
B.How pleasant surprise
C.What a pleasant surprise
D.What pleasant surprise

  30. terrible weather we’ve been having these days!
A.How a B.What a C.How D.What

  31.Many people agree that knowledge of English is a must in international trade today.
A.a; / B.the; an C.the; the D./; the

  32.Beyond stars,the astronaut saw nothing but space.
A.the; / B./; the C./; / D.the; the

  33.?Have you seen pen? I left it here this morning.
?Is it black one? I think I saw it some where.
A.a; the B.the; the C.a; a D.the; a w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  34.After watching TV,she played violin for an hour.
A./; / B.the; the C.the; / D./; the

  35.?Are you sure to help me find bed for my new house?
?Sure,but not now.I’m heading for bed and a good sleep.
A.a; / B.a; a C.the; a D.the; /

  36.Charlie Chaplin was considered one of the greatest actors in history of cinema.
A./; / B.a; the C.the; the D.the; a

  37.?What about book?
?It’s too difficult book.
A.a; a B.a; the C.the; the D.the; a

  38.Towards evening cold rain began to fall.
A.an; the B.the; a C.the; / D./; a

  39.She always plays football after school.
A.a; the B.the; the C./; a D./; /

  40. wheel is thought to be invention of first importance in human history.
A.A; the; the B.The; an; the
C.A; an; the D.A; an; /

  41.I felt someone patted me on shoulder.
A.a B.the C.my D./

  42.?So you are running restaurant?
?Yes,but I don’t want to make it restaurant only for rich people.
A.the; / B.the; the C.a; the D.a; a

  43.Xi’an was starting point of world famous“Silk Road”.
A./;/ B.a; a C.the; / D.the; the

  44.It is ten o’clock in the morning but he is still .
A.in the bed B.at the bed C.in bed D.on bed

  45.More than half of water used for drinking,washing and irrigating crops comes from under ground.
A.the; / B./; the C./; / D.the; the

  46.At noon we reached small village east of Summer Palace.
A.the; the; the B.a; /; the
C.a; the; the D.a; /; /

  47.The child had only slight temperature,but the doctor regarded illness as serious enough for hospital treatment.
A./; /; the B.a; /; /
C.a; the; / D./; the; the

  48.I had lunch at a friend’s house yesterday. food was good.
A.the; / B./; / C.the; the D./; The

  49.?What is Jack going to do with all his money?
?He says he has always dreamed of taking trip around world.
A.a; the B.the; the C.a; / D.a; a

  50.Qingdao is most beautiful city in summer.
A.the B./ C.a D.one

  51.Just now you said you always got to work on 8 o’clock train.But would later train get you to work on time?
A.a; a B.a; the C.the; the D.the; a w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  52.The building was completed in September of 1956 not in October,19
  55.
A./; the B.the; the C./;/ D.the; /

  53.I would like to have room, window of which opens to south.
A.a; the; a B.a; the; the C.a; /; / D.a; the; /

  54.There is house in the picture.There is old woman near house.
A.an; a; the B.a; an; the C.the; a; an D.a; the; an

  55. Europe and America are separated by Atlantic Ocean.
A./; /; the B.the; the; the C./; /; / D.the; the; /

  56.There is “h” in the word“honest”.
A.a B.the C./ D.an

  57. terrible life people in the small island lived at that time!
A.What B.How C.What a D.How a

  58.Father often says to me,“Be honest boy today and useful man tomorrow.”
A.a; a B.an; an C.a; an D.an; a

  59.Things of kind come together; people of kind fall into same group.
A.the; the; the B.a; a; the
C.the; the; a D.a; the; the

  60. Suez Canal brought east and west closer.
A.The; the; the B./; the; the
C.The; /; / D./; /; /
【答案】

  1~5 CAABA
  6~10 DBBAA

  11~15 CACDD
  16~20 CBBCC w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  21~25 CCDBA
  26~30 CBCCD

  31~35 AACDA
  36~40 CDDDB

  41~45 BDDCD
  46~50 BCDAC

  51~55 DDBBA
  56~60 DCDBA
【部分解析】

  1.全句意为“在一万英尺的高空从飞机上跳下来真是一种激动人心的经历”。

  2.全句意为“你旁边的桌上有一本词典”。

  3.两个空都是表示泛指。

  4.第一空用定冠词表示类别;第二空后的名词wool是不可数名词,故前面用零冠词。

  7.a knife and fork是“一副刀叉”的意思。

  10.姓的复数前加定冠词可表示“某某一家人或某某夫妇”;第二空是特指小Albert需要的高等教育。

  12.第一空泛指“一个美妙的世界”,第二空的in peace是固定短语。

  16.in the habit of意为“有……的习惯”,in public places意为“在公共场合”。

  17.泛指“一件尺码更大的”。

  25.information是不可数名词,have a word with意为“和……说句话”。

  31.a knowledge of意为“知道/懂得一点……”,international trade泛指“国际贸易”,前面不用冠词。w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  35.find a bed意为“找到一张床”,第二空后的bed为抽象名词,意为“就寝、睡觉”,故不用冠词。

  37.根据上下文的语气,第一空显然是表示特指(双方都知道指的是那一本书);第二空则是说“这是一本很难的书”,因为与too连用,故将形容词提前。

  41.接触到某人的某个部位,英语中习惯上在部位名词前用定冠词,不用人称代词。

  42.两空都是表示特指。

  46.第一空表示泛指,第三空表示特指,第二空是一个名词结构作状语,故其前面不用冠词。

  50.各人观点不同,谁也无法断定青岛就是夏天最美的地方,故在most beautiful前用不定冠词,这时的a most相当于very的含义。

  57.live a…life是“过着……的生活”的意思。w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  59.此句为一谚语,“物以类聚,人以群分”
 

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